What Does It Cost To Heat Your Water?
It is generally accepted that it costs about 1? to 2? to heat a gallon of water. The exact
amount will depend on the efficiency of your water heater, whether you use gas or
electric and exactly what your electric or gas costs are.
Energy Required To Heat 1000 Gallons Of Water
A Btu, or British thermal unit, is the amount of energy needed to raise one pound
of water from 60?F to 61?F at sea level.
A gallon of water weighs 8.33 lbs.
If the incoming water is 60?F and we want to raise it to 140?F, that is a 80?F rise.
Heating a gallon of water thus requires 8.33 x 80 = 667 Btu's, at 100% efficiency.
Cost To Heat Water Using Natural Gas
A typical gas tank water heater is only 59% efficient. It takes 667 59% = 1131
Btu's to heat a gallon of water with gas
One therm is 100,000 Btu's. One Btu is 0.00001 therms
1131 Btu's is 0.0113 therms.
It will take 0.0113 therms to heat a gallon of water, or 0.0113 x 1000 = 11.31
therms to heat 1000 gallons.
At $1.20 /therm, it costs 11.31 x $1.20 = $13.58 to heat 1000 gallons.
Cost To Heat Water Using Electricity
A typical electric water heater is 90.4 to 95% efficient or 92.7% average
It takes 667 92.7% = 720 Btu's to heat a gallon of water using electricity.
One kWh is 3413 Btu's. One Btu is 0.000293 kWh.
667 Btu's x 0.000293 kWh/Btu = 0.195 kWh
It will take 0.195 kWh to heat a gallon of water, or 0.195 x 1000 = 195 kWh to
heat 1000 gallons
At $0.11/kWh, it costs 195 x $0.11 = $21.45 to heat 1000 gallons of water
How many BTU does it take to heat 1 gallon of water? One BTU is the amount of heat energy required to raise one pound of water by 1┬║F . Water weighs 8.33 pounds per gallon so we can calculate that one gallon of water requires 8.33 BTU to raise the temperature 1┬║F.
Title: Energy Required To Heat 1000 Gallons Of Water
Author: Mary Webb
Creator: Microsoft« Word 2013
Producer: Microsoft« Word 2013
CreationDate: Mon Nov 4 13:55:05 2013
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