Home / make words with the following letters / Learning High Frequency Words - to Carl
Why Learn High Frequency Words?
High frequency words (sight words) are words that students encounter
frequently in reading and writing. It is critical that readers and writers
develop automaticity (automatic recognition), a skill that leads to fluency.
"Students need to be able to read the first 300 Instant Words "instantly"
without a moment's hesitation, because these 300 words make up 65% of all
written material" (Frye). Comprehension begins to break down when students
are focused on trying to decode or sound out the words.
Some high frequency words do not follow regular phonetic rules. They do not
follow easy spelling patterns (example: cave, Dave, save, wave, gave, have) As
a result, these words are more difficult for students to master. Asking
children to "sound it out" is pointless and generally causes increased
frustration for most struggling readers. Beginning readers need to recognize
these words as "sight words". "In order for students to retain a difficult
word, they need many opportunities to experience and manipulate it
Much of our language has been adapted from other languages during its
development. One sixth of the words survived from old English and almost all
of those words are high frequency words.
A prime example of the importance of high frequency words in a piece of
text can be seen in counting the number of sight words appearing in a simple
version of The Three Bears. Another reality check is looking for high
frequency words in the story problems in your daily math lessons like Excel
This term refers to
a.) Nonphonetic words - those needing to be recognized by sight because
they can't be sounded out (e.g., was, through).
b.) Frequently occurring words - those needing to be recognized easily
because they occur so often.
c.) High-interest words - those recognized by sight because they have
special interest and/or emotional overtones for child (e.g., mom, dad,
love, birthday, Christmas, dinosaur, etc.)
Sight words and context clues: students need to know enough words by sight in order to
have enough context to help identify other words:
The went to the to and had a .
For the above sentence, it is more difficult to predict the words than in the following:
The child went to the to play and he had a .
Sight words and prior knowledge - already knowing the pronunciation and meaning of
spoken words makes it easier to recognize and remember written words.
Importance of sight words for independent reading
Enables use of context clues.
Increases fluency and ease of reading
Children can read greater amounts and for longer periods.
Focus can be more on comprehension than on decoding.
Title: Learning High-Frequency Words
Author: Cherry Carl
Creator: Microsoft® Word 2013
Producer: Microsoft® Word 2013
CreationDate: Wed Sep 16 14:07:38 2015
ModDate: Wed Sep 16 14:07:38 2015
Page size: 612 x 792 pts (letter) (rotated 0 degrees)
File size: 175729 bytes
PDF version: 1.5