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Higher Level Questions on the Circulatory System Section A - past winning quick draw numbers

Higher Level Questions on the Circulatory System Section ASEC Sample Paper HL3.The diagram shows a section of human tissue containing an artery and a vein.[BIOPHOTO ASSOCIATES/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY LTD.]Identify the artery by writing A on it and the vein by writing B on it.State two features of the artery that can be seen in the diagram which allowed you to identify it.Name two tissues that are present in the walls of arteries and veins and give a function of each of these tissues.Veins contain valves whereas arteries do not. What is the function of the valves?2005 HL3.Indicate whether the following are true (T) or false (F) by drawing a circle around T or F.on the right side of the heart. TF(f)A nucleus is absent from human red blood cells. TF 2006 HL5.Study the diagram and then answer the following questions.(a)Name X and Y (b)Place arrows on Y, the hepatic artery and the hepatic vein to indicate the direction of blood flow.(c)State the precise location of organ X in the human body Ordinary Level2004 OL1.(a)The hepatic portal vein carries blood from the alimentary canal to the 2008 OL4.The diagram shows a section through a human heart.(a)Name blood vessel A. (b)Is the blood in A oxygenated or deoxygenated? (c)Name the chamber of the heart labelled B.(d)Give one reason why the wall of chamber B is thicker than the wall of chamber C. (e)What is the role of the bicuspid valve? 2009 OL5.(a)Name the liquid part of blood. (b)Give two components of this liquid.(c)Complete the following table in relation to blood cells:Cell typeOne functionRed blood cellWhite blood cellPlateletHigher Level Questions on the Circulatory System Section B2004 HL9.(a)(i)Cardiac muscle may be described as a contractile tissue. Explain the meaning of the underlined term. (ii)Which chamber of the heart has the greatest amount of muscle in its wall?(b)Describe how you dissected a mammalian heart in order to investigate the internal structure of atria and ventricles.Draw a labelled diagram of your dissection to show the location and structure of the bicuspid and tricuspid valves.State the procedure that you followed to expose a semilunar valve.What is the function of a semilunar valve? Where in your dissection did you find the origin of the coronary artery? 2010 HL7. (a) (i) Name the cavity of the body in which the heart and lungs are located (ii) State one way in which heart muscle differs from other muscles in the body (b) Answer the following questions in relation to a dissection that you carried out to investigate the structure of an ox’s or a sheep’s heart. (i) Describe the steps that you followed in order to identify and display the inner structures of the heart. Use suitably labelled diagrams if necessary (ii) What did you do in order to expose a semi-lunar valve? (iii) In the space below draw and label sufficient of your dissection to show the tricuspid valve, the right atrium and the right ventricle. 2011 HL8. (iii) In the course of your practical studies you found that heart rate and breathing rate increase with exercise.Explain why this is the case.2012 HL7. (b) Answer the following by reference to some of the investigations that you carried out in the course of your studies.(i) How did you expose the semi-lunar valves when dissecting the sheep’s or ox’s heart?Ordinary Level Questions on the Circulatory System Section B2004 OL9.(a)Answer the following in relation to human breathing rate OR pulse rate.State which of these you will refer to What is the average rate at rest? State a possible effect of smoking on the resting rate (b)How did you measure the resting rate? Describe how you investigated the effect of exercise on this rate.Using the axes below draw a graph to show how rate is likely to vary as the exercise level increases.2006 OL7.(a)(i)Name the chamber of the heart that receives blood back from the lungs. (ii)Name the blood vessels that bring this blood back from the lungs.(b)Answer the following in relation to the dissection of a heart.(i)What instrument did you use for the dissection? (ii)Describe how you carried out the dissection. (iii)Draw a diagram of the dissected heart and on it label the following:bicuspid valve, left ventricle, right atrium, tricuspid valve.2008 OL8. (b)Answer the following questions about an activity that you carried out to investigate the effect of exercise on the breathing rate or pulse of a human.(i)At the start of the investigation you asked the person who was about to do the exercise to sit down for a few minutes. Explain the purpose of this. (ii)How did you measure the breathing rate or the pulse? (iii)Describe how you conducted the investigation after the period of rest. (iv)State the results of your investigation. 2012 OL7. (b) Answer the following questions about an activity that you carried out to investigate the effect ofexercise on your breathing rate or your pulse rate./Tick the rate you will refer to.Breathing RatePulse Rate(i) The investigation starts by measuring the resting rate. How did you measure the resting rate? (ii) After measuring your resting rate, what other steps did you carry out to complete the investigation? (iii) What was the result of your investigation? (iv) Does this investigation give the same result for both fit and non-fit people? (v) Give a reason for your answer.Higher Level Questions on the Circulatory System Section C2006 HL13.(a)(i)State a precise location in the human body at which red blood cells are made.(ii)State two ways in which red blood cells differ from typical body cells e.g. fromthe cheek lining.(9)2007 HL13.(a)(i)Name the blood vessel that returns blood to the heart from the lungs.(ii)Name the main gas transported in the blood vessel that you have named in (i).How is this gas transported?(9)2009 HL13.(a)The human circulatory system has two circuits.(i)Give the name of each of these circuits.(ii)Which of these circuits involves the pumping of blood by the left ventricle? (9)(b)(i)Write a short note on each of the following:1. Pulse.2. Blood pressure.(ii)Comment on the effect of each of the following on the circulatory system:1. Diet.2. Exercise(iii)Give two ways, other than colour, in which a red blood cell differs in structure or composition from a typical body cell such as one in the cheek lining.(iv)What is the role of the SA (sinoatrial) and AV (atrioventricular) nodes in the heart?(v)Give the precise locations of both the SA and the AV nodes in the heart.2010 HL 5. Answer any two of (a), (b), (c). (30, 30) (b) (i) Draw a labelled diagram to show the relationship between the liver, the small intestine and the hepatic portal vein. (ii) Name a substance transported to the liver by the blood in the hepatic portal vein. (iii) Name the blood vessel that brings oxygenated blood to the liver. (iv) Where in the human body is the liver located in relation to the stomach? (v) Where is bile stored after it has been made in the liver? (vi) Give one role that the bile salts play in the digestive process. (vii) Give two further functions of the liver, other than the manufacture of bile. 2012 HL15. Answer any two of (a), (b), (c). (30, 30) (b) (i) State two ways, other than colour, in which red blood cells differ from white blood cells.(ii) Name a group of white blood cells, other than lymphocytes.(iii) Lymphocytes may be divided into B cells and T cells. B cells produce antibodies.1. What is the role of antibodies in the body?2. Name any three types of T cell.3. State a role of each of the T cell types that you named in part 2.Ordinary Level Section C QuestionsSEC Sample Paper OL10.(a)(i)What is the average resting rate of the human heart in beats per minute?(ii)State one factor that decreases heart rate and one factor that increases it. (9)(b)The diagram shows a vertical section through the human heart.(i)Name the parts A, B, C, D, E and F.(ii)To where does E carry blood?(iii)What is the function of B?(iv)Name the artery that supplies the heart muscle with blood. (27)(c)(i)Name the liquid part of blood.(ii)Name two substances that are dissolved in the liquid part of blood.(iii)State one function of the liquid part of blood.(iv)Blood contains red cells and white cells. State one function for each of these.(v)Name two common blood-grouping systems. (24)2005 OL12.(a)(i)Name the major blood vessels that carry blood1.from the heart to the lungs2.from the lungs to the heart.2005 OL14.(c)Answer the following questions in relation to blood vessels in the human body.(i)Valves are present in veins. What is their function?(ii)Why are valves not needed in arteries?(iii)Which has the bigger lumen (cavity), an artery or a vein?(iv)The wall of capillaries is only one cell thick. How is this related to their function?(v)How does a portal vein differ from other veins?(vi)Name the following blood vessels;1.the vessels that carry blood from the aorta to the kidneys.2.the vessels that supply the heart’s muscle with blood.2008 OL15.(b)Answer the following questions in relation to blood.(i)What is blood plasma? Give a role for blood plasma.(ii)Name two types of cell found in the blood and give a function for each of them.(iii)The ABO blood group system has four blood groups. What are these four groups?(iv)Suggest a reason why it is important to know a person’s blood group.2009 OL13.(a)Name the blood vessel referred to in each of the following cases:(i)The vein connected to the lungs.(ii)The artery connected to the kidneys.(iii)The vein that joins the intestine to the liver.(9)(b)The following questions relate to the human heart.(i)Give the precise location of the heart in the human body.(ii)What structure(s) protects the heart?(iii)Name the upper chambers of the heart.(iv)Name the valve between the upper and lower chambers on the left-hand side.(v)What is the average resting human heart rate?(vi)Give two factors which cause an increase in heart rate.(vii)Name the blood vessels that bring oxygen to the heart muscle.(viii)Explain why the walls of the lower chambers of the heart are thicker than the walls of the upper chambers. (27)(c)Copy the table below into your answerbook and use your knowledge of blood vessels and the information in diagrams A, B and C to complete the table. Some boxes have been filled as examples.VesselABCNameVeinLumenSmallWallDirection of blood flowValves present(24)2011 OL13. (a) (i) Name the liquid part of the blood.(ii)Different lifestyle factors have an effect on the health of our circulatory system.Name any two of these factors. (9)(b)The diagram shows a section through the human heart.(i)Name the blood vessel labelled A.(ii)Does A carry blood towards or away from the heart?(iii)Name the chamber of the heart labelled C.(iv)Why is the wall of chamber B thicker than the wall of chamber C?(v)Name the arteries that supply the heart wall with blood.(vi)What is the role of valves in the heart?(vii)The lymphatic system is another series of vessels carrying fluid in the body.Give any two functions of the lymphatic system. (24)Lymphatic SystemHigher Level2006 HL13.(c)(i)Describe the structure of the lymphatic system.(ii)Give an account of three functions of the lymphatic system.(24)