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Adult ESL Resources - Center for Applied Linguistics-learning english online for adults

_____________________________________________________________ PART V: RESOURCES
Adult ESL Resources
A variety of resources are available to teachers and programs working with adult English
language learners in print, multimedia, and online formats. Resources are also available for
learners themselves. Although the following list is not exhaustive, it highlights some of the
most useful resources for teachers and learners. For more in-depth information about adult
ESL resources, see the Web sites for the Center for Adult English Language Acquisition
(CAELA) at www.cal.org/caela and the CAELA Network at www.cal.org/caelanetwork.
Print Resources for Teachers
Arlington Education and Employment Program. (1994). The REEP Curriculum: A
Learner-Centered ESL Curriculum for Adults (3rd ed.). This curriculum includes
information any serious ESL teacher--whether just beginning to teach, or a veteran of many
years in the classroom--needs know about providing instruction to adult English language
learners. The curriculum is composed of the following units: learner needs assessment,
learner evaluation, needs assessment, instructional units from levels 100 (pre-literate, no
English ability) through 550 (high advanced English), and a transitional self-study unit to
prepare learners for college level ESL. The appendices contain information on cross-
cultural issues; using computers with language instruction; sample lessons, activities, and
assessments; and a bibliography of resources. If you could have just one document to help
you plan and deliver ESL instruction, this would be the one. The newest version of the
REEP Adult ESL Curriculum is available online. (www.apsva.us/reep)
Arlington Education and Employment Program (REEP). (1997). Project based learning and
assessment: A resource manual for teachers. Arlington, VA: Author. This resource
manual helps practitioners understand how project-based learning can be a practical and
meaningful way for adults to acquire and demonstrate progress in English. Several of the
projects described in the manual reflect the goals of the U.S. Department of Education's
EL/Civics initiative, which include learning about citizenship, civic participation, and U.S.
history and government. (www.cal.org/caela/esl_resources/REEPproj.pdf)
Auerbach, E. (1992). Making meaning, making change: Participatory curriculum
development for adult ESL literacy. McHenry, IL, and Washington, DC: Delta Systems
and Center for Applied Linguistics. This book describes the University of Massachusetts
Family Literacy Project, a participatory adult ESL civics project, and offers insights for
teachers who want to undertake a similar project. Examples are given of how the project
sought to use literacy to make changes in the community. (http://calstore.cal.org/store)
Bell, J. (2004). Teaching multilevel classes in ESL (2nd ed.). Toronto, Ontario: Pippin
Publishing. The author describes a variety of features that make a class multilevel including
differences in language proficiency, education experience, and situational factors. This
book discusses the challenges of planning curriculum and teaching multilevel classes and
Adult ESL Resources V-5
PART V: RESOURCES _____________________________________________________________
offers strategies for classroom management and practical activities to use.
(www.pippinpub.com/index.asp)
Bell, J. & Burnaby, B. (1984). A handbook for ESL literacy. Toronto, Ontario: Pippin
Publishing. This book was written for both novice and experienced teachers who are
teaching initial reading and writing skills to adult English language learners. It provides
background information about literacy theory and offers practical suggestions for lesson
planning. It is a classic adult ESL education guide. (www.pippinpub.com/index.asp)
Brod, S. (1999). What non-readers or beginning readers need to know: Performance-
based ESL adult literacy. Denver, CO: Spring Institute for International Studies. This short
publication provides teachers with communicative activities to use in the beginning level
classroom to help learners get started learning to read.
(www.springinstitute.org/publications.html)
Brown, H.D. (2001). Teaching by principles (2nd ed.). White Plains, NY: Pearson
Education. This book discusses teaching practices that are grounded in principles of
language learning. The book is written for new teachers and covers topics such as the
history of language teaching; cognitive, affective, and linguistic principles of language
learning; designing and implementing classroom lessons; and assessing language skills.
(www.longman.com)
McKay, H. & Tom, A. (1999). Teaching adult second language learners. New York:
Cambridge University Press. The authors focus specifically on adults learning English. The
book provides a summary of the principles of teaching adults and a variety of activities
organized by life skill. (www.cambridge.org/elt)
Nash, A. (1999). Civic participation and community action sourcebook: A resource for
adult educators. Boston: New England Literacy Resource Center. These stories discuss a
wide range of issues from finding a class project and goal-setting to meeting with legislators
and advocating for adult education funding. The sourcebook also contains an extensive
bibliography of Web-based resources and an appendix of human rights and civics
documents. While many of the articles deal with ABE/GED learners and teachers, the
themes and activities can be adapted for ESL classes.
(http://tech.worlded.org/docs/vera/index1.htm)
Weinstein, G. (ED.) (1999). Learners' lives as curriculum: Six journeys to immigrant
literacy. McHenry, IL and Washington, DC: Delta Systems and Center for Applied
Linguistics. This book describes the philosophical background and the actual process of
using learners' needs and concerns to develop curricula and materials to assist them to meet
language-learning and life goals while they participate actively in their communities. This
volume describes six projects that were undertaken in the late 1990s by community-based
organizations in the San Francisco Bay Area. (http://calstore.cal.org/store)
V-6 Adult ESL Resources
_____________________________________________________________ PART V: RESOURCES
Online Resources for Teachers
Adult ESL Fact Sheets. These four concise fact sheets provide an overview of current
issues in the field of adult ESL and discuss the trends and best practices. They also suggest
pertinent additional resources. The fact sheets are: Assessment with Adult English Language
Learners, Family Literacy and Adult English Language Learners, Professional Development
and Adult English Language Instruction, and Uses of Technology in Adult ESL Instruction.
Available from www.cal.org/caela/esl_resources/collections/factsheets.html or by contacting
CAELA at caela@cal.org or 202-362-0700.
Assessment and Accountability in Programs for Adult English Language Learners: What
Do We Know? What Do We Have in Place? What Do We Need? National Center for ESL
Literacy Education (NCLE). This online compilation summarizes a symposium held on
May 16, 2003 on Issues and Challenges in Assessment and Accountability for Adult English
Language Learners. This symposium addressed issues of assessment from many
perspectives and featured presentations from Cheryl L. Keenan, Director of the Division of
Adult Education and Literacy (DAEL) in the Office of Vocational and Adult Education,
U.S. Department of Education. She described the Department's vision for assessment and
accountability. Proceedings are available from www.cal.org/caela/accountability.
Centre for Canadian Language Benchmarks. Bilingual (English/French) site supporting
the development of the Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB), a set of national
performance standards for adult ESL instruction. In addition to the contents of the
benchmarks themselves, descriptions of the Centre's programs and services, links to related
sites, and an overview of the CLB process, the publications section contains numerous ESL
and CLB-related materials, many online in full-text. (www.language.ca)
Cultural Orientation Resource Center, Center for Applied Linguistics. The Culture
Profiles series provide concise, informative introductions to the cultural background of
refugee populations. Profiles available online include Muslim Refugees, Somali Bantu, The
Afghans, The Iraqis, The Haitians, and The Bosnians.
(www.cal.org/co/publications/profiles.html)
EL Civics "How to" Manual. Bronx Community College English Literacy and Civic
Understanding Demonstration Grant (funded by the U.S. Department of Education, Office
of Vocational and Adult Education). (www.bcc.cuny.edu/ELCivics/index.cfm)
Health Literacy Resources for Adult ESL. Health literacy has been gaining increasing
attention in the adult literacy, English as a Second Language (ESL), and healthcare fields in
recent years. To help professionals working with adult English language learners
understand and address health literacy issues, the National Center for ESL Literacy
Education (NCLE) has put together the following resources developed by Kate Singleton of
Fairfax, Virginia: Health Literacy and Adult English Language Learners, Annotated
Adult ESL Resources V-7

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