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Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns Used Together - direct and indirect object calculator



Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns Used Together
Here are the direct object pronouns and the indirect object pronouns side by side:
|DO Pronouns |IO Pronouns |English Equivalent |
|Me nos |me nos |Me us |
|te os |te os |you (fam) you-all (fam) |
|lo, la los, las |le les |him, her, it, you (form) |
| | |them, you-all (formal) |


When you have both a direct object pronoun and an indirect object pronoun in the same sentence, the indirect object pronoun comes first.
Ellos me los dan. They give them to me.
IO pronoun: me DO pronoun: los

Ella te la vende. She sells it to you.
IO pronoun: te DO pronoun: la
Whenever both pronouns begin with the letter "l" change the first pronoun to "se."
le lo = se lo le la = se la le los = se los le las = se las
les lo = se lo les la = se la les los = se los les las = se las
The reason for changing "le lo" to "se lo" is merely to avoid the tongue-twisting effect of two short consecutive words that begin with the letter "l". To demonstrate this, first quickly say "les las" and then quickly say "se las." See how much easier it is to say "se las?"
In negative sentences, the negative word comes directly before the first pronoun.
No se lo tengo. I don't have it for you.
Nunca se los compro. I never buy them for her.
Because the pronoun se can have so many meanings, it is often helpful to clarify it by using a prepositional phrase.
Él se lo dice. Ambiguous. He tells it to (whom?).
Él se lo dice a Juan. He tells it to him. (to Juan)
Él se lo dice a María. He tells it to her. (to María)
Él se lo dice a ella. He tells it to her.
In sentences with two verbs, there are two options regarding the placement of the pronouns. Place them immediately before the conjugated verb or attach them directly to the infinitive.
I want to tell it to you. Te lo quiero decir. Quiero decírtelo.
Note that when attaching the pronouns to the infinitive, a written accent is also added to the final syllable of the infinitive. This preserves the sound of the infinitive.
When the pronouns are attached to the infinitive, make the sentence negative by placing the negative word directly before the conjugated verb.
Ella debe explicármelo. Ella no debe explicármelo.
Quiero decírtelo. No quiero decírtelo.
Necesitas enviársela a ellos. No necesitas enviársela a ellos.
When the pronouns come before the conjugated verb, make the sentence negative by placing the negative word directly before the pronouns.
Ella me lo debe explicar. Ella no me lo debe explicar.
Te lo quiero decir. No te lo quiero decir.
Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns Used Together
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A. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate pronoun or verb form.
Unless otherwise noted with (f), "it" and "them" are masculine, and "you" refers to the familiar form (tú).

1. He gives it to me. Él ________lo da.
2. They give it to me. Ellos me lo _________
3. We give them (f) to you. Nosotros te las _______.
4. I tell it to you. Yo te lo _________.
5. They give it to you. Ellas te ________dan.
6. They write it (f) to you. Ellos te la _________.
7. He buys them for you. Él te los _________.
B. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate pronouns.
Unless otherwise noted with (f), "it" and "them" are masculine, and "you" refers to the familiar form (tú). Don't forget to change the first pronoun to "se" when necessary.
8. He sings it (f) to her. Él ________canta.
9. We sing it (f) to you. Nosotros _________cantamos.
10. We tell it to them. Nosotros __________decimos.
11. I tell it to them. Yo _________digo.
12. She buys them for you. Ella _________compra.
13. She cooks it (f) for him. Ella _________cocina.
14. We cook it (f) for him. Nosotros _________cocinamos.

C. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate pronouns.
Unless otherwise noted with (f), "it" and "them" are masculine, and "you" refers to the familiar form (tú). Don't forget to change the first pronoun to 'se' when necessary.

15. I should bring it to them. Debo traer _________. Or 16. _________debo traer.
17. They should buy them (f) for you. Ellos deben comprar _________. Or
18. Ellos _________deben comprar.
19. We have to sell it to her.Tenemos que vender _______ Or
20 _________tenemos que vender.
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