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Biomedical Debate - HOSA - 10 rules of logical debate

Biomedical Debate - HOSA-10 rules of logical debate

Biomedical Debate
New for 2021-2022
The order of speakers has been revised.
The rubric format has been changed to a single document, so it is more convenient for judges.
Event Summary
Biomedical Debate provides members with the opportunity to use debate as a platform
for researching the pros and cons of a biomedical issue and showcasing what has been
learned. This competitive event consists of 2 rounds and each team consists of 3-4
people. Team members will participate in the Round One written test containing
questions about the annual biomedical topic. The teams with the highest average score
from the test will qualify for the Round Two debate(s). This event aims to inspire
members to be proactive future health professionals by researching a given health topic,
evaluating, discussing, and thinking critically about the issue, and refining verbal
communication skills surrounding a complex biomedical issue.
Dress Code Competitors shall wear the HOSA uniform or proper business attire. Bonus points will be
awarded for proper dress. All team members must be properly dressed to receive bonus
General Rules
1. Competitors in this event must be active members of HOSA-Future Health
Professionals, in good standing in the division in which they are registered to
compete (Secondary or Postsecondary/Collegiate).
2. Competitors must be familiar with and adhere to the "General Rules and Regulations of
the HOSA Competitive Events Program (GRR)."
3. All competitors shall report to the site of the event at the time designated for each round
of competition. At ILC, competitor's photo ID must be presented prior to ALL competition
4. The annual debate topic will be selected each year and will be announced in HOSA
2021 - 2022 Topic:
COVID-19 Vaccine Should be Required to Attend School (grades 9+)
Official References
5. Competitors are encouraged to learn as much as they can about the annual topic.
All test questions will be developed from the following references:
o Nixon, K. (2021). Quarantine life from cholera to COVID-19. Tiller Press, An
Imprint of Simon & Schuster, Inc. New York. (*Note this is a printed book)
o World Health Organization. (2021). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19)
pandemic. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-
HOSA Biomedical Debate Guidelines (August 2021) 1
o UNDP, UNAIDS, WHO, O'Neill Institute, Georgetown University, Inter-
Parliamentary Union, IDLO (n.d.). COVID-19 law lab: Collecting legal
documents from the COVID-19 response. Retrieved from
o The College of Physicians of Philadelphia. (2021). The history of vaccines.
o Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). COVID-19. Retrieved
from https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html
6. Round One Test Instructions: Each team will be evaluated in Round One by a fifty
(50) item multiple choice written test. Competitors will be given sixty (60) minutes to
complete the test.
NOTE: Chartered Associations/regions may use a different process for testing, to include but
not limited to pre-conference testing, online testing, and testing at a computer. Check with
your Area/Region/Chartered Association for the process you will be using.
7. TIME REMAINING ANNOUNCEMENTS: There will be a verbal announcement
when there are 30 minutes, 15 minutes, 5 minutes, and 1 minute remaining to
complete the test.
8. The team test score average from Round One will be used to qualify the team for
Round Two.
9. Sample Round One Questions (Based on a previous topic)
1. What federal agency is responsible for the U.S. recommended
immunization schedule?
Topic specific website
2. What is the fundamental barrier to vaccination across countries of all
income levels?
A. Vaccine hesitancy
B. Fake vaccine-related news and information
C. Inequalities in access
D. Fear of safety of vaccines
Topic specific website
3. Of the following vaccine-preventable diseases, which can result
in liver failure?
A. Mumps
B. Diphtheria
C. Hepatitis A
D. Tetanus
Topic specific website
HOSA Biomedical Debate Guidelines (August 2021) 2
10. The number of teams selected for Round Two is determined by the number of
entries and overall conference capacity. Usually 32 secondary and 8
postsecondary/collegiate teams seeded for Round Two at ILC.
A. Debate pairings will be posted at a designated time and place.
B. This event requires a paired match-up. If a team is more than 5 minutes late
to their round two appointed time, the team forfeits their right to compete in
accordance with the GRRs.
11. Teams will be permitted to bring prepared materials (Containers/folders with notes,
printed pages, books and bound materials) to the debate area in hard copy only.
Props will NOT be allowed.
12. Debate teams will draw for the affirmative or negative immediately upon entering the
competition room. Teams will have two (2) minutes to prepare for the debate.
13. The following specific pattern will be followed during the debate:
A. First Affirmative Speaker (2 minutes). The speaker for the affirmative
presents their arguments.
- 30 second transition time
B. First Negative Speaker (2 minutes). The speaker for the negative presents
their response to the affirmative speaker's arguments.
- 30 second transition time
C. Second Negative Speaker (2 minutes). The second speaker for negative
presents their arguments.
- 30 second transition time
D. Second Affirmative Speaker (2 minutes). The second speaker for the
affirmative responds to the negative speaker's arguments.
- 30 second transition time
E. Negative Summary/Rebuttal Speaker (2 minutes). The negative speaker
presents conclusion.
- 30 second transition time
F. Affirmative Summary/Rebuttal Speaker (2 minutes). The affirmative
speaker presents conclusion.
** Thirty (30) seconds transition time will be allowed between each part of the
debate to allow teams to discuss strategy and for judges to rate the prior
* The full time noted above will be provided. If a team chooses not to use any or all of the time
allowed, the opposing team shall still have the full amount of time that would have passed.
However, the team whose turn it is may choose to begin their segment of the debate when
ready, and the timekeeper will give them the amount of time listed above. (A team does not
receive extra time for starting early.)
** There will not be a time warning given during the debate components. It is the responsibility of
the competitor to manage their time when speaking.
HOSA Biomedical Debate Guidelines (August 2021) 3

How do you conduct a debate?Conducting Debate: Debate opens with the affirmative team (the team that supports the resolution) presenting their arguments, followed by a member of the opposing team. This pattern is repeated for the second speaker in each team.


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