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Conversion from Molarity to Molality
Problem: Find the molality of 18 M H2SO4. This solution has a density of 1.84 g/mL.
Step 1. Make an assumption.
Assume you have 1 L of solution. This is a very important step and the amount of
solution is not given but you need to have a specific quantity to do the calculations
and one liter is the best assumption for this problem.
Step 2. Find the total mass of the solution.
Multiply 1 L X the density (1.84 g/mL) X 1000 mL/L. This gives 1840 grams of
Step 3. Calculate the grams of the solute.
18M means 18 moles of sulfuric acid per one liter of solution. Convert 18 moles to
grams. The molar mass of sulfuric acid is 98.09 g/mol.
18 moles X 98.09 g/mol = 1765.62 grams of sulfuric acid.
Step 4. Calculate the grams of the solvent.
1840 grams of solution - 1765.62 grams of solute = 74.38 grams solvent.
Step 5. Calculate the molality.
18 moles solute / 0.07438 kg solvent = 242 molal H2SO4
What is the formula for molar concentration? Molarity (M) = Moles (n)/ Volume of the Solution (L) Here, the symbols are mentioned after each of the scientific terms used in the formula. Hence, the unit of molar concentration is expressed in moles/liter. It is easy to determine the molar concentration formula by studying the expressions explained elaborately.
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