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Baking Soda and Vinegar - College of Arts and Sciences - baking soda and autoimmune studies


Baking Soda and Vinegar - College of Arts and Sciences-baking soda and autoimmune studies

ANALYSIS OF BAKING SODA AND VINEGAR DEMONSTRATION
Thomas R. Lemberger
Q #1. How much vinegar does it take to react fully with a teaspoon (5 cm3) of baking soda?
Q #2. What volume of CO2 gas is evolved?
1. Baking soda is sodium bicarbonate*, NaCO2OH: (Try to spot the hidden CO2.)
NaO C OH
O
It has a molar mass of: M = 12 + 3?16 + 23 + 1 = 84 g/mole, from C + 3?O + Na + H.
2. Vinegar is acetic acid, CH3COOH:
H
H C C OH
H O
It has a molar mass of: M = 2?12 + 2?16 + 4 = 60 g/mole.
3. In water, these molecules trade Na for H, becoming:
H
HO C OH H C C O Na
O HO
The carbonic acid molecule (on the left) falls apart when one of the OH's steals an H from the
other, forming H2O that floats away, and leaving CO2, which is a gas at room temperature and
pressure. The other molecule is sodium acetate. It stays in solution.
4. I measured that my new box of Arm & Hammer baking soda contains a volume of about
9?4?8 cm3 = 288 cm3 of powder, and the box says it contains 450 g. 450 g corresponds to: 450g
/ 84 g/mole = 5.4 moles. Thus, baking soda has a molar density: 5.4 moles/288 cm3 = 0.019
mole/cm3. The 5 cm3 of baking soda that I put into the baggie corresponds to: 5 cm3 ? 0.019
mole/cm3 = 0.093 moles.
5. My bottle of Heinz vinegar says that it is 5% acetic acid by weight. I used 100 cm3 in the
demo. 100 cm3 of vinegar is about 100 g, assuming the same density as pure water. Of that 100
g, only 5 g (5%) is acetic acid, which corresponds to: 5 g/ 60 g/mole = 0.083 moles. Thus, 110
cm3 of acetic acid are needed to fully react with 5 cm3 of baking soda.
6.Reacting of 5 cm3 of baking soda with 100 cm3 of vinegar should produce 0.083 moles of CO2
gas, 0.083 moles of sodium acetate, and leave 0.01 moles of sodium bicarbonate unreacted. At
STP, the volume of CO2 gas would be: V = 0.083RT/P = 0.083?8.314 J/mole K ? 298 K / 105
N/m2 = 2.1 , just about what we observed.
*The "bi" in bicarbonate means that "half" of the H's have been replaced by Na.

Is baking soda antimicrobial? antimicrobial properties of baking soda found that it is bactericidal at concentrations ranging from 75 micro- molar per liter to greater than 10 millimolar per L for gram-negative facultative bacteria found in dental plaque

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Title: Analysis of baking soda and vinegar demonstration
Author: Thomas R. Lemberger
Creator: Acrobat PDFMaker 6.0 for Word
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