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Family,Genus,species,Synonyms,common names,Environ - synonyms for common verbs



ROD RANDALL’S WEED LIST
From The Nature Conservancy’s Wildland Invasive Species Team
http://tncweeds.ucdavis.edu

Prepared by Barry Rice
20 November 2003


CODES:
Genus,species,Synonyms,common names,Environ
Score,Legal, Prohib, Garden, Nursery,States Nox
in.,Comments,Distribution,source



Acanthaceae
Acanthus,mollis,,Bears Breaches,X,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Acanthus,mollis, ,Bears Breach,,,,”Dispersal:
Vegetative. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,8”,”Introduced deliberately from: Eur and Commercially
Available, , In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Acanthus,montanus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Acanthus,montanus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Acanthus,ptarmica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Acanthus,ptarmica, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Acanthus,pubescens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Acanthus,pubescens, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Andrographis,paniculata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Andrographis,paniculata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Anisostachya,tenella, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Asystasia,gangetica,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Asystasia,gangetica,,Ganges primrose,,,,”Catergory II -
Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These
species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated
disruption of natural Florida communities. “,,List of Florida's Most
Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Asystasia,intrusa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Asystasia,intrusa, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Asystasia,schimperi, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Asystasia,schimperi, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Barleria,cristata,,barleria,S,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Barleria,lupulina,,barleria,S,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Barleria,prionitis,,barleria,E,L,NT,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Barleria,prionitis, ,,,,,”Region of origin - trop Asia,
Afr; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread -
ornamental”,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Barleria,prionitis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Barleria,strigosa,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Blechum,pyramidatum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Blechum,pyramidatum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Blechum,pyramidatum (=B. brownei), ,,,,,”India,
“,Guam; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Tonga,”“Weeds of
Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western
Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Blepharis,maderaspatensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Blepharis,maderaspatensis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Brillantaisia,lamium,Leucorhaphis lamium,,E,P,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Brillantaisia,lamium,syn Leucorhaphis lamium Nees,,,,,,,Weed
Science List
Brillantaisia,lamium,syn Leucorhaphis lamium
Nees,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Brillantaisia,nitens,syn Leucorhaphis lamium Nees,,,,,,,Weed
Science List
Brillantaisia,nitens,syn Leucorhaphis lamium
Nees,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cardanthera,difformis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cardanthera,difformis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Elytraria,crenata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Elytraria,crenata, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Hygrophila,difformis,,”water wisteria, Asian
wisteria”,S,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Hygrophila,phlomoides, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Hygrophila,phlomoides, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Hygrophila,pobeguini, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Hygrophila,pobeguini, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Hygrophila,polysperma, ,,,,,Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web
Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,,”Florida
Weeds, FAIRS.”
Hygrophila,polysperma, ,”hygro, Indian
swampweed”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John
Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National
Parks, weed”
Hygrophila,polysperma*,,green hygro,,,,”Catergory I -
Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in
Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or
geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological
damage caused.*P =Prohibited by Flo”,,List of Florida's Most
Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Hygrophila,polysperma,,,aquatic,,"Federal Noxious Weeds List, USA"
Hygrophila,spinosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Hygrophila,spinosa, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Hygrophila,triflora,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Hypoestes,antennifera,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Hypoestes,aristata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Hypoestes,phyllostachya,,”polkadot plant, freckle
face”,S,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Hypoestes,phyllostachya, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Justicia,americana, ,waterwillow,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Justicia,betonica,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Justicia,flava, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Justicia,flava, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Justicia,insularis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Justicia,insularis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Justicia,simplex, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Justicia,simplex, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Odontonema,tubaeforme,”O. tubiforme, O.
strictum”,firespike,X,P,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Odontonema,tubaeforme,”syn O. tubiforme, O. strictum
“,firespike,,P,,”syn. Odontonema tubiformeOdontonema has been
here in North Queensland for some twenty five years and has invaded the
ground layer of rainforest growing on red metamorphic soils. Two
apparently fertile seeded populations occur. Mick Godwin, Dept of
Enviro”,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Rostellularia,sundana,syn Justicia probcumbens,,,,,”in
grassy area, roadsides, premises & gardens , in sunny to light shaded
sites, locally abundant; up to 2200m (Java); flowers profusely throughout
athe year; Upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance,
“,”Malesia, Indonesia: Java & the Lesser Sunda
Is”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Ruellia,malacosperma,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Ruellia,prostrata, ,,,,,”, tree crops,
roadsides”,Western Samoa ,”“Weeds of Agriculture and
Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific”, D.F
Waterhouse”
Ruellia,squarrosa,,ruellia,S,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Ruellia,tuberosa,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Ruellia,tuberosa, ,,,,,annual dominance Ornamental , Thailand
,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Rungia,repens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Rungia,repens, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Sanchezia,parvibracteata,,sanchezia,XS,G,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Sanchezia,parvibracteata, ,,,,,Region of origin - trop Amer;
Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for
Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Stephanophysum,longifolium,,,S,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Thunbergia,alata,,black-eyed Susan,XXw,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Thunbergia,alata, ,Black-eyed Susan
,,,,VINES.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,
Greening Australia, 1995”
Thunbergia,alata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Thunbergia,annua,,thunbergia,,L,Qld,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Thunbergia,annua, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Thunbergia,annua, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Thunbergia,fragrans,,thunbergia,,L,Qld,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Thunbergia,fragrans, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Thunbergia,fragrans, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Thunbergia,grandiflora,,”thunbergia, blue trumpet vine,
Bengla clock-vine, blue skyflower, blue trumpet vine, clock vine, sky
flower, sky vine”,XHE,NLP,Qld,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Thunbergia,grandiflora, ,Sky Flower or Blue
Thunbergia,,,,VINES.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John
Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995”
Thunbergia,grandiflora, ,”thunbergia, blue trumpet vine,
Bengla clock-vine, blue skyflower, blue trumpet vine, clock vine, sky
flower, sky vine”,,,,”admired for its showy flowers produced
throughout most of the year & its abiltiy to grow over fences,
buildings & trellises; abandoned plants can over take bushland areas
& smother whole trees, in agric. areas it infests roadsides, pastures
& canefields”,”originated in northern India; introd as an
ornamental in many trop, subtrop & war-temp areas including N& S
Amer”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Thunbergia,grandiflora, ,Blue Thunbergia
,,,,Vines.,,”Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia,
1995”
Thunbergia,grandiflora, ,”thunbergia, blue trumpet
vine”,,,,,,Weed Science List
Thunbergia,grandiflora, ,”thunbergia, blue trumpet
vine”,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Thunbergia,laurifolia,T. harrissii,”blue thunbergia,
blue trumpet vine, laurel clock vine”,XHS,NL,Qld,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Thunbergia,laurifolia, ,,,,,”Region of origin - India,
Malaysia; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread -
ornamental”,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Aceraceae
Acer,barbatum, ,Florida maple,,,,”Source: “USA Composite
List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Acer,circinatum, ,vine maple,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Acer,ginnala, ,amur maple,,,,From lists and sources by Faith
Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural
Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Acer,macrophyllum, ,bigleaf maple,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Acer,negundo,,Box-elder Maple,XXAw,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Acer,negundo, ,,,,,Region of origin - N Amer; Extent of spread
- localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series
Report # 3
Acer,negundo, ,Box-elder Maple,,,,”Dispersal: Water,W.
Life Form: Tree. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations
(Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6,7,8”,”Introduced
deliberately from: N Am and Commercially Available, , In Victoria:
Limited distribution, small populations”,Environmental Weed
Invasions In Victoria
Acer,negundo, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Acer,negundo, ,boxelder,,,,”Source: “USA Composite
List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Acer,palmatum,,”box elder maple, ash-leaved
maple”,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Acer,palmatum, ,,,,,”Region of origin - Japan, Korea;
Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental”,,CRC
for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Acer,pensylvanicum, ,striped maple,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Acer,platanoides,,Norway maple,Escaping in the Portland area.,,Noxious Invasive Vegetation of the Willamette Valley: Native Plant Society of Oregon. Weed
Acer,platanoides,,Norway maple,"Avail nurseries, Street Tree, Ornamental Low Level Invasive , Additional Comments : Tolerant to pollution, introduced 1778 ""30 m high, flowers 10 mm wide, greenish yellow in clusters, leaves 5-7 lobes, dark green, simple, opposite, deciduo","Eurasia. Habitat: Towns, natural areas adjacent to urban"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Acer,platanoides, ,Norway maple,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Acer,platanoides, ,Norway maple,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Acer,pseudoplantanus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Acer,pseudoplatanus,,Sycamore Maple,HXAw,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Acer,pseudoplatanus, ,planetree maple,,,,From lists and sources
by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Acer,rubrum, ,red maple,,,,”Source: “USA Composite
List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Acer,saccharinum, ,silver maple,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Acer,saccharum, ,sugar maple,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Acer,spicatum, ,mountain maple,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Acer ,pseudoplatanus, ,Sucamore Maple,,,,”Dispersal: Wind.
Life Form: Tree. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
6,7,8”,”Introduced deliberately from: Eur and Commercially
Available, , In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Adiantaceae
Adiantum,capillus-veneris,syn ,”Maidenhair, Venus's
hair”,,,,”moist shaded habitats, wells, along
streams”“Fronds are an expectorant & emollient; infusion
used for colds, bronchitis, asthma, & chest diseases”““,cosmopolitan,”The
Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Pellaea,viridis,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Pityrogramma,calamelanos, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Pityrogramma,calomelanos,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Pityrogramma,calomelanos,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Agavaceae
Agave,americana,,Century Plant,XXHXX,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Agave,americana,,Century Plant,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Agave,americana,,Century Plant,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Agave,americana,,Century Plant,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Agave,americana, ,Century Plant,,,,”Dispersal: Vegetative.
Life Form: Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Not a threat (but may
have a negative visual impact). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,4,5,12”,”Introduced deliberately from: Mex and Commercially
Available, , In Victoria: Widespread, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Agave,americana, ,Yucca or Century
Plant,,,,SHRUBS.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John
Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995”
Agave,americana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Agave,attenuata,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Agave,lecheguilla, ,lechuguilla,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Agave,schottii, ,Schott's century plant,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Agave,schottii, ,Schott agave,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Agave,sisalana,,sisal,X,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Agave,sisalana, ,,,,,Region of origin - Mexico; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - agriculture - rope,,CRC for Weeds
Tech Series Report # 3
Agave,spp.,,agave,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Agave,viviparia,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Agave ,americana, ,century plant,,,,”tropical America,
“,French Polynesia; Kiribati; New Caledonia,”“Weeds of
Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western
Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Agave ,americana, ,American agave,,,,”Succulent
SpeciesInvades: dry habitats, rocky outcrops, drainage linesCultivated
for: ornament, fodder, security hedging; provides honey; relic plantings
occur all over southern Africa”,Origin: C Amer,Plant Invaders of
Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Agave ,americana, ,American agave,,,,”Succulent
SpeciesInvades: dry habitats, rocky outcrops, drainage linesCultivated
for: ornament, fodder, security hedging; provides honey; relic plantings
occur all over southern Africa”,Origin: C Amer,Plant Invaders of
Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Agave ,sisalana, ,sisal,,,,”Proposed Declared Invader.
Subject to herbicide registrationSucculent SpeciesInvades: subtropical
savanna, erosion channels, watercoursesCultivated for: fibre, security
hedging; provides honey “,Origin: C Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern
Africa. (Weeds)
Agave ,sisalana, ,sisal,,,,”Proposed Declared Invader.
Subject to herbicide registrationSucculent SpeciesInvades: subtropical
savanna, erosion channels, watercoursesCultivated for: fibre, security
hedging; provides honey “,Origin: C Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern
Africa. (Weeds)
Agave ,sisalana,,sisal hemp,,,,”Catergory II - Species
that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species
may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated
disruption of natural Florida communities. “,,List of Florida's Most
Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Cordyline,australis,,cabbage tree,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Cordyline,australis, ,New Zealand Cabbage ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Cordyline,australis, ,,,,,Region of origin - NZ; Extent of
spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Cordyline,australis, ,Cabbage Tree,,,,”Dispersal: Bird,
internal. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
8,9,10”,”Introduced deliberately from: NZ and Commercially
Available, , In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Furcraea,foetida,,Mauritius hemp,X,G,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Furcraea,selloa,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Furcraea,selloa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Furcraea,spp., ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by
Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive
Weeds”
Phormium,tenax,,New Zealand flax,XXS,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Phormium,tenax, ,,,,,Region of origin - NZ; Extent of spread -
localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series
Report # 3
Phormium,tenax, ,New Zealand Flax,,,,”Dispersal:
Water,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
9”,”Introduced deliberately from: NZ and Commercially
Available, , In Victoria: Rare or localised, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Sansevieria,guineensis,,,w,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Sansevieria,hyacinthoides,,bowstring hemp,,,,”Catergory II
- Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities.
These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet
demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. “,,List of
Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Sansevieria,trifasciata,,mother-in-law's
tounge,XS,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Sansevieria,trifasciata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Yucca,aloifolia,,”coastal yucca, dwarf yucca, Spanish
bayonet”,S,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Yucca,aloifolia, ,Spanish Bayonet ,,,,SHRUBS.,,”Environmental
Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995”
Yucca,aloifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Yucca,elata, ,soaptree yucca,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Yucca,filamentosa,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Yucca,glauca, ,small soapweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Yucca,gloriosa,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Yucca,spp., ,,,,,”80-90% germ of seeds soaked in water
24hrs, germ between moist cotton at 28-32C over 3-9days; germ % inc. with
scarification or removal of seed coat; 95% germ of 6yr old seed”,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Aizoaceae
Aptenia,cordifolia,,Heart-leaf Ice Plant,XXX,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Aptenia,cordifolia, ,Red Apple ,,,,”California Noxious
Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Aptenia,cordifolia, ,Heart-leaf Ice Plant,,,,”Dispersal:
?. Life Form: Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Potential threat
to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 12,13”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In
Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Aptenia,cordifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Carpanthea,pomeridiana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Carpobrotus,aequilateralus, ,ice plant,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Carpobrotus,aequilaterus, ,Angled Pigface,,,,”Dispersal:
Bird, internal,?animal (not bird), internal,Vegetative. Life Form:
Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,4,5,12”,”Introduced deliberately from: Chile, In Victoria:
Limited distribution, medium to large populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Carpobrotus,aequilaterus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Carpobrotus,chilensis,C. aequilaterus,angled
pigface,HXX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Carpobrotus,edulis,,Hottentot fig,HXH,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Carpobrotus,edulis, ,Iceplant ,,,,”California Noxious Weed
Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Carpobrotus,edulis, ,Hottentot Fig,,,,”Dispersal: Bird,
internal,?animal (not bird), internal,Vegetative. Life Form: Succulent herb,
subshrub or shrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,2,4,5”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria:
Widespread, small populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In
Victoria
Carpobrotus,edulis, ,”freeway ice plant, hottentot
fig”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John
Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National
Parks, weed”
Carpobrotus,edulis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Carpobrotus,edulis X C. virescens,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Conicosia,bijlii, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Conicosia,pugioniformis, ,”Narrow-leaved Iceplant,
Roundleaf Iceplant “,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control
Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit
effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet,
containing information on noxious weed control in California. This
information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Conicosia,pugioniformis, ,narrow-leaved iceplant,,,,From lists
and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of
Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Dorotheanthus,bellidiformis,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Drosanthemum,candens,,Rodondo Creeper,X,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Drosanthemum,candens, ,Rodondo Creeper,,,,”Dispersal:
Vegetative. Life Form: Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Potential
threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 1,4,12”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In
Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Drosanthemum,candens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Galenia,pubescens,,Galenia,HX,L,NSW,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Galenia,pubescens, ,Galenia,,,,”Dispersal: ?. Life Form:
Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations
(Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4,8,12”,”S Af, In
Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Galenia,secunda,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Glinus,oppositifolius,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Lampranthus,coccineus,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Lampranthus,glaucus,,Lampranthus,HX,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Lampranthus,glaucus, ,Lampranthus,,,,”Dispersal: ?. Life
Form: Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
5,12”,”S Af, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Lampranthus,glaucus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lampranthus,multiradiatus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Lampranthus,tegens,,Lampranthus,H,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Lampranthus,tegens, ,Lampranthus,,,,”Dispersal: ?. Life
Form: Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
12”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: Rare or
localised, medium to large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions
In Victoria
Lampranthus,tegens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Malephora,crocea, ,Ice Plant ,,,,”California Noxious Weed
Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Malephora,lutea,Carpobrotus sp. in Plants of western NSW (info.
from H. Toelken at AD),,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Mesembryanthemum,aitonis,,,H,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Mesembryanthemum,aitonis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Mesembryanthemum,crystallinum,,ice plant,HXHH,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Mesembryanthemum,crystallinum, ,Crystalline Iceplant
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A
combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,
accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed
control in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious
Weed
Mesembryanthemum,crystallinum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Mesembryanthemum,cystallinum, ,Ice Plant,,,,”Dispersal:
Water,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Very serious threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
3,4,11”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria:
Limited distribution, medium to large populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Mesembryanthemum,nodiflorum,,slenderleaf
iceplant,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Mesembryanthemum,nodiflorum, ,Slender-leaved Iceplant
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A
combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,
accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed
control in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious
Weed
Mesembryanthemum,nodiflorum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Micropterum,papulosum,M. papillosum (incorrect
name),,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Micropterum,papulosum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Mollugo,verticillata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Mollugo,verticillata, ,carpetweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Mullugo,stricta, ,,,,, , Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control
in Asia
Psilocaulon,tenue,,Wiry Noon-flower,XX,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Psilocaulon,tenue, ,Wiry Noon-flower,,,,”Dispersal: ?.
Life Form: Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Not a threat (but may
have a negative visual impact). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
4”,”S Af, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Psilocaulon,tenue, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ruschia,decumbens,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Ruschia,decumbens, ,,,,,Region of origin - Southern Afr; Extent
of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Ruschia,tumidula,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Ruschia,tumidula, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tetragonia,decumbens,,,H,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Tetragonia,decumbens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tetragonia,microptera,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Tetragonia,nigrescens,T. nigricans in WA?,,,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Tetragonia,nigrescens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Trianthema,monogyna, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Trianthema,monogyna, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Trianthema,pentandra, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Trianthema,pentandra, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Trianthema,portulacastrum,,black or giant
pigweed,XH,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Trianthema,portulacastrum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Trianthema,portulacastrum, ,”black pigweed, giant pigweed,
horse purslane”,,,,”Trianthema portulacastrum is an herbaceous
plant found in many tropical and subtropical countries. It occurs in
wastelands, roadsides, lawns, gardens, upland cultivated crops, and in
paddy fields if the water supply is low. Occasionally it is found in
per”,”origin unknow; found in tropical and subtropical
countries of the Americas, Africa and Asian and in several regions of
Australia”,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm
et. al.
Trianthema,portulacastrum, ,horse purslane,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Zaleya,galericulata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Alismataceae
Alisma,canaliculatum, ,,,,, , Japan,Weeds and Weed Control
in Asia
Alisma,gramineum, ,narrowleaf waterplantain,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Alisma,lanceolata,,Water Plantain,XXw,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Alisma,lanceolata, ,Water Plantain,,,,”Dispersal:
animal external,Water. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Annual/Perennial
herb). RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria).
Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,9,10”,”Eur, N Af, W As, In
Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Alisma,lanceolatum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Alisma,lanceolatum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Alisma,plantago-aquatica,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Alisma,plantago-aquatica, ,Common
Waterplantain,,,,bensulfuron 1995 Portugal Rice ,
http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Alisma,plantago-aquatica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Alisma,plantago-aquatica, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Alisma,triviale,” Alisma plantago, Alisma
plantago-aquatica”,Common waterplantain,,,,98% germ in sterile
distilled water at 29C within 10d by rupturing seed coats,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Alisma,triviale, ,common waterplantain,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Damasonium,alisma, Damasonium stellatum,,,,,seeds matured in
July & placed on surface of water germ in few days; seeds allowed to
sink didn't germ to any extent until next year; 3-5mth dry stored seed
placed in water germ within a few days ,,Germination & Establishment
of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Damasonium,australe, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Damasonium,minus, ,Starfruit ,,,,bensulfuron 1994 Australia
Rice , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Echinodorus,cordifolius,”E. radicans, E. bathii, E.
schlueteri “,”burhead, radicans sword, creeping burrhead, Texas
mud baby”,S,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Echinodorus,cordifolius, ,burhead,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Echinodorus,cordifolius,”syn E. radicans, E. bathii, E.
schlueteri “,”creeping burrhead, Texas mud baby,
burrhead”,,P,,This species can tolerate a wide temp range from
15-30 C See article in “The Alismataceae” Monograph 64 Flora Neotropica
1994,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Sagittaria,aginashi, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sagittaria,aginashi, ,,,,,perennial sub-dominance , ,Weeds
and Weed Control in Asia
Sagittaria,aginashi, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Sagittaria,calycina, ,California arrowhead,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Sagittaria,chilensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sagittaria,chilensis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Sagittaria,cuneata, Sagittaria arifolia,,,,,”vegetative
propagation by tubers; 42-46% germ of seeds stored in water at 1-3C for
5-7mths, then germ in tap water in diffuse light on greenhouse bench; dry
stored seed germ 93% on moist filter paper within 104days in dark after
seed coat cut at 20-25C”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Sagittaria,engelmanniana,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Sagittaria,falcata, ,coastal arrowhead,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Sagittaria,graminea,was S. graminea var. platyphylla &
S. graminea var. weatherbiana,”sagittaria, arrow-head, delta
arrowhead, slender arrowhead”,HXXHE,L,SA; WA; Tas,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Sagittaria,graminea, ,Arrow-head,,,,”Dispersal: Bird,
internal,Water. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK:
Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation
Formations Invaded: 10”,”Introduced deliberately from: N Am, In
Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Sagittaria,graminea, ,”sagittaria, arrow-head, delta
arrowhead, slender arrowhead”,,,,blocks water flow in irrigation
canals & drainage ditches,”native of N
Amer”“naturalised in Ekibin Creek, near Brisbane, Qld also in
Nine Mile Creek at Wunghnu in Vic & at Liverpool & Casula, NSW;
It has established in irrigation districts of north central Vic, Murray
River in SA”““,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P &
C”
Sagittaria,graminea, ,Sagittaria N ,,,,” PROCLAIMED
PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. *
Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n
Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c
Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods
etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Movement
prohibited on roads (Section 52(2) applies) Entry into South Australia
p”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed Plants”“
(Weed)”
Sagittaria,graminea, ,”sagittaria, arrow-head”,,,,
Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Sagittaria,graminea, ,”sagittaria,
arrow-head”,,P,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Sagittaria,guayanensis ssp lappula,”syn Lophotocarpus
guayanensis, Sagittaria lappula, Sagittaria pusilla, Sagittaria
obtusissima, Lophiocarpus cordifolius”,,,,,”in ditches, up to
1000m alt. (Java); flowers throughout the year; the flowers open only
partly at noon or later & close long before sundown; lowland-irrigated
& lebak rice fields, a weed of minor importance, leaves sometimes
used as pig's food”,”tropical Afr or SE Asia, tropics of Afr
& SE Asia, Indonesia-Java, Sumatra & Sulawesi”,”Weeds
of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Sagittaria,latifolia,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Sagittaria,latifolia, ,Common arrowhead,,,,”vegetative
propagation by tubers; 42-46% germ of seeds stored in water at 1-3C for
5-7mths, then germ in tap water in diffuse light on greenhouse bench; dry
stored seed germ 93% on moist filter paper within 104days in dark after
seed coat cut at 20-25C”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Sagittaria,latifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sagittaria,latifolia, ,common arrowhead,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Sagittaria,latifolia, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Sagittaria,montevidensis,,”arrowhead, sagittaria,
California arrowhead”,E,L,SA; WA; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Sagittaria,montevidensis,,”arrowhead, sagittaria,
California arrowhead”,E,L,SA; WA; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Sagittaria,montevidensis,,”arrowhead, sagittaria,
California arrowhead”,E,L,SA; WA; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Sagittaria,montevidensis, ,California
Arrowhead,,,,bensulfuron 1993 USA Rice , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Sagittaria,montevidensis, ,California
Arrowhead,,,,bensulfuron 1994 Australia Rice ,
http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Sagittaria,montevidensis, ,”arrowhead, sagittaria,
California arrowhead”,,,,”dense infestations block channels
& drainage ditches; 2 subsp. spread into rice fields, drainage
ditches & Barren Box Swamp west of Griffith NSW”,”native of
N & S Amer, most common weeds of Californian rice
fields”“Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area of NSW,not naturalised
eslewhere in Aust”““,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P
& C”
Sagittaria,montevidensis, ,Arrowhead N # ,,,,”
PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be
destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not
required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the
State. c Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or
Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2)
applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section
60 applies) Mov”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Sagittaria,montevidensis, ,arrow-head sagittaria,,,,
Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Sagittaria,montevidensis, ,arrow-head sagittaria,,P,,
Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Sagittaria,platyphylla, ,Delta arrowhead,,,,vegetative
propagation by tubers,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Sagittaria,platyphylla,”syn N Amer (Gulf of Mexico,
Mississippi)”,”found in 1949 in W Java near Bogor & Depok,
an escape of the Botanic Garden, Bogor & later spread throughout
Java”,,,,”a weed of minor importance, “,”up to 250m
alt. in Java; lowland & rainfed rice fields, “,”Weeds of
Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Sagittaria,platyphylla, ,delta arrowhead,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Sagittaria,pygmaea,,dwarf arrowhead,,L,Qld,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Sagittaria,pygmaea, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sagittaria,pygmaea, ,,,,,”perennial dominance,
sub-dominance “, Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Sagittaria,pygmaea, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Sagittaria,sagittifolia,,,aquatic,,"Federal Noxious Weeds List, USA"
Sagittaria,sagittifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sagittaria,sagittifolia, ,”arrow-head, chinese
arrowhead”,,,,”Sagittaria sagittifolia is an herbaceous,
perennial or sometimes annual aquatic plant. It is a general nuisance in
the crops, irrigation systems,drains and waterways of more than 50 countries.
Its remarkable ability to adapt, both in form and
physiology”,”N & S Amer, Eur, Eurasia, S & E Asia, the
Pacific Islands, Hawaii, Afr, and Aust”,WORLD WEEDS Natural
Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Sagittaria,subulata, ,dwarf arrowhead,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Sagittaria,trifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sagittaria,trifolia, ,,,,,perennial , Taiwan Japan,Weeds and
Weed Control in Asia
Sagittaria,trifolia, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Sagittaria,variabilis, ,,,,,”no germ of intact seeds
during 10day test; mechanically ruptured coats, germ 92% promptly in
sterile distilled water at 29C”,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Alliaceae
Allium,acuminatum, ,tapertip onion,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Allium,ampeloprasum,,”broadleaf wild leek, wild
leek”,X,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Allium,ampeloprasum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Allium,canadense, ,Wild Onion,,,,”large bulblets higher
germ rate & longer viability; dormancy 2.5mths, “,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Allium,canadense, ,wild onion,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Allium,cepa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Allium,mutabile, ,purple onion,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Allium,neapolitanum,,Naples Onion,X,G,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Allium,neapolitanum, ,Naples Onion,,,,Dispersal: ?. Life Form:
Bulbous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations
(Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,”Introduced
deliberately from: Med and Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Rare or
localised, medium to large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions
In Victoria
Allium,neapolitanum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Allium,oleraceum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Allium,orientale, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Allium,paniculatum,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Allium,paniculatum, ,Panicled Onion ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Allium,paniculatum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Allium,porrum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Allium,roseum,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Allium,roseum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Allium,rotundum, ,,,,,,,Behrendt & Hanf “Grass Weeds
In World Agriculture”
Allium,scorodoprasum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Allium,scrodoprasum,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Allium,scrodoprasum,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Allium,sphaerocephalon, ,,,,,,,Behrendt & Hanf “Grass
Weeds In World Agriculture”
Allium,tricoccum, ,wild leek,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Allium,triquetrum,,”three-corner garlic, angled
onion”,HHH,NL,Vic; SA; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Allium,triquetrum, ,Angled Onion,,,,”Dispersal:
Vegetative,Water. Life Form: Bulbous geophyte. RISK: Very serious threat
to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 1,4,5,6,7,8,9 “,”Introduced deliberately from: W Med,
In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Allium,triquetrum, ,”three-corner garlic, angled
onion”,,,,”restricted to high rainfall areas, does not compete
strongly with crops & improved pastures, but imparts a strong onion
flavour & unpleasant odour to dairy products & meat, making them
unfit for sale; problem as garden weed, in bushlands & public
places”,”native of western Medit region, not widely distributed
but occurs commonly in parts of Aust & NZ”“nat. in SA,
found in NSW, Vic, Tas & WA”““,”Noxious Weeds of
Australia, P & C”
Allium,triquetrum, ,Three cornered garlic * ,,,,”
PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be
destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not
required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the
State. c Special program in south-ea”, Roadside control cost to be
met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies),”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Allium,triquetrum, ,”three-corner garlic, angled
onion”,,,,,,Weed Science List
Allium,ursinum, ,,,,,,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Allium,ursinum ,,wood garlic,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Allium,ursinum , ,wood garlic,,P,,”Hardy bulb to 30cm
tall. Flowers early summer. This plant prefers woodland conditions in a
moist well-drained soil, and can then be invasive, but because it dies down
in summer other plants can grow in the same space. The bulb needs to be
planted fairly “,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Allium,vineale,,”crow garlic, wild garlic, field garlic,
wild onion”,HX,NL,Vic; SA; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Allium,vineale, ,,,,,,,Behrendt & Hanf “Grass Weeds In
World Agriculture”
Allium,vineale, ,Wild Garlic ,,,,”California Noxious Weed
Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Allium,vineale, ,Wild garlic,,,,”aerial bulblets stored at
room temp dormancy broken after 5mths, larger bulblets higher germ %
& longer viability”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Allium,vineale, ,”crow garlic, wild garlic, field garlic,
wild onion”,,,,”important weed because it contains allyl
sulphides which impart a strong garlic odour & flavour to agric.
produce, particularly cereal grain, grain products, milk &
meat”,”native of Eur, NAfr & Asia Minor, important weed of
cereal crops & vineyards; introd most temp regions of world-Eng,
Spain, Ger, Italy, Turkey & Sweden; important weed of pastures,
cereals crops & lawns in USA & NZ”“occurs in all states
ex Qld & NT; Vic w”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P &
C”
Allium,vineale, ,field garlic,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Allium,vineale, ,Field garlic ,,,,” PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN
SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control
required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable
in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special
program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc.
Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside
control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies)
Move”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Allium,vineale, ,”crow garlic, wild garlic, field
garlic”,,,,,,Weed Science List
Allium,vineale, ,wild garlic,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Allium,vineale,,field garlic,,,,”RANK 2. “SIGNIFICANT
THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some invasive
characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may
have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance
corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive Exotic Pest
Plants in Tennessee
Ipheion,uniflorum,,spring star-flower,X,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Nothoscordum,gracile,”N. borbonicum, N.
inodorum”,fragrant false garlic,XXX,G,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Nothoscordum,inodorum, ,FALSE Garlic ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Aloeaceae
Aloe,arborescens,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Aloe,arborescens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Aloe,cameronii,,”aloe, “,S,G,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Aloe,cameronii, ,,,,,Region of origin - Afr; Extent of spread -
localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series
Report # 3
Aloe,ferox,,bitter aloe,E,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Aloe,ferox, ,bitter aloe,,,,,,Weed Science List
Aloe,ferox, ,bitter aloe,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Aloe,latifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Aloe,maculata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Aloe,parvibracteata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Aloe,parvibracteata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Aloe,saponaria,Probably should be A. maculata,,X,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Aloe,saponaria,,Soap Aloe,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Aloe,saponaria, var. ficksburgensis,,,,,Region of origin - S
Afr; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for
Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Aloe,saponaria, ,Soap Aloe,,,,”Dispersal: Vegetative. Life
Form: Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,3,4,5,12”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Af and
Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Widespread, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Aloe,saponaria, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Kniphofia,uvaria, ,Red-hot Poker,,,,”Dispersal: Wind. Life
Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,2”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially
Available, , In Victoria: Limited distribution, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Alstroemeriaceae
Alstroemeria,aurea,,Alstroemeria,HA,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Alstroemeria,aurea, ,Alstroemeria,,,,”Dispersal:
?Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Tuberous geophyte. RISK: Very serious
threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 6,7,8,”,”Introduced deliberately from: Chile, Arg and
Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to
large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Alstroemeria,aurea, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Alstroemeria,pulchella,,,XXX,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Alstroemeria,pulchella, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Amaranthaceae
Achyranthes,aspera, ,chafflower,,,,”tropical America,
disturbed forest”,Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; New
Caledonia; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon
Islands; Vanuatu,”“Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty
in the Southern and Western Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Achyranthes,aspera,,devil's horsewhip,X,NP,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Achyranthes,aspera, ,”chaff flow, devil's
horsewhip”,,,,,widely disbursed in tropical & subtropical
regions of the world.,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution -
Holm et. al.
Achyranthes,aspera, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Achyranthes,japonica, ,,,,, , Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed
Control in Asia
Achyranthes,sicula, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Achyranthes,sicula, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Acnida,altissima, ,tall waterhemp,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Aerva,javanica,,,H,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Aerva,javanica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Aerva,lanata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Allmania,nodiflora, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Allmania,nodiflora,”syn Achyranthes nodiflora,
Chamissoa javanica, Chamissoa nodiflora”,,,,,”locally abundant
on light, esp. sandy soils, sandy shores, fields, roadsides, dunes; in
Java up to 100m alt.; upland & gogo rancah rice fields, a weed of
minor importance, Amaranthaceae”,”SE Asia, tropical Asia, W
Malesia, Philippines, throughout Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in
Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Allmania,nodiflora, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Alternanthera,angustifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Alternanthera,bettzickiana,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Alternanthera,bettzickiana, ,,,,,Region of origin - Brazil;
Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental ?,,CRC for
Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Alternanthera,dentata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Alternanthera,ficoidea,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Alternanthera,philoxeroides,,, Coastal in Virginia,,"Alien Invasive plants in Virginia: Virginia Native Plant Society, Weed"
Alternanthera,philoxeroides,”Achyranthes
philoxeroides, Bucholzia philoxeroides, Telanthera philoxeroides”,alligator
weed,XXwH,L,NSW; Vic; Qld; Sa; NT; WA; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Alternanthera,philoxeroides, ,Alligatorweed
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A
combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,
accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed
control in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious
Weed
Alternanthera,philoxeroides, ,Alligatorweed,,,,vegetative
propagation of terminal sections,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Alternanthera,philoxeroides,” Achyranthes
philoxeroides, Bucholzia philoxeroides, Telanthera
philoxeroides”,alligator weed,,,,”strong competitor in rice
fields & pastures prone to waterlogging often crowding out &
reducing yield; thick mats produced restrict flow in waterways &
light penetration, promote sedimentation & create anaerobic
conditions”,”native of S Amer; widesprd in trop & warm-temp
regions of world; problem in SE USA & irrigation areas of California,
Arg, Caribbean Is, parts of Afr, India, Malay, SE Asia, Indo &
NZ”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Alternanthera,philoxeroides, ,alligator weed,,,,From lists
and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of
Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Alternanthera,philoxeroides, ,Alligator weed N # ,,,,”
PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed.
* Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n
Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c
Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods
etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside
control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies)
Mov”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Alternanthera,philoxeroides, ,alligator weed,,,, Declared
spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Alternanthera,philoxeroides, ,”alligator weed,
alligator grass”,,,,Alternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) is
a much-feared weed of waterways across the world. It is best known as an
aquatic weed but is also found in several of man's cultivated crops &
inn pastures. It is a problem weed of 10 crops in 30 countries.,Found in
thermal tropics or the mild regions of the temperate zones.,WORLD WEEDS
Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Alternanthera,philoxeroides,
,alligatorweed,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Alternanthera,philoxeroides, ,alligator weed,,P,, Declared
spp. under ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Alternanthera,philoxeroides,,alligator weed,,,,”RANK
2. “SIGNIFICANT THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some
invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant
communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance
corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive Exotic Pest
Plants in Tennessee
Alternanthera,philoxeroides*,,alligator
weed,,,,”Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt
native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I,
but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities.
*P =Prohibited by Florida Department “,,List of Florida's Most
Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Alternanthera,pungens, ,Khaki weed N # ,,,,”
PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be
destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not
required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the
State. c Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or
Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2)
applies) Movement prohibited on roads (Section 52(2) applies) Entry into
South Australia “,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Alternanthera,pungens,”Achyranthes repens,
Alternanthera achyrantha, Alternanthera echinata, Alternanthera
repens”,”khaki weed, creeping chaffweed”,XXXX,L,NSW; Vic;
SA; NT,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Alternanthera,pungens,” Achyranthes repens,
Alternanthera achyrantha, Alternanthera echinata, Alternanthera
repens”,”khaki weed, creeping
chaffweed”,,,,”colonises bare or disturbed areas; deep
taproot-survive drought conditions, plant needs plentiful moisture for
vigorous growth, grows well in irrigated areas; heads cause problems to
feet & mouths of stock & dogs, poisonous to
animals”,”native of trop Amer, widesprd throughout temp &
trop world; southern & eastern Afr, temp areas of Eur & N Amer,
Philip, India, Sri Lanka & PNG”,”Noxious Weeds of
Australia, P & C”
Alternanthera,pungens, ,khaki weed,,,,,,Weed Science List
Alternanthera,pungens, ,khaki weed,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Alternanthera,repens, ,khakiweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Alternanthera,sessilis, ,sessile joyweed,,,,”tropical
and subtropical America (Brazil?), taro, roadside ditches”,Fiji;
French Polynesia; Guam; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa;
Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu; Wallis and Futuna ,”“Weeds of
Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western
Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Alternanthera,sessilis,,,terrestrial,,"Federal Noxious Weeds List, USA"
Alternanthera,sessilis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Alternanthera,sessilis, ,,,,, , Taiwan ,Weeds and Weed
Control in Asia
Alternanthera,sessilis,syn Alternanthera
repens,,,,,”preferably wet soil, along ditches, fallow lands;
flowering Jan-Dec (Java); in upland lebak & tidal rice fields; in
Irian Jaya from 0-2650m, sometimes noxious, young tips eaten as
vegetable”,”unknown, throughout the Old World; throughout
Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al,
1987”
Alternanthera,sessilis, ,”sessile joyweed, sessile
flowered globe amaranth”,,,,”Alternanthera sessilis tends to
overlap A. philoxeroides, in transition zones between wet and dry lands.
It appears in more than 30 crops across the world, is more terrestrial than
aquatic.”,Found in thermal tropics or the mild regions of the
temperate zones.,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm
et. al.
Alternanthera ,sessilis,syn Gomphrena sessilis
,Sessile-flowered globe amaranth,,,,”drains, irrigation canals, rice
fields”,tropical and subtropical regions of the world,”The Weed
Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Amaranthus,albus,,”tumble pigweed, prostrate
pigweed”,HX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Amaranthus,albus, ,White pigweed,,,,,Mainland Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Amaranthus,albus, ,Tumble pigweed,,,,simazine 1987 Spain
Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,albus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Amaranthus,albus, ,tumble pigweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Amaranthus,blitoides, ,Prostrate Amaranth,,,,,”UK,
Mainland Europe except Slovak states”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Amaranthus,blitoides, ,Prostrate Amaranth,,,,,”UK,
Mainland Europe except Slovak states”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Amaranthus,blitoides, ,Prostrate
pigweed,,,,”sulfonylureas 1991 Israel Roadside, Forest “,
http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,blitoides, ,Prostrate pigweed,,,,simazine 1986
Spain Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,blitoides, ,Prostrate pigweed,,,,”triazines
1983 Israel Cropland, Roadside “, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,blitoides, ,spreading pigweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Amaranthus,bouchonii, , ,,,,triazines 1982 France ,
http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,bouchonii, , ,,,,triazines 1986 Switzerland Corn
, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,caudatus,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Amaranthus,caudatus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Amaranthus,crispus, ,,,,,,Italy and SE Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Amaranthus,cruentus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Amaranthus,cruentus, ,Smooth pigweed,,,,atrazine 1989 Spain
Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,cruentus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Amaranthus,deflexus,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Amaranthus,deflexus, ,,,,,,Southern and Eastern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Amaranthus,deflexus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Amaranthus,dubius,,amaranth,,GQ,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Amaranthus,dubius, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Amaranthus,dubius, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Amaranthus,dubius,,,"annual crops, rice, gardens, disturbed sites and secondary vegetation",,"Northern Australian Quarantine Service, Target Weeds"
Amaranthus,gangeticus, ,spleen amaranth,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Amaranthus,gracilis,”syn Amaranthus polystachyus,
Amaranthus viridis, Euxolus caudatus, Euxolus
polystachyus”,pigweed,,,,”common weed in cultivated areas,
waste places, gardens, along roads; does not grow in very wet places;
prefers sandy soils or those rich in humus & fairly moist; very
common in Java below 300m, goes up to 600m; flowers throughout the year;
upland & gogo r”,”E Asia, pantropical; throughout
Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al,
1987”
Amaranthus,graecizans,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Amaranthus,graecizans, Amaranthus blitoides,Prostrate
pigweed,,,,optimum germ temp 30-37C with periodic illumination &
partial or entire removal of seed coat ,,Germination & Establishment
of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Amaranthus,graecizans, ,Speading Pigweed,,,,”A.
angustifolius, A. slyvestris”,”Mainland Europe, UK”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Amaranthus,graecizans,syn A. angustifolius ,White
pigweed,,,,”fields, gardens, orchards, roadsides, especially in
sandy soils”,”Medit, trop Afr, W Asia”,”The Weed
Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Amaranthus,graecizans, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Amaranthus,graecizans, ,prostrate pigweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Amaranthus,grandiflorus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Amaranthus,hybridus,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Amaranthus,hybridus, ,Green Amaranth,,,,”A.
chlorostachys, A. hypochondriacus, A. powellii”,Mainland Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Amaranthus,hybridus, ,Smooth pigweed,,,,imazaquin 1992 USA
Soybean , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,hybridus, ,Smooth pigweed,,,,atrazine 1972 USA
Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,hybridus, ,Smooth pigweed,,,,atrazine 1984 Italy
, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,hybridus, ,Smooth pigweed,,,,atrazine 1985 Spain
Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,hybridus, ,Smooth pigweed,,,,triazines 1980
France , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,hybridus, ,Smooth pigweed,,,,triazines 1982
Switzerland Vegetables , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,hybridus, ,Smooth pigweed,,,,triazines 1986
Israel Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,hybridus, ,Smooth pigweed,,,,triazines 1993
South Africa Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,hybridus,syn A. cruentus; A. paniculatus; A.
chlorostachys ,Green amaranth,,,,”fields, orchards, waste
ground”,temp. and trop. regions of the world,”The Weed Flora of
Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Amaranthus,hybridus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Amaranthus,hybridus, ,smooth pigweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Amaranthus,interruptus, ,native amaranth,,,,”southern
China, “,New Caledonia; Niue; Solomon Islands,”“Weeds of
Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western
Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Amaranthus,lividus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Amaranthus,lividus, ,Livid Amaranth,,,,”A. blitum, A.
ascendens, A. polygonoides”,”Mainland Europe, S Sweden,
Finland”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Amaranthus,lividus, ,Livid Amaranth,,,,paraquat 1990
Malaysia Vegetables , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,lividus, ,Livid Amaranth,,,,triazines 1978 Switzerland
Vineyard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,lividus, ,Livid Amaranth,,,,triazines 1981
France , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,lividus,syn A. ascendens ,,,,,”cultivated
fields, waste ground, ditch sides”,widespread in warm and trop.
regions of the world,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., &
Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Amaranthus,lividus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Amaranthus,lividus, ,,,,,annual sub-dominance , Upland
Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Amaranthus,lividus, ,,,,, ,,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Amaranthus,lividus, ,livid amaranth,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Amaranthus,macrocarpus, ,Dwarf Amaranth,,,,,,Weed Science
List
Amaranthus,macrocarpus, ,Dwarf Amaranth,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Amaranthus,mangostanus, ,,,,,annual dominance , Upland
Korea ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Amaranthus,mitchellii,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Amaranthus,muricatus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Amaranthus,muricatus, ,,,,,,”Spain ,
Portugal”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Amaranthus,muricatus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Amaranthus,palmeri, ,Palmer amaranth,,,,imazethapyr 1991
USA , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,palmeri, ,Palmer amaranth,,,,dinitroanilines
1989 USA Cotton , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,palmeri, ,Palmer amaranth,,,,triazines 1993 USA
Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,palmeri, ,Palmer amaranth,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Amaranthus,paniculatus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Amaranthus,patulus, ,,,,, , Hokkaido Okayama ,Weeds and
Weed Control in Asia
Amaranthus,powellii,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Amaranthus,powellii, ,Powell Amaranth,,,,atrazine 1989
Czech Republic Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,powellii, ,Powell Amaranth,,,,terbacil 1992 USA
, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,powellii, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Amaranthus,powellii, ,Powell amaranth,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Amaranthus,quitensis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Amaranthus,quitensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Amaranthus,retroflexus,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Common Amaranth,,,,,”Mainland
Europe, UK, S Sweden”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,linuron 1984
Bulgaria Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot
Pigweed,,,,”thiazfluron 1987 Germany Roadside, Railway “,
http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,ALS inhibitors
1995 USA , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,sulfonylureas
1991 Israel Forest , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,atrazine 1980
Canada Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,atrazine 1980
Germany Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,atrazine 1980
USA Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,”atrazine
1985 Czech Republic Corn, Sugarbeet”, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,atrazine 1986
Spain Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,atrazine 1991
Poland Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,atrazine 1995
Chile , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,metribuzin 1984
Bulgaria Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,triazines 1980
France , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,Redroot Pigweed,,,,”triazines
1982 Switzerland Vineyard, Orchard “,
http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,”common amaranth, redroot,
redroot pigweed”,,,,Amaranthus retroflexus is in 60 crops in 70
countries.,,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et.
al.
Amaranthus,retroflexus, ,redroot pigweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Amaranthus,rudis, ,Common waterhemp,,,,”imazethapyr
1993 USA Corn, Soybean “, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Amaranthus,spinosus, ,”spiny amaranth, spiny
pigweed”,,,,”tropical America, vegetables”,Fiji; Guam; New
Caledonia; Papua New Guinea; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Vanuatu
,”“Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern
and Western Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Amaranthus,spinosus,,needle burr,X,NP,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Amaranthus,spinosus, ,Needle Burr,,,,,,Weed Science List
Amaranthus,spinosus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Amaranthus,spinosus,syn ,”spiny pigweed, needle
burr”,,,,”in open, not too dry places; very common; prefers
good soils; up to 1800m alt.; up to 20 000 seeds/plant; upland rice
fields, sometimes noxious, suspected of poisoning calves in
Aust;sometimes eaten as a vegetable”,”unknown, pantropical;
throughout Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et
al, 1987”
Amaranthus,spinosus, ,spiny amaranth,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Amaranthus,spinosus, ,Needle Burr,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Amaranthus,thunbergii, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Amaranthus,thunbergii, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Amaranthus,tricolor,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Amaranthus,viridis,,slender amaranth,X,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Amaranthus,viridis, ,,,,, ,,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Amaranthus,viridis, ,”green amaranth, prince of wales feather,
green pigweed, “,,,,Amaranthus viridis is in 50 crops in more than
80 countries.,,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm
et. al.
Amaranthus,viridis (=A.gracilis), ,”slender amaranth,
green amaranth”,,,,”tropical America, vegetables,
cabbage”,Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Kiribati; New
Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon
Islands; Tonga; Tuvalu; Vanuatu; Wallis and Futuna ,”“Weeds of
Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western
Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Amaranthus,viridus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Amaranthus,viridus, ,slender amaranth,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Amaranthus ,hybridus, Amaranthus hypochondriacus,Smooth
pigweed,,,,seeds kept moist at 3C for 1-3wks gave high germ % at
alternating temps 20-30C with or without light,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Amaranthus ,inamoenus, ,,,,,diurnal alternation of 20-40C
for 7days nearly complete germ,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Amaranthus ,retroflexus, ,Redroot pigweed,,,,”dormancy
of fresh seed can be broken by 2-3min in conc. H2SO4; temps above 20C
optimum 35-40C, alternating light dark”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Amaranthus ,spinosus, ,Spiny amaranth,,,,42% germ of dry
stored seed at room temp for several mths after harvest; germ in
continuous darkness in petri dishes,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Amaranthus ,viridis, ,Slender amaranth,,,,64% germ of moist
seed with 24hrs light alternating 24hrs dark at room temp,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Brayulinea,densa, ,small matweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Celosia,argentea,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Celosia,argentea, ,,,,,43% germ of seed in moist sand after
dry storage for several months,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Celosia,argentea, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Celosia,argentea,syn ,quailgrass,,,,”roadsides, esp.
after disturbance, building sites, quarries, riverbeds; up to 700m alt.;
flowering Jan-Dec; upland & gogo rancah rice fields, can become a
noxious weed in upland rice; a very bad weed in India, an inferior
vegetable; seeds used as a poulti”,”Afr, pantropical;
thoroughout Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et
al, 1987”
Celosia,cristata,,cockscomb,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Celosia,cristata, ,cockscomb,,,,,,Weed Science List
Celosia,cristata, ,cockscomb,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Celosia,trigyna, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Celosia,trigyna, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cyathula,cylindrica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cyathula,cylindrica, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cyathula,prostrata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cyathula,prostrata, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Digera,arvensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Digera,arvensis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Digera,muricata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Digera,muricata, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Froelichia,floridana,,”cottontails, Florida snake
cotton, plain's snake cotton”,,P,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Froelichia,floridana, ,”cottontails, Florida snake
cotton, plain's snake cotton”,,,,”produces seed quickly with no
dormancy, other than temp dependency, can result in rapid colonisation of
affected areas; self limiting allelopathic system; plants unpalatable
& have no feed value but eaten if there is little other
feed”,”native of eastern N Amer, that does not seem to have
become widely spread”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P &
C”
Froelichia,floridana, ,cottontails,,,,,,Weed Science List
Froelichia,floridana, ,cottontails,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Froelichia,gracilis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Froelichia,gracilis, ,,,,,Region of origin - Amer; Extent
of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Froelichia,gracilis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Gomphrena,celosiodes, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Gomphrena,celosioides,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Gomphrena,celosioides, ,,,,, Seed Impurities , Thailand
,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Gomphrena,celosioides,syn ,S Amer,,,,”a weed of minor
importance, dangerous to horses (PNG) causes 'coastal staggers' in Qld,
“,”in Indonesia except Sumatra, Kalimantan & Sulawesi &
in Singapore, on grassy roadsides, areas of high rainfall, locally
abundant; 1-1300m alt.; flowering Jan-Dec; upland rice
fields”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Gomphrena,decumbens, ,,,,,germ of seeds under a variety of
conditions very slow & unsatisfactory for unkown reasona,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Guilleminea,densa,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Guilleminea,densa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Iresine,rhizomatosa, ,bloodleaf,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Pupalia,lappacea,,sweethearts,Xw,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Pupalia,lappacea, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tidestromia,lanuginosa, ,woolly
tidestromia,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Amaryllidaceae
Agapanthus,praecox,,African Lily,H,G,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Agapanthus,praecox,Agapanthus
“orientalis”,Agapanthus,HXX,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Agapanthus,spp.,,agapanthus,H,G,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Amaryllis,belladonna,,belladonna lily,XX,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Hymenocallis,caribaea,,spider lily,S,G,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Hymenocallis,caribea, ,,,,,Region of origin - W Indies;
Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for
Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Leucojum,aestivum,,”summer snowflake, London
lily”,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Narcissus,jonquilla,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Narcissus,papyraceus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Narcissus,papyraceus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Narcissus,pseudonarcissu, ,,,,,Region of origin - W Eur;
Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds
Tech Series Report # 3
Narcissus,pseudonarcissus,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Narcissus,pseudonarcissus, ,,,,,daughter bulbs develop
rapidly in the mature adult bulb very efficient method of vegetative
reproduction; seeds dormant for 6mths; pretreatment at low temps inc.
germ,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Narcissus,pseudonarcissus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Narcissus,tazetta,,jonquil,XX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Narcissus,tazetta, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Narcissus,x medioluteus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Nerine,filifolia,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Nerine,filifolia, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of
spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Pancratium,maritimum,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Sternbergia,lutea,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Zephyranthes,atamasco, ,atamascolily,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Zephyranthes,candida,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Zephyranthes,drummondii,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Zephyranthes,grandiflora,,pink storm
lily,S,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Anacardiaceae
Anacardium,occidentale,,cashew nut,w,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Anacardium,occidentale, ,,,,,Region of origin - trop Amer;
Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - agriculture - nuts,,CRC
for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Mangifera,indica,,mango,XX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Mangifera,indica, ,mango,,,,From lists and sources by Faith
Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural
Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Mangifera,indica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Pistacia,chinensis,,pistachio nut tree,S,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Pistacia,chinensis, ,,,,,Region of origin - Afghanistan to
Kashmir; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC
for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Rhus,aromatica, syn. Duckera,fragrant
sumac,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds” published
by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Rhus,copallina, ,Shining sumac,,,,seeds with seed coat
nipped germ 10% in 10days in light & 48% within 19days in dark;
intact seeds did not germ within 28days in light/dark at
20-25C,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Rhus,copallina, syn. Duckera,shining sumac,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Rhus,diversiloba, syn. Duckera,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Rhus,diversiloba, syn. Duckera,Pacific poison
oak,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds” published by
WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Rhus,diversiloba, syn. Duckera,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Rhus,glabra,Duckera glabra?,smooth sumac,X,NP,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Rhus,glabra, ,Smooth sumac,,,,seeds with seed coat nipped
germ 48% in 18days in light & 28% within 14days in dark; intact seeds
did not germ within 28days in light/dark at 20-25C,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Rhus,glabra, ,smooth sumac,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Rhus,glabra, syn. Duckera,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Rhus,glabra, syn. Duckera,smooth sumac,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Rhus,glabra, syn. Duckera,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Rhus,lanceolata, syn. Duckera,prairie
sumac,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds” published
by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Rhus,laurina, syn. Duckera,laurel sumac,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Rhus,microphylla, syn. Duckera,littleleaf
sumac,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds” published
by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Rhus,ovata, syn. Duckera,sugar sumac,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Rhus,radicans,Duckera,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Rhus,radicans, syn. Duckera,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Rhus,radicans, syn. Duckera,poison ivy,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Rhus,radicans, syn. Duckera,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Rhus,succedanea, ,wax tree,,,,”Woody SpeciesInvades:
moist forest and plantation margins, woodland, roadsidesCultivated for:
ornament, wax from its berries, resin from its stems”,Origin: Asia
,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Rhus,succedanea, ,wax tree,,,,”Woody SpeciesInvades:
moist forest and plantation margins, woodland, roadsidesCultivated for:
ornament, wax from its berries, resin from its stems”,Origin: Asia
,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Rhus,taitensis, syn. Duckera,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Rhus,toxicodendron, syn. Duckera,poison
oak,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds” published by
WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Rhus,trilobata, syn. Duckera,skunkbush
sumac,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds” published
by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Rhus,typhina, syn. Duckera,staghorn sumac,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Rhus,vernix, syn. Duckera,poison sumac,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Rhus,virens, syn. Duckera,evergreen sumac,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Rhus ,ovata, ,Sugar sumac,,,,”90% germ when entire
seed coat removed, 74% when whole drilled in seed coat & 2% when only
1st seed coat layer was removed; soaking in conc. sulfuric acid inc.
germ”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Schinus,areia, ,Brazilian Pepper Tree
,,,,TREES.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,
Greening Australia, 1995”
Schinus,areira,”Schinus molle, Schinus molle var.
areira”,”Pepper tree, Californian pepper tree, pepper corn
tree, pepperina”,HXw,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Schinus,molle, ,Pepper Tree,,,,”Dispersal: Bird, internal,?animal
(not bird), internal. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Serious threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
4,5,8,12”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Am,Mex and
Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Schinus,molle, ,pepper tree,,,,”Declared Weed. Subject
of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigation.Woody
SpeciesInvades: grassland, shrubland, roadsides, wasteland, riverbanks,
rocky outcropsCultivated for: ornament, shade; provides
honey”,Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Schinus,molle, ,pepper tree,,,,”Declared Weed. Subject
of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigation.Woody
SpeciesInvades: grassland, shrubland, roadsides, wasteland, riverbanks,
rocky outcropsCultivated for: ornament, shade; provides
honey”,Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Schinus,molle, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Schinus,molle, ,California peppertree,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Schinus,terebinthefolius, ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive
weeds nominated by Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated
Worst Invasive Weeds”
Schinus,terebinthifolia,,broad-leaf pepper
tree,XXHwX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Schinus,terebinthifolia, ,,,,,”It is one of the worse
weeds here in Hawaii. It invades pasture, hastoxins (related to poison
ivy) and eventually overruns things here intropical conditions. S. molii
is a different story. I don't think anyonehas any problems with it
here....Mach Fu”,,Weed Science List
Schinus,terebinthifolius, ,christmas berry,,,,”, waste
areas, roadsides”,Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Marshall Islands;
New Caledonia; American Samoa; Western Samoa ,”“Weeds of
Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific”,
D.F Waterhouse”
Schinus,terebinthifolius, ,Brazilian Pepper
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A
combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,
accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed
control in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious
Weed
Schinus,terebinthifolius, ,,,,,Weed of aquatic ecosystems
Web Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,,”Florida
Weeds, FAIRS.”
Schinus,terebinthifolius, ,”Brazilian pepper,
christmasberry”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John
Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National
Parks, weed”
Schinus,terebinthifolius, ,Brazilian pepper tree,,,,”Woody
SpeciesInvades: woodland, coastal bush, roadsides, riverbanksCultivated
for: ornament, shade, shelter, hedging; provides honey”,Origin: S
Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Schinus,terebinthifolius, ,Brazilian pepper tree,,,,”Woody
SpeciesInvades: woodland, coastal bush, roadsides, riverbanksCultivated
for: ornament, shade, shelter, hedging; provides honey”,Origin: S
Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Schinus,terebinthifolius, ,Brazil peppertree,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966It is one of the worse weeds here in Hawaii. It invades
pasture, hastoxins (related to poison ivy) and eventually overruns things
here intropical conditions. S. molii is a”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Schinus,terebinthifolius*,,Brazilian
pepper,,,,”Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting
native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the
economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the
documented ecological damage caused.*P =Prohibited by Fl”,,List of
Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Spondias,purpurea, ,purple mombin,,,,From lists and sources
by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Toxicodendron,radicans, ,Poison ivy # ,,,,” PROCLAIMED
PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. *
Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n
Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c
Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods
etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside
control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60
applies)”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Toxicodendron,radicans, ,poison ivy,,,,,,Weed Science List
Toxicodendron,radicans, ,poison ivy,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Toxicodendron,succedanea, ,Rhus
,,,,TREES.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,
Greening Australia, 1995”
Toxicodendron,succedaneum,Rhus succedanea,”rhus, rhus
tree, Japanese wax tree, scarlet rhus, sumac, wax tree”,X,LP,NSW;
SA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Toxicodendron,succedaneum, ,Rhus tree # ,,,,”
PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be
destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not
required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the
State. c Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or
Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2)
applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section
60 applies)”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Toxicodendron,succedaneum, ,poison ivy,,,,,,Weed Science
List
Toxicodendron,succedaneum, ,poison ivy,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Toxicodendron ,radicans,”Rhus radicans, Toxicodendron
negundo”,poison ivy,E,L,SA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Toxicodendron ,radicans,” Rhus radicans, Toxicodendron
negundo”,poison ivy,,,,”sap of poison ivy causes severe
dermatitis in humans; most animals, including cattle, horses, sheep,
goats, pigs & birds are immune to posion ivy, & it provides a
valuable harbour & food supply to wildlife & a harbour to
vermin”,”native throughout USA, southern Canada from Quebect to
British Columbia, Mex & Caribbean; introd to other countries because
of its outstanding autumn-foliage colours”,”Noxious Weeds of
Australia, P & C”
Toxicodendron ,succedaneum, Rhus succedanea,”rhus,
rhus tree, Japanese wax tree, scarlet rhus, sumac, wax
tree”,,,,”rhus is an allergenic plant, its sap causing severe
dermatitis, all parts of the plant are dangerous; resin remains active
for long periods so that contact with affected tools, clothes etc many
months after contamination may result in painful
lesions”,”native of Japan, China & the Himalayan region,
has spread as an ornamental to most warm-temp parts of the
world”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Annonaceae
Annona,glabra,,pond apple,Xw,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Annona,reticulata,,custard apple,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Annona,reticulata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Annona,senegalensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Annona,senegalensis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Annona,squamosa,(prev. Annona reticulata?),,,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Annona,squamosa, ,sugar-apple,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Anthericaceae
Chlorophytum,comosum,Anthericum comosum,”spider lily,
spider plant, ribbon plant”,XX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Apiaceae
Actinotus,helianthi,,Flannel Flower,X,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Actinotus,helianthi, ,Flannel Flower,,,,Dispersal: Wind. Life
Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 2,”Introduced
deliberately from: NSW, Qld and Commercially Available, , In Victoria:
Limited distribution, medium to large populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Aegopodium,podagraria,,”goutweed, Bishop's weed, ground
elder”,w,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Aegopodium,podagraria, ,Ground Elder,,,,,”All Europe except
Iberian Pen, S Italy, Greece, less in UK & Eire”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Aegopodium,podagraria, ,goutweed,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Aegopodium,podagraria,, bishop's goutweed,Weed Status Uncertain - current information is inadequate to assess risk. Further analysis may be warranted.,,"Potential Exotic Plant Species Invading the Blackfoot Drainage, Montana, Peter M. Rice, Chris Toney and Bob Sacco, weed"
Aegopodium,podagraria,,Common Name(s): Goutweed,"Avail nurseries, Weed Low Level Invasive ""Perennial, 3-11 dm high, flowers in white, dense clusters, 6-12 cm wide, stems erect, leaves with long petioles, biternate with 9 leaflets, 2.5-9 cm long biternate with 9 leaflets, 2.5-9 cm long ","Eurasia. Habitat: Roadsides, waste places, habitations"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Aegopodium,podagraria, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Aegopodium,podograria, ,bishops goatweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Aethusa,cynapium, ,Fool's Parsley,,,,,”All Europe, Asia
Minor, rarer in Medit regions”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Aethusa,cynapium,Umbelliferae ,Fool's Parsley,,,,,”All
Europe, Asia Minor, rarer in Medit regions”,Hanf “Arable Weeds
of the World”
Aethusa,cynapium, ,foolsparsley,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ammi,majus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Ammi,majus, ,Bullwort,,,,,Southern to SW Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Ammi,majus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ammi,majus, ,greater ammi,,,,”Source: “USA Composite
List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Ammi,majus,syn ,Bishop's weed,,,,”Seeds are diuretic,
carminative, tonic, digestive & stomachic, also used against
asthma”,”Medit, Eur, W Asia”,”The Weed Flora of Egypt
Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Ammi,visnaga,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Ammi,visnaga, ,Toothpick Bullwort,,,,,Southern to SW Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Ammi,visnaga, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ammi,visnaga, ,toothpick ammi,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ammi,visnaga,syn Daucus visnaga,Toothpick,,,,”Dry mature
umbel rays are used as toothpicks, seeds used as diuretic, carminative,
stimulant, vasodilator, & antipasmodic. “,”Medit, W
Asia”,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil
el-Hadidi, M”
Anetheum,graveolens,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Anethum,graveolens, ,Dill,,,,,Scattered Mainland Europe,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Anethum,graveolens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Angelica,atropurpurea, ,purplestem angelica,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Angelica,sylvestris,,Common Name(s): Angelica,"Avail nurseries, Ornamental Potential Invasive ""4-10 feet high, flowers in white clusters, purple stem, erect, smooth compound leaves """,Europe. Habitat: Wetlands," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Anthriscus,caucalis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Anthriscus,sylvestris, ,Chervil ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT
SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Anthriscus,sylvestris, ,woodland beakchervil,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Apium,graveolens,,Celery,XX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Apium,graveolens, ,Celery,,,,”Dispersal: Water. Life Form:
Biennial. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations
(Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 9,11”,”Eur and
Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Apium,graveolens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Apium,leptophyllum, ,wild celery,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966=
Cyclospermum leptophyllum, Apium tenuifolium, Ciclospermum
leptophyllum”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Apium,leptophyullum,syn A. tenuifolium,,,,,”gardens,
lawns”,introduced from Amer into some warm temp. regions of the Old
World,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi,
M”
Berula,erecta,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Berula,erecta, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Bifora,radians, ,,,,,,”Central Europe to Italy, less in
North”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Bifora,radians,Umbelliferae ,,,,,,”Central Europe to Italy,
less in North”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Bifora,testiculata,,”Bifora, carrot weed, Bird's
eye”,,LP,SA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Bifora,testiculata, ,Small Coriander,,,,,Southern to SW
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Bifora,testiculata, ,Bifora + n ,,,,” PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN
SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control
required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in
part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program
in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited
in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Movement prohibited on
roads (Section 52(2) applies)”,”South Australian
““Proclaimed Plants”“ (Weed)”
Bifora,testiculata, ,”Bifora, carrot weed, Bird's
eye”,,,,,,Weed Science List
Bifora,testiculata, ,”Bifora, carrot weed, Bird's
eye”,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Blupleurum,lancifolium, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Blupleurum,rotundifolium, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Blupleurum,semicompositum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Bowlesia,incana, ,hairy bowlesia,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Bunium,bulbocastanum, ,Great Pignut,,,,,UK though Central Europe
to Italy & Greece,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Bunium,bulbocastanum,Umbelliferae ,Great Pignut,,,,,UK though
Central Europe to Italy & Greece,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Bunium,bulbocastanum, ,Great Pignut,,P,,,UK though Central
Europe to Italy & Greece,Western Australian Prohibited List
Bupleurum,falcatum,”syn. B.
chinensis,”,”Bupleurum, Chai Hu “,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Bupleurum,lancifolium,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Bupleurum,lancifolium, ,False Thorow Wax,,,,B.
protractum,”Central to South West Europe & UK, less in NW
“,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Bupleurum,rotundifolium, ,,,,,germ in presence of 0.03% soln GA
on filter paper in darkness at 20-25C.,,Germination & Establishment
of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Bupleurum,rotundifolium,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Bupleurum,rotundifolium, ,Thorow Wax,,,,,Mainland Europe &
UK except Denmark & NE,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Bupleurum,rotundifolium,,hound's ear,,,,”RANK 3.
“LESSER THREAT”Exotic plant species which seem to principally
spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural
areas; also some agronomic weeds.”,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in
Tennessee
Bupleurum,semicompositum,,,H,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Carum,caryi, ,caraway,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List
of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Caucalis,platycarpos, ,Small Bur Parsley,,,,”C. lappula, C.
daucoides”,”Mainland Europe, except Denmark & NE”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Caucalis,platycarpos,Umbelliferae ,Small Bur Parsley,,,,”C.
lappula, C. daucoides”,”Mainland Europe, except Denmark &
NE”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Centella,asiatica,syn Hydrocotyle asiatica,Indian penny
wort,,,,”locally common in rather wet roadsides, earth banks, along
ditches; locally gregarious; at about 0-2500m alt; flowering Jan-Dec;
rainfed rice fields, rarely noxious, sometimes planted to prevent
erosion; eaten raw or steamed as a vegetable “,”unknown, pantropical;
througout Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et
al, 1987”
Centella,asiatica, ,Asiatic pennywort,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ciclospermum,leptophyllum,Apium leptophyllum,,X,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cicuta,douglasii, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cicuta,douglasii, ,western waterhemlock,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cicuta,douglasii, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cicuta,mackenzieana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cicuta,mackenzieana, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cicuta,maculata, ,Spotted water hemlock,,,,no germ of either
freshly harvested or seeds stored for 6mths; germ at 21C in dark; GA
treatments not successful,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Cicuta,maculata, ,spotted waterhemlock,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cicuta,virosa,,cowbane,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cicuta,virosa, ,,,,,”seeds germ in 1st & 2nd springs
after collection; seeds germ soon after harvest, exposed to temps
similiar to those prevailing outdoors; seeds left in germinator until
germ or rotted; 95-97% germ”,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cicuta,virosa, ,cowbane,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cicuta,virosa, ,cowbane,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Conium,chaerophylloides, ,,,P,,Prohibited by AQIS,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Conium,maculatum,,”hemlock, carrot fern, poison-hemlock,
poison parsley, spotted hemlock”,HXXAH,NLP,ACT; NSW; Vic; Qld;
Tas,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Conium,maculatum,,poison-hemlock ,CLASS C WEED: Class C weeds are noxious weeds that are common throughout most of Washington. The following Class C weeds have been selected by the County Weed Board as priority weeds in King County and control is mandatory.,,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Conium,maculatum, ,Poison Hemlock ,,,,”California Noxious
Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Conium,maculatum, ,Hemlock,,,,”Dispersal: animal
external,Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Biennial. RISK: Serious threat to
one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
4,8,13”,”Introduced deliberately from: Eur, W As, N Af, In
Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations”,Environmental Weed
Invasions In Victoria
Conium,maculatum, ,Hemlock,,,,C. divaricatum,”All Europe,
Asia, N & S America”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Conium,maculatum, ,”hemlock, carrot fern, poison-hemlock,
poison parsley, spotted hemlock”,,,,”poisonous to both humans
& stock, causing death by respiratory paralysis; cattle & pigs
more susceptible than sheep & goats; cattle losses have been recorded
in southern States of Aust & death of a child in
Vic”,”native range is Eur, W Asia & N Afr from where it has
spread to most temp areas of the world, often as an ornamental or
medicinal plant; weed of neglected areas & some perennial crops in
much of its native range; widespd in NAmer, important in S Amer &
NZ”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Conium,maculatum, ,Poison-hemlock ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT
SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately
invasive but still with a potential to spread),,Pacific Northwest Exotic
Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Conium,maculatum, ,poison hemlock,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Conium,maculatum, ,hemlock,,,,,,Weed Science List
Conium,maculatum, ,”hemlock, wild carrot, wild parsnip, poison
hemlock”,,,,”Conium maculatum inhabits roadsides, stream and
river banks, pastures, woodlots, and waste areas; is a reported as a weed
in N & S Amer, Eur, W Asia, Aust and NZ. It is a weed of nine crops
in 34 countries and is a frequently reported pasture weed. The
“,”Native to Eur, northern Afr and western Asia and was often
introduced to new areas as an ornamental garden plant.”,WORLD WEEDS
Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Conium,maculatum, ,poison hemlock,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Conium,maculatum, ,hemlock,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Conium,maculatum,,poison hemlock,,,,”RANK 3. “LESSER
THREAT”Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and
remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also
some agronomic weeds.”,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
Coriandrum,sativum,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Coriandrum,sativum, ,Coriander,,,,,”Mainland Europe, except
Denmark & NE”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Coriandrum,sativum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cryptotaenia,japonica, ,”Japanese Parsley,
Mitsuba”,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cymopterus,watsonii, ,spring parsley,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Daucus,aurens, ,,,,,,SW Europe in Italy,Hanf “Arable Weeds
of the World”
Daucus,aurens,Umbelliferae ,,,,,,SW Europe in Italy,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Daucus,carota,,carrot wild ,"WEED OF CONCERN: Control and containment of existing populations of these noxious weeds is strongly encouraged in King County, Washington State.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Daucus,carota,,carrot,XX,NL,SA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Daucus,carota, ,Wild carrot,,,,”84% germ in dark with alt.
temps of 20-30C; dormancy due to endosperm covering tip of radicle, once
removed or digested off germ % inc.”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Daucus,carota, ,Wild Carrot,,,,”D. gingidum, D.
communis”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Daucus,carota, ,Wild Carrot,,,,”2,4-D 1957 Canada “,
http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Daucus,carota, ,Wild Carrot,,,,”2,4-D 1993 USA Cropland,
Roadside “, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Daucus,carota, ,Queen Anne's Lace ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT
SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Daucus,carota, ,queen Anne's lace,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Daucus,carota, ,Carrot *c ,,,,” PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH
AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in
part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable in part of
the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea”,
,”South Australian ““Proclaimed Plants”“
(Weed)”
Daucus,carota, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Daucus,carota, ,”carrot, wild carrot”,,,,”Daucus
carota is a herbaceous plant, identical in nomenclature to the cultivated
vegetable, carrots. It is a reported weed of 16 crops in more than 55
countries, but it is seldom a weed of cultivated
fields.”,cosmopolitan distribution except for the warm tropics and
arctic regions.,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm
et. al.
Daucus,carota, ,wild carrot,,,,”Source: “USA Composite
List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Daucus,carota,,”wild carrot, Queen Anne's
lace”,,,,”RANK 3. “LESSER THREAT”Exotic plant species
which seem to principally spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not
readily invading natural areas; also some agronomic
weeds.”,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
Daucus,crinitus, ,,,,,,Spain & Portugal,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Daucus,crinitus,Umbelliferae ,,,,,,Spain & Portugal,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Daucus,pusillus, ,,,,,little or no germ of fresh seed; germ %
inc. with inc. length of dry storage; germ at alt. temp 10-30C or 15-30C
,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Eryngium,campestre,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Eryngium,campestre, ,Field Eryngo,,,,E. latifolia,Mainland
Europe & UK except Denmark & NE,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Eryngium,campestre, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Eryngium,hookeri, ,Hooker eryngo,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Eryngium,maritimum,,sea holly,w,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Eryngium,maritimum, ,sea holly,,,,,,Weed Science List
Eryngium,pandanifolium,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Eryngium,sanguisorba, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Eryngium,sanguisorba, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Eryngium,yuccifolium, ,button snakeroot,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Falcaria,vulgaris,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Falcaria,vulgaris, ,Longleaf,,,,”F. rivini, F.
sioides”,”Mainland Europe, UK & S Sweden, less in Uk S
Sweden & NW Europe”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Falcaria,vulgaris, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Falcaria,vulgaris, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Ferula,communis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Ferula,communis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Foeniculum,vulgare,Foeniculum officinale,”fennel, aniseed,
dill, anise, sweet anise”,HXXXXX,NL,Vic; Tas,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Foeniculum,vulgare, ,Fennel ,,,,”California Noxious Weed
Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Foeniculum,vulgare, ,Fennel,,,,”Dispersal: animal
external,Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to
one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,4,8,12”,”Introduced deliberately from: Eur,W As and
Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Widespread, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Foeniculum,vulgare, ,,,,,”F. capillaceum, F.
officinale”,”UK, Eire & Mainland Europe except Denmark
& NE”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Foeniculum,vulgare, Foeniculum officinale,”fennel, aniseed,
dill, anise, sweet anise”,,,,grows mostly on neglected areas &
doesnt est. in grazed pastures or cult. paddocks; once est. it excludes
almost all other vegetation; grown for human consumption in parts of Eur
& essential oils in Tas,”originated in southern Eur &
western Asia & is regarded as a weed in parts of this range; widely
dist. throughout temp world & now common in N & S Amer, &
NZ”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Foeniculum,vulgare, ,Fennel ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT
SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to spread,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Foeniculum,vulgare, ,fennel,,,,From lists and sources by Faith
Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural
Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Foeniculum,vulgare, ,fennel,,,,,,Weed Science List
Foeniculum,vulgare, ,common fennel,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Heracleum,lehmannium, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Heracleum,mantegazzianum,,”giant hogweed, giant parsnip,
cartwheel flower”,XS,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Heracleum,mantegazzianum, ,Giant hogweed ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Heracleum,mantegazzianum,,,terrestrial,,"Federal Noxious Weeds List, USA"
Heracleum,mantegazzianum,,hogweed giant,CLASS A WEED: Class A weeds are non-native species with a limited distribution in Washington. Eradication of these species is mandatory in all of Washington State.,,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Heracleum,mantegazzianum, ,giant hogweed,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Heracleum,mantegazzianum, ,”giant hogweed,
cartwheel-flower”,,P,,”Uses for taxon: Environmental:
ornamental; Vertebrate poisons: mammals; Weed: potential seed
contaminantCAB references suggest it is: -an alien weed species of
riparian ecosystems along the rivers of County Durham, Uk -an escaped
species establish”,”Asia-temperate: Georgia, Russian
Federtion-Ciscaucasiawidely introduced & natuarlised”,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Heracleum,maximum, Heracleum lanatum,,,,,no germ of dry stored
seeds tested within 1 yr of collection; prechilling wasn't
tired,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Heracleum,maximum, ,common cowparsnip,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Heracleum,sphondylium, ,,,,,”some seed germ immediately
after harvest, remainder in 1st spring; seeds placed in unheated
germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing
outdoors;90% germ”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Heracleum,sphondylium, ,Hogweed,,,,,All Europe,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Heracleum,sphondylium,Umbelliferae ,Hogweed,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Heracleum,sphondylium, ,hogweed cowparsnip,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hydrocotyle,americana, ,marsh pennywort,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hydrocotyle,bonariensis,,”Pennywort, kurnell
curse”,XXwX,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Hydrocotyle,bonariensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Hydrocotyle,ramiflora, ,,,,, Weed in poor site , Miyagi Oita
,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Hydrocotyle,ranunculoides,,”hydrocotyle, water
pennywort”,Hw,GL,WA; SA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Hydrocotyle,ranunculoides, ,,,,,”Region of origin - Amers,
Eur; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - unknwon”,,CRC
for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Hydrocotyle,ranunculoides, ,Hydrocotyle,,,,” PROCLAIMED
PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. *
Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n
Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c
Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods
etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside
control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies)
Mov”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Hydrocotyle,ranunculoides, ,Hydrocotyl,,,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Hydrocotyle,ranunculoides, ,Hydrocotyl,,P,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Hydrocotyle,sibthorpioides,”syn Hydrocotyle hirsuta,
Hydrocotyle latisecta, Hydrocotyle punticulata, Hydrocotyle ranunculoides
var. incisa, Hydrocotyle rotundifolia, Hydrocotyle splendens, Hydrocotyle
zollinger”,,,,,”sunny or slightly shaded, damp, fertile
locations along ditchbanks, between stones of pathways; locally abundant,
from 1-1400m alt.; rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance, eaten
raw or steamed”,”Asia, Aust, tropical Asia, Afr(?), S Amer;
everywhere in Malesia; throughout Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in
Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Hydrocotyle,sibthorpioides, ,lawn pennywort,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hydrocotyle,umbellata, ,water pennywort,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hydrocotyle,verticillata, ,whorled pennywort,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hydrocotyle,verticillata, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Hydrocotyle ,bonariensis, ,Pennywort,,,,”Dispersal: ?. Life
Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,11”,”S
Am,N Am, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Leptotaenia,dissecta var. multifida, ,carrotleaf leptotaenia,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lomatium,dissectum, var. multifidum ,,,,,fresh seed dormant;
cold stratification at 8C for 11mths highest germ %,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Lomatium,grayi, ,,,,,44% germ at 15C in dark,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Lomatium,leptocarpum, ,bicolor biscuitroot,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lomatium,nudicaule, ,,,,,no germ under conditions tested; didn't
use prechilling or 15C in dark,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Melanoselinum,decipiens,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Oenanthe,javanica, ,,,,,perennial , Japan,Weeds and Weed Control
in Asia
Oenanthe,pimpinelloides,,water dropwort,Xw,L,SA,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Oenanthe,pimpinelloides, ,,,,,Region of origin - W Medit; Extent
of spread - 300 ha; Means of spread - unknown,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series
Report # 3
Oenanthe,pimpinelloides, ,Water dropwort # n ,,,,”
PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be
destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not
required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the
State. c Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or
Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2)
applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section
60 applies) Mo”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Oenanthe,sarmentosa, ,,,,,”72% germ in dark with alt. temp
of 20-30C, 56% with alt. light/dark & alt. temp
20-30C”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Orlaya,grandiflora, ,,,,,Caucalis grandiflora,”Mainland
Europe, except Denmark & NE”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Orlaya,grandiflora,Umbelliferae ,,,,,Caucalis
grandiflora,”Mainland Europe, except Denmark & NE”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Orlaya,kochii, ,,,,,”O. platycarpos, Caucalis
platycarpos”,Southern to Western Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of
the World”
Orlaya,kochii,Umbelliferae ,,,,,”O. platycarpos, Caucalis
platycarpos”,Southern to Western Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of
the World”
Pastinaca,sativa,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Pastinaca,sativa, ,Wild parsnip,,,,2mth old seed on blotters or
sand in petri dishes at 20C:16hrs to 30C:8hrs with light; 75% germ of
fresh seed with alt. every 2nd day from 30C in dark to 23C ing light
75ft-c;90% germ of dry stored seed & 95% germ of wet stored seed at
5C,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Pastinaca,sativa, ,Wild Parsnip,,,,P. opoponax,”All Europe
less in UK, Eire, Scandinavia, Denmark & NE Europe”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Pastinaca,sativa, ,wild parsnip,,,,From lists and sources by Faith
Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural
Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Pastinaca,sativa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Pastinaca,sativa, ,wild parsnip,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Pastinaca,sativa,,parsnip,,,,”RANK 3. “LESSER
THREAT”Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and
remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also
some agronomic weeds.”,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
Petroselinum,crispum,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Petroselinum,crispum, ,Parsley,,,,,Cosmopolitan,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Petroselinum,crispum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Petroselinum,segetum, ,Corn Caraway,,,,,Western Europe &
UK,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Petroselinum,segetum,Umbelliferae ,Corn Caraway,,,,,Western
Europe & UK,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Pimpinella,saxifraga, ,,,,,seeds germ in 1st spring; seeds
placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing
outdoors until germ; 91% germ,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Ridolfia,segetum, ,,,,,,SW Europe inc Greece & Italy,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Ridolfia,segetum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ridolfia,segetum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Sanicula,europaea, ,Sanicle,,,,seeds germ 95% in 1st spring;
seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing
outdoors until they germ or rotted ,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Scandix,australis, ,,,,,,Southern Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds
of the World”
Scandix,australis,Umbelliferae ,,,,,,Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Scandix,pecten-veneris,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Scandix,pecten-veneris, ,Shepherd's Needle,,,,S.
hispanica,”UK, Eire, S Sweden & Mainland Europe except Greece
and NE “,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Scandix,pecten-veneris, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Scandix,pecten-veneris, ,shepherds-needle,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Scandix,stellata, ,,,,,,”Greece, Spain &
Portugal”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Scandix,stellata,Umbelliferae ,,,,,,”Greece, Spain &
Portugal”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Selinum,lineare, ,,,,,100% germ of seed in 1st spring after
collection; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those
prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted,,Germination & Establishment
of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Selinum,palustre, ,,,,,93% germ of seed in 1st spring after
collection; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those
prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted,,Germination & Establishment
of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Sium,angustifolium, ,,,,,seeds germ in 1st & 2nd spring;
seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing
outdoors until germ or rotted-total germ 96%,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Sium,latifolium, ,,,,,seeds germ in 1st & 2nd spring; seeds
placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing
outdoors until germ or rotted-total germ 90%,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Sium,suave, ,waterparsnip,,,,”Source: “USA Composite
List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Tordylium,aegyptiacum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tordylium,aegyptiacum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Tordylium,apulum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Tordylium,apulum, ,,,,,Region of origin - Medit; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental?,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Tordylium,apulum, ,,,,,,Southern Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds
of the World”
Tordylium,apulum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tordylium,maximum, ,,,,,,”Central to Souther Europe, less
in NW & UK”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Tordylium,maximum,Umbelliferae ,,,,,,”Central to Souther
Europe, less in NW & UK”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Tordylium,officinale, ,,,,,,Greece & Italy,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Tordylium,officinale,Umbelliferae ,,,,,,Greece & Italy,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Torilis,arvensis,,Spreading Hedge-parsley,X,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Torilis,arvensis, ,,,,,Region of origin - Eurasia; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series
Report # 3
Torilis,arvensis,,hedgeparsley ,"CLASS B WEED: Class B weeds are non-native species that are presently limited in distribution in King County, Washington State, and pose a serious threat to our resources. Control of these weeds is mandatory in King County.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Torilis,arvensis, ,Spreading Hedge-parsley,,,,”Dispersal:
animal external. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
4,8”,”Euras, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Torilis,arvensis, ,Spreading Hedge Parsley,,,,,”Mainland
Europe & UK, except Denmark & NE”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of
the World”
Torilis,arvensis, ,Field hedge-parsley ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Torilis,arvensis,,hedge-parsley,,,,”RANK 2.
“SIGNIFICANT THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some
invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities;
may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance
corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive Exotic Pest
Plants in Tennessee
Torilis,japonica, Torilis anthriscus,Japanese
hedgeparsley,,,,seeds germ in 1st & 2nd spring after harvest; seeds
placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing
outdoors until germ or rotted; total germ 99%,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Torilis,japonica, ,Japanese hedgeparsley,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Torilis,leptophylla, ,,,,,T. xanthotricha,”Central to
Southern Europe, less in NE regions”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Torilis,leptophylla, ,,,,,T. xanthotricha,”Central to
Southern Europe, less in NE regions”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Torilis,nodosa,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Torilis,nodosa, ,Knotted Hedge Parsely,,,,,”Central &
Southern Europe, UK & Eire, less in Central North”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Torilis,nodosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Turgenia,latifolia, ,Greater Bur Parsley,,,,Caicalis
latifolia,”Central to Southern Europe, less in UK”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Turgenia,latifolia,Umbelliferae ,Greater Bur Parsley,,,,Caicalis
latifolia,”Central to Southern Europe, less in UK”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Apocynaceae
Allamanda,blanchetti,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Allamanda,cathartica,,Golden Trumpet,S,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Allamanda,cathartica, ,,,,,Region of origin - trop S Amer;
Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for
Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Allamanda,cathartica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Alstonia,macrophylla,,devil-tree,,,,”Catergory II -
Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These
species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated
disruption of natural Florida communities. “,,List of Florida's Most
Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Apocynum,androsaemifolium, ,spreading
dogbane,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds” published
by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Apocynum,cannabinum, ,Hemp dogbone,,,,44% germ in constant
light at 20-25C in Petri dishes for 5-6 days; 72% germ when seed coat
broken,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Apocynum,cannabinum, ,hemp dogbane,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Apocynum,sibiricum, ,prairie dogbane,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cascabela,thevetia,”Thevetia peruviana, T
neriifolia”,yellow oleander,w,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Catharanthus,roseus,,”pink pewriwinkle, vinca”,XXXw,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Catharanthus,roseus, ,Madagascar periwinkle,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Catharanthus,roseus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Chonemorpha,fragrans,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Lochnera,pusilla, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lochnera,pusilla, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Mandevilla,laxa,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Mandevilla,laxa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Nerium,oleander,,oleander,XX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Nerium,oleander, ,oleander,,,,From lists and sources by Faith
Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural
Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Nerium,oleander, ,oleander,,,,”Proposed Declared
Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: rocky and gravelly watercourses in
semi-arid mountain valleysCultivated for: ornament,
screening”,Origin: Europe (Medit),Plant Invaders of Southern Africa.
(Weeds)
Nerium,oleander, ,oleander,,,,”Proposed Declared
Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: rocky and gravelly watercourses in
semi-arid mountain valleysCultivated for: ornament,
screening”,Origin: Europe (Medit),Plant Invaders of Southern Africa.
(Weeds)
Ochrosia,parviflora,,kopsia,,,,”Catergory II - Species
that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species
may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated
disruption of natural Florida communities. “,,List of Florida's Most
Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Plumeria,spp.,,frangipani,S,G,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Rauvolfia,tetraphylla,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Tabernaemontana,fuchsiaefolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tabernaemontana,fuchsiaefolia, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Thevetia,peruviana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Vinca,major,,blue periwinkle,HXXXAX,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Vinca,major, ,Periwinkle ,,,,”California Noxious Weed
Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Vinca,major, ,Blue Periwinkle,,,,”Dispersal:
Vegetative/Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to
one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,2,4,5,6,8,13”,”Introduced deliberately from: Med and
Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Vinca,major, ,Blue Periwinkle
,,,,GROUNDCOVERS.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John
Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995”
Vinca,major, ,”bigleaf periwinkle, large periwinkle,
vinca”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John
Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National
Parks, weed”
Vinca,major, ,periwinkle,,,,,,Weed Science List
Vinca,major, ,bigleaf periwinkle,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Vinca,major,,large periwinkle,,,,”RANK 2.
“SIGNIFICANT THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some
invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant
communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along
disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive
Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
Vinca,major,,periwinkle; vinca ,Mostly near old homesites. Completely dominates understories.,,Noxious Invasive Vegetation of the Willamette Valley: Native Plant Society of Oregon. weed
Vinca,minor,,"Common Name(s):Periwinkle, Myrtle","Avail nurseries, Ornamental Low Level Invasive , Additional Comments : Excludes other species and prevents regeneration ""Perennial, 30-60 cm high, flowers blue/purple or white, 25-30 mm, leaves 25-40 mm long, elliptic, lanceolate, very short-stemm","Eurasia. Habitat: Moist rich soils, lawns, roadsides, waste places"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Vinca,minor,,periwinkle; vinca ,Mostly near old homesites. Completely dominates understories.,,Noxious Invasive Vegetation of the Willamette Valley: Native Plant Society of Oregon. weed
Vinca,minor, ,Lesser periwinkle ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT
SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Vinca,minor, ,”common periwinkle, vinca”,,,,From
lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant
Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Vinca,minor, ,periwinkle,,,,”Source: “USA Composite
List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Vinca,minor,,common periwinkle,,,,”RANK 2.
“SIGNIFICANT THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some
invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant
communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along
disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive
Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
Aponogeton,abyssinicus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Aponogetonaceae
Aponogeton,abyssinicus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Aponogeton,abyssinicus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Aponogeton,distachyos, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Aponogeton,distachyos, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Aponogeton,distachyos,,Cape Water-hawthorn,HX,NP,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Aponogeton,distachyos, ,Cape
Water-hawthorn,,,,”Dispersal: Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Emergent
aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
10”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: Limited
distribution, medium to large populations”,Environmental Weed
Invasions In Victoria
Aponogeton,elongatus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Aponogeton,monostachyon, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Aponogeton,monostachyon, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Aponogeton,natans, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Aponogeton,rigidifolius, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Aquifoliaceae
Ilex,ambigua, ,Carolina holly,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ilex,aquifolium, ,holly,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ilex,aquifolium, ,holly,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Ilex,aquifolium,,holly,HXXXAS,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Ilex,aquifolium,,English holly ,Appears regularly in forest understories.,,Noxious Invasive Vegetation of the Willamette Valley: Native Plant Society of Oregon. weed
Ilex,aquifolium, ,English Holly ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Ilex,aquifolium, ,Holly,,,,”Dispersal: Bird,
internal,?animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Very
serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation
Formations Invaded: 6,7,8”,”Introduced deliberately from: Eur
and Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Limited distribution, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Ilex,aquifolium, ,English holly ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately
invasive but still with a potential to spread),,Pacific Northwest Exotic
Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Ilex,aquifolium, ,English holy,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Ilex,decidua, ,deciduous yaupon,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ilex,glabra, ,gallberry,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ilex,opaca, ,American holly,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ilex,vomitoria, ,yaupon,,,,”Source: “USA Composite
List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Araceae
Acornus,calamus, ,sweetflag,,,,”Source: “USA Composite
List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Alocasia,brisbanensis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Arisaema,triphyllum, ,,,,,82% germ of 3-4mth old seed planted
late in autumn in glasshouse germ over 34-92 days after planting; Petri
dish 96% germ at 20-25C in either light or dark for 57-63 days ,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Arisarum,vulgare,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Arisarum,vulgare, ssp. vulgare,,,,,Region of origin - Medit;
Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds
Tech Series Report # 3
Arisarum,vulgare, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Arum,italicum,,Italian Cuckoo-pint,XX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Arum,italicum, ,Italian Cuckoo-pint,,,,”Dispersal: Bird,
internal,Vegetative. Life Form: Tuberous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat
to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 1,6,8”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Eur and
Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Widespread, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Arum,italicum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Arum,neglectum, ,,,,,,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Arum ,maculatum, ,,,,,”1st leaf doesn't appear above soil
surface until the 3rd year after seed germ, & the tuber, once formed,
is pulled deeper intothe ground each season by contractile
roots”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Calla,palustris, ,,,,,”stored seed 5-7mths in water at 1-3C
good germ in diffuse light at room temp greenhouse (18-21Cday,
13-16Cnight); 65% germ within 18 days of dry seed when seed coat cut
open”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Calocasia,esculenta,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Colocasia,esculenta,,wild taro,,,,”Catergory I - Species
that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida.
This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical
range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage
caused.”,,List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic
Pest Plant Council
Colocasia,esculentum, ,”dasheen, elephant' ear, wild taro,
cocc yam”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John
Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National
Parks, weed”
Epipremnum,pinnatum,cv. Aureum,pothos,,,,”Catergory II -
Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These
species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated
disruption of natural Florida communities. “,,List of Florida's Most
Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Orontium,aquaticum, ,Goldenclub,,,,92% germ of seed stored in tap
water in dark at 1-3C for 2-5mths then germ in tap water in diffuse light
in greenhouse; seeds stored in tap water in lab germ 86% within
6days,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Orontium,aquaticum, ,goldenclub,,,,”Source: “USA Composite
List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Peltandra,virginica, ,Arrow arum,,,,”5-7mths storage in
water at 1-3C, then germ in jars of tap water in diffuse light on
greenhouse bench”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Peltandra,virginica, ,arrowarum,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Phoenix,dactylifera, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Phoenix,reclinata, ,Senegal date palm,,,,From lists and sources
by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Phoenix,reclinata,,reclining date palm,,,,”Catergory II -
Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These
species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated
disruption of natural Florida communities. “,,List of Florida's Most
Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Pinellia,ternata, ,crowdipper,,,,”Pinellia ternata is listed
in Japan as X - present as weed (the species is present & behaves as
a aweed, but its rank of importance is unknown)”,”Japan, China,
Korea”,Holm et al 'A Geographical Atlas of World Weeds'
Pinellia,ternata, ,crowdipper,,,,,,Weed Science List
Pinellia,ternata, ,crowdipper,,,,perennial sub-dominance , Upland
Korea Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Pinellia,ternata, ,crowdipper,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Pistia,stratioites, ,Water lettuce,,,,plants grown in plastic
buckets in greenhouse with either soil or a nutrient soln,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Pistia,stratioites, ,waterlettuce,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Pistia,stratiotes, ,water lettuce,,,,”, clogging
waterways”,French Polynesia; New Caledonia; Papua New Guinea;
Solomon Islands; Vanuatu ,”“Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation
Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Pistia,stratiotes, ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated
by Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive
Weeds”
Pistia,stratiotes,,water lettuce,XH,NL,NSW; Qld; NT; WA; Tas;
ACT,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Pistia,stratiotes, ,water lettuce,,,,”potentially a very
serious weed of freshwater lakes, rivers & canals, impeding traffic
& interferring with water flow & recreational activities”,”Africa,
southern Asia, southern USA & Caribbean, scattered in S Amer, India
& Netherlands, rare in Pacific Is, present in Hawaii &
NZnaturalised on coastal plains E & SW of Darwin NT; scattered
colonies occursin the Darling Downs & Leichhardt in Qld;
eas”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Pistia,stratiotes, ,water lettuce,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Pistia,stratiotes, ,water lettuce,,,,”Declared Weed. Subject
of herbicide registration. Biocontrol: effective agents
availableHerbaceous SpeciesInvades: dams, pans, slow-moving rivers, in
subtropical regionsCultivated for: ornament”,Origin: S Amer,Plant
Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Pistia,stratiotes, ,water lettuce,,,,”Declared Weed. Subject
of herbicide registration. Biocontrol: effective agents
availableHerbaceous SpeciesInvades: dams, pans, slow-moving rivers, in
subtropical regionsCultivated for: ornament”,Origin: S Amer,Plant
Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Pistia,stratiotes, ,water lettuce,,,,,,Weed Science List
Pistia,stratiotes,syn ,”water lettuce, tropical
duckweed”,,,,”floating in stagnant or slowly flowing fresh
water, ponds, tidal areas; may become an important constituent of a sudd
(a dense aggregation of a free-floating vegetation); from 0-1000m
alt.;lwoland irrigated & lebak rice fields; Pistia performs best at
pH “,”uncertain, pantropcial,very widely distributed; everywhere
in Indonesia, except Kalimantan & the Lesser Sunda
Is”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Pistia,stratiotes, ,water lettuce,,P,,Newspaper artcile in Elders
Weekly (Aug 98) of Water Lettuce Find at Airport prompoted a member of
the public to phone in and tell us he had sold heaps of the plant from
his shop in 1975! Very popular as it was a good multiplier!!,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Pistia,stratiotes*,,water lettuce,,,,”Catergory I - Species
that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida.
This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical
range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.*P
=Prohibited by Flo”,,List of Florida's Most Invasive Species -
Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Symplocarpus,foetidus, ,skunkcabbage,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Syngonium,podophyllum,,”arrowhead plant, goosefoot
plant”,w,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Syngonium,podophyllum,,arrowhead vine,,,,”Catergory II -
Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These
species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated
disruption of natural Florida communities. “,,List of Florida's Most
Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Typhonium,trilobatum,”syn Typhonium divaricatum, Typhonium
javanicum”,,,,,”sunny to light-shaded, mostly humid places,
roadsides, lawns, fields, gardens, open forests, sometimes common, but
scattered; form 0-1000m alt.; flowering jan-Dec; upland & gogo rancah
rice fields, a weed of minor importance, used as a medicine (with
vine”,”unknown, pantropcial; everywhere in Indonesia, except in
Kalimantan, the Lesser Sunda Is & Irian Jaya”,”Weeds of
Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Xanthosoma,sagittifolium,,”melanga, elephant
ear”,,,,”Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to
disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as
Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida
communities. “,,List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida
Exotic Pest Plant Council
Xanthosoma,violaceum,,blue taro,S,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Zantedeschia,aethiopica,Calla aethiopica,”arum lily, calla
lily”,HXXH,NL,WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Zantedeschia,aethiopica, ,White Arum Lily,,,,”Dispersal:
Bird, internal,Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Tuberous geophyte. RISK: Very
serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation
Formations Invaded: 1,8,9,10,13”,”Introduced deliberately from:
S Af and Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Limited distribution,
medium to large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In
Victoria
Zantedeschia,aethiopica, Calla aethiopica,”arum lily, calla
lily”,,,,,”native of Africa”“nat. in parts of coastal
NSW, esp. far South Coast in southern-central & SWdist. of Vic, the
mosit valleys of Adelaide Hills in SA, NW Tas; serious weed of lower SW
of WA between Armadale & Margaret River
Dist.”““,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Zantedeschia,aethiopica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Zantedeschia,aethiopica, ,arum lily,,,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Zantedeschia,aethiopica, ,arum lily,,P,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Araliaceae
Aralia,spinosa, ,devils-walkingstick,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hedera,helix,,Common Name(s): English Ivy,"Avail nurseries, Ornamental Low Level Invasive ""Small yellow flowers, leaves alternate, simple ""","Europe. Habitat: Fields, old gardens, urban areas"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Hedera,helix,,English ivy ,Completely overruns forest understories and riparian areas. An immense and expensive problem. Avoid it like the plague (which it is!).,,Noxious Invasive Vegetation of the Willamette Valley: Native Plant Society of Oregon. weed
Hedera,helix,,”ivy, English
ivy”,HXXXAwH,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Hedera,helix, ,English Ivy ,,,,”California Noxious Weed
Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit
effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet,
containing information on noxious weed control in California. This
information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Hedera,helix, ,Ivy,,,,”Dispersal: Bird, internal,Vegetative.
Life Form: Perennial herbc. RISK: Very serious threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
5,6,7,8,12,13”,”Introduced deliberately from: Eur and
Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Hedera,helix, ,English ivy ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT
SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,,Pacific Northwest Exotic
Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Hedera,helix, ,English ivy,,,,From lists and sources by Faith
Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural
Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Hedera,helix, ,ivy,,,,,,Weed Science List
Hedera,helix, ,English ivy,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hedera,helix,,English ivy,,,,”RANK 2. “SIGNIFICANT
THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some invasive
characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may
have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance
corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive Exotic Pest
Plants in Tennessee
Polycias,tricochleata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Polyscias,sambucifolia,,elderberry panax,H,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Schefflera,actinophylla,,”Queensland umbrella tree,
Australian ivy palm”,XX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Schefflera,actinophylla, ,Umbrella Tree ,,,,Major
WeedTREES.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,
Greening Australia, 1995”
Schefflera,actinophylla, ,”Queensland umbrella tree,
octupus tree”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John
Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National
Parks, weed”
Schefflera,actinophylla, ,Queensland Umbrella
Tree,,,,Trees/Shrubs.,,”Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening
Australia, 1995”
Schefflera,actinophylla,,schefflera ,,,,”Catergory I -
Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in
Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or
geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological
damage caused.”,,List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida
Exotic Pest Plant Council
Tetrapanax,papyrifer,,”aralia, ricepaper
plant”,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Tetrapanax,papyrifer, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Araucariaceae
Araucaria,heterophylla, ,,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Araucaria,heterophylla, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Arecaceae
Areacastrum,romanzoffianum, = Syagrus romanzoffianum,Cocos or
Queen Palm,,,,Major WeedTREES.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast
NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995”
Caryota,mitis,,fishtail palm,S,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Cocos,nucifera,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Cocos,nucifera, ,coconut,,,,From lists and sources by Faith
Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural
Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Phoenix,canariensis,,Canary Islands date palm,XX,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Phoenix,canariensis, ,,,,,Region of origin - Canary Isands;
Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for
Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Phoenix,canariensis, ,Canary Islands Date Palm,,,,Dispersal:
Water. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,”Introduced
deliberately from: Canary Is and Commercially Available, , In Victoria:
Widespread, small populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In
Victoria
Phoenix,dactylifera,,date palm,H,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Phoenix,sylvestris,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Sabal,mexicanum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sabal,mexicanum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Sabal,minor, ,dwarf palmetto,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Sabal,palmetto,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Sabal,palmetto, ,cabbage palmetto,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Serenoa,repens, ,saw palmetto,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Syagrus,romanzoffianum,Arecastrum romanzoffianum,”cocos
palm, Queen palm”,w,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Syagrus,romanzoffianum, ,Cocos Palm
,,,,Trees/Shrubs.,,”Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening
Australia, 1995”
Trachycarpus,fortunei,,Chusan fan palm,X,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Trachycarpus,fortunei, ,,,,,Region of origin - subtrop Asia;
Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for
Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Trachycarpus,fortunei, ,Chusan Fan Palm,,,,”Dispersal:
Bird, internal. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Potential threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
8”,”Introduced deliberately from: Ch and Commercially
Available, , In Victoria: Rare or localised, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Washingtonia,filifera, ,Cotton Palm,,,,”Dispersal: Bird,
internal. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
11”,”Introduced deliberately from: N Am and Commercially
Available, , In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Washingtonia,filifera,,cotton palm,XX,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Washingtonia,filifera, ,,,,,”Region of origin - SE USA,
Mexico; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread -
ornamental”,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Washingtonia,robusta,,Washington fan palm,X,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Washingtonia,robusta, ,,,,,Region of origin - N Amer; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Aristolochiaceae
Aristolochia,bracteata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Aristolochia,bracteata, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Aristolochia,clematis, ,Birthwort,,,,,”Mainland
Europe, UK”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Aristolochia,clematitis,,birthwort,,NP,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Aristolochia,clematitis, ,birthwort,,,,,,Weed Science
List
Aristolochia,clematitis, ,birthwort,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Aristolochia,elegans,,Dutchman's
pipe,XXS,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Aristolochia,elegans, ,Duchman's Pipe ,,,,VINES.,,”Environmental
Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995”
Aristolochia,elegans, ,Duchman's Pipe
,,,,Vines.,,”Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia,
1995”
Aristolochia,elegans, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Aristolochia,floribunda,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Aristolochia,littoralis,,calico
flowers,,,,”Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt
native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I,
but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities.
“,,List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest
Plant Council
Aristolochia,longa, ,,,,,,Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Aristolochia,longa, ,,,,,,Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Aristolochia,maurorum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Aristolochia,maurorum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Aristolochia,ringens,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Aristolochia,rotunda, ,,,,,,Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Aristolochia,rotunda, ,,,,,,Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Asclepiadaceae
Ampelamus,albidus, ,honeyvine milkweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Araujia,hortorum, ,Mothvine ,,,,VINES.,,”Environmental
Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995”
Araujia,hortorum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Araujia,hortourm, ,White
Bladder-flower,,,,”Dispersal: ?Water,Wind. Life Form: Vine. RISK:
Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation
Formations Invaded: 6,8,”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Am,
In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Araujia,sericifera,Araujia hortorum,”White
Bladder-flower, moth plant, moth vine”,XXHXw,NL,NSW,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Araujia,sericifera, ,moth catcher,,,,”Woody
SpeciesInvades: forest clearings, woodland, plantations, wasteland, urban
open space, watercourses, wooded kloofs.Cultivated for:
ornament”,Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Araujia,sericifera, ,moth catcher,,,,”Woody
SpeciesInvades: forest clearings, woodland, plantations, wasteland, urban
open space, watercourses, wooded kloofs.Cultivated for:
ornament”,Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Araujia,sericiflora, ,Mothvine
,,,,Vines.,,”Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia,
1995”
Araujia,sericofera, ,Bladderflower ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Asclepias,curassavica,,”redhead cotton bush,
bloodflower milkweed, bloodflower”,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Asclepias,curassavica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Asclepias,curassavica, ,”red head cottonbush, blood
flower, redhead, butterfly weed”,,,,”Weed of roadsides,
pastures and waste areas. It is cultivated in gardens in Israel and the
Sudan.”,”tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas,
Australia and Asia, less frequent in Africa”,WORLD WEEDS Natural
Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Asclepias,curassivica, ,bloodflower
milkweed,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Asclepias,eriocarpa, ,woollypod milkweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Asclepias,fascicularis, ,Mexican whorled
milkweed,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Asclepias,galioides, ,poison milkweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Asclepias,incarnata, ,Swamp milkweed,,,,”recently
harvested seed germ well, air dry seed maintains high viability for 7yrs
when stored in airtight sealed jars at room temp”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Asclepias,incarnata, ,swamp milkweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Asclepias,labriformis, ,labriform
milkweed,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds” published
by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Asclepias,latifolia, ,broadleaf milkweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Asclepias,mexicana, ,Mexican milkweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Asclepias,ovalifolia, ,dwarf milkweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Asclepias,rostrata, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Asclepias,rotundifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Asclepias,speciosa, ,Showy milkweed,,,,”95% of seed
sown in field in autumn of same year it was produced, germ next spring
& summer;”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Asclepias,speciosa, ,showy milkweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Asclepias,spp., ,,,,,partial seed coat removal required;
germ of fresh seed low,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Asclepias,subverticillata, ,western whorled milkweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Asclepias,syriaca,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Asclepias,syriaca, Asclepias cornuti,Common milkweed,,,,”fresh
seed poor germ, must be stored at least 4mths; Holding scarified moist
seed at 10C for 5 days before alternating temps of
20-30C”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Asclepias,syriaca, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Asclepias,syriaca, ,common milkweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Asclepias,syriaca, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Asclepias,tuberosa, ,Butterfly milkweed,,,,90% germ with
cold stratification for 71 days; germ over period of 21 to 49 days after
transfer to greenhouse ,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Asclepias,tuberosa, ,butterfly milkweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Asclepias,verticillata, ,eastern whorled
milkweed,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Calotropis,gigantea,,calotropis,w,G,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Calotropis,gigantea, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Calotropis,procera,,”calotropis, rubber bush, Indian
milkweed, king's crown kapok, rubber tree”,XXHH,NL,NT;
WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Calotropis,procera, Calotropis procera,”calotropis,
rubber bush, Indian milkweed, king's crown kapok, rubber
tree”,,,,forms dense thickets on alluvial flats & quickly
spreads to adjacent run down pasture; reduces grazing potential &
hinders mustering; cattle graze calotropis extensively during dry
season,”native of Afro-Asian region, particularly monsoonal dist; occurs
in arc ext. from coast of Senegal & Mauritania in NW Afr, through
Arabian Penisula, Afg & Pak into India; introd to subtrop Amer &
Aust”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Calotropis,procera, ,”calotropis, rubber
bush”,,,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Calotropis,procera, ,”calotropis, rubber
bush”,,P,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cryptostegia,grandiflora, ,rubber vine,,,,Initial list of
Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,,”Aliens List,
Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds”
Cryptostegia,grandiflora,,”rubber vine,
rubbervine”,XHH,L,Qld; NT; WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cryptostegia,grandiflora, ,”rubber vine, rubbervine”,,,,”rubber
vine has an ability to climb over & smother tall trees & to
extend into run down pastures; forms dense thickets, particularly along
watercourses restricting access to water, reduce grazing capacity &
inc. mustering problems; highly toxic to stock”,”native of
south west Madagascar; introd to most trop & subtrop regions by man,
either as potential source of rubber or as an ornamental; now nat. in E
Afr, Morocco, Mauritius, India, SE Asia, Mex & USA, C & S Amer,
West Indies, New Caledonia, Fiji & Aust”,”Noxious Weeds of
Australia, P & C”
Cryptostegia,grandiflora, ,”rubber vine,
rubbervine”,,,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Cryptostegia,grandiflora, ,Palay
rubbervine,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cryptostegia,grandiflora, ,”rubber vine,
rubbervine”,,P,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Cryptostegia,madagascariensis,,rubbervine,HHS,GL,WA,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cryptostegia,madagascariensis,,rubbervine,HX,L,WA,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cryptostegia,madagascariensis, ,,,,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Cryptostegia,madagascariensis, ,,,P,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cryptostegia,madagascariensis,,rubber
vine,,,,”Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to disrupt
native plant communities. These species may become ranked as Catergory I,
but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities.
“,,List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest
Plant Council
Cynanchum,acutum,syn ,,,,,”moist waste ground, Nile
and canal banks”,”Medit, Eur, W Asia”,”The Weed Flora
of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Cynanchum,compactum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cynanchum,madagascariense, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Cynanchum,marnieranum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Cynanchum,napiforme, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cynanchum,nigrum, ,black swallowwort,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cynanchum,nigrum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cynanchum,nigrum,,"Dog-strangling vine, Black swallowort","Avail nurseries, Usage : Highly Invasive ""Perennial, 5-15 dm high, 5 lobed purple flowers, stems twining, leaves opposite, simple, petioled, 8 cm long Invasive Potential : H ""","Europe. Habitat: Old fields, pastures, fence rows, waste places"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Cynanchum,perrieri, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cynanchum,rossicum, ,European swallow wort,,,,From lists
and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of
Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Cynanchum,vincetoxicum, ,white
swallowwort,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Gomphocarpus,cancellatus,”Asclepias cancellata,
Asclepias rotundifolia”,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Gomphocarpus,fruticosus,”Asclepias fruticosus,
Asclepias arborescens”,”narrow leaf cotton bush, balloon
cotton, cape cotton, duck bush, milkweed, narrow-leaved cotton-bush, swan
plant, wild cotton”,XXXHX,NL,WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Gomphocarpus,fruticosus,syn Asclepias fruticosa,,,,,germ
of seed strongly stimulated by diurnal alt. in temp,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Gomphocarpus,fruticosus,” Asclepias arborescens,
Asclepias fruticosa”,”narrow leaf cotton bush, balloon cotton,
cape cotton, duck bush, milkweed, narrow-leaved cotton-bush, swan plant,
wild cotton”,,,,”grows in dense patches which reduces grazing
capacity; toxic - kills cattle & sheep & pigs, unpalatable when
green, though contamination in dry fodder causes
problems”,”native of S Afr & Ethiopia; introd as garden
plants have become nat. in most of the warmer regions of the world,
including Aust”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Gomphocarpus,fruticosus, ,narrow leaf cotton bush,,,,
Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Gomphocarpus,fruticosus,syn Asclepias fruiticosa,narrow
leaf cotton bush,,P,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Gomphocarpus,physocarpus,Asclepias
physocarpa,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Gomphocarpus,physocarpus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Gomphocarpus,physocarpus, ,gomphocarpus,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Gonolobus,carolinensis, ,hairy milkvine,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Gonolobus,gonocarpos, ,anglepod milkvine,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hoya,serpens,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Metaplexis,japonica, ,,,,, Weed in poor site ,,Weeds and
Weed Control in Asia
Orbea,variegata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Oxypetalum,coeruleum,Tweedia coerulea,,,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Oxystelma,alpini,syn O. esculentum,,,,,”Nile and
canal banks, on Phragmites australis and other plants”,Arid and
semiarid regions of Afr and Asia,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos,
L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Sarcostemma,cyanchoides, ,climbing
milkweed,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Stapelia,grandiflora, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Stapelia,variegata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tweedia,coerulea, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Vincetoxicum,nigrum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Asparagaceae
Asparagus,africanus,Protasparagus africanus,”climbing
asparagus, asparagus fern”,XS,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Asparagus,africanus, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Afr; Extent
of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Asparagus,asparagoides,”Myrsiphyllum asparagoides,
Asparagus medeoloides, Dracaena medeoloides, Elachanthera sewelliae,
Luzuriaga sewelliae, Medeola asparagoides”,”bridal creeper,
bridal veil creeper, baby smilax”,HHXHHX,NL,SA; Tas; SA;
NSW,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Asparagus,asparagoides,”Myrsiphyllum asparagoides, syn,
Asparagus medeoloides, Dracaena medeoloides, Elachanthera sewelliae,
Luzuriaga sewelliae, Medeola asparagoides”,”bridal creeper,
bridal veil creeper”,,,,competes with & replaces natural
vegetation,”native of S Afr, introd as ornamental to other parts of
world”“nat. in Vic scattered through much of the State, orchard
& citrus groves along the Murray River, present at minor weed on the
Central Coast & the SW slopes of plains of NSW & SW of WA, is a
pr”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Asparagus,asparagoides,Myrsiphyllum asparagoides,bridal
creeper,,,,,,Weed Science List
Asparagus,asparagoides,Myrsiphyllum asparagoides,bridal
creeper,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Asparagus,declinatum,syn. Myrsiphyllum,,,,,,,Weed Science
List
Asparagus,declinatus,”Myrsiphyllum declinatum,
Asparagus crispus”,”asparagus fern, bridal
vale”,XX,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Asparagus,densiflorus,”Protasparagus densiflorus, P.
aethiopicus, P. densiflorus, Asparagopsis densiflora, Asparagus
aethiopicus, A. myriocladus, A. sarmentosus, A.
sprengeri”,”asparagus fern, sperengi fern, Protasparagus,
Sprenger's asparagus”,XHXwX,NLP,”NSW, Lord howe
Is.”,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Asparagus,densiflorus, ,asparagus fern,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Asparagus,densiflorus,,asparagus fern,,,,”Catergory I -
Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in
Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or
geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological
damage caused.”,,List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida
Exotic Pest Plant Council
Asparagus,medeoloides,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Asparagus,officinalis,,Asparagus,HX,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Asparagus,officinalis, ,Asparagus,,,,”Dispersal: Bird,
internal,?animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Tuberous geophyte.
RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria).
Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4,8,12,13”,”Introduced
deliberately from: Eur, W As and Commercially Available, , In Victoria:
Widespread, small populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In
Victoria
Asparagus,officinalis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Asparagus,plumosus,”Protasparagus plumosus,
Asparagopsis setacea, Asparagus setaceus “,asparagus
fern,XXX,NLP,”NSW, Lord Howe Is. “,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Asparagus,scandens,Myrsiphyllum scandens,asparagus
fern,XXH,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Asparagus,scandens,syn. Myrsiphyllum,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Asparagus,setaceus,Protasparagus setaceus,,,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Asparagus,spp.,syn. Myrsiphyllum,Bridal creeper ,,,,”
PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be
destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not
required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the
State. c Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or
Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2)
applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section
60 applies) M”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Asparagus,virgatus,Protasparagus virgatus,,,G,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Protasparagus,aethiopicus, = Asparagus,Ground Asparagus
,,,,Major WeedGROUNDCOVERS.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast
NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995”
Protasparagus,aethiopicus,” = Asparagus, syn.
Asparagopsis densiflora, Asparagus aethiopicus, Asparagus densiflorus,
Asparagus myriocladus, Asparagus sarmentosus, Asparagus sprengeri,
Protasparagus densiflorus”,”asparagus fern, sprengeris fern,
fern asparagus”,,,,”a prostrate species which forms a dense mat
of rhizomes & string-like roots bearing tubers-competely suppresses
other species; little importance as agric. weed, usually occuring on
abandoned garden sites & in native bushland”,”native of S
Afr, found mainly on coast & adjacent parts of the Cape & Natal
Provinces; introd to many parts of world as a garden plantintrod to Aust
& cultivated extensively as ornamental; occurs as garden escape in
open woodlands close to coastal urban “,”Noxious Weeds of
Australia, P & C”
Protasparagus,aethiopicus, = Asparagus,Ground Asparagus
,,,,Major WeedGround Covers.,,”Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle,
Greening Australia, 1995”
Protasparagus,aethiopicus, = Asparagus,asparagus
fern,,,,,,Weed Science List
Protasparagus,aethiopicus, = Asparagus,asparagus
fern,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Protasparagus,africanus, = Asparagus,Climbing Asparagus
,,,,Major WeedVINES.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John
Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995”
Protasparagus,africanus, = Asparagus,Climbing Asparagus ,,,,
Major Threat Vines.,,”Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening
Australia, 1995”
Protasparagus,africanus, = Asparagus,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Protasparagus,densiflorus, = Asparagus,Protasparagus,,,,”Dispersal:
Bird, internal. Life Form: Tuberous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to
one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
2”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available,
, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Protasparagus,densiflorus, = Asparagus,,,,,,,Weed Science
List
Protasparagus,plumosus, = Asparagus,Asparagus Fern ,,,,Major
WeedVINES.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,
Greening Australia, 1995”
Protasparagus,plumosus,” = Asparagus syn. Asparagopsis
setacea, Asparagus plumosus, Asparagus setaceus “,”ferny
asparagus, climbing asparagus fern”,,,,”climbing plant, needs shelter
& support for max growth; quickly climbs over understorey shrubs into
forest canopy & hangs in long loops from branch to branch; can
smother whole trees”,”native of southern Afr, occurs in an arc
from the SW of Cape Province, through Natal & Transvaal into Zimbabwe
& Tanzania; introd to many countries as an
ornamental”“present in many old established gardens of eastern
Australia, occuring as a weed in Qld, “,”Noxious Weeds of
Australia, P & C”
Protasparagus,plumosus, = Asparagus,Asparagus Fern ,,,,
Major Threat Vines.,,”Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening
Australia, 1995”
Protasparagus,plumosus, = Asparagus,ferny
asparagus,,,,,,Weed Science List
Protasparagus,plumosus, = Asparagus,ferny
asparagus,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Protasparagus,setaceus, = Asparagus,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Protasparagus,virgatus, = Asparagus,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Asphodelaceae
Asphodelus,fistulosus,Asphodelus tenuifolius,”onion
weed, asphodel, hollow-stemmed asphodel, wild onion”,HXXX,NL,NSW;
Vic; NT; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Asphodelus,sp.,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Kniphofia,uvaria,,red-hot poker,XXS,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Kniphofia,uvaria, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamentat,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Trachyandra,divaricata,,,XX,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Asteraceae
Acanthospermum,australe,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Acanthospermum,australe, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Acanthospermum,australe, ,Paraguay starbur,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Acanthospermum,hispidum,,”star burr, goat's head, bristly
star bur, upright star burr”,XX,LP,NT,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Acanthospermum,hispidum, ,,,,,Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web
Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,,”Florida
Weeds, FAIRS.”
Acanthospermum,hispidum, ,”star burr, goat's head,
bristly star bur, upright star burr”,,,,”in norther Aust
problem in tobacco, maize, sorghum & pastures; reduces pasture yield
& in dense patches available grazing area; burrs serious contaminant
of wool & injure animals; also cause poisoning, 2.4% of KNO3 on dry
matter basis”,”native of trop. S Amer & now is widely
spread throughout the trop & subtrop; occurs as serious weed of crops
in Bolivia, Brazil, Afr, India, Madagascar, Mauritius, Caribbean, Indo,
PNG, southern USA & Aust”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P
& C”
Acanthospermum,hispidum, ,”star burr, goat's head”,,,,,,Weed
Science List
Acanthospermum,hispidum,syn ,”bristly sandbur, starbur,
upright sandbur”,,,,”on poorer types of grassland & in all
kinds of arable land; in Java & Timor, along roads & in fallow
fields, in areas with a pronounced dry season; up to 1300m alt.; upland
& rainfed rice fields, in Afr increasing its area rapidly & also
becoming noxious “,”S Amer, pantropical; in Indonesia, in E
Java, the Lesser Sundan Is & Irian Jaya, as far as known; in Afr, it
is a fairly recent introd”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia,
Soerjani et al, 1987”
Acanthospermum,hispidum, ,”star burr, bristly star bur,
goathead, Texas cockspur, upright starabur”,,,,,”Native to
tropical Amer, but is now widely distributed in tropical &
subtropical areas of the world, occurring in nearly 40 countries &
causing serious control problems in many crops”,WORLD WEEDS Natural
Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Acanthospermum,hispidum, ,bristly starbur,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Acanthospermum,hispidum, ,”star burr, goat's
head”,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Acanthostyles,buniifolius, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Acanthostyles,buniifolius, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Achillea,distans,,,S,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Achillea,distans,,tansyleaf milfoil,S,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Achillea,distans, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Achillea,lanulosa, ,Western yarrow,,,,80% germ at room temp
(22-290C) on sterile moist cellucotton in petri dishes,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Achillea,lanulosa, ,western yarrow,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Achillea,millefolium,,Yarrow,XAX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Achillea,millefolium, ,Yarrow,,,,”Dispersal: Wind. Life
Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
4,5,8,15”,”Introduced deliberately from: Eur and Commercially
Available, , In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Achillea,millefolium, ,Common yarrow,,,,”80% germ in
darkness in alternating temps of 20-300C, min temp 2-50C, max temp
greater than 400C optimum temp 20-350C”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Achillea,millefolium, ,Yarrow,,,,,All Europe,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Achillea,millefolium, ,yarrow,,,,,,Weed Science List
Achillea,millefolium, ,common yarrow,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Achillea,ptarmica,,”sneezewort, adder's tounge,
wildfire”,w,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Achillea,ptarmica, ,sneezewort,,,,,,Weed Science List
Achillea,tomentosa,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Achillea,tomentosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Acroptilon,repens,”Acroptilon picris, Centaurea picris,
Centaurea repens”,”creeping knapweed, hardheads, hardhead
thistle, blue weed, Russian centaurea, Russian knapweed”,XX,LP,NSW;
Vic; SA; NT; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Acroptilon,repens, ,Russian Knapweed ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Acroptilon,repens,” Acroptilon picris, Centaurea picris,
Centaurea repens”,”creeping knapweed, hardheads, hardhead
thistle, blue weed, Russian centaurea, Russian
knapweed”,,,,”one of the most competitive of all weeds &
agric. land in California; dense patches 100-300 shoots/sq.m, virtually
exclude all other sp. & can reduce crop yields by 75-100% resulting
in paddocks abandoned & no longer cropped”,”originated near
Capsian Sea in Asia Minor, Afgh & Mongolia, from where it has spread
to most temp areas of world; imprt. weed in N Amer, widespd in cereal
areas of W Canada & N USA; weed of vineyards & cereal crops in
Arg & S Afr, Iran, Turkey, & S Union”,”Noxious Weeds of
Australia, P & C”
Acroptilon,repens, ,Creeping knapweed N ,,,,” PROCLAIMED
PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. *
Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n
Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c
Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods
etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside
control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies)
Mov”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Acroptilon,repens, ,”creeping knapweed, hardheads,
hardhead thistle”,,,,,,Weed Science List
Acroptilon,repens, ,”creeping knapweed, hardheads,
hardhead thistle”,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Actinea,odorata, ,,,,,29% germ of seed planted straight into
glasshouse 7-8mths after harvest,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Ageratina,adenophora, ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive weeds
nominated by Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated Worst
Invasive Weeds”
Ageratina,adenophora,”Eupatorium adenophorum, Eupatorium
glandulosum, Eupatorium pasdadense”,”Crofton weed, catweed,
hemp agrimony, Mexican devil, sticky agrimony, sticky
eupatorium”,HX,NLP,NSW; Qld,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Ageratina,adenophora,,,terrestrial,,"Federal Noxious Weeds List, USA"
Ageratina,adenophora, ,Eupatory ,,,,”California Noxious
Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Ageratina,adenophora,” Eupatorium adenophorum, Eupatorium
glandulosum, Eupatorium pasdadense”,”Crofton weed, catweed,
hemp agrimony, Mexican devil, sticky agrimony, sticky
eupatorium”,,,,”reduces crop yield, affects carrying capacity
of grazing lands & restricts movement of stock & machinery;
cattle find it unpalatable, sheep & goats eat it without ill effect,
but horse die as a result of eating it-Numibah or Tallebudgera horse
disease”,”native of C Amer is now naturalised & widely
estab. as a serious weed in many trop & subtrop areas, esp. NE India
between sea level & 2000m, Nigeria, SE Asia, Pacific Is., NZ &
Aust”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Ageratina,adenophora, ,crofton weed,,,,”Herbaceous
Species Invades: Roadsides, railsides, plantations, mainly around
Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal.”,Origin C Amer,Plant Invaders of
Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Ageratina,adenophora, ,crofton weed,,,,”Herbaceous
Species Invades: Roadsides, railsides, plantations, mainly around
Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal.”,Origin C Amer,Plant Invaders of
Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Ageratina,adenophora, ,crofton weed,,,,”Herbaceous
Species Invades: Roadsides, railsides, plantations, mainly around
Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal.”,Origin C Amer,Plant Invaders of
Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Ageratina,adenophora, ,crofton weed,,,,”Herbaceous
Species Invades: Roadsides, railsides, plantations, mainly around
Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal.”,Origin C Amer,Plant Invaders of
Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Ageratina,adenophora, ,Crofton weed,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ageratina,adenophora, ,Crofton weed,,P,,This spp. is a target
of biocontrol efforts in South Africa,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Ageratina,altissima,”syn Ageratum altissimum L.,
Eupatorium rugosum Houtt. & Eupatorium ageratoides L. f.”,”
white snakeroot, richweed, snakeroot”,,P,,”Comments: based on
Ageratum altissimum L., non Eupatorium altissimum L..Uses for taxon:
Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury 1964, as Eupatorium rugosum;
Lampe and McCann 1985; Everist 1981; Marderosian & Liberti 1988 as
Eupatorium rugosum)Sp”,Canada [southeast & south-central];
United States [east & central],Western Australian Prohibited List
Ageratina,riparia, ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive weeds
nominated by Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated Worst
Invasive Weeds”
Ageratina,riparia,”Eupatorium riparium, Eupatorium
cannabinum (misapplied)”,”mistflower, catspaw, creeping Crofton
weed, river eupatorium, small Crofton weed, white weed”,HXX,NLP,NSW;
Qld; NT,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Ageratina,riparia,” Eupatorium riparium, Eupatorium
cannabinum (misapplied)”,”mistflower, catspaw, creeping Crofton
weed, river eupatorium, small Crofton weed, white
weed”,,,,”quickly invades disturbed areas on frost-free slopes
& in Qld abandoned banana plantations; shade tolerant, it often
occurs as a subdom. in assoc. with Crofton weed in gullies & on
streambanks; reduces carrying capacity of pastures, restricts
movement”,”native of C Amer which was introd to many parts of
the world as an ornamental; escaping from cultivation it has become
serious weed Afr, India, Indo, PNG, SE Asia, USA, some Pacific Is, NZ
& Aust”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Ageratina,riparia, ,Mistflower,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ageratina,riparia, ,Mistflower,,P,,This spp. is a target of
biocontrol efforts in Hawaii,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Ageratum,conyzoides, ,ageratum,,,,”Africa (tropical
Africa ?), gardens, field crops”,Cook Islands; Fiji; French
Polynesia; Guam; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa;
Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu ,”“Weeds of
Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western
Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Ageratum,conyzoides,,billygoat weed,,NP,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Ageratum,conyzoides, ,Tropic ageratum,,,,45% germ of seed
stored dry for approx. 2wks after harvest,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Ageratum,conyzoides, ,invading ageratum,,,,”Herbaceous
Species Invades: forest, woodland, grassland, cultivated lands,
riverbanks, wetlands, coastal dunes.”,Origin: S & C Amer,Plant
Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Ageratum,conyzoides, ,invading ageratum,,,,”Herbaceous
Species Invades: forest, woodland, grassland, cultivated lands,
riverbanks, wetlands, coastal dunes.”,Origin: S & C Amer,Plant
Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Ageratum,conyzoides, ,billygoat weed,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ageratum,conyzoides, ,,,,, Weeds of sown grassland ,,Weeds and
Weed Control in Asia
Ageratum,conyzoides,syn ,goat weed,,,,”moister areas in
agricultural land, waste places, compounds, roadsides, plantations of all
kinds; up to 3000m alt; flowers all the year round & may produce up
to 40 000 seeds/plant; upland rice fields, may become troublesome in
plantations after grasses h”,”tropical Amer, pantropical, also
in the subtropics; introd to Java before 1860 & has spread throughout
Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al,
1987”
Ageratum,conyzoides, ,tropic ageratum,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ageratum,conyzoides, ,billygoat weed,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Ageratum,houstianum,,bluemink,H,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Ageratum,houstonianum, ,Mexican ageratum,,,,”Herbaceous
Species Invades: forest, woodland, grassland, cultivated lands,
riverbanks, wetlands, coastal dunes.”,Origin: S & C Amer,Plant
Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Ageratum,houstonianum, ,Mexican ageratum,,,,”Herbaceous
Species Invades: forest, woodland, grassland, cultivated lands,
riverbanks, wetlands, coastal dunes.”,Origin: S & C Amer,Plant
Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Ageratum,houstonianum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ageratum ,conyzoides,syn ,Goat weed,,,,”Nile and canal
banks”“Cultivated as garden plant for cut flowers etc. Used as
a remedy for abdominal problems & digestion, & has other
medicinal properties”““,”Introduced from trop. &
subtrop. Amer, naturalised into Old World in many trop. & subtrop
countries”,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil
el-Hadidi, M”
Agoseris,grandiflora, ,,,,,”85% germ of dry stored seed,
1 yr after harvest at constant temp. 15C or 20C
darkness”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Ambrosia,artemisiifolia,”Ambrosia diversifolia, Ambrosia
elatior, Ambrosia media, Ambrosia monophylla”,”annual ragweed,
bitterweed, common ragweed, hay-feverweed, hog-weed”,XX,L,Qld; SA;
NT,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Ambrosia,artemisiifolia, ,Common ragweed,,,,”prechilling
of moist seed at 1-7C, then germ at alternating light & temps of
20-30C”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Ambrosia,artemisiifolia,,"Common Name(s): Ragweed, Wild Tansy, Hog-weed","Avail nurseries, Weed Low Level Invasive ""Annual, 2-3 feet high, flowers with male and female heads, terminal racemes, bushy branched, rough hairy leaves, opposite or alternate, thin, short stalked opposite or alternate, thin, short stalked ""","Native. Habitat: Disturbed habitats, yards, beaches, waste areas"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Ambrosia,artemisiifolia, ,Ragweed,,,,A. elatior,Scattered in
Central Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Ambrosia,artemisiifolia, ,Common Ragweed,,,,atrazine 1976
Canada Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Ambrosia,artemisiifolia,” Ambrosia diversifolia, Ambrosia
elatior, Ambrosia media, Ambrosia monophylla”,”annual ragweed,
bitterweed, common ragweed, hay-feverweed, hog-weed”,,,,”it is
a very serious competitor in cereals, maize, vegetables, sunflowers,
soyabeans & tobacco; cattle eat it esp. in its early growth stage;
host of sclerotina rot of cabbage; allergenic & dermatogenic-most
imprt. hay-fever producing plant in N Amer”,”native of N Amer,
occurs extensively throughout the USA; introd to S Amer, Euro-Asia where
it has become a serious weed in parts of Soviet Union, Japan, NZ &
Aust”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Ambrosia,artemisiifolia, ,Roman wormwood ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST
OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser
invasiveness,,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Ambrosia,artemisiifolia, ,annual ragweed,,,,,,Weed Science
List
Ambrosia,artemisiifolia, ,common ragweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ambrosia,bidentata, ,lanceleaf ragweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ambrosia,confertiflora,”Franseria confertiflora,
Franseria strigulosa, Franseria tenuifolia”,”burr ragweed,
slimleaf bursage”,,LP,SA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Ambrosia,confertiflora,” Franseria confertiflora,
Franseria strigulosa, Franseria tenuifolia”,”burr ragweed,
slimleaf bursage”,,,,”extremely competitive plant readily
suppressing pasture species, its burrs contaminate wool; problem in
orchards, comp. for nutrients & interferring with harvest, both
pollen & burrs cause discomfort to pickers; large amounts of
allergenic pollen produced”,”native of semi-arid plains of
southern USA & Mexico, not well known elsewhere in the
world”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Ambrosia,confertiflora, ,burr ragweed,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ambrosia,confertiflora, ,burr ragweed,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ambrosia,confertiflora, ,burr ragweed,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Ambrosia,grayi, ,”woollyleaf burr ragweed, woolyleaf
bursage”,,P,,Identified as a contaminant of Maize from the
USA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Ambrosia,maritima,syn ,Sea ambrosia,,,,”Nile and canal
banks, moist alluvial soils”“Used in folk medicine to expel
kidney stones & to remedy renal troubles, asthma &
bilharzia”““,Medit.,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos,
L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Ambrosia,psilostachya,”Ambrosia artemisiifolia, Ambrosia
coronopifolia, Ambrosia californica”,”perennial ragweed,
western ragweed”,XX,NL,NSW; Vic; Qld; SA; NT,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Ambrosia,psilostachya,” Ambrosia artemisiifolia, Ambrosia
coronopifolia, Ambrosia californica”,”perennial ragweed,
western ragweed”,,,,strongly competitive plant often growing densely
to detriment of crop & pasture; not grazed by stock; aerial growth
allelopathic inhibiting germ & early seedling growth of several plant
sp.; allergic inflammation of nose suffered by many people ,”grows
extensively in N Amer, & ex. for an area comprising N Cal, Oregon
& Wash State, its prevelant throughout the western half of USA &
C Canada; introd & serious weed of E Eur, W Asia; occurs inS Amer,
Jap, Mauritius & Aust”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P &
C”
Ambrosia,psilostachya, ,perennial ragweed,,,,,,Weed Science
List
Ambrosia,psilostachya, ,western ragweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ambrosia,spp.,,ragweeds,,NL,SA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Ambrosia,spp., ,Perennial ragweed N ,,,,” PROCLAIMED
PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. *
Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n
Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c
Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods
etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside
control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies)
Mov”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed Plants”“
(Weed)”
Ambrosia,spp., ,ragweeds,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ambrosia,tenuifolia,”Franseria strigulosa, Franseria
tenuifolia”,lacy ragweed,,NLP,NSW; SA,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Ambrosia,tenuifolia,” Franseria strigulosa, Franseria
tenuifolia”,lacy ragweed,,,,”extremely competitive plant
readily suppressing pasture species, its burrs contaminate wool; problem
in orchards, comp. for nutrients & interferring with harvest, both
pollen & burrs cause discomfort to pickers; large amounts of
allergenic pollen produced”,”native of NAmer, does not appear
to have spread widely”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P &
C”
Ambrosia,tenuifolia, ,lacy ragweed,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ambrosia,tenuifolia, ,lacy ragweed,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Ambrosia,trifida, ,Giant Ragweed ,,,,”California Noxious
Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Ambrosia,trifida, ,Giant ragweed,,,,”dormant at maturity
needs prechilling on moist substrate for 3mths or treatment with GA,
thiourea etc @ 5C, then 21day at alt. temp 20-30C; excised embryos of
after-ripened seeds germ 100% in 12d @ 30C”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Ambrosia,trifida, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ambrosia,trifida, ,giant ragweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ambrosia,trifida, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Ambrosia,var. coronopifolia, ,perennial ragweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ambrosia,var. texana, ,blood ragweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ammobium,alatum,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Anacyclus,clavatus, ,,,,,A. tomentosus,Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Anacyclus,clavatus,Compositae ,,,,,A. tomentosus,Southern
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Anacyclus,radiatus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Anacyclus,radiatus, ,,,,,A. pallescens,Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Anacyclus,radiatus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Anaphalis,margaritacea, ,Pearly everlasting,,,,germs in
4-12days in constant light at 20-25C ,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Anaphalis,margaritacea, ,pearly everlasting,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Anaphalis,margaritacea, ,Pearly everlasting,,P,,”germs in
4-12days in constant light at 20-25C In the WSSA weed List, the
Germination of Weeds for experimental purposes and Holmes Geog Atlas of
Weeds.”,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Antennaria,neglecta, ,field pussytoes,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Antennaria,neodioica, ,Common pussytoes,,,,”high germ in
glasshouse after 3mths dry storage, 13 -90 days after
planting”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Antennaria,neodioica, ,common pussytoes,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Antennaria,parvifolia, ,,,,,64% germ on filter paper in Petri
dishes at 18C in constant darkness; max germ in 6 days; no dormancy
,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Antennaria,plantaginifolia, ,plantainleaf
pussytoes,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Antennaria,rosea, ,,,,,94% germ on filter paper in Petri
dishes at 18C in constant darkness; max germ in 15 days,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Anthemis,altissima, ,,,,,”A. cota, Cota
altissima”,Southern Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Anthemis,altissima,Compositae ,,,,,”A. cota, Cota
altissima”,Southern Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Anthemis,arvensis,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Anthemis,arvensis, ,Corn chamomile,,,,”optimum germ temp
13C, but alternating temps of 10-25C produce same germ
%”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Anthemis,arvensis, ,Corn Chamomile,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Anthemis,arvensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Anthemis,arvensis, ,corn chamomile,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Anthemis,arvensis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Anthemis,austriaca, ,Austrian Chamomile,,,,A. cotiformis,SEast
Europe and Italy,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Anthemis,austriaca,Compositae ,Austrian Chamomile,,,,A.
cotiformis,SEast Europe and Italy,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Anthemis,cotula,Maruta cotula,”stinking mayweed,
dillweed, dog's camomile, dog-daisy, dog fennel, mather, mayweed,
stinking chamomile”,X,NL,Tas,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Anthemis,cotula, ,Mayweed,,,,”alternating temps &
light of 68F dark, 86F light best results”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Anthemis,cotula, ,Stinking Mayweed,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Anthemis,cotula, Maruta cotula,”stinking mayweed, dillweed,
dog's camomile, dog-daisy, dog fennel, mather, mayweed, stinking
chamomile”,,,,”long history as a problem weed esp. in cereal
crops in Eur, Arg, NZ & parts of USA & also invades pastures;
taints milk, butter & meat; prolonged contact with flower heads &
fruit is reputed to cause dermatitis & blister the
skin”,”native of Medit region, but now extends throughout Eur
from S Norway, Sweden & Finland south to the Canary Is & the
Atlas Mountains in N Afr, Egypt, & W Asia; introd & common in
Canada, USA, S Afr, NZ & Aust scattered through coastal &
tableland NSW & ext”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P &
C”
Anthemis,cotula, ,stinking mayweed,,,,,,Weed Science List
Anthemis,cotula, ,,,,, , Okayama ,Weeds and Weed Control in
Asia
Anthemis,cotula, ,mayweed,,,,”Source: “USA Composite
List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Anthemis,pseudocotula,syn ,,,,,”fields,
roadsides”“Flower heads used as a bacteriostat, antifungal,
antitumor, & antidiabetic”““,”E. Medit, W
Asia”,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil
el-Hadidi, M”
Anthemis,ruthenica, ,,,,,A. neilreichii,SE to Eastern
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Anthemis,ruthenica,Compositae ,,,,,A. neilreichii,SE to
Eastern Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Anthemis,segetalis, ,,,,,”A. brachycentros, A.
pseudocota”,Italy & Greece,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Anthemis,segetalis,Compositae ,,,,,”A. brachycentros, A.
pseudocota”,Italy & Greece,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Anthemis,tinctoria,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Anthemis,tinctoria, ,Yellow chamomile,,,,seeds germ well
immediately after ripening in bright daylight at constant temp of 20-22C
or 30C; 76% germ of seed stored for 1 yr & 40% germ of seed stored
for 4yrs,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Anthemis,tinctoria, ,Yellow Chamomile,,,,Cota
tinctoria,”All Europe, except W France, Spain, Portugal &
Eire”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Anthemis,tinctoria, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Anthemis,tinctoria, ,yellow chamomile,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Arcotheca,calendula, ,Capeweed,,,,”Dispersal: Wind. Life
Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations
(Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,3,4,5”,”S Af, In
Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Arctium,lappa,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Arctium,lappa, ,Great burdock,,,,”alternating temp (20C,
16hr & 30C, 8hr), thiourea application (0.1% to 0.5%), presoaking (2-24hr),
conc. H2SO4 treatment 10min, & partial removal of seed coat produces
high germ % in light”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Arctium,lappa, ,Greater Burdock,,,,”A. majus, A. chaorum,
Lappa major, L. officinalis”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of
the World”
Arctium,lappa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Arctium,lappa, ,great burdock,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Arctium,minus,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Arctium,minus, ,Common burdock,,,,light & alternating temp
20-30C high germ %,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Arctium,minus, ,Lesser Burdock,,,,Lappa minor,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Arctium,minus, ,Common burdock ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT
SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Arctium,minus, ,lesser burdock,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Arctium,minus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Arctium,minus, ,common burdock,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Arctium,tomentosum, ,Woolly Burdock,,,,”A. chabertii, A.
leptophyllum, Lappa tomentosa”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of
the World”
Arctium,tomentosum,Compositae ,Woolly Burdock,,,,”A.
chabertii, A. leptophyllum, Lappa tomentosa”,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Arctium,tomentosum, ,cotton burdock,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Arctotheca,calendula,,Capeweed,HXXXX,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Arctotheca,calendula, ,”Capeweed, As Seed Or Fertile
Plants “,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory
(CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a
database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on
noxious weed control in California. This information will
f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Arctotheca,calendula, ,Capeweed ,,,,”California Noxious
Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California.
This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Arctotheca,calendula, ,Capeweed ,,,,diquat 1986 Australia
Alfalfa , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Arctotheca,calendula, ,capeweed,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Arctotheca,calendula, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Arctotheca,populifolia,,Beach Daisy,XXXX,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Arctotheca,populifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Arctotheca,prostrata,,Creeping Bears-ears,XX,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Arctotheca,prostrata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Arctotis,stoechadifolia,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Arctotis,venusta,,White Arctotis,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Arctotis,venusta, ,White Arctotis,,,,Dispersal: ?Wind. Life
Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,”Introduced
deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Rare
or localised, small populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In
Victoria
Arctotus,venusta, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Argyranthemum,foeniculaceum,Argyranthemum frutescens ssp.
foeniculaceum,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Argyranthemum,frutescens,Argyranthemum frutescens ssp.
foeniculaceum,,XX,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Argyranthemum,frutescens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Arnica,fulgens, ,,,,,40% germ at 20C in darkness on moist
filter paper in Petri dishes; within 1 yr after seed collection
,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Arnica,montana, ,,,,,seed germs immediately after
harvest,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Aroctheca,populifolia, ,Beach Daisy,,,,Dispersal: ?Wind. Life
Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,”S Af, In
Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations”,Environmental Weed
Invasions In Victoria
Aroctheca,prostrata, ,Creeping Bears-ears,,,,Dispersal: ?.
Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Not a threat (but may have a negative
visual impact). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,”S Af, In Victoria:
Rare or localised, small populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions
In Victoria
Artemisia,absinthium, ,,,,,Region of origin - Eur; Extent of
spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Artemisia,absinthium,,"Common Name(s): Absinth, Wormwood","Avail nurseries, Usage : Low Level Invasive , Additional Comments : Primarily a species of disturbed sites Perennial, 5-10 dm high, flowers yellow or purple disks, erect stems, leaves in clumps, silky-hoary, 2-3 pinnately parted parted ""","Eurasia. Habitat: Roadsides, waste places, farm yards, pastures"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Artemisia,absinthium,,wormwood absinth ,CLASS C WEED: Class C weeds are noxious weeds that are common throughout most of Washington. The following Class C weeds have been selected by the County Weed Board as priority weeds in King County and control is mandatory.,,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Artemisia,absinthium, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Artemisia,absinthium,,”absinth wormwood, absinth
sagewort, wormwood”,XX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Artemisia,absinthium, ,Absinth wormwood ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST
OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser
invasiveness,,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Artemisia,absinthium, ,”wormwood, absinth
sagewort”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John
Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National
Parks, weed”
Artemisia,absinthium, ,absinth wormwood,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Artemisia,annua, ,,,,,,Eastern Europe less in Central
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Artemisia,annua,Compositae ,,,,,,Eastern Europe less in
Central Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Artemisia,annua, ,annual wormwood,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Artemisia,arborescens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Artemisia,arborescens,,Silver Wormwood,X,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Artemisia,arborescens, ,Silver Wormwood,,,,Dispersal: Wind.
Life Form: Small to medium shrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,”Introduced deliberately from: S Eur and Commercially Available, ,
In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Artemisia,arbuscula, ,low sagebrush,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Artemisia,biennis, ,biennial wormwood,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Artemisia,californica, ,California sagebrush,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Artemisia,cana, ,silver sagebrush,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Artemisia,canariensis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Artemisia,filifolia, ,sand sagebrush,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Artemisia,frigida, ,fringed sagebrush,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Artemisia,incompta, ,,,,,alternative moistening & drying
of seed increases germ as c.f. seed kept moist continuously on filter
paper in Petri dishes at 22-29C ,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Artemisia,ludoviciana, ,,,,,”Region of origin - W USA,
Mexico; Extent of spread - destoryed ?; Means of spread -
ornamental”,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Artemisia,ludoviciana,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Artemisia,ludoviciana, ,Louisiana wormwood,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Artemisia,montana, ,,,,, , Hokkaido ,Weeds and Weed Control in
Asia
Artemisia,nova, ,black sagebrush,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Artemisia,princeps, ,ragweed,,,,,,Weed Science List
Artemisia,princeps, ,,,,,”perennial dominance,
sub-dominance “,Shimane Shizuoka Upland Korea Upland Japan Miyagi
Okayama ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Artemisia,princeps, ,ragweed,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Artemisia,scoparia,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Artemisia,suksdorfii, ,,,,,54% germ in constant darkness at
alternating temps of 20 & 30C,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Artemisia,tridentata, ,Big sagebrush,,,,light increases germ
with optimum temp of 70F,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Artemisia,tridentata, ,big sagebrush,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Artemisia,tripartita, ,threetip sagebrush,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Artemisia,var. gnaphalodes, ,prairie sage,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Artemisia,verlotiorum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Artemisia,verlotiorum,,Chinese Wormwood,H,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Artemisia,verlotiorum, ,Chinese Wormwood,,,,”Dispersal:
Water,Vegetative,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious
threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 4,5,8”,”Introduced deliberately from: Eur, As, In
Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Artemisia,vulgaris, ,Mugwort,,,,”fresh seed; prechilling
for 10-40 days at 1C, then brief exposure to light & constant temp of
25C ; older seeds lose light requirement; vegetative propagation of
rhizomes also used”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Artemisia,vulgaris, ,Mugwort,,,,,All Europe,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Artemisia,vulgaris,Compositae ,Mugwort,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Artemisia,vulgaris, ,”common wormwood,
mugwort”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John
Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National
Parks, weed”
Artemisia,vulgaris, ,”motherwort, mugwort, green ginger,
mugweed, sailor's tobacco”,,,,Artemisa vulgaris is found in almost
all farming systems on all continents and most of the island chains. It
is reported in 25 crops in 56 countries.,origin uncertain,WORLD WEEDS
Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Artemisia,vulgaris, ,mugwort,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Artemisia,vulgaris,,mugwort,,,,”RANK 2. “SIGNIFICANT
THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some invasive
characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities; may
have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance
corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive Exotic Pest
Plants in Tennessee
Aspilia,africana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Aspilia,africana, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Aspilia,bupthalmiflora, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Aspilia,bupthalmiflora, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Aster,acmellus,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Aster,ageratoides, ,,,,, , ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Aster,ericoides, ,heath aster,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Aster,exilis, ,slender aster,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Aster,linariifolius, ,savoryleaf aster,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Aster,novae-angliae, ,New England aster,,,,50% germ with cold
stratification for 71 days; germ over period of 14 to 28 days after
transfer to greenhouse,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Aster,novae-anglicae, ,New England aster,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Aster,novi-belgii,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Aster,novi-belgii, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Aster,novi-belgii, ,New York aster,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Aster,occidentalis, ,western aster,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Aster,parryi, ,woody aster,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Aster,pilosus, ,white heath aster,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Aster,puniceus, ,purplestem aster,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Aster,scaber, ,,,,, , Miyagi ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Aster,simplex, ,white field aster,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Aster,spectabilis, ,showy aster,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Aster,spinosus, ,spiny aster,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Aster,squamatus,syn Conyza squamata,,,,,”fields,
roadsides, gardens, waste ground, canal banks”“Recently
introduced into Egypt, now completely naturalised & one of most
widespread weeds in country”““,”C & S Amer;
naturalised in S Eur, Afr & many other regions of the
world”,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil
el-Hadidi, M”
Aster,subulatus,,aster-weed,HXXX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Aster,subulatus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Aster,yomena, ,,,,, ,,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Aster ,subulatus, ,Aster-weed,,,,”Dispersal: ?animal
external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Biennial. RISK: Serious threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
8,9,11,10,11”,”N Am, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Aster ,tripolium, ,,,,,reproduces both vegetatively & by
seed; 90% seed viability,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Asteriscus,spinosus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Athroisma,laciniatum,syn Athroisma viscidum,,,,,”in Java,
in areas with pronounced dry seasons, on heavy, periodically soggy or
inundated & subsequently desiccating heavy clay soils, locally often
abundant & flowering so profusely that the fields look grayish white;
up to 100m alt; rainfed & upland rice”,”unknown, in Indonesia,
in the northern plain of Java & the islands of Madura &
Kangean”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al,
1987”
Austroeupatorium,inulaefolium,,,"tea, rubber, rosella and other plantation crops; roadsides; environmental weed in secondary forests",,"Northern Australian Quarantine Service, Target Weeds"
Austroeupatorium,inulaefolium,,austroeupatorium,X,LP,Qld,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Austroeupatorium,inulaefolium, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Austroeupatorium,inulaefolium, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Baccharis,cordifolia,,romerillo (toxic
groundsel),,L,Qld,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Baccharis,cordifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Baccharis,cordifolia,syn Eupatorium montevidense
Spreng.,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Baccharis,douglasii, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Baccharis,douglasii, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Baccharis,glutinosa, ,seepwillow baccharis,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Baccharis,halimifolia,,”groundsel bush, groundel, groundsel
baccharis, groundsel tree”,HX,NLP,NSW; Qld; NT,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Baccharis,halimifolia, ,”groundsel bush, groundel,
groundsel baccharis, groundsel tree”,,,,”seeds prolifically;
large plants to 2-3m high produce up to a million seeds in a single
season; forms dense impenetrable thickets, restricts stock &
machinery movement, reduces agric. & pastoral potential; pioneer
plant-readily invades”,”native of West Indies & the
Atlantic & Gulf Coasts of N Amer, extending in an arc from
Massachusetts through Florida to Mexico; introd to France & Soviet
Union; imprt. weed along Biscay coast of France & Spain to Black Sea
coast of Abkhazskaya ASSR-Sov.U”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P
& C”
Baccharis,halimifolia, ,groundsel bush,,,,,,Weed Science List
Baccharis,halimifolia, ,eastern baccharis,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Baccharis,halimifolia, ,groundsel bush,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Baccharis,halmifolia, ,Groundsel ,,,,Major
WeedSHRUBS.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,
Greening Australia, 1995”
Baccharis,neglecta, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Baccharis,neglecta, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Baccharis,pilularis,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Baccharis,pilularis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Baccharis,pilularis, ,coyotebrush,,,,”Source: “USA Composite
List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Baccharis,pilularis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Baccharis,ramulosa, ,yerba-de-pasmo,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Baccharis,salicifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Baccharis,salicifolia, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Baccharis,salicina, ,willow baccharis,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Baccharis,sarothroides, ,desert broom,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Baccharis,viminea,? ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Baeria,chrysostoma, = Lasthenia californica,California
goldfields,,,,”seeds germ well at 5,10, &15C”,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Baileya,multiradiata, ,desert baileya,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Baltimora,recta, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Baltimora,recta, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Bellis,annua, ,Annual Daisy,,,,,Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Bellis,annua,Compositae ,Annual Daisy,,,,,Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Bellis,perennis,,daisy,XX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Bellis,perennis, ,English daisy,,,,”97% germ, no dormancy
after harvest, at room temp”,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Bellis,perennis, ,Daisy,,,,,”All Europe, except Extreme
NE with less in Scandinavia”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Bellis,perennis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Bellis,perennis, ,English daisy,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Berkheya,rigida,Stobaea riguda,”African thistle, Augusta
thistle, berkheya thistle, Hamelin thistle”,XXX,L,WA;
Tas,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Berkheya,rigida, ,African Thistle,,,,”Dispersal: ?Wind.
Life Form: Small to medium shrubs. RISK: Potential threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,4”,”Af, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Berkheya,rigida, Stobaea riguda,”African thistle, Augusta
thistle, Berkheya thistle, Hamelin thistle”,,,,”no feed value
because of its spines make it unpalatable to stock; large colonies,
consisting of matted stems, limit pasture growth & available grazing
area”,native of S Afr; not widely distributed elsewhere ex for a
number of small colonies in southern Aust,”Noxious Weeds of
Australia, P & C”
Berkheya,rigida, ,African thistle,,,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Berkheya,rigida, ,African thistle,,P,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Bidens,alba, ,beggar's tick,,,,”tropical Africa,
vegetables, orchards, fields crops”,Cook Islands; Fiji; French
Polynesia; Guam; Kiribati; New Caledonia; Papua New Guinea; American
Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu ,”“Weeds
of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western
Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Bidens,alba, ,,,,,Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web Address:
http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,,”Florida Weeds,
FAIRS.”
Bidens,aurea, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Bidens,bipinnata,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Bidens,bipinnata, ,Spanish needles,,,,”no dormancy, germ
temp between 10-35C”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Bidens,bipinnata, ,,,,,Kernera bipinnata,Scattered in Italian
region,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Bidens,bipinnata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Bidens,bipinnata, ,spanishneedles,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Bidens,cernua, ,Nodding Burr Marigold,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Bidens,cernua,Compositae ,Nodding Burr Marigold,,,,,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Bidens,cernua, ,nodding beggarticks,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Bidens,comosa, ,leafybract beggarticks,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Bidens,connata, ,purplestem beggarticks,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Bidens,frondosa, ,Devils beggarticks,,,,max germ 6% of seeds
prechilled 1wk then 15-25C alternating with alternating
light/dark,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Bidens,frondosa, ,devils beggarticks,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Bidens,pilosa, ,”cobbler's pegs, beggar's
tick”,,,,”Africa, vegetables, orchards, fields crops”,Cook
Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Kiribati; New Caledonia; Papua New
Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu
,”“Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern
and Western Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Bidens,pilosa,,cobbler's peg,HXXX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Bidens,pilosa, ,Hairy beggarticks,,,,”35% germ of freshly
harvested seed, dormancy occurs rapidly after short term storage; old
seeds (3-5yrs) 80% germ, but fail to produce seedlings
“,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Bidens,pilosa, ,,,,,,Scattered in Spain & Portugal,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Bidens,pilosa, ,Hairy Beggarticks,,,,imazaquin 1993 Brazil
Soybean , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Bidens,pilosa, ,Hairy Beggarticks,,,,paraquat 1991 Kenya
Coffee , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Bidens,pilosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Bidens,pilosa, ,,,,, Weeds of sown grassland ,,Weeds and Weed
Control in Asia
Bidens,pilosa var. minor,syn Bidens sundaica,”blackjack,
Spanish needles, beggar ticks, cobbler's pegs”,,,,”a very
common weed, perferring moister soils; up to 2300m alt; flowers all year
round; in one week after shedding, 35-60% of the seeds germinate; seeds
stored for 3-5yrs showed 80% germ; there can be up to 4 generations a
year; for germ, light & good aera”,”A afr, pantropical;
before 1835 already naturalised in Java; has spread everywhere, except
Kalimantan & the Moluccas”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia,
Soerjani et al, 1987”
Bidens,pilosa var. radiata, ,hairy
beggarticks,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Bidens,polylepis, ,”long-bracted beggarticks, bearded
beggarticks”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John
Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National
Parks, weed”
Bidens,polylepis, ,coreopsis beggarticks,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Bidens,subalternans,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Bidens,subalternans, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Bidens,tripartita,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Bidens,tripartita, ,,,,,”germ of intact achenes constant
light, alternating temp 22-32C; conc. sulphuric acid helpful in inducing
germ.”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Bidens,tripartita, ,Trifid Burr Marigold,,,,”B. bullata,
B. orientalis”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Bidens,tripartita, ,Bur Beggarticks,,,,triazines 1979 Austria
Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Bidens,tripartita, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Bidens,vulgata, ,Tall beggarticks,,,,no germ found in seeds
tested within 1 yr of harvest,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Bidens,vulgata, ,tall beggarticks,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Blumea,lacera,”syn Conyza lacera, Conyza
javanica”,,,,,”in areas with slight to pronounced dry season,
in sunny or lightly shaded, dry or moist (not marshy) places, along
roads, dams, meadows, wastelands, agricultural land, usually on
periodically desiccated areas, sometimes abundant; up to 2000m alt.;
upland “,”Asia, Afr, Asia, Malesia; throughout Indonesia”,”Weeds
of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Blumea,lanceolaria, ,,,,, Weeds of sown grassland ,,Weeds and
Weed Control in Asia
Blumea,tenella,syn Blumea humifusa,,,,,”in areas with a
strong or moderately strong dry period, on heavy, periodically moist
& dehydrated soils; up to 100m alt; flowers mainly from Apr-Oct;
upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, “,”Malesia,
Malesia, througout Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia,
Soerjani et al, 1987”
Bombycilaena,erecta, ,,,,,Micropus erectus,Mainland Europe
except NW Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Bombycilaena,erecta,Compositae ,,,,,Micropus erectus,Mainland
Europe except NW Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Brickellia,glutinosa,syn. Kuhnia,,,,,”seeds collected in
autumn, no germ 1mth, 3-12mths inc. germ”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Buphthalmum,speciosum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cacalia,tuberosa, ,indianplantain,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Calea,zacatechichi, ,,,P,,Hallucinogen in Mexico,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Calendula,arvensis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Calendula,arvensis, ,Field Marigold,,,,”C. malacitana, C
micrantha, C. officinalis”,Southern & Central Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Calendula,arvensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Calendula,arvensis,syn C. aegyptiaca; C. persica; C. gracilis;
C. micrantha,Field marigold,,,,”fields, waste
ground”,”Medit, C Eur, W Asia; introduced and naturalised into
may temp. and warm temp. regions of the world”,”The Weed Flora
of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Calendula,officinalis,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Calendula,officinalis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Calendula,palaestina,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Calendula,palaestina, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Calyptocarpus,vialis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Calyptocarpus,vialis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Campuloclinium,macrocephalum, ,,,,,”Herbaceous
SpeciesInvades: grassland, roadsidesCultivated for:
ornamental”,Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa.
(Weeds)
Campuloclinium,macrocephalum, ,,,,,”Herbaceous
SpeciesInvades: grassland, roadsidesCultivated for:
ornamental”,Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa.
(Weeds)
Carduus,acanthoides,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Carduus,acanthoides, ,Plumeless Thistle ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Carduus,acanthoides, ,Giant Plumeless Thistle
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A
combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,
accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed
control in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious
Weed
Carduus,acanthoides, ,,,,,Region of origin - Eur; Extent of
spread - destroyed ?; Means of spread - unknown,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Carduus,acanthoides, ,Plumeless thistle,,,,”seeds germ at
once or soon after harvest, seeds exposed to temps similar to those
prevailing outdoors”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Carduus,acanthoides, ,Welted Thistle,,,,”C. fortior, C.
camporum”,All Europe except Spain & Portugal,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Carduus,acanthoides, ,Acanthus thistle ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately
invasive but still with a potential to spread),,Pacific Northwest Exotic
Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Carduus,acanthoides, ,plumeless thistle,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Carduus,acanthoides, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Carduus,acanthoides, ,plumeless thistle,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Carduus,acanthoides, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Carduus,acanthoides,, plumeless thistle,"Possible Weed of Forests: High Weed Potential in Agriculture, Grassland, Riparian habitats and Disturbed areas",,"Potential Exotic Plant Species Invading the Blackfoot Drainage, Montana, Peter M. Rice, Chris Toney and Bob Sacco, weed"
Carduus,corymbosus, ,,,,,,Italy & Sicily,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Carduus,corymbosus,Compositae ,,,,,,Italy & Sicily,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Carduus,crispus,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Carduus,crispus, ,Welted thistle,,,,”seeds germ at once
or soon after harvest, seeds exposed to temps similar to those prevailing
outdoors”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Carduus,crispus, ,welted thistle,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Carduus,crispus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Carduus,macrocephalus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Carduus,nutans,,”nodding thistle, musk
thistle”,AH,NL,NSW; Vic; Tas; WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Carduus,nutans,,"Common Name(s): Nodding thistle, Musk thistle","Avail nurseries, Weed Potential Invasive Additional Comments: Forms dense stands ""Biennial, 1-1.5 m high, purple disk flowers, 2 cm long, leaves alternate, stem spiky, erect ""","Eurasia. Habitat: Pastures, roadsides, waste places"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Carduus,nutans, ,Musk Thistle ,,,,”California Noxious
Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Carduus,nutans, ,Musk thistle,,,,”high germ % short time
after dissemination, with no special treatments or germ
conditions”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Carduus,nutans, ,Musk Thistle,,,,C. platylepsis,”Western
Europe, UK, S Sweden”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Carduus,nutans, ,Musk Thistle,,,,”2,4-D 1981 New Zealand
Pasture “, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Carduus,nutans, ,”nodding thistle, musk
thistle”,,,,”grows in dense patches & not readily grazed
due to spiny foliage; reduces carrying capacity of pastures, mature spiny
heads contribute to vegetable fault in wool”,”originated in
Eur, N Afr, Asia Minor & Asia tending to occur most frequently on dry
calcareous soils & has spread to many temp parts ot the world;
import. weed of N Amer, Arg, Soviet Union & British Isles & NZ
where its their 3rd most serious weed”,”Noxious Weeds of
Australia, P & C”
Carduus,nutans, ,Musk thistle ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT
SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Carduus,nutans, ,”musk thistle, nodding
thistle”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John
Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National
Parks, weed”
Carduus,nutans, ,nodding thistle,,,,,,Weed Science List
Carduus,nutans, ,”nodding thistle, musk
thistle”,,,,Carduus nutans is the most troublesome thistle in
agriculture and it appears as a weed in 18 crops in 32 countries.,,WORLD
WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Carduus,nutans, ,musk thistle,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Carduus,nutans, ,nodding thistle,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Carduus,platybus, ,,,,,,Spain & Portugal,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Carduus,platybus,Compositae ,,,,,,Spain & Portugal,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Carduus,pycnocephalus,,thistle Italian ,CLASS A WEED: Class A weeds are non-native species with a limited distribution in Washington. Eradication of these species is mandatory in all of Washington State.,,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Carduus,pychnocephalus, ,Italian thistle ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST
OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser
invasiveness,,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Carduus,pycnocephalus,,”slender thistle, shore thistle,
Italian thistle, Plymouth thistle, rabbit thistle, slender-flowered
thistle, slender winged thistle”,HXXHH,LP,Vic; Tas,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Carduus,pycnocephalus, ,Italian Thistle ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Carduus,pycnocephalus, ,Italian Thistle ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Carduus,pycnocephalus, ,Slender Thistle,,,,”Dispersal:
animal external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to
one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,4,5,8,12,13”,”S Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Carduus,pycnocephalus, ,Corsican Thistle,,,,,Southern
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Carduus,pycnocephalus, ,”slender thistle, shore thistle,
Italian thistle, Plymouth thistle, rabbit thistle, slender-flowered
thistle, slender winged thistle”,,,,”weed of pastures, but in
higher rainfall areas of Tas it is also import. comp. with annual crops;
not readily grazed due to spiny nature; estab. most readily in disturbed
areas; heavily grazed pastures favour estab.”,”originated in
southern Eur & N Afr; ext. east through Asia Minor to Pakistan, well
est. throughout temp areas of the world & considered import. weeds in
Aust & NZ, occasionally USA “,”Noxious Weeds of Australia,
P & C”
Carduus,pycnocephalus, ,Italian thistle,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Carduus,pycnocephalus, ,”slender thistles, shore
thistle”,,,,,,Weed Science List
Carduus,pycnocephalus, ,”shore thistle, slender thistle,
slender-flowered thistle, Italian thistle, slender- winged
thistle”,,,,Carduus pycnocephalus appears as a weed in eight crops
in 26countries.,,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm
et. al.
Carduus,pycnocephalus, ,Italian thistle,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Carduus,pycnocephalus, ,”slender thistles, shore
thistle”,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Carduus,spp., ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by
Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive
Weeds”
Carduus,tenuiflorus,,slenderflower thistle,CLASS A WEED: Class A weeds are non-native species with a limited distribution in Washington. Eradication of these species is mandatory in all of Washington State.,,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Carduus,tenuiflorus, ,”slender thistles, shore thistle,
sheep thistle”,,,,,,Weed Science List
Carduus,tenuiflorus,,”slender thistle, shore thistle,
sheep thistle, winged slender thistle, winged
thistle”,XXXXXH,LP,Vic; SA; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Carduus,tenuiflorus, ,Itallian Thistle ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Carduus,tenuiflorus, ,Slender Thistle,,,,”Dispersal:
animal external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to
one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,3,4,5,12”,”W Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Carduus,tenuiflorus, ,,,,,,Western Europe,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Carduus,tenuiflorus, ,”slender thistle, shore thistle,
sheep thistle, winged slender thistle, winged thistle”,,,,”weed
of pastures, but in higher rainfall areas of Tas it is also import. comp.
with annual crops; not readily grazed due to spiny nature; estab. most
readily in disturbed areas; heavily grazed pastures favour
estab.”,”originated in southern Eur & N Afr; ext. north to
Scandinavia & British Isles, well est. throughtout temp areas of the
world & considered import. weed of Aust & NZ, occasionally
USA”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Carduus,tenuiflorus, ,Slender thistle * ,,,,” PROCLAIMED
PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. *
Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n
Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c
Special program in south-ea”, Roadside control cost to be met by
adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) ,”South Australian
““Proclaimed Plants”“ (Weed)”
Carduus,tenuiflorus, ,slenderflower thistle,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Carduus,tenuiflorus, ,”slender thistles, shore thistle,
sheep thistle”,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Carduus,tenuifolius, ,Slender flowered thistle ,,,,PRELIMINARY
LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser
invasiveness,,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Carduus,tenuifolius, ,slenderflower thistle,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Carduus,thoermeri,,,,P,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Carduus,thoermeri, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Carduus,thoermeri, ,,,P,,This spp. is probably more widespread
in the USA than is recognised as it closely resembles C. nutans.It is
probably as much of a threat to WA as C. nutans but has not taken off in
the eastern states as C. nutans has.,44~46~52~57,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Carduus ,nutans,,”musk thistle, nodding
thistle”,,,,RANK 1. “SEVERE THREAT”Exotic plant species
which possess characteristics of invasive species and spread easily into
native plant communities and displace native vegetation; includes species
which are or could become widespread in Tennessee.,,Invasive Exotic Pest
Plants in Tennessee
Carlina,involucrata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Carlina,involucrata, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Carpesium,cernuum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Carpesium,cernuum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Carthamus,baeticus, ,Smooth Distaff Thistle
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A
combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,
accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed
control in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious
Weed
Carthamus,dentatus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Carthamus,dentatus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Carthamus,flavescens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Carthamus,flavescens, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Carthamus,glaucus,,Glaucous star thistle ,,P,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Carthamus,glaucus, ,Glaucous star thistle ?,,,,,,Weed Science
List
Carthamus,glaucus, ,Glaucous star thistle ?,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Carthamus,lanatus,Kentrophyllum lanatum,”saffron thistle,
distaff thistle, false star thistle, woolly safflower, woolly star
thistle”,XXXXXXH,NL,ACT; NSW; Qld; NT; WA; Tas; Vic,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Carthamus,lanatus, ,Woolly Distaff Thistle
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A
combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,
accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control
in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Carthamus,lanatus, ,Saffron Thistle,,,,”Dispersal: animal
external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
4”,”S Eur, W As, In Victoria: Widespread, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Carthamus,lanatus, ,Woolly Safflower,,,,Kentrophyllum
lanatum,Southern Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Carthamus,lanatus, Kentrophyllum lanatum,”saffron
thistle, distaff thistle, false star thistle, woolly safflower, woolly
star thistle”,,,,”little fodder value, eaten when very young
& when stems emerge from rosette; seeds rich in oil & protein,
eaten by sheep; forms dense patches restricting stock movement, injure
grazing animals in eyes & mouth, reduce carrying capacity; competes
with crops”,”native of Medit region & W Asia, has spread to
many temp areas of world including USA, Arg, Chile, NZ &
Aust”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Carthamus,lanatus, ,Safflower ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT
SPECIES OF CONCERN: Need more information on invasiveness,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Carthamus,lanatus, ,saffron thistle,,,,,,Weed Science List
Carthamus,lanatus, ,saffron thistle,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Carthamus,leucocaulos,,”glaucous star thistle, whitestem
distaff thistle”,,L,WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Carthamus,leucocaulos, ,Whitestem Distaff Thistle
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A
combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,
accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed
control in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious
Weed
Carthamus,leucocaulos, ,,,,,Region of origin - Medit; Extent
of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Carthamus,leucocaulos, ,”glaucous star thistle, whitestem
distaff thistle”,,,,”little fodder value, forms dense patches,
restricts stock movement, reduce available grazing area & pasture
productivity, presence of seeds, leaf fragments & flower heads in wool
reduces value of clip”,”native of Medit region, particularly
Greece & Crete; not widely spread, small area in California &
Aust”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Carthamus,leucocaulos, ,glaucous star thistle,,,, Declared
spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Carthamus,leucocaulos, ,glaucous star thistle,,P,, Declared
spp. under ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Carthamus,oxycantha,,,terrestrial,,"Federal Noxious Weeds List, USA"
Carthamus,oxyacantha, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Carthamus,oxyacantha, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Carthamus,tinctorius,,safflower,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Carthamus,tinctorius, ,Safflower,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Carthamus,tinctorius, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Carthumus,spp., ,distaff thistle,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Cassinia,arcuata,,”Chinese scrub, sifton bush, Australian
tauhinu, biddy bush, Chinese shrub, drooping cassinia, sifting bush, tear
shrub”,,NLP,NSW; Vic,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cassinia,arcuata, ,”Chinese scrub, sifton bush,
Australian tauhinu, biddy bush, Chinese shrub, drooping cassinia, sifting
bush, tear shrub”,,,,”grows well on land cleared for grazing
& can dominate estab. pastures; plants unpalatable to stock, heavily
infested areas reduce carrying capacity, clumps of the weed fire hazard
& provide harbour for pest animals, particularly rabbits”,native
of SE Australia & Western Australia & has probably not spread far
beyond its native range,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Cassinia,arcuata, ,”Chinese scrub, sifton
bush”,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cassinia,arcuata, ,”Chinese scrub, sifton
bush”,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cassinia,leptophylla, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cassinia,leptophylla, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Centaurea,acaulis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Centaurea,acaulis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Centaurea,aspera,C. sp. A in NSW,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Centaurea,aspera, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Centaurea,biebersteinii, ,,,,,C. micranthos,”SE Europe,
except Greece”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Centaurea,biebersteinii,,knapweed spotted ,"CLASS B WEED: Class B weeds are non-native species that are presently limited in distribution in King County, Washington State, and pose a serious threat to our resources. Control of these weeds is mandatory in King County.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Centaurea,biebersteinii,Compositae ,,,,,C. micranthos,”SE
Europe, except Greece”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Centaurea,calcitrapa,,”star thistle, purple star thistle,
red starthistle”,HXXH,NLP,ACT; NSW; Vic,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Centaurea,calcitrapa, ,Purple Starthistle ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Centaurea,calcitrapa, ,Purple Starthistle ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Centaurea,calcitrapa, ,Star Thistle,,,,”Dispersal: animal
external,Water. Life Form: Annual/Biennial. RISK: Serious threat to one
or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
4,5”,”S&C Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Centaurea,calcitrapa, ,,,,,”C. adulterina, C.
arrectispina, C. macroacantha”,”Southern & Eastern Europe,
less NW Europe & UK”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Centaurea,calcitrapa, ,”star thistle, purple star
thistle, red starthistle”,,,,”competes with crops &
pastures, once heads are formed, spines injure grazing animals in eys
& mouth, deny access to grazing animals to other pasture sp.; seed
short lived, survive in soil for 2-3yrs”,”originated in
southern & western Eur, W Asia & N Afr; widely distributed but
only as a weed in Aust occurs in neglected areas in Eur, Middle East, S
Afr, California & NZ”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P &
C”
Centaurea,calcitrapa, ,star thistle,,,,,,Weed Science List
Centaurea,calcitrapa, ,purple starthistle,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Centaurea,calcitrapa, ,star thistle,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Centaurea,calcitrapa,syn ,Star thistle,,,,”canal banks,
roadsides, waste ground”“Whole plant is a bitter astringent,
appetizer, & stomachic; flowering summits are febrifuge, the root
& fruits are diuretic; seeds are remedy for renal stones &
pain”““,”Medit, C Eur”,”The Weed Flora of
Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Centaurea,cineraria,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Centaurea,cineraria, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Centaurea,cyanoides, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Centaurea,cyanoides, ,,,P,,”This species has a single
listing in the Denmark area but no further collections, dubious it has
established.No specimens in the herbarium”,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Centaurea,cyanus,C. cyanoides in WA,,,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Centaurea,cyanus, ,Corn flower,,,,”2 mth old seed germ
well at high & constant temp, light favoured germ”,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Centaurea,cyanus, ,Cornflower,,,,C. cyanocephala,”All
Europe, more to the Balkans & Greece regions”,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Centaurea,cyanus, ,cornflower,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Centaurea,cyanus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Centaurea,cyanus, ,cornflower,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Centaurea,cyanus,,batchelor's button,,,,”RANK 3.
“LESSER THREAT”Exotic plant species which seem to principally
spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural
areas; also some agronomic weeds.”,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in
Tennessee
Centaurea,depressa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Centaurea,depressa, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Centaurea,diffusa, ,Diffuse Knapweed ,,,,”California Noxious
Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Centaurea,diffusa, ,Diffuse knapweed,,,,”80% or higher
germ in 15C darkness, 20 C darkness, alt. 20-30C darkness, & alt.
20-30 C with alt. light/darkness”,,Germination & Establishment
of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Centaurea,diffusa, ,Diffuse knapweed ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,,Pacific Northwest
Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Centaurea,diffusa, ,diffuse knapweed,,,,From lists and sources
by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Centaurea,diffusa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Centaurea,diffusa,,knapweed diffuse ,"CLASS B WEED: Class B weeds are non-native species that are presently limited in distribution in King County, Washington State, and pose a serious threat to our resources. Control of these weeds is mandatory in King County.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Centaurea,macrocephala,,knapweed bighead ,CLASS A WEED: Class A weeds are non-native species with a limited distribution in Washington. Eradication of these species is mandatory in all of Washington State.,,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Centaurea,diffusa, ,diffuse knapweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Centaurea,diffusa, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Centaurea,eriophora,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Centaurea,eriophora, ,,,,,”Region of origin - Spain,
Portugal; Extent of spread - eradicated ?; Means of spread -
unknown”,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Centaurea,eriophora, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Centaurea,iberica, ,Iberian Starthistle ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Centaurea,iberica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Centaurea,iberica, ,Iberian starthistle,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Centaurea,iberica, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Centaurea,jacea,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Centaurea,jacea,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Centaurea,jacea, ,Brown knapweed,,,,”seeds germ at once
or soon after harvest, seeds exposed to temps similar to those prevailing
outdoors”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Centaurea,jacea, ,Brown knapweed ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT
SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Centaurea,jacea, ,X nigra ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT
SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Centaurea,jacea, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Centaurea,jacea, ,brown knapweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Centaurea,jacea, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Centaurea,macrocephala, ,Bighead knapweed ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST
OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to
moderately invasive but still with a potential to spread),,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Centaurea,maculosa,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Centaurea,maculosa, ,Spotted Knapweed ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Centaurea,maculosa, ,,,,,C. stoebe,Central Europe from Belgium
to Italy,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Centaurea,maculosa, ,Spotted knapweed ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to spread,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Centaurea,maculosa,,,Mountain and Valleys Coastal & Peidmont in Virginia,,"Alien Invasive plants in Virginia: Virginia Native Plant Society, Weed"
Centaurea,maculosa,,Common Name(s): Spotted knapweed,"Avail nurseries, Usage : Potential Invasive , Additional Comments : Forms dense stands ""Biennial, 2-3 feet high, hairy purple flowers, leaves alternate, deeply cut into narrow divisions """,Europe. Habitat: Mountain meadows," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Centaurea,maculosa, ,spotted knapweed,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Centaurea,maculosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Centaurea,maculosa, ,spotted knapweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Centaurea,maculosa, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Centaurea,maculosa,,spotted knapweed,,,,”RANK 2.
“SIGNIFICANT THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some
invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant
communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along
disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive
Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
Centaurea,melitensis,,Malta thistle,XXXH,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Centaurea,melitensis, ,Tacalote ,,,,”California Noxious
Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Centaurea,melitensis, ,Malta Thistle,,,,”Dispersal:
animal external,Water. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one
or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
3,4,12”,”S Eur, In Victoria: ?”,Environmental Weed
Invasions In Victoria
Centaurea,melitensis, ,Maltese Centaury,,,,,Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Centaurea,melitensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Centaurea,melitensis, ,Malta starthistle,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Centaurea,nigra,C. sp. B in NSW,”black knapweed, common
knapweed, knapweed, lesser knapweed, Spanish
buttons”,,NLP,Vic,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Centaurea,nigra, ,Black knapweed ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT
SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Centaurea,nigra, ,black knapweed,,,,,,Weed Science List
Centaurea,nigra, ,black knapweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Centaurea,nigra, ,black knapweed,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Centaurea,nigrescens,,,Coastal areas in Virginia,,"Alien Invasive plants in Virginia: Virginia Native Plant Society, Weed"
Centaurea,nigrescens,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Centaurea,nigrescens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Centaurea,paniculata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Centaurea,paniculata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Centaurea,pratensis,,knapweed meadow ,"CLASS B WEED: Class B weeds are non-native species that are presently limited in distribution in King County, Washington State, and pose a serious threat to our resources. Control of these weeds is mandatory in King County.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Centaurea,pratensis, ,Meadow knapweed ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately
invasive but still with a potential to spread),,Pacific Northwest Exotic
Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Centaurea,repens, ,Russian Knapweed ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Centaurea,repens, ,Russian knapweed,,,,69% germ with 20-30C
& alt. exposure to light & darkness; germ increases with
storage,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Centaurea,repens, ,Russian knapweed ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately
invasive but still with a potential to spread),,Pacific Northwest Exotic
Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Centaurea,repens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Centaurea,repens, ,Russian knapweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Centaurea,rhenana, ,,,,,C. stoebe,”Central Europe, less
Denmark & S Sweden”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Centaurea,rhenana,Compositae ,,,,,C. stoebe,”Central
Europe, less Denmark & S Sweden”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Centaurea,scabiosa,,Greater Knapweed,,NP,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Centaurea,scabiosa, ,,,,,”seeds germ at once or soon
after harvest, seeds placed in unheated germinator & exposed to temps
similar to those prevailing outdoors”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Centaurea,scabiosa, ,Greater Knapweed,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Centaurea,scabiosa,Compositae ,Greater Knapweed,,,,,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Centaurea,scabiosa, ,Greater Knapweed,,P,,”Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”Minor weed in all parts of Europe:
N1, C1, S1, W1 “Elsevier's Dictionary of Weeds of Western
Europe”“,All Europe,Western Australian Prohibited List
Centaurea,solstitialis,,”St Barnaby's thistle, golden
star thistle, yellow centaurea, yellow cockspur, yellow
star-thistle”,,NLP,NSW; Vic,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Centaurea,solstitialis, ,Yellow Starthistle
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A
combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,
accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed
control in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious
Weed
Centaurea,solstitialis, ,Yellow Starthistle
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A
combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,
accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed
control in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious
Weed
Centaurea,solstitialis, ,Yellow star thistle,,,,100% germ in
darkness at 20C; 98% germ at 20-30C with alt. light/dark,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Centaurea,solstitialis, ,Yellowe
Starthistle,,,,,”Mainland Europe, less in Central & Northern
region & UK”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Centaurea,solstitialis, ,”St Barnaby's thistle, golden
star thistle, yellow centaurea, yellow cockspur, yellow
star-thistle”,,,,”comp. with pastures & crops for moisture
& nutrients & large rosettes shade useful pasture sp.; forms
dense patches, restricting stock movement, injures grazing animals &
dogs in eyes, mouth & feet, contributes to vegetable fault in wool;
toxic to horses”,”native of the Medit region & W Asia, has
spread to most temp areas of world; well estab. & spreading in USA,
troublesome on cultivated land in S Afr & S Amer, Arg, Chile &
Uruguay; considered weed in most of its native range; minor import. in
NZ”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Centaurea,solstitialis, ,Yellow starthistle ,,,,PRELIMINARY
LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Centaurea,solstitialis, ,yellow star thistle,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Centaurea,solstitialis, ,St Barnaby's thistle,,,,,,Weed
Science List
Centaurea,solstitialis, ,yellow starthistle,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Centaurea,solstitialis, ,St Barnaby's thistle,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Centaurea,spp., ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated
by Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive
Weeds”
Centaurea,spp., ,knapweeds,,,,From lists and sources by Faith
Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural
Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Centaurea,squarrosa, ,Squarrose Knapweed ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Centaurea,squarrosa, ,squarrose knapweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Centaurea,sulphurea, ,Sicilian Thistle ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Centaurea,virgata var. squarrosa, , Squarrose knapweed
,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high
potential to spread,,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Centaurea,vochinensis, ,Vochin knapweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Centaurea,vulgaris, , ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF
CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately invasive but
still with a potential to spread),,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant
Council (Weed)
Centaurea ,nigra, ,”black knapweed, common knapweed,
knapweed, lesser knapweed, Spanish buttons”,,,,”not eaten by
grazing animals, reduces pasture carrying capacity; allelopathic
compounds produced, reducing germ & early seedling estab. of some
sp.; invades overgrazed or undeveloped pastures in higher rainfall
areas”,”originated in Eur, now occurs in several temp areas of
world, considered a minor problem in NE NAmer & British Isles, NZ
& NW USA”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Centipeda,minima, ,,,,,annual sub-dominance , Upland Korea
Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Centipeda,minima,”syn Centipeda minuta, Centipeda
orbicularis”,,,,,”moist, sunny to slightly shaded sites,
compounds, riverbanks, in desiccated riverbeds, often rather numerous;
from 0-2600m alt; flowering Mar-Oct (Java); rainfed & upland rice
fields, a weed of minor importance, “,”unknown, tropical & subtropical;
throughout Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et
al, 1987”
Centratherum,punctatum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cephalonoplos,segetum, ,,,,,biennial sub-dominance , Upland
Korea ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Ceruana,pratensis,syn ,,,,,”Nile and irrigation canal
banks in Upper Egypt, until building of Aswan High Dam. Most populations
have now disappeared, due to unfavourable growing conditionsAncient Egypt
plants were used for making baskets and mummy coffins. Now used for
making broom”,”Egypt, Sudan, trop. NW Afr”,”The Weed
Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Chaenactis,douglasii, ,,,,,20% germ at 20C in darkness
,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Chamaemelum,fuscatum, ,,,,,”Anthemis fuscata, A.
praecox”,S West Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Chamaemelum,fuscatum,,,,,,”Anthemis fuscata, A.
praecox”,S West Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Chamaemelum,mixtum, ,,,,,”Anthemis mixta, Ormesis
mixta”,Southern Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Chamaemelum,mixtum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Chamaemelum,mixtum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Chamaemelum,nobile,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Chamaemelum,nobile,bas Anthemis nobilis L.
(1753),Chamomile,,,,Anthemis nobilis,”Western Europe UK & Eire,
less in Central Europe”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Chamaemelum,nobile,bas Anthemis nobilis L. (1753),,,,,,,Weed
Science List
Chamomilla,aurea, ,,,,,”Matricaria aurea, Perideraca
aurea”,SW Medit Region,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Chamomilla,aurea,Compositae ,,,,,”Matricaria aurea,
Perideraca aurea”,SW Medit Region,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Chamomilla,recutita, ,Scented Mayweed,,,,”Matricaria
recutita, M. suaveolensEstablished in SA and NSW”,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Chamomilla,suaveolens, ,Pineapple Weed,,,,”Matricaria
matricarioides, M. suaveolens, M. discoidea”,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Charieis,heterophylla, ,,,,,”33% germ of seeds in
darkness & 19% light; seeds soaked in water overnight, placed on
moist filter paper & germ at 26C”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Chondrilla,juncea,,”skeleton weed, gum succory, naked
weed, rush skeleton weed”,XXXX,L,Vic; SA; WA; Tas,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Chondrilla,juncea, ,Skeletonweed ,,,,”California Noxious
Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Chondrilla,juncea,,skeletonweed rush ,"CLASS B WEED: Class B weeds are non-native species that are presently limited in distribution in King County, Washington State, and pose a serious threat to our resources. Control of these weeds is mandatory in King County.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Chromolaena,odorata,,"Siam weed ""Siam weed"" , christmas bush ""christmas bush"" ","pastures, oil palm, rubber, coffee, cashew, fruit, maize, forestry; toxic to livestock; major environmental weed: secondary forests, roadsides, disturbed sites",,"Northern Australian Quarantine Service, Target Weeds"
Chondrilla,juncea, ,Skeleton Weed,,,,”Dispersal: animal
external,Water,Vegetative,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Not a
threat (but may have a negative visual impact). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 3,4,”,”Med, C Eur, W As, In Victoria: Limited
distribution, small populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In
Victoria
Chondrilla,juncea, ,Skeletonweed,,,,”C. acantholepis, C.
brevirostiris, C. canascens, C. graminea, C.
latifolia”,”Mainland Europe, W Asia, N Amer &
Aust”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Chondrilla,juncea, ,”skeleton weed, gum succory, naked
weed, rush skeleton weed”,,,,,”orig. from southern Soviet Union
& Asia Minor west to Medit region inc. NAfr & Iberian Pen.; it is
of little imprt. as weed excpt. in vine growing areas, fallow, lupin
& cereal crops in Portugal, Spain, Italy Yugo & Lebanon;sprd to C
Eur, N & S Amer & NZ”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P
& C”
Chondrilla,juncea, ,Rush skeletonweed ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately
invasive but still with a potential to spread),,Pacific Northwest Exotic
Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Chondrilla,juncea, ,rush skeleton weed,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Chondrilla,juncea, ,Skeleton weed n ,,,,”PROCLAIMED
PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. *
Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n
Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c
Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods
etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside
control cost to be met by adjoi”,”South Australian
““Proclaimed Plants”“ (Weed)”
Chondrilla,juncea, ,skeleton weed,,,,Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Chondrilla,juncea, ,”skeleton weed, chondrilla, rush
skeleton weed”,,,,”Chondrilla juncea is a perennial composite
that is not an important weed in its region of origin of Eurasia. However
introduced into Australia in the early 1900s, it quickly infested
thousands of hectares of pasture, wheat fields, roadsides and waste
area”,originated in Eurasia,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories &
Distribution - Holm et. al.
Chondrilla,juncea, ,rusk skeletonweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chondrilla,juncea, ,skeleton weed,,P,,Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Chromolaena,odorata, ,”chromolaena, siam
weed”,,,,”tropical Africa, gardens, natural
vegetation”,Fed. States of Micronesia; Guam; Papua New
Guinea,”“Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the
Southern and Western Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Chromolaena,odorata, ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive weeds
nominated by Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated Worst
Invasive Weeds”
Chromolaena,odorata,”Eupatorium conyzoides, Eupatorium
odoratum”,”Siam weed, bitter weed, Christmas bush, devil weed,
hagonoy, triffid weed”,E,LQ,Qld; WA; NT; NSW,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Chromolaena,odorata,,Siam weed,E,L,Qld; WA; NSW,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Chromolaena,odorata, (less weedy form),,,,,Region of origin -
southern Brazil; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - seed
contaminant,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Chromolaena,odorata, (weedy form),,,,,”Region of origin -
W Indies, trop S Amer, Mexico; Extent of spread - locally common; Means
of spread - seed contaminant”,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Chromolaena,odorata, ,triffid weed,,,,”Declared Weed.
Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationWoody
SpeciesInvades: forest margins, savanna, plantations,wooded kloofs,
watercourses, roadsidesCultivated for: ornament”,”Origin: C
& S Amer, West Indies”,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa.
(Weeds)
Chromolaena,odorata, ,triffid weed,,,,”Declared Weed.
Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationWoody
SpeciesInvades: forest margins, savanna, plantations,wooded kloofs,
watercourses, roadsidesCultivated for: ornament”,”Origin: C
& S Amer, West Indies”,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa.
(Weeds)
Chromolaena,odorata, ,Siam weed,,,,,,Weed Science List
Chromolaena,odorata, ,Siam weed,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Chromolaena,ordata,” Eupatorium conyzoides, Eupatorium
odoratum”,”Siam weed, bitter weed, Christmas bush, devil weed,
hagonoy, triffid weed”,,,,”in tropics Siam weed very
competitive with pasture & plantation crops, coconuts, rubber, tea,
oil palm, sugarcane, pineapple & tobacco reducing yields & in
estab. phase, chokes out these crops as well as young forest trees;
competes with dryland rice; cau”,”native of C Amer from Mexico
to Brazil, including West Indies; not a serious weed in its native range
but is a transient coloniser of cleared areas in the Amazon forest;
introd as an ornamental to Calcutta in India, spread through Bengal,
Assam & Burma to”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P &
C”
Chrysanthemoides,monilifera,Osteospermum
moniliferum,”boneseed, bitou bush, bietou, brother berry, Higgin's
curse, jungle flower, salt bush”,HHHXXHw,NL,”Lord Howe Is.;
Vic; Qld; SA; WA, NSW”,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Chrysanthemoides,monilifera,Osteospermum moniliferum,”boneseed,
bitou bush, bietou, brother berry, Higgin's curse, jungle flower, salt
bush”,HXHXXwX,NL,”Lord Howe Is.; Vic; Qld; SA; WA,
NSW”,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Chrysanthemoides,monilifera, ,Boneseed,,,,”Dispersal: Bird,
internal,Water,animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Large Small to
medium shrubhrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,2,3,4,5,6,8,12”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria:
Widespread, medium to large populations”,Environmental Weed
Invasions In Victoria
Chrysanthemoides,monilifera, ,”boneseed, bitou
bush”,,,,” PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 #
Plant must be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. +
Control not required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable
throughout the State. c Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of
Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section
54(1) (2) applies) Movement prohibited on roads (Section 52(2)
applies)”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Chrysanthemoides,monilifera, ,”boneseed, bitou
bush”,,,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Chrysanthemoides,monilifera, ,”boneseed, bitou
bush”,,P,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Chrysanthemoides,monilifera ssp. rotundata,,Bitou Bush
,,,,Major WeedSHRUBS.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John
Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995”
Chrysanthemoides,monilifera ssp. rotundata,,Bitou Bush
,,,,Trees/Shrubs.,,”Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening
Australia, 1995”
Chrysanthemoides,monilifera ssp. monilifera, Osteospermum
moniliferum,”boneseed, bitou bush, bietou, brother berry, Higgin's
curse, jungle flower, salt bush”,,,,”establishes in areas of
native vegetation ranging from mallee scrub to wet sclerophyll forests,
whether disturbed or not, & eventually out competes & eliminates
many native sp.; has vigorous growth & has an absence of natural
enemies; regenerates rapidly “,”native of southern &
south-eastern coastal areas of S Afr where there are 6 ssp, only 2
introd. to Aust; occurs in USA (Cal), Sicily, southern France & NZ,
but has become more troublesome in Aust than elsewhere”,”Noxious
Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Chrysanthemoides,monilifera ssp. rotundata, ,Bitou
Bush,,,,”Dispersal: Bird, internal,animal (not bird), internal. Life
Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
4”,”S Af, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Chrysanthemoides,monilifera ssp. rotundata, Osteospermum
moniliferum,”boneseed, bitou bush, bietou, brother berry, Higgin's
curse, jungle flower, salt bush”,,,,,”occurs along 60% of the
NSW coast including 12 National Parks & 9 Nature Res, presently
confined to coastal dunes & some forest areas & not extend more
than 20km inland; Lord Howe Is. densely estab.; widespread & densely
estab. in several areas in Vic, in”,”Noxious Weeds of
Australia, P & C”
Chrysanthemum,cinerariaefolium, ,,,,,”germ % increased
with seed treated conc. sulphuric acid for 5-30 sec, washed in water for
4-5hrs, mixed with soil and sown; germ period 19-23
days”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Chrysanthemum,coronarium,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Chrysanthemum,coronarium, ,Crown Daisy,,,,,”Southern
Europe, more to extreme south”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Chrysanthemum,coronarium, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Chrysanthemum,leucanthemum, ,Ox eye daisy,,,,seed germ well
after harvest; germ remains high up to 61 wks of storage; high germ % in
light at 20C & light at alt. temp of 20-30C; cold stratification
(moist seed at 1-7C for 1wk) prior reduces light senitivity & seed
able to germ in dark,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Chrysanthemum,leucanthemum, ,Ox-eye daisy ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST
OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Chrysanthemum,leucanthemum, ,”oxeye daisy,
Margarita”,,,,”Chrysanthemum leucanthemum has been declared a
noxious weed in many areas. It is a weed of 13 crops in 40 countries and
is frequently reported a principal weed of pastures. It is common in
overgrazed pastures, waste areas and meadows.”,native of Eur,WORLD
WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Chrysanthemum,leucanthemum, ,oxeye daisy,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chrysanthemum,leucanthemum,,ox-eye daisy,,,,”RANK 2.
“SIGNIFICANT THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some
invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant
communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along
disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive
Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
Chrysanthemum,myconis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Chrysanthemum,myconis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Chrysanthemum,parthenium, ,feverfew,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chrysanthemum,segetum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Chrysanthemum,segetum, ,,,,,”seeds germ at once or soon
after harvest, seeds placed in unheated germinator & exposed to temps
similar to those prevailing outdoors; 75% germ after dry storage at room
temp over winter”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Chrysanthemum,segetum, ,Corn Marigold,,,,,”All Europe, more
in SE Europe”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Chrysanthemum,segetum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Chrysanthemum,var. pinnatifidum, ,field oxeye
daisy,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds” published
by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chrysothamnus,graveolens, ,greenplume
rabbitbrush,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chrysothamnus,greenei, ,Greene rabbitbrush,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chrysothamnus,nauseosus, ,rubber rabbitbrush,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chrysothamnus,parryi, ,Parry rabbitbrush,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chrysothamnus,pulchellus, ,southwest
rabbitbrush,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chrysothamnus,var. lanceolatus, ,lanceleaf
rabbitbrush,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chrysothamnus,var. stenophyllus, ,small
rabbitbrush,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chrysothamnus,viscidiflorus, ,”green rabbitbrush, douglas
rabbitbrush”,,,,”Weed of Rangelands in Saratoga Wyoming, highly
competitive brush species in conjunction with Ericameria nauseosa (gray
rabbitbrush)”,,”WeedSSA, article proceedings, Vol 51,
1998”
Chrysothamnus,viscidiflorus, ,Douglas
rabbitbrush,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cichorium,endivia,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Cichorium,endivia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cichorium,intybus,,chicory,,,,”RANK 3. “LESSER
THREAT”Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and
remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also
some agronomic weeds.”,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
Cichorium,intybus,,”chicory, witlof”,XXXXX,L,Tas,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cichorium,intybus, ,Chicory,,,,70% germ with temp alt. of
20-30C & atl. exposure to light/dark,,Germination & Establishment
of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cichorium,intybus, ,Chicory,,,,,”All Europe, except S
Sweden & NE Europe, less in Sacndinavia, UK & Eire”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Cichorium,intybus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cichorium,intybus, ,”chichory, coffee weed, bachelors
buttons, blue daisy, blue dandelion, blue sailors,
succory”,,,,Cichorium intybus is a troublesome weed in 30 crops in
more than 40 countries and sites on agricultural lands and is serious in
many of them.,”frequent in W Asia, Australia, Eur, & N Amer with
exception of Mexico; less frequent along the equator, or in the Pacific
Islands, or in Afr, with only a few scattered reports in north and south.
It is found in the extreme north of the former Sov. Union a”,WORLD
WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Cichorium,intybus, ,chicory,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cichorium,pumilum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cichorium,pumilum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cichorium ,endivia,syn C. pumilum,Chicory,,,,”fields,
roadsidesGreen leaves eaten as salad; root used as a substitute for
coffee or added to it for a special flavour”,”Medit, S Eur, W
Asia”,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil
el-Hadidi, M”
Cineraria,lyrata,,” cineraria, African marigold, wild
parsely”,,LP,NSW,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cineraria,lyrata, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of
spread - localised; Means of spread - unknown,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series
Report # 3
Cineraria,lyrata, ,” cineraria, African marigold, wild
parsely”,,,,”not regarded as a seroius weed in S Afr, in Aust
it is not a problem in vigorous competitive pastures, occurring mainly
along roadsides, fence lines & in adjacent lightly grazed bushland;
eaten by stock; not knwon to be toxic, but causes gas in cheese &
u”,”native of S Afr is a common grassland plant in the
Transvaal, Orange Free State, Lesotho, Cape Province & less commonly
in Natal; doent appear to have been widely spread outside of
Afr”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Cineraria,lyrata, ,cineraria,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cineraria,lyrata, ,cineraria,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Cirsium,acarna,,soldier thistle,,LP,Vic,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cirsium,acarna, ,Soldier thistle,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cirsium,acarna, ,Soldier thistle,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Cirsium,altissimum, ,tall thistle,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cirsium,arvense,,"Common Name(s): Canada thistle, Creeping thistle","Avail nurseries, Weed Low Level Invasive , Additional Comments : Crowds out native species, allelopathic, introduced 1700's ""Perennial, 4 Feet high, flowers rose-purple, pink or white, numerous heads, stems erect and green , leaves alternate, irregul","Europe. Habitat: Roadsides, prairies, savannas, agricultural areas"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Cirsium,arvense,,thistle Canada ,"WEED OF CONCERN: Control and containment of existing populations of these noxious weeds is strongly encouraged in King County, Washington State.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Cirsium,arvense,Cirsium lanatum,”perennial thistle,
Californian thistle, Canada thistle, corn thistle, creeping thistle,
perennial creeping thistle”,XXX,L,NSW; Vic; SA; WA; Tas,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cirsium,arvense, ,Canada Thistle ,,,,”California Noxious
Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Cirsium,arvense, ,Canada Thistle ,,,,”California Noxious
Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Cirsium,arvense, ,Canada thistle,,,,”fresh seed needs
pretreatment with cold (1-2C, seed moist) for 7 days, light for 3 days,
germ at constant 20C; 91% germ of 2yr old seed alt. temp of 15C
(16hrs)-30C (8hrs) in dark”,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cirsium,arvense, ,Creeping Thistle,,,,”C. argenteum, C
horridum”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Cirsium,arvense, ,Canada thistle,,,,”2,4-D/MCPA 1985
Hungary “, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Cirsium,arvense, ,Canada thistle,,,,MCPA 1979 Sweden ,
http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Cirsium,arvense, ,Canada thistle ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT
SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,,Pacific Northwest Exotic
Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Cirsium,arvense, ,Canada thistle,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Cirsium,arvense, ,Perennial thistle N # ,,,,” PROCLAIMED
PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. *
Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n
Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c
Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods
etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside
control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies)
Mo”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed Plants”“
(Weed)”
Cirsium,arvense, ,”perennial thistle, Californian
thistle, Canada thistle”,,,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science
List
Cirsium,arvense, ,,,,, , Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control
in Asia
Cirsium,arvense, ,Canada thistle,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cirsium,arvense, ,”perennial thistle, Californian
thistle, Canada thistle”,,P,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Cirsium,arvense,,Canada thistle,,,,”RANK 2.
“SIGNIFICANT THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some
invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant
communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along
disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive
Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
Cirsium,centaureae, Cirsium americanum,,,,,full seed 50% germ
at 18C in dark,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Cirsium,flodmani, ,Flodman thistle,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cirsium,heterophyllum, ,,,,,”seeds germ in 1st spring
after collection; seeds germ soon after harvest, exposed to temps
similiar to those prevailing outdoors; seeds left in germinator until
germ or rotted; 70% germ”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Cirsium,hillii, ,,,,,52% germ of seeds planted in greenhouse
in late autumn of year collected; germ over 13-41 days after planting;
seeds planted in soil & kept outdoors for 83 days during autumn &
winter 72% germ within 11-98 days once in greenhouse,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cirsium,horridulum, ,Yellow thistle,,,,poor germ of seeds
collected in early summer & tested in Sept. on moist paper toweling in
a saturated atmosphere at room temp; seed surface sterilized for 2min in
5% sodium hypochlorite & rinsed in sterile water germ better than
unsterilized seed,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Cirsium,horridulum, ,yellow thistle,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cirsium,japonicum, ,,,,, , Miyasaki Oita ,Weeds and Weed
Control in Asia
Cirsium,japonicum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cirsium,muticum, ,,,,,8% germ of seed planted in greenhouse in
late autumn of year collected; germ over 29-299 days; seeds planted &
kept outdoors for 83 days during late autumn & winter also germ 8%
but germ occurred over 21-42 days afte transfer to
greenhouse,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Cirsium,nipponicum, ,,,,, , Kagawa ,Weeds and Weed Control in
Asia
Cirsium,nipponicum, ,,,,, ,,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Cirsium,ochrocentrum, ,Yellowspine Thistle
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A
combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,
accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed
control in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious
Weed
Cirsium,oleraceum, ,,,,,”seeds germ well after harvest,
seeds placed in unheated germinator & exposed to temps similar to
those prevailing outdoors”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Cirsium,pitcheri, ,,,,,48% germ of seeds planted in greenhouse
in late autumn of year collected; germ occurred over 13-69 days; seed
planted in soil & kept outdoors over autumn & winter for 71 days
germ 84% within 7-28 days after transfer to greenhouse,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cirsium,pumilum, ,pasture thistle,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cirsium,tanakae, ,,,,, , Miyagi ,Weeds and Weed Control in
Asia
Cirsium,undulatum, ,Wavyleaf Thistle ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Cirsium,undulatum, ,,,,,”76% germ of seeds with alt. temp
of 20-30C, & alt. light/dark”,,Germination & Establishment
of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cirsium,vulgare,”Carduus lanceolatus, Carduus vulgaris,
Cirsium lanceolatum”,”spear thistle, black thistle, bull
thistle, fuller's thistle, Scotch thistle, swamp thistle”,HHXAHX,L,Vic;
SA; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cirsium,vulgare,,thistle bull ,"WEED OF CONCERN: Control and containment of existing populations of these noxious weeds is strongly encouraged in King County, Washington State.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Cirsium,vulgare, ,Bull Thistle ,,,,”California Noxious
Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Cirsium,vulgare, Cirsium lanceolatum,Bull thistle,,,,”40%
germ of seeds in dark at 20C, 80% in dark at temp alt. 20-30C & 72%
with alt. light/dark at 20-3-C”,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cirsium,vulgare, ,Spear Thistle,,,,”C. lanceolatum, C.
crinitum, C. microcephalum, C. strigosum”,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Cirsium,vulgare, ,Bull thistle ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT
SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Cirsium,vulgare, ,”spear thistle, Scotch
thistle”,,,,”Declared WeedHerbaceous SpeciesInvades: grassland,
roadsides, old & degraded lands, vlei & dam margins, riverbanks,
in cool, high rainfall areas.Cultivated for: ornamental”,Origin:
Europe & Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Cirsium,vulgare, ,”spear thistle, Scotch
thistle”,,,,”Declared WeedHerbaceous SpeciesInvades: grassland,
roadsides, old & degraded lands, vlei & dam margins, riverbanks,
in cool, high rainfall areas.Cultivated for: ornamental”,Origin: Europe
& Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Cirsium,vulgare, ,Spear thistle * ,,,,” PROCLAIMED PLANTS
IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control
required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable
in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special
program in south-ea”, ,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Cirsium,vulgare, ,spear thistle,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cirsium,vulgare, ,”black thistle, bull thistle, scotch
thistle, spear thistle”,,,,”Cirsium vulgare is a robust, spiny,
unpalatable thistle that is the scourage of pastures and rangelands in 20
countries. It is a weed in more than 50 countries and troublesome in 20
crops”,as a weed it is confined to the north and south temperate
zones. ,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Cirsium,vulgare, ,bull thistle,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cirsium ,arvense, Cirsium lanatum,”perennial thistle,
Californian thistle, Canada thistle, corn thistle, creeping thistle,
perennial creeping thistle”,,,,”occurs commonly throughout
Gippsland & parts of W. Districts in Vic as weed of pastures, isolated
patches in NSW, widespd in all farming dist. in Tas, no import. in other
States where only isolated patches have occurred & been
eradicated”,”originated in Eur, NAfr, W Asia &as far east
as China & Japan, recognised as import. weed in southern Eur as early
as 16thC; spread to most temp parts of world; prob. & most import.
weed of NAmer, Canada & NZ; consid. most persistent & troublesome
thistle”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Cirsium ,vulgare, ,Spear Thistle,,,,”Dispersal: animal
external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Biennial. RISK: Serious threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,2,4-9,11-15”,”Eur, As, N Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium
to large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Cirsium ,vulgare,” Carduus lanceolatus, Carduus vulgaris,
Cirsium lanceolatum”,”spear thistle, black thistle, bull
thistle, fuller's thistle, Scotch thistle, swamp
thistle”,,,,”rosettes cover up to a 1/3 sq.m, reduce carrying
capacity of paddocks with dense infestations, stock dont readily graze
it, comp. with pastures & cereal crops”,”originated in Eur,
W Asia, N Afr, has spread to most temp regions of the world; occurs
commonly in N Amer; import. & widespd weed of pastures &
neglected areas in NZ & S Afr”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia,
P & C”
Cirsium ,vulgare,,bull thistle,,,,”RANK 2.
“SIGNIFICANT THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some
invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant
communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along
disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive
Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
Cnicus,benedictus,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cnicus,benedictus, ,Blessed Thistle,,,,,”Southern Europe,
less Eastern Europe”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Cnicus,benedictus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cnicus,benedictus, ,blessed thistle,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Coleostephus,myconis, ,,,,,”Chrysanthemum myconis,
Myconia myconis, Leucanthemum myconis”,Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Coleostephus,myconis,Compositae ,,,,,”Chrysanthemum
myconis, Myconia myconis, Leucanthemum myconis”,Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Conyza,aegyptiaca,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Conyza,aegyptiaca, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Conyza,albida,Conyza sumatrensis,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Conyza,bibaoana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Conyza,bilbaoana,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Conyza,bonariensis,,,XXXXX,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Conyza,bonariensis, ,Hairy Fleabane,,,,”C. ambigua,
Erigeron bonariensis, E. crispus”,Southern Europe,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Conyza,bonariensis, ,Hairy fleabane,,,,”sulfonylureas
1993 Israel Forest, Industrial “, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Conyza,bonariensis, ,Hairy fleabane,,,,paraquat 1989 Japan
Roadside , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Conyza,bonariensis, ,Hairy fleabane,,,,paraquat 1993 Egypt ,
http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Conyza,bonariensis, ,Hairy fleabane,,,,simazine 1987 Spain
Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Conyza,bonariensis, ,Hairy fleabane,,,,”triazines 1993
Israel Forest, Industrial “, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Conyza,bonariensis,syn Erigeron bonariense; E. crispus; E.
linifolius; Conyza ambigua; C. linifolia,Fleabane,,,,roadsides and
negelected land both in dry and moist habitats,”Naturalised from
trop. Amer, widely naturalised in Medit, Asia, & many subtrop. &
warm regions of the world”,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L.,
& Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Conyza,bonariensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Conyza,canadensis,,”Canadian fleabane, Canadian
horseweed, horseweed”,XXX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Conyza,canadensis, ,Canadian Fleabane,,,,Erigeron
canadensis,”All Europe, except Eire”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of
the World”
Conyza,canadensis, ,Horseweed ,,,,linuron 1988 France Orchard
, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Conyza,canadensis, ,Horseweed ,,,,”sulfonylureas 1993
Israel Forest, Industrial “, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Conyza,canadensis, ,Horseweed ,,,,paraquat 1980 Japan Orchard
, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Conyza,canadensis, ,Horseweed ,,,,paraquat 1993 Canada Peach ,
http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Conyza,canadensis, ,Horseweed ,,,,”atrazine 1987 Czech
Republic Corn, Nurseries,”, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Conyza,canadensis, ,Horseweed ,,,,atrazine 1987 Spain Corn ,
http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Conyza,canadensis, ,Horseweed ,,,,”atrazine 1989 Belgium
Corn, Nurseries, “, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Conyza,canadensis, ,Horseweed ,,,,simazine 1982 United Kingdom
Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Conyza,canadensis, ,Horseweed ,,,,triazines 1981 France ,
http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Conyza,canadensis, ,Horseweed ,,,,”triazines 1982
Switzerland Corn, Nurseries, “, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Conyza,canadensis, ,Horseweed ,,,,triazines 1983 Poland
Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Conyza,canadensis, ,Horseweed ,,,,”triazines 1993 Israel Forest,
Industrial “, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Conyza,canadensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Conyza,canadensis,syn ,”Canada fleabane, butterweed,
blood-stanch, colt's tail, fireweed, hogweed, horseweed, mare's tail,
pride weed”,,,,Conyza canadensis is a weed in 70 countries and
appears in more than 40 crops,prospers as a weed mainly in the north
temperate zone although it has worldwide distribution.,WORLD WEEDS
Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Conyza,chilensis,C. scabiosifolia? &/or C.
primulifolia,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Conyza,chilensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Conyza,japonica, ,,,,, Weeds of sown grassland ,,Weeds and
Weed Control in Asia
Conyza,leucantha,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Conyza,linifolia, ,Horseweed ,,,,diquat 1989 Egypt ,
http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Conyza,parva,C. canadensis var. pusilla,,,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Conyza,parva, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Conyza,primulifolia,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Conyza,scabiosifolia,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Conyza,sumatrensis, ,Sumatran Fleabane,,,,”paraquat 1980
Taiwan Cropland, Roadside, “, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Conyza,sumatrensis, ,Sumatran Fleabane,,,,”paraquat 1987
Japan Cropland, Roadside “, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Conyza,sumatrensis, ,Sumatran Fleabane,,,,paraquat 1990
Malaysia Vegetables , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Conyza ,aegyptiaca,syn ,,,,,Nile and canal banks,”trop.
& subtrop. Afr, Asia”,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L.,
& Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Conyza ,albida,,Fleabane,H,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Conyza ,albida, ,Fleabane,,,,”Dispersal: ?animal
external,Water,W. Life Form: Biennial. RISK: Serious threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,2-9,12,13”,”N&S Am, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to
large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Coreopsis,grandiflora,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Coreopsis,grandiflora, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Coreopsis,lanceolata,C. grandiflora misapplied in
WA,tickseed,HXw,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Coreopsis,lanceolata, ,,,,,”62% germ over 14-217 days of
seed held in soil outdoors for 112 days during autumn & winter, then
transferred to greenhouse; seeds planted directly into greenhouse germ
90% but over 90-329 days “,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Coreopsis,lanceolata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Coreopsis,tinctoria, ,plains coreopsis,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Coreopsis,verticillata, ,,,,,22% germ in greenhouse in Feb
from seed collected previous summer & dry stored until
planted,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Cosmos,bipinnatus,,”cosmos, garden
cosmos”,XX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cosmos,bipinnatus, ,Cosmos,,,,Dispersal: ?Wind. Life Form:
Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations
(Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6,”Introduced
deliberately from: C Am and Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Rare
or localised, small populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In
Victoria
Cosmos,bipinnatus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cosmos,bipinnatus,,cosmos,,,,”RANK 3. “LESSER
THREAT”Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and
remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also
some agronomic weeds.”,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
Cosmos,capitata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Cosmos,capitata, ,,,,,Region of origin - Amer; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Cosmos,caudatus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Cosmos,caudatus, ,,,,,”85% germ of seeds planted soon
after harvest, in sand sterilized with 2% mercuric
chloride”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Cosmos,caudatus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cosmos,sulphureus,,cosmos,,,,”RANK 3. “LESSER
THREAT”Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and
remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also
some agronomic weeds.”,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
Cotula,abyssinica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cotula,abyssinica, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cotula,anthemoides, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cotula,anthemoides, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cotula,anthemoides,syn ,,,,,”canal banks, moist
ground”,”trop. & S Afr, W Asia”,”The Weed Flora
of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Cotula,australis,Anacyclus austsralis,”carrot weed,
batchelor's button, common cotula”,,P,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Cotula,australis, Anacyclus austsralis,”carrot weed,
batchelor's button, common cotula”,,,,”locally common in
grasslands, but rarely eaten by stock, because of its very strong odour;
more common as a weed of lawns, gardens & playing
fields”,,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Cotula,australis, ,carrot weed,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cotula,australis, ,southern brassbuttons,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cotula,australis, ,carrot weed,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Cotula,bipinnata,,Ferny Cotula,HX,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Cotula,bipinnata, ,Ferny Cotula,,,,”Dispersal:
Water,?animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious
threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 11”,”S Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Cotula,bipinnata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cotula,coronopifolia,,water buttons,HX,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cotula,coronopifolia, ,Water Buttons,,,,”Dispersal: animal
external,Water,animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Annual/Perennial
herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria).
Vegetation Formations Invaded: 8,9,10,11”,”S Af, In Victoria:
Widespread, medium to large populations”,Environmental Weed
Invasions In Victoria
Cotula,coronopifolia, ,,,,,,”Western Europe, UK, Eire
& Norway”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Cotula,coronopifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cotula,turbinata,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Cotula,turbinata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Crassocephalum,crepidiodes, ,,,,, Weeds of sown grassland
,,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Crassocephalum,crepidioides,,”redflower ragleaf,
thickhead”,X,P,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Crassocephalum,crepidioides, ,Thickhead,,,,,,Weed Science List
Crassocephalum,crepidioides,syn Gynura crepidioides,thick
head,,,,”arable land, rivers & roadsides, tean & cinchona
plantations, particularly in wet localities; from 250-2500m alt; flowers
all year round; upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, readily
eaten by livestock & a useful green fodder for
poultry”,”tropical Afr, tropics of Asia; in 1926 first found
near Medan (N Sumatra); deliberately imported to Java where it soon
became naturalised & spread throughout Indonesia”,”Weeds of
Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Crassocephalum,crepidioides, ,Thickhead,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Crassocephalum,crepidoides, ,,,,,”tropical America,
plantations, waste land”,Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; New
Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon
Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu ,”“Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation
Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Crassocephalum,crepoidiodes, , ,,,,paraquat 1990 Malaysia
Vegetables , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Crepis,biennis, ,Rough hawksbeard,,,,seeds germ soon after
harvested; seeds placed in unheated germinator & exposed to temps
similar to those prevailing outdoors,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Crepis,biennis, ,Rough Hawk's Beard,,,,,All Europe except S
Sweden,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Crepis,biennis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Crepis,biennis, ,rough hawksbeard,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Crepis,bullosa,,,,P,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Crepis,bullosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Crepis,bullosa, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Crepis,capillaris,,Smooth Hawksbeard,HX,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Crepis,capillaris, ,Smooth Hawksbeard,,,,”Dispersal:
Wind. Life Form: Annual/Biennial. RISK: Serious threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
4,5,6,8,13,14,15”,”Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to
large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Crepis,capillaris, ,Smooth hawksbeard,,,,92% germ with alt.
light/dark & alt. temp 20-30C,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Crepis,capillaris, ,Smooth Hawk's Beard,,,,C. virens,”All
Europe except Norway, Finland & N Sweden”,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Crepis,capillaris, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Crepis,capillaris, ,smooth hawksbeard,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Crepis,dioscoridis,(?? is this Crepis setosa in other
States),,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Crepis,foetida,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Crepis,foetida, ,Stinking Hawk's Beard,,,,”Barkhousia
foetide, C. rhoeadifolia, C. striornyi, Rodigia commutata, R.
bulgarica”,Mainland Europe & UK except Denmark ,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Crepis,foetida, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Crepis,neglecta, ,,,P,,”No records of species presence in
Australia, found as a contaminant in Turf seed from OS.Last up date to
Web site from to this record: 31 July 1998”,”Distribution:
Albania, Bulgaria, Crete, Greece, Italy, Jugoslavia, Sicily,
Turkey.”,Western Australian Prohibited List
Crepis,nicaeenus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Crepis,occidentalis, ,Western hawksbeard,,,,”no germ with
temp alt. 20-30C; 8% germ with 15C & alt. light/dark, 20C in dark,
20-30C with alt. light/dark”,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Crepis,occidentalis, ,western hawksbeard,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Crepis,pusilla,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Crepis,pusilla, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Crepis,sancta, ,,,,,”Lagoseris sancta, L. bifida, L.
macrantha, Pterotheca sancta”,”Eastern & Southern Europe,
less in SW Europe”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Crepis,sancta,Compositae ,,,,,”Lagoseris sancta, L.
bifida, L. macrantha, Pterotheca sancta”,”Eastern &
Southern Europe, less in SW Europe”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Crepis,setosa,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Crepis,setosa, ,Bristly Hawk's Beard,,,,”C. dobrogica,
Barkhousia setosa”,”Central to Southern Europe, less in
North”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Crepis,setosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Crepis,tectorum, ,Narrowleaf hawksbeard,,,,”all, or most
seed germ in 1st spring; seeds placed in unheated germinator &
exposed to temps prevailing outdoors until germ; 94 % germ, 77% germ
after 3yrs, 9% germ after 5yrs, &0% germ after 6yrs dry storage in
paper bags at room temp”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Crepis,tectorum, ,,,,,,”All Europe except Greece, Uk
& Eire”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Crepis,tectorum,Compositae ,,,,,,”All Europe except
Greece, Uk & Eire”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Crepis,tectorum, ,narrowleaf hawksbeard,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Crepis,vesicaria,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Crepis,vesicaria, ,Beaked Hawk's Beard,,,,C.
taraxacifolia,”SW Europe, UK & Eire”,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Crepis,zacintha, ,,,,,Zacintha verrucosa,”Southern &
Western Europe, found as far East as S Russia”,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Crepis,zacintha,Compositae ,,,,,Zacintha
verrucosa,”Southern & Western Europe, found as far East as S Russia”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Crupina,vulgaris,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Crupina,vulgaris, ,Bearded Creeper ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Crupina,vulgaris, ,,,,,C. acuta,Southern to SE Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Crupina,vulgaris, ,Common crupina ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately
invasive but still with a potential to spread),,Pacific Northwest Exotic
Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Crupina,vulgaris, ,common crupina,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Crupina,vulgaris,,,terrestrial,,"Federal Noxious Weeds List, USA"
Crupina,vulgaris, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cynara,cardunculus,,”artichoke thistle, wild artichoke,
cardoon, Scotch thistle”,HXX,L,Vic; SA; WA; Tas,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cynara,cardunculus, ,Artichoke Thistle ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Cynara,cardunculus, ,Artichoke Thistle ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Cynara,cardunculus, ,Artichoke Thistle,,,,”Dispersal:
Bird, internal,animal external.animal (not bird), internal.Wind. Life
Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations
(Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,8”,”Med and
Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Cynara,cardunculus, ,”artichoke thistle, wild artichoke,
cardoon, Scotch thistle”,,,,”import. weed of pastures &
occasionally, lucerne; was estab. dominates the vegetation of an area;
large plants with dense foliage shade pasture sp. & draw moisture
& nutrients from the soil; animals will eat leaves & graze on them
only when hungry”,”native of Medit region has now spread to
several temp areas of world; imported to N Amer as edible plant, now a
weed in California; occurs in NZ, is import. weed in Arg, Chile, Brazil
& Uruguay, Spain, & Morocco”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia,
P & C”
Cynara,cardunculus, ,”wild artichoke, artichoke thistle,
cardoon”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John
Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National
Parks, weed”
Cynara,cardunculus, ,Wild artichoke * ,,,,” PROCLAIMED
PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. *
Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n
Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c
Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods
etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside
control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies)
Mov”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Cynara,cardunculus, ,”artichoke thistle, Cardoon, wild
artichoke”,,,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Cynara,cardunculus, ,”artichoke thistle, Cardoon, wild
artichoke”,,P,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Cynara,scolymus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Cynara,scolymus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cynara,spp., ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by
Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive
Weeds”
Delairea,odorata,Senecio mikanioides,Cape
ivy,HHXXXw,NL,NSW,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Delairea,odorata, ,Cape Lvy,,,,”Dispersal:
Vegetative,?Wind. Life Form: Vine. RISK: Very serious threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,2,5,6,7,8,13”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Af and
Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Delairea,odorata, ,Cape Ivy ,,,,Vines.,,”Rainforest
Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995”
Delairea,odorata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Dichrocephala,bicolor, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Dichrocephala,bicolor, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Dichrocephala,integrifolia,”syn Dichrocephala bicolor,
Dichrocephala latifolia, Cotula latifolia, Grangea
latifolia”,,,,,”sunny or light or rather heavily shaded, always
moist, preferably stony areas; along roads & trails, compounds, along
water courses & borders of cultivated land; usually scattered,
sometimes numerous; in Java form 30-2400m, in Irian Jaya to 3000m alt;
mai”,”tropical Asia, from Asia through Malesia to Aust, the
Pacific & Afr; everywhere in Indonesia except
Kalimantan”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al,
1987”
Dimorphotheca,ecklonis,,Dimorphotheca,X,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Dimorphotheca,ecklonis, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Afr; Extent
of spread - localised - spreading; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for
Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Dimorphotheca,ecklonis, ,Dimorphotheca,,,,Dispersal: Wind.
Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 5,”Introduced
deliberately from: S Af and Commercially Available, , In Victoria:
Limited distribution, medium to large populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Dimorphotheca,pluvialis,,Cape marigold,XXH,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Dimorphotheca,pluvialis, ,Cape Marigold,,,,”Dispersal:
?Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,4,5”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially
Available, , In Victoria: Rare or localised, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Dimorphotheca,pluvialis, ,,,,,54% germ of seed in dark at 26C;
seed soaked overnight in water only those that swelled used,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Dimorphotheca,pluvialis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Dimorphotheca,sinuata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Dimorphotheca,sinuata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Dittrichia,graveolens,Inula graveolens,”stinkwort,
camphor inula, stink-weed”,XXX,L,Vic,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Dittrichia,graveolens, ,Stinkweed,,,,”Dispersal: animal
external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,3,4,5”,”Med, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Dittrichia,graveolens, ,,,,,”Inula graveolens, Cupularia
graveolens”,Southern Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Dittrichia,graveolens, Inula graveolens,”stinkwort,
camphor inula, stink-weed”,,,,”strongest smeling of all weeds
because of its aromatic oil produced by glandular hairs on most parts of
the plant; camphor-like smell, repells grazing animals, eating the plant
only when very young; oil discolours wool, taints meat &
milk”,”native of Medit region, occurs in several temp areas of
the world, it only in S Afr, Aust, & NZ & parts of its native
range that it is regarded as a weed; troublesome in cereal areas of Cape
Province of S Afr & occurs throughout southern Eur & Morocco as
“,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Dittrichia,graveolens, ,stinkwort,,,,,,Weed Science List
Dittrichia,viscosa,,false yellowhead,X,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Dittrichia,viscosa, ,,,,,”Inula viscosa, Cupularia
viscosa”,,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Dittrichia,viscosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Dyssodia,papposa, ,fetid marigold,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Echinacea,paradoxa, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Echinops,sphaerocephalus,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Echinops,sphaerocephalus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Eclipta,alba,syn Verbesina alba; Eclipta prostrata,False
daisy,,,,”canal banks, moist ground; naturalised”“Juice of
plant applied to scalp to promote hair growth, taken internally it
blackens the hair and beard”““,trop. & warm temp.
Amer; naturalised Old World,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L.,
& Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Eclipta,alba, ,yerb-de-tago,,,, , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed
Control in Asia
Eclipta,alba, ,yerba-de-tago,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Eclipta,prostrata, ,,,,,annual , Japan,Weeds and Weed Control
in Asia
Eclipta,prostrata,”syn Eclipta alba, E. erecta var.
prostrata, E. erecta var. erecta, E. erecta var. zippeliana, Verbesina
prostrata”,”false daisy, whiteheads”,,,,”adaptable to
changing evironmental conditions, usually on poorly drained, wet areas
along streams & ditches in marshes, on sunny places; from the
seacoast (endures saline conditions) to 2000m; flowering all year round;
can produce more than 17 000 seeds/p”,”unknown, world-wide,
tropical & subtropical; throughout Indonesia”,”Weeds of
Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Egletes,prostrata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Egletes,prostrata, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Elephantopus,mollis,,”tobacco weed, Elephants
leaf”,,GLP,Qld,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Elephantopus,mollis, ,,,,,Region of origin - trop. Amer;
Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental ?,,CRC for
Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Elephantopus,mollis, ,tobacco weed,,,,,,Weed Science List
Elephantopus,mollis, ,tobacco weed,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Elephantopus,mollis (= E. scaber),= E. scaber,”elephant's
foot, tobacco weed”,,,,”Caribbean, vegetables, field crops,
tree crops”,Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; New
Caledonia; Niue; Papua New; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu
,”“Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern
and Western Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Elephantopus,scaber,,tobacco weed,,NP,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Elephantopus,scaber, ,tobacco weed,,,,,,Weed Science List
Elephantopus,scaber, ,elephantsfoot,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Elephantopus,scaber, ,tobacco weed,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Elephantopus,spicatus, ,,,,,”71% germ of dry stored seed
at room temp for several mths, then planted in moist sand”,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Elephantopus,tomentosus, ,tobacco weed,,,,,,Weed Science List
Elephantopus,tomentosus, ,tobacco weed,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Eleutheranthera,ruderalis, ,,,,,”Caribbean, “,Cook
Islands; Fiji; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon
Islands; Tokelau; Tonga; Vanuatu ,”“Weeds of Agriculture and
Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Eleutheranthera,ruderalis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Eleutheranthera,ruderalis,”syn Eleutheranthera ovata,
Eleutheranthera prostrata”,,,,,”sunny to rather densely shaded,
not too dry areas, in regions with a more or less pronounced dry season;
in fields & compounds, alang-aland & other grass fields, along
roadsides, under hedges & in village tree clumps; locally abundant;
up to 800m alt; upl”,”tropical Amer , in 1888 observed in W
Java for the first time; has now spread throughout Indonesia”,”Weeds
of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Elytropappus,rhinocerotis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Elytropappus,rhinocerotis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Emilia,sonchifolia, ,”emilia, red tassel
flower”,,,,”tropical America, “,Cook Islands; Fiji; French
Polynesia; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western
Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu ,”“Weeds of Agriculture
and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific”, D.F
Waterhouse”
Emilia,sonchifolia,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Emilia,sonchifolia,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Emilia,sonchifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Emilia,sonchifolia, ,,,,, Weeds of sown grassland ,,Weeds and
Weed Control in Asia
Emilia,sonchifolia, ,”emilia, purple sow thistle, red
groundsel, red tassel-flower”,,,,”Emilia sonchifolia is an
annual herbaceous plant common in both cultivated and undisturbed areasof
54 countries, often as an early colonizer of disturbed sites. It is a
reported weed of 29 crops in 54 countries ann infests bananas, cassava,
maize, pineapp”,native of the Old World tropics and now occurs in
the tropical and subtropical areas of 54 countries.,WORLD WEEDS Natural
Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Emilia,sonchifolia, ,red tasselflower,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Encelia,mexicana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Encelia,mexicana, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Endrya,sessilis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Endrya,sessilis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Enhydra,fluctuans,”syn Enhydra linifolia, Enhydra
longifolia, Enhydra paludosa, Tetractis paludosa”,,,,,”sunny
& marshy cultivated areas in & along ditches & water courses,
& margins of fishponds; up to 1800m alt; usually gregarious; irrigated,
lebak & tidal rice fields, a weed of minor importance; impedes water
flow in streams, a good vegetable, also cultiv”,”Indochina, in
Indonesia: Java, Sumatra & Sulawesi”,”Weeds of Rice in
Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Erechtites,glomerata, ,Australian Fireweed ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Erechtites,gomerata, ,Australian fireweed,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Erechtites,hieracifolia, ,American burnweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Erechtites,minima, ,Australian Fireweed ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Erechtites,minima, ,Toothed coast burnweed ,,,,PRELIMINARY
LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser
invasiveness,,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Erechtites,prenanthoides, ,Australian
burnweed,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Erechtites,valerianifolia,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Erechtites,valerianifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ericameria,nauseosa,syn Chrysothamnus nauseosa,gray rabbitbrush,,,,”Weed
of Rangelands in Saratoga Wyoming, highly competitive brush species in
conjunction with Chrysothamnus viscidflorus (douglas
rabbitbrush)”,,”WeedSSA, article proceedings, Vol 51,
1998”
Erigeron,acer, ,Blue Fleabane,,,,,All Europe,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Erigeron,acer,Compositae ,Blue Fleabane,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Erigeron,annuus, ,,,,,Stenactis annua,”Mainland Europe,
except Greece & Russia”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Erigeron,annuus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Erigeron,annuus, ,,,,, ,Shimane Shizuoka Upland Japan Hokkaido
Miyagi Niigata Oita Okayama Kagawa ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Erigeron,annuus, ,annual fleabane,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Erigeron,annuus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Erigeron,bonariense, ,,,,,68% germ of seeds placed on moist
soil & covered with polyethylene film in light,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Erigeron,canadensis, ,Horseweed,,,,seed begins to germ almost
immediately after harvest; seeds placed in unheated germinator &
exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Erigeron,canadensis, ,,,,,biennial sub-dominance ,Shimane
Upland Korea Upland Japan Hokkaido Miyagi Miyasaki Niigata Okayama ,Weeds
and Weed Control in Asia
Erigeron,canadensis, ,horseweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Erigeron,divaricatus, ,dwarf fleabane,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Erigeron,karvinskianus,,”Mexican daisy, seaside
daisy”,w,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Erigeron,karvinskianus, (OTHERS?),,,,,,,Weed Science List
Erigeron,linifolius, ,,,,, , Upland Korea ,Weeds and Weed
Control in Asia
Erigeron,philadelphicus, ,Philadelphia fleabane,,,,paraquat
1980 Japan Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Erigeron,philadelphicus, ,Philadelphia
fleabane,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Erigeron,pulchellus, ,robinsplantain,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Erigeron,speciosus, ,Oregon fleabane,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Erigeron,strigosus, ,rough fleabane,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Erigeron,sumatrensis, , ,,,,paraquat 1980 Japan Orchard ,
http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Erigeron,sumatrensis, ,,,,, Weeds of sown grassland ,Shimane
Shizuoka Miyasaki Oita Okayama Kagawa ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Erigeron ,spp., ,,,,,needs light for germ,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Eriocephalus,africanus,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Eriocephalus,africanus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Eriocephalus,racemosus,,,,P,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Eriocephalus,racemosus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Eriophyllum,lanatum, ,,,,,”84% germ alt. temps 20-30C in
dark, 80% at 20C constant in dark, 64% germ at 20-30C with alt.
light/dark”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Erlangea,laxa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Erlangea,laxa, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Ethulia,conyzoides,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Ethulia,conyzoides, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Euchiton,audax,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Eupatorium,adenophorum, ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive weeds
nominated by Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated Worst
Invasive Weeds”
Eupatorium,adenophorum, ,pamakani,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Eupatorium,cannabinum, ,,,,,seeds germ in 1st & 2nd
spring; seeds placed in unheated germinator & exposed to temps
similar to those prevailing outdoors; 94% germ,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Eupatorium,cannabinum, ,Hemp Agrimony,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Eupatorium,cannabinum,Compositae ,Hemp Agrimony,,,,,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Eupatorium,capillifolium, ,dog fennel,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Eupatorium,compositifolium, ,yankeeweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Eupatorium,glandulosum, ,sticky eupatorium,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Eupatorium,japonicum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Eupatorium,japonicum, ,chinense,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Eupatorium,liatrideum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Eupatorium,liatrideum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Eupatorium,macrocephalum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Eupatorium,macrocephalum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Eupatorium,maculatum, ,joepyeweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Eupatorium,odoratum, ,,,,, Seed Impurities , Thailand ,Weeds
and Weed Control in Asia
Eupatorium,odoratum,”syn Eupatorium odoratum, Chromolaena
ordata”,Siam weed ,,,,”prefers well-drained sites, sunny or
slightly shaded areas (dies under a closed tree canopy), in brushwood,
abandoned land & wastelands; invades clearings rapidly; grows very
quickly & has an enormous seed production; there might be
allelopathic substance”,”C & S Amer, pantropical; introd in
Java via Thailand (hence called ““Siam weed”“), then
spread throughout Indonesia; also in SE Aust, N India, S Afr &
Peru”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Eupatorium,pallescens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Eupatorium,pallescens, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Eupatorium,perfoliatum, ,boneset,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Eupatorium,purpureum, ,sweetscented
joepyeweed,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Eupatorium,purpureum, ,,,,,30% germ of seed exposed to
freezing & thawing conditions while stored outside over winter once
planted in greenhouse; light may be beneficial,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Eupatorium,purpureum, ,sweetscented joepyeweed,,P,,Listed in
The Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes.No
records for species in Australia.,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Eupatorium,riparium, ,river eupatorium,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Eupatorium,rotundifolium, ,,,,,”6% germ of seed exposed
to low temp in soil outdoors for 71days, 1% germ of seed planted directly
in greenhouse”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Eupatorium,rugosum, ,white snakeroot,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Eupatorium,serotinum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Eupatorium,serotinum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Eupatorium,serotinum, ,late eupatorium,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Eupatorium,spp., ,dog fennel,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Euryops,abrotanifolius,,”euryops,
geelmagriet”,HX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Euryops,abrotanifolius, ,Euryops,,,,”Dispersal:
Water,Wind. Life Form: Small to medium shrub. RISK: Serious threat to one
or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
2,5”,”Introduced deliberately from: Af and Commercially
Available, , In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Euryops,abrotanifolius, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Euryops,chrysanthemoides,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Euryops,chrysanthemoides, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Euryops,spathaceus, ,,,,,”50% germ of seeds presoaked
overnight(swollen seed only used), on moist filter paper at 26C in dark
within 2wks”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Evax,multicaulis, ,manystem evax,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Evax,pygmea, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Facelis,apiculata, ,facelis,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Facelis,retusa,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Facelis,retusa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Felicia,bergeriana, ,,,,,83% germ of seed presoaked overnight
(swollen seed only used); germ at 26C in dark within 2mths,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Felicia,petiolata,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Felicia,petiolata, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of
spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Felicia,rotundifolia, ,,,,,72% germ of seed presoaked
overnight (swollen seed only used); germ at 26C in dark within
2mths,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Felicia,X Ferobergia, ,X Ferobergia spp.,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Filaginella,uliginosa, ,Marsh Cudweed,,,,Gnaphalium
uliginosum,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Filaginella,uliginosa,Compositae ,Marsh Cudweed,,,,Gnaphalium
uliginosum,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Filago,lutescens, ,Red tipped Cudweed,,,,”F. apiculata,
F. germanica”,”Mainland Europe, UK & S Sweden except Greece
and extreme NE Europe”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Filago,lutescens,Compositae ,Red tipped Cudweed,,,,”F.
apiculata, F. germanica”,”Mainland Europe, UK & S Sweden
except Greece and extreme NE Europe”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Filago,pygmea,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Filago,pyramidata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Filago,pyramidata, ,Broad leaved Cudweed,,,,”F.
cossyrensis, F. cuneata, F. germanica, F. spathulata”,”Central,
Southern and Western Europe & UK”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Filago,pyramidata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Filago,vulgaris, ,Cudweed,,,,”F. canescens, F. germanica,
F. eriocephala”,”Mainland Europe, S Sweden & UK except
Portugal & Extreme NE Europe”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Filago,vulgaris,Compositae ,Cudweed,,,,”F. canescens, F.
germanica, F. eriocephala”,”Mainland Europe, S Sweden & UK
except Portugal & Extreme NE Europe”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of
the World”
Flaveria,contrayerba, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Flaveria,contrayerba, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Fleischmannia,microstemon, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Fleischmannia,microstemon, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Flourensia,cernua, ,tarbush,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Franseria,acanthicarpa, ,,,,,only 4% germ of seed tested
within 1yr of collection at alt. temp of 20-30C in dark,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Franseria,acanthicarpa, ,annual bursage,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Franseria,confertiflora, ,slimleaf bursage,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Franseria,discolor, ,skeletonleaf bursage,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Franseria,tomentosa, ,woollyleaf bursage,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Gaillardia,aristata,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Gaillardia,aristata, ,,,,,84% germ at alt. temp 20-30C &
alt. light/dark on moist blotters in petri dishes,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Gaillardia,aristata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Gaillardia,pulchella,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Gaillardia,pulchella,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Gaillardia,pulchella, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Gaillardia,pulchella, ,rosering gaillardia,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Gaillardia,X grandiflora,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Galactites,tomentosum, ,Milk Thistle,,,,G. pumila,Southern
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Galactites,tomentosum,Compositae ,Milk Thistle,,,,G.
pumila,Southern Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Galinsoga,ciliata, ,Hairy galinsoga,,,,seed collected at
various periods after flwing; viable seed present between 5-6 days after
flwing; germin daylight at 20-30C on towelling moistened with KNO3 soln;
no general dormancy,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Galinsoga,ciliata, ,Shaggy Soldier,,,,”G. aristulata, G.
caracasana, G. quadriradiata”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of
the World”
Galinsoga,ciliata,Compositae ,Shaggy Soldier,,,,”G.
aristulata, G. caracasana, G. quadriradiata”,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Galinsoga,ciliata, ,Hairy Galinsoga,,,,atrazine 1980 Germany
Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Galinsoga,ciliata, ,Hairy Galinsoga,,,,triazines 1991
Switzerland Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Galinsoga,ciliata, ,Hairy Galinsoga,,,,imazethapyr 1996 USA
Soybean , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Galinsoga,ciliata, ,hairy galinsoga,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Galinsoga,parviflora,,”smallflower galinsoga, potato
weed, gallant soldier, yellow weed, joey hooker”,X,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Galinsoga,parviflora, ,Small flower galinsoga,,,,germ at alt.
temp 5-15C; good germ of recently harvested seed at all temps between
10-35C; germ of seed harvested early or late in summer stimulated by
light,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Galinsoga,parviflora, ,Gallant Soldier,,,,G.
quinquiradiata,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Galinsoga,parviflora, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Galinsoga,parviflora,syn Wollastona zollingeriana,yellow
weed,,,,”in sunny to rather shady areas; has strong preference for
porous, reasonably to very fertile not too dry soils; in arabale lands,
gardens, roadsides, wastelands, forest margins, in light forests, in
sugarcane, tea, coffee & cinchona plantations; locally
v”,”Peru, tropical, temperate & subtropical regions; found
for the first time in Java before 1890 & has spread throughout
Indonesia, except Kalimantan & the Moluccas”,”Weeds of Rice
in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Galinsoga,parviflora, ,smallflower galinsoga,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Galinsoga,spp., ,quickweeds,,,,From lists and sources by Faith
Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural
Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Gamochaeta,americana,Gnaphalium americanum,,,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Gamochaeta,antillarum,Gnaphalium antillarum,,,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Gamochaeta,calviceps,Gnaphalium calviceps,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Gamochaeta,pennsylvanica,Gnaphalium
pennsylvanicum,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Gamochaeta,purpurea,”Gamochaeta spicata, Gnaphalium
spicatum, Gnaphalium purpureum”,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Gamochaeta,subfalcata,??now Gamochaeta
calviceps,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Gamolepis,chrysanthemoid, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Afr;
Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds
Tech Series Report # 3
Gamolepis,chrysanthemoides,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Gazania,linearis,,Gazania,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Gazania,linearis, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of
spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Gazania,linearis, ,Gazania,,,,”Dispersal: Water,?Wind.
Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,2,4”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially
Available, , In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Gazania,linearis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Gazania,rigens,,coastal gazania,XXHw,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Gnaphalium,americanum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Gnaphalium,calviceps, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Gnaphalium,calviceps, ,linearleaf cudweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Gnaphalium,chilense, ,,,,,0% germ over a number of different
germ technqiues; tests conducted within 1yr after collection,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Gnaphalium,japonicum, ,,,,, Weeds of sown grassland ,,Weeds
and Weed Control in Asia
Gnaphalium,luteo-album, ,,,,,germ well at constant temp 21C or
lower,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Gnaphalium,luteo-album, ,Jersy Cudweed,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Gnaphalium,luteo-album,Compositae ,Jersy Cudweed,,,,,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Gnaphalium,luteo-album,syn ,Cudweed,,,,”Nile and canal
banks, moist ground”,Widespread in temp. to subtrop. regions of the
world,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi,
M”
Gnaphalium,macounii, ,clammy cudweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Gnaphalium,microcephalum, ,,,,,92% germ with alt. light/dark
at constant 15C,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Gnaphalium,multiceps, ,,,,,biennial sub-dominance , Upland
Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Gnaphalium,obtusifolium, var. praecox Gnaphalium
polychephalum,Fragrant everlasting,,,,52% germ at 20-25C with diffuse
light in 5-24 days; 35% germ in darrk at 20-25C in 5-36 days,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Gnaphalium,obtusifolium, ,fragrant cudweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Gnaphalium,pensylvanicum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Gnaphalium,peregrinum, ,wandering cudweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Gnaphalium,polycaulon,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Gnaphalium,pulvinatum,syn ,,,,,”Nile and canal banks,
moist ground”,”Egypt, Sudan, Arabia”,”The Weed Flora
of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Gnaphalium,purpureum,,Purple Cudweed,HX,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Gnaphalium,purpureum, ,Purple Cudweed,,,,”Dispersal:
?animal external,Wind. Life Form: Annual/Biennial. RISK: Serious threat
to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 1,2,4,5,6,7,8,9,13”,”N Am, In Victoria: Widespread,
medium to large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In
Victoria
Gnaphalium,purpureum, ,Purple cudweed,,,,germ well at constant
temp of 21C or lower,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Gnaphalium,purpureum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Gnaphalium,purpureum, ,purple cudweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Gnaphalium,subfalcatum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Gnaphalium,uliginosum, ,Low cudweed,,,,optimum temp for germ
35C,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Gnaphalium,uliginosum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Gnaphalium,uliginosum, ,low cudweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Gnaphalium,uliginosum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Gnaphalium,undulatum, ,,,,,germ well only at constant temp of
21C or lower,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Gorteria,personata,”Gorteria calendulacea, Gorteria
diffusa var. calendulacea”,,,L,WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Gorteria,personata,” Gorteria calendulacea, Gorteria
diffusa var. calendulacea”,”WA-P1,P2, whole
State”,,,,,recorded in WA for 1st time in 1964 on roadside between
Moora & Miling; has since spread N & S along the western edge of
the WA wheatbelt & now scattered over an area from 28º-32ºS lat;
doesnt occur in any other State,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P &
C”
Gorteria,personata, ,gorteria,,,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Gorteria,personata, ,gorteria,,P,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Grangea,maderaspatana,syn Cotula
maderaspatana,marcella,,,,”in desiccated pools, ditches, waste
places, teak forests; often gregarious; prefers heavy soils; from 4-800m
alt.; rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance, leaves are used
against spasms in hysterics & against irregular
menses”,”India, tropical Asia; in Indonesia: Java, Sumatra
& the Lesser Sunda Islands”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia,
Soerjani et al, 1987”
Grindelia,camporum,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Grindelia,camporum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Grindelia,nana, ,,,,,64% germ with alt. 20-30C & alt.
exposure to light with prechilling at with alt. temps of 15-25C with alt.
exposure to light for 4wks.,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Grindelia,squarrosa, ,Gumweed,,,,8% germ at 15C with alt.
light/dark,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Grindelia,squarrosa, var. quasiperennis Grindelia
perennis,,,,,planted seeds in field in the autumn of year of collection;
seeds exhibited high degree of dormancy & seedlings continued to
emerge from original planting during all 5yrs of study,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Grindelia,squarrosa, ,gumweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Guizotia,abyssinica,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Guizotia,abyssinica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Guizotia,villosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Guizotia,villosa, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Gutierrezia,dracunculoides, ,common broomweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Gutierrezia,microcephala, ,threadleaf
snakeweed,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Gutierrezia,sarothrae, ,broom snakeweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Gutierrezia,texana, ,Texas broomweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Gymnocoronis,spilanthoides,,”Senegal tea plant, temple
plant”,E,LP,Qld; NSW; Tas; SA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Gymnocoronis,spilanthoides, ,,,,,Region of origin - C AMer;
Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - Aquaria,,CRC for Weeds
Tech Series Report # 3
Gymnocoronis,spilanthoides, ,”Senegal tea plant, temple
plant”,,,,”extremely hardy plant with a growth rate exceeding
15cm a week in fertile situations; long branching stems produce a tangled
web of vegetative material that quickly covers the water surface; impedes
water flow, navigation & recreation”,”native of trop &
subtrop Amer from Mexico to Arg., which has been introd, mainly as an
aquarium plant to other countries”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia,
P & C”
Gymnocoronis,spilanthoides, ,Senegal tea plant ,,,,”
PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be
destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not
required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the
State. c Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or
Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies)
Movement prohibited on roads (Section 52(2) applies) Roadside control
cost to be”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Gymnocoronis,spilanthoides, ,”Senegal tea plant, temple
plant”,,,,,,Weed Science List
Gymnocoronis,spilanthoides, ,”Senegal tea plant, temple
plant”,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Haplopappus,arborescens, ,fleece goldenweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Haplopappus,bloomeri, ,rabbitbrush goldenweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Haplopappus,coronopifolius, Halopappus
glutinosus,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Haplopappus,laricifolius, ,turpentinebrush,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Haplopappus,plurifolius, ,jimmyweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Haplopappus,tenuisectus, ,burroweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hedypnois,cretica,= Hedypnois rhagodioloides var cretica
(APNI),,,,,”H. globulifera, H. polymorpha, H. rhagaioloides, H.
tubiformis”,Southern & SE Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Hedypnois,cretica,= Hedypnois rhagodioloides var cretica
(APNI),,,,,”H. globulifera, H. polymorpha, H. rhagaioloides, H.
tubiformis”,Southern & SE Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Hedypnois,rhagadioloides, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Hedypnois,rhagodioloides,”Hedypnois rhagadioloides,
Hedypnois cretica”,cretan weed,XX,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Hedyponis,cretica,,Cretan Hedypnois,X,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Hedyponis,cretica, ,Cretan Hedypnois,,,,”Dispersal: Wind.
Life Form: Annual. RISK: Not a threat (but may have a negative visual
impact). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,4,5”,”S Eur,SW As, In
Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Helenium,amarum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Helenium,amarum, ,Bitter sneezeweed,,,,no dormancy; freshly
harvested seeds germ within 3-4days when planted in
greenhouse,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Helenium,amarum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Helenium,amarum, ,bitter sneezeweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Helenium,autumnale, ,Common sneezeweed,,,,”19% germ in
diffuse light at 20-25C within 12-61 days, no germ in dark within 243
days”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Helenium,autumnale, ,common sneezeweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Helenium,autumnale, ,,,P,,Prohibited entry by
AQIS,,”Prohibited List, from AQIS”
Helenium,elliptica, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Helenium,hoopesii, ,western sneezeweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Helenium,hoopesii, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Helenium,nudiflorum, ,purplehead sneezeweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Helenium,spp.,,Sneezeweeds,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Helenium,spp., ,Sneezeweeds,,,,,,Weed Science List
Helenium,spp., ,Sneezeweeds,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Helenium,var. parviflorum, ,smallflower
sneezeweed,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Helianthus,angustifolius, ,,,,,”seeds planted in flats &
exposed to outdoor low temps for 71days then transferred to greenhouse;
germ 32% over 21-42days, seeds planted directly into greenhouse 24% germ
over 64-106days”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Helianthus,annus, ,Sunflower,,,,52% germ with alt. light/dark
at alt. temps of 20-30C; prechilling at 3C for 4wks,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Helianthus,annuus,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Helianthus,annuus, ,,,,,,Scattered Southern & Eastern
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Helianthus,annuus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Helianthus,annuus, ,sunflower,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Helianthus,argophylllus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Helianthus,argophyllus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Helianthus,aridus, ,,,,,seeds planted in field in late autumn
of year collected germ following spring; a few seeds germ each year for
5yrs after initial planting,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Helianthus,californicus, ,California
sunflower,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Helianthus,ciliaris,,Texas blueweed,,P,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Helianthus,ciliaris, ,Blueweed ,,,,”California Noxious
Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Helianthus,ciliaris, ,Texas blueweed ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to spread,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Helianthus,ciliaris, ,Texas blueweed,,,,,,Weed Science List
Helianthus,ciliaris, ,Texas blueweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Helianthus,ciliaris, ,Texas blueweed,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Helianthus,debilis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Helianthus,debilis, ,,,,,Region of origin - S USA; Extent of
spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Helianthus,debilis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Helianthus,grosseserratus, ,sawtooth
sunflower,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Helianthus,maximiliani, ,Maximilian sunflower,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Helianthus,petiolaris, ,Prairie sunflower,,,,52% germ with
alt. light/dark at alt. temps of 20-30C; prechilling at 3C for
4wks,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Helianthus,petiolaris, ,prairie sunflower,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Helianthus,tuberosus,,Jerusalem artichoke,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Helianthus,tuberosus, ,Jerusalem Artichoke,,,,Dispersal:
Vegetative. Life Form: Tuberous geophyte. RISK: Potential threat to one
or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
8,”Introduced deliberately from: N AM and Commercially Available, ,
In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Helianthus,tuberosus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Helianthus,tuberosus, ,Jerusalem artichoke,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Helichrysum,petiolare, ,N/A ,,,,”California Noxious Weed
Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Helminthotheca,echioides,Picris echioides,,,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Hemisteptia,lyrata, , ,,,,paraquat 1991 Korea Cropland ,
http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Hemisteptia,lyrata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Hemizonia,congesta, ,common tarweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hemizonia,pungens,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Hemizonia,pungens, ,Common spikeweed ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Hemizonia,pungens, ,common spikeweed,,,,From lists and sources
by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Hemizonia,pungens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Heterotheca,grandiflora,,telegraph weed,w,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Heterotheca,grandiflora, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Heterotheca,grandiflora, ,telegraphplant,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Heterotheca,subaxillaris, ,camphorweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hieracium,atratum,,hawkweed polar ,"CLASS B WEED: Class B weeds are non-native species that are presently limited in distribution in King County, Washington State, and pose a serious threat to our resources. Control of these weeds is mandatory in King County.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Hieracium,aurantiacum,, orange hawkweed,High Weed Potential in Forests and Disturbed areas,,"Potential Exotic Plant Species Invading the Blackfoot Drainage, Montana, Peter M. Rice, Chris Toney and Bob Sacco, weed"
Hieracium,aurantiacum,,hawkweed orange ,"CLASS B WEED: Class B weeds are non-native species that are presently limited in distribution in King County, Washington State, and pose a serious threat to our resources. Control of these weeds is mandatory in King County.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Hieracium,aurantiacum,syn. Pilosella aurantiaca,”fox and
cubs, orange hawkweed”,E,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Hieracium,aurantiacum, ,Orange hawkweed ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST
OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to
moderately invasive but still with a potential to spread),,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Hieracium,aurantiacum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Hieracium,aurantiacum, ,orange hawkweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hieracium,aurantiacum, syn. Pilosella aurantiaca,Fox and
cubs,,P,,Proposed spp. for surveillance and IDplants seen for sale at
garden week in Guilford 1996none seen since,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Hieracium,caespitosum, , ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES
OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately invasive but
still with a potential to spread),,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant
Council (Weed)
Hieracium,caespitosum,,hawkweed yellow ,"CLASS B WEED: Class B weeds are non-native species that are presently limited in distribution in King County, Washington State, and pose a serious threat to our resources. Control of these weeds is mandatory in King County.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Hieracium,florentinum, ,kingdevil hawkweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hieracium,floribundum, ,yellowdevil hawkweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hieracium,floribundum,, kingdevil hawkweeds, High Weed Potential in Forests and Disturbed areas,,"Potential Exotic Plant Species Invading the Blackfoot Drainage, Montana, Peter M. Rice, Chris Toney and Bob Sacco, weed"
Hieracium,floribundum,,hawkweed yellow devil,CLASS A WEED: Class A weeds are non-native species with a limited distribution in Washington. Eradication of these species is mandatory in all of Washington State.,,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Hieracium,laevigatum,,hawkweed smooth ,"CLASS B WEED: Class B weeds are non-native species that are presently limited in distribution in King County, Washington State, and pose a serious threat to our resources. Control of these weeds is mandatory in King County.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Hieracium,pilosella,,hawkweed mouseear,CLASS A WEED: Class A weeds are non-native species with a limited distribution in Washington. Eradication of these species is mandatory in all of Washington State.,,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Hieracium,pilosella,,mouseear hawkweed,E,NP,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Hieracium,pilosella, ,Mouse ear hawkweed ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST
OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to
spread,,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Hieracium,pilosella, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Hieracium,pilosella, ,mouseear hawkweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hieracium,pilosella, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Hieracium,piloselloides,, (yellow- flowered hawkweed complex), High Weed Potential in Forests and Disturbed areas,,"Potential Exotic Plant Species Invading the Blackfoot Drainage, Montana, Peter M. Rice, Chris Toney and Bob Sacco, weed"
Hieracium,praealtum var. decipiens, ,tall kingdevil
hawkweed,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hieracium,pratense,, meadow yellowdevil,High Weed Potential in Forests and Disturbed areas,,"Potential Exotic Plant Species Invading the Blackfoot Drainage, Montana, Peter M. Rice, Chris Toney and Bob Sacco, weed"
Hieracium,pratense, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Hieracium,pratense, ,yellow hawkweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hieracium,pratense, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Hieracium,spp., ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated
by Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive
Weeds”
Hieracium,umbellatum, ,,,,,”some seed germ immediately
after harvest, remainder in 1st spring; seeds placed in unheated
germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors;
93% germ”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Hieracium,vulgatum, ,Common hawkweed,,,,”some seed germ
immediately after harvest, remainder in 1st spring; seeds placed in
unheated germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing
outdoors; 94% germ”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Hieracium,vulgatum, ,common hawkweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hymenoclea,monogyra, ,burrobrush,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hymenoxys,odorata, ,bitter rubberweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hymenoxys,richardsoni var. floribunda,
,pingue,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hypocaeris,radicata, ,,,,, Weed in poor site ,,Weeds and Weed
Control in Asia
Hypochaeris,glabra,Hypochoeris glabra,”flatweed, smooth
catsear”,HXH,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Hypochaeris,glabra, ,Smooth Cat's Ear,,,,H.
salzmanniana,”All Europe, W Asia & N Africa”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Hypochaeris,glabra, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Hypochaeris,microcephala,Hypochoeris microcephala var. microcephala,,,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Hypochaeris,microcephala,Hypochoeris microcephala var.
albiflora,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Hypochaeris,microcephala, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Hypochaeris,radicata,Hypochoeris radicata,”Flatweed,
cat's ear”,HXXX,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Hypochaeris,radicata, ,Common Cat's Ear,,,,,”Mainland
Europe, Sweden and Norway”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Hypochaeris,radicata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Hypochaeris,radicata, ,Spotted cat's ear ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST
OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Hypochoeris,glabra, ,Annual Flatweed,,,,”Dispersal:
animal external,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,2,3,4,5,12”,”Eur,As,Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to
large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Hypochoeris,glabra, ,Smooth cats ear,,,,”some seed germ
immediately after harvest, remainder in 1st spring; seeds placed in water
unheated germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing
outdoors; 85% germ”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Hypochoeris,glabra, ,smooth catsear,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hypochoeris,radicata, ,Flatweed,,,,”Dispersal: animal
external,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,2,4-9,11-15”,”Eur,As,Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to
large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Hypochoeris,radicata, ,Spotted cats ear,,,,96% germ of seed in
dark with alt. temp 20-30C,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Hypochoeris,radicata, ,spotted catsear,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Inula,conyza,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Inula,conyza, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Inula,conyza, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Inula,crithmoides, ,Golden Samphire,,,,,”Southern &
western Europe, UK & Eire”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Inula,crithmoides,Compositae ,Golden
Samphire,,,,,”Southern & western Europe, UK &
Eire”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Inula,helenium, ,elecampane,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Inula,indica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Inula,indica, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Iva,axillaris,,”Poverty weed, death weed, devil's weed,
mouse ear poverty weed, poverty sumpweed”,,LP,Vic,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Iva,axillaris, ,Poverty Weed ,,,,”California Noxious Weed
Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Iva,axillaris, ,”Poverty weed, death weed, devil's weed,
mouse ear poverty weed, poverty sumpweed”,,,,”produces large
amounts of seed; prefers alkaline or saline soils in N Amer, but not
confined to these conditions in Aust; extensive roots system & dense
aerial growth, competes strongly with other plants, particularly cereal
crops; has strong smell & tast”,”native of western N Amer
where it has become an imprt. weed on the Canadian Prairies & in NW USA
extending as far south as California & New Mexico; imprt in cereal
crops, overgrazed pastures, rangeland, irrigated crops, roadsides &
neglected areas, mostly”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P &
C”
Iva,axillaris, ,poverty weed,,,,,,Weed Science List
Iva,axillaris, ,povertyweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Iva,axillaris, ,poverty weed,,P,,The South Australian plants
have been eradicated by Landholder,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Iva,ciliata, ,rough sumpweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Iva,xanthifolia, ,marshelder,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Iva ,axillaris, ,Poverty weed,,,,”43% germ of seed held
screen bags in irrigation canal for 7mths, no germ previous or after
10mths; other methods of stratification not successful”,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Iva ,xanthifolia, Cyclachaena xanthifolia,Marsh elder,,,,32%
germ at 15C with alt. light/dark,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Ixeris,dentata, ,,,,,perennial sub-dominance , Upland Korea
Miyagi Miyasaki Niigata Oita Okayama Kagawa ,Weeds and Weed Control in
Asia
Ixeris,stolonifera, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ixeris,stolonifera, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Krigia,virginica, ,Virginia dwarfdandelion,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lactuca,biennis, ,Biennial lettuce,,,,”100% germ of seed
at 20-30C with alt. light/dark, 90% germ at alt. 20-30C in dark & no
germ at 20C ind dark tested within 1yr of harvest”,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Lactuca,biennis, ,biennial lettuce,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lactuca,canadensis, ,tall lettuce,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lactuca,capensis, ,,,,,good germ of fresh seed at all temps
between 10-35C,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Lactuca,capensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lactuca,capensis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Lactuca,dregeana, ,,,,,”fresh seed germ % high, strongly
stimulated by light; good germ in dark at 15C”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Lactuca,indica, ,,,,, Weeds of sown grassland ,,Weeds and Weed
Control in Asia
Lactuca,ludoviciana, ,,,,,”24-day-old seed presoaked in
water at 3-10C for 2+ hrs, then exposed to sunlight for 5 min inc germ %
of seed at 20-30C; longer the soaking 5-77hrs the higher the
germ%”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Lactuca,muralis, ,Wall lettuce,,,,”some seed germ
immediately after harvest, remainder in 1st spring; seeds placed in water
unheated germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing
outdoors; 96% germ”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Lactuca,muralis, ,Wall lettuce ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT
SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Lactuca,muralis, ,wall lettuce,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lactuca,perennis, ,,,,,,Mainland Europe except Denmark and NE
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Lactuca,perennis,Compositae ,,,,,,Mainland Europe except
Denmark and NE Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Lactuca,pulchella, ,blue lettuce,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966syn. Lactuca tatarica var. pulchella”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lactuca,pulchella, ,,,P,,Prohibited entry by AQIS,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Lactuca,saligna,,willow lettuce,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Lactuca,saligna, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lactuca,saligna, ,willowleaf lettuce,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lactuca,sativa,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Lactuca,scariola, Lactuca serriola,Prickly lettuce,,,,fresh
seed dormant; dry storage for 8-12mths; 92% germ at 20C in
dark,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Lactuca,scariola, ,prickly lettuce,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lactuca,serriola,,”prickly lettuce, wild
lettuce”,XXH,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Lactuca,serriola, ,Prickly Lettuce,,,,”Dispersal: animal
external,Water, Wind. Life Form: Biennial. RISK: Potential threat to one
or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
4,5,8,9,11,12”,”Eur,C&W As,N Af, In Victoria: Widespread,
medium to large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Lactuca,serriola, ,Prickly Lettuce,,,,L.
scariola,”Mainland Europe, UK & S Sweden”,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Lactuca,serriola, ,Prickly lettuce,,,,chlorsulfuron 1987 USA
Wheat , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Lactuca,serriola, ,Prickly lettuce,,,,triasulfuron 1994
Australia Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Lactuca,serriola, ,Prickly lettuce ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,,Pacific Northwest
Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Lactuca,serriola, ,prickly lettuce,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Lactuca,serriola,syn L. scariola,”Oil lettuce, Prickly
lettuce”,,,,”roadsides, waste groundSeeds yield the edible
lettuce oil; in folk medicine plant is used as an antipoison for scorpion
& snake bites”,”Medit, Eur, Asia”,”The Weed Flora
of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Lactuca,serriola, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lactuca,stolonifera, ,,,,,perennial sub-dominance , Upland
Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Lactuca,taraxacifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lactuca,taraxacifolia, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Lactuca,virosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lagascea,mollis, ,,,,, Seed Impurities , Thailand ,Weeds and
Weed Control in Asia
Lagascea,mollis, ,acuate,,,,”Source: “USA Composite
List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Lapsana,apogonoides, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lapsana,apogonoides, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Lapsana,communis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Lapsana,communis, Lampsana communis,Nipple wort,,,,88% germ in
dark with alt. temp of 20-30C; alt. light/dark germ 68%; fresh seed germ
best in light with alt. temps of 10-30C,,Germination & Establishment
of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Lapsana,communis, ,Nipplewort,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lapsana,communis, ,nipplewort,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lasiospermum,bipinnatum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Lasiospermum,bipinnatum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Launaea,asplenifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Launaea,asplenifolia, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Launaea,sarmentosa,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Leontodon,autumnalis,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Leontodon,autumnalis, ,Fall hawkbit,,,,”99% germ in 1st
spring after harvest, seeds placed in germinator & exposed to temps
similar to those prevailing outdoors “,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Leontodon,autumnalis, ,Autumn Hawkbit,,,,,”All Europe, W
Asia & N Amer”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Leontodon,autumnalis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Leontodon,autumnalis, ,fall hawkbit,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Leontodon,autumnalis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Leontodon,hirtus, ,rough hawkbit,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Leontodon,nudicaulis, ,Rough hawkbit,,,,”88% germ with
alt. temp 20-30C in dark, 84% germ with alt. temp 20-30C & alt.
light/dark”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Leontodon,nudicaulis, ,rough hawkbit,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Leontodon,saxatilis,= L. taraxacoides,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Leontodon,taraxacoides,L. saxatilis,Hairy
Hawkbit,HX,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Leontodon,taraxacoides, ,Hairy Hawkbit,,,,”Dispersal:
animal external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious
threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 1,2,3,4,6,8,9”,”Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium
to large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Leucanthemum,maximum,,Shasta Daisy,H,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Leucanthemum,maximum, ,Shasta Daisy,,,,”Dispersal: ?.
Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,4,6,7,8,15”,”Introduced deliberately from: Pyrenees and
Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Limited distribution, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Leucanthemum,maximum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Leucanthemum,myconis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Leucanthemum,myconis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Leucanthemum,vulgare,,daisy oxeye ,"WEED OF CONCERN: Control and containment of existing populations of these noxious weeds is strongly encouraged in King County, Washington State.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Matricaria,maritima,, scentless chamomile,Possible Weed Potential in Grassland and Riparian habitats: High Weed Potential in Agriculture and Disturbed areas,,"Potential Exotic Plant Species Invading the Blackfoot Drainage, Montana, Peter M. Rice, Chris Toney and Bob Sacco, weed"
Leucanthemum,vulgare,Chrysantemum leucanthemum,”ox-eye
daisy, dog daisy, margriet, marguerite daisy, moon daisy, white daisy,
yellow daisy”,XXA,L,Vic,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Leucanthemum,vulgare, ,Ox-eye Daisy ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Leucanthemum,vulgare, ,Ox-eye Daisy,,,,”Dispersal: animal
external,Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one
or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
4,6,8,15”,”Introduced deliberately from: Eur,As, In Victoria:
Widespread, medium to large populations”,Environmental Weed
Invasions In Victoria
Leucanthemum,vulgare, ,Ox eye Daisy,,,,Chrysanthemum
leucanthemum,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Leucanthemum,vulgare, Chrysantemum leucanthemum,”ox-eye
daisy, dog daisy, margriet, marguerite daisy, moon daisy, white daisy,
yellow daisy”,,,,”grows extremely densely that it excludes
almost all other vegetation; not readily grazed by stock, it reduces
carrying capacity of infested areas; imparts a disagreeable taste to
milk”,”native to Eur & parts of Asia, occurring commonly in
grasslands of the British Isles & elsewhere in Eur; spread to several
temp ares of the world, often as a weed of neglected areas, degraded
pastures & turf; common on west coast of N Amer & some of the
n”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Leucanthemum,vulgare, ,ox eye daisy,,,,From lists and sources
by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Leucanthemum,vulgare,see Chrysanthemum leucanthemum,ox-eye
daisy,,,,,,Weed Science List
Leucanthumum,vulgare, , ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES
OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest
Plant Council (Weed)
Leuzea,conifera, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Liatris,punctata, ,,,,,”47% germ of seed planted 4mths
after collection; 74% germ after 2.5yr dry storage, 53% after 3.5yrs dry
storage, failed to germ after 4.5yrs”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Ligularia,fischeri, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Ligularia,sibirica, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Ligularia,stenocephala, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Logfia,arvensis, ,Least Cudweed,,,,”Filago arvensis, F.
montana”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Logfia,arvensis,Compositae ,Least Cudweed,,,,”Filago
arvensis, F. montana”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Logfia,gallica,Filago gallica,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Logfia,gallica, ,Narrowleaved Cudweed,,,,”Filago gallica,
Logfia subulata, L. tenuifolia”,Southern & Western Europe &
UK,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Logfia,gallica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Logfia,minima, ,Small Cudweed,,,,Filago minima,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Logfia,minima,Compositae ,Small Cudweed,,,,Filago minima,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Lygodesmia,juncea, ,skeletonweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Machaeranthera,canescens,Aster canescens,,,,,”80% germ at
15C with light, 72% at 20C in dark on moist blotters in petri
dishes”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Madia,elegans, ,showy tarweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Madia,exigua, ,,,,,88% germ at 15C in dark,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Madia,glomerata, ,Cluster tarweed,,,,no germ under various
temps & condition; stratification techniques not
reported,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Madia,glomerata, ,cluster tarweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Madia,sativa,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Madia,sativa, ,Chilean tarweed,,,,44% germ at 15C in dark;
seeds with initial germ of 98% germ 45% after 5yrs storage in
lab,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Madia,sativa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Madia,sativa var. congesta, ,Chilean tarweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Mantisalca,salmantica,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Mantisalca,salmantica, ,,,,,”Centaurea salamantica,
Microlonchus salamanticus and 10 others”,Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Mantisalca,salmantica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Matricaria,chamomilla, ,”wild chamomile, scented
mayweed”,,,,”Matricaria chamomilla is an annual herb, and is a
very versatile weed and appears in 24 crops in more than 50
countries.”,”Found in E Aust, NZ and the several countries of S
Amer in the south temperate zone and behaves as a weed in most
agricultural areas of the north temperate zone.”,WORLD WEEDS Natural
Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Matricaria,chamomilla ,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Matricaria,chamomilla , ,,,P,,Most serious weed reported of
the Genus. Mentioned in Holme's Atlas in numerous Meditterarnean
countries,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Matricaria,maritima, var. agrestis ,False chamomile,,,,fresh
& stored seed germ well in bright daylight; optimum germ temp 20C
,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Matricaria,maritima ,syn Tripleurospermum maritimum (L.)
W.D.J. Koch,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Matricaria,maritima var. agrestis, ,false
chamomile,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Matricaria,matricariodes,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Matricaria,matricarioides, ,Pineapple weed ,,,,PRELIMINARY
LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Matricaria,matricarioides, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Matricaria,matricarioides, ,pineappleweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Matricaria,matricarioidesPineapple-weed, , ,,,,simazine 1989
United Kingdom Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Matricaria,perforata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Matricaria,perforata, ,Scentless Mayweed,,,,”Matricaria
inodora, Tripleurospermum inodorum, Chamaemelum inodorum, Matricaria
maritima ssp inodora”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Matricaria,perforata, ,Sentless Chamomile,,,,”2,4-D 1975
France Cereals “, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Matricaria,perforata, ,Sentless Chamomile,,,,”2,4-D 1975
United Kingdom Cereals “, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Matricaria,perforata, , ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES
OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,,Pacific Northwest
Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Matricaria,perforata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Matricaria,recutita,,”chamomile, German
chamomile”,w,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Matricaria,recutita, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Matricaria,recutita,syn M. chamomilla; Chamomilla
recutita,Wild chamomile,,,,”fields, waste ground; naturalised &
often cultivated as a medicinal herb”“Plant used in cosmetics,
also a medicinal herb used as a stomachic, febrifuge, bronchitis
treatment etc.”““,”Medit, Eur, W Asia”,”The
Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Matricaria,spp., ,Chamomile,,,,,,Weed Science List
Matricaria,tricophylla, ,,,,,”Tripleurospermum tenuifolium,
Chamaemelum trichophyllum”,SE Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Matricaria,tricophylla,Compositae ,,,,,”Tripleurospermum
tenuifolium, Chamaemelum trichophyllum”,SE Europe,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Melampodium,arvense, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Melampodium,arvense, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Melampodium,divaricatum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Melampodium,divaricatum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Melampodium ,paludosum,” Melampodium divaricatum,
Melampodium leucanthum “,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Melanthera,scandens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Melanthera,scandens, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Microseris,troximoides, ,,,,,no germ with 5 different
conditions tried; no prechilling reported,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Mikania,cordata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Mikania,cordata, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Mikania,cordata,,,"rubber, coffee, banana, cocoa and oil palm plantations, pastures; potential environmental weed",,"Northern Australian Quarantine Service, Target Weeds"
Mikania,cordata,,,terrestrial,,"Federal Noxious Weeds List, USA"
Mikania,micrantha,,,terrestrial,,"Federal Noxious Weeds List, USA"
Mikania,micrantha,,mile-a-minute,"cocoa, coconut, orchards, rubber, oil palm, sugarcane, vegetables, upland rice, pastures; serious environmental weed",,"Northern Australian Quarantine Service, Target Weeds"
Mikania,micrantha, ,mile-a-minute weed ,,,,”, gardens,
plantations, fruit trees”,Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia;
Guam; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western
Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Tuvalu; Vanuatu ,”“Weeds of
Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western
Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Mikania,micrantha, ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive weeds
nominated by Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated Worst
Invasive Weeds”
Mikania,micrantha,,”bittervine, mile-a-minute weed,
mile-a-minute”,E,GLPQ,Qld,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Mikania,micrantha, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Mikania,micrantha,syn ,mile-a-minute,,,,”humid, sunny or
shaded habitats; noxious weed in young plantation crops, which can be
completely blanketed by it; also in pastures; from 0-2000m alt; flowering
during the dry season; upland rice fields, detrimental to growth of young
rubber plants because”,”S Amer, the Botanic Garden of Bogor
received this species from Paraguay in 1949; in 1956 it was used as a
soil cover in rubber & has now spread throughout
Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al,
1987”
Mikania,micrantha, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Mikania,scandens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Mikania,scandens, ,climbing hempweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Mikania,scandens, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Mikania,spp.,,mikania vine,E,LPQ,Qld,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Montanoa,bipinnatifida,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Montanoa,bipinnatifida,syn Uhdea bipinnatifida,,,,,,,Weed
Science List
Montanoa,hibiscifolia,,,,P,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Montanoa,hibiscifolia, ,tree daisy,,,,”Woody
SpeciesInvades: forest, woodland, bush clumps, roadsides, riverbanks,
disturbed sitesCultivated for: ornament”,Origin: C Amer,Plant
Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Montanoa,hibiscifolia, ,tree daisy,,,,”Woody
SpeciesInvades: forest, woodland, bush clumps, roadsides, riverbanks,
disturbed sitesCultivated for: ornament”,Origin: C Amer,Plant
Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Montanoa,hibiscifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Montanoa,hibiscifolia, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Notobasis,syriaca,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Oldenburgia,arbuscula, ,,,,,”83% germ of seed presoaked
overnight & only swollen seed used, at 26C in dark & 74% in
light”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Oncosiphon,grandiflorum , ,Pentzia
Pincushion,,P,,”ferny,aromatic small YELLOW spheric.buttons to
60cm.Weed of Finland, Sweden, England, Czech, Soviet Union, and a pioneer
Weed in South Africa (Namaqualand) CABI article”,9 an,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Oncosiphon,piluliferum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Oncosiphon,suffruticosum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Onopordum,acanthium,,”Scotch thistle, cotton thistle,
heraldic thistle, silver thistle, woolly thistle”,H,NLP,ACT; NSW;
Vic; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Onopordum,acanthium,, Scotch thistle,"High Weed Potential in Agriculture, Grassland, Forests, Riparian and Disturbed areas",,"Potential Exotic Plant Species Invading the Blackfoot Drainage, Montana, Peter M. Rice, Chris Toney and Bob Sacco, weed"
Onopordum,acanthium,,thistle Scotch ,"CLASS B WEED: Class B weeds are non-native species that are presently limited in distribution in King County, Washington State, and pose a serious threat to our resources. Control of these weeds is mandatory in King County.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Onopordum,acanthium, ,”Scotch thistle, cotton thistle,
heraldic thistle, Giant thistle”,,,,,”Mainland Europe,less UK
& S Sweden”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Onopordum,acanthium, ,”Scotch thistle, cotton thistle,
heraldic thistle, silver thistle, woolly thistle”,,,,,”native
of Eur, W&C Asia & Asia minor; distributed throughout most temp
areas, considered as import. weed in only a few places including Canada,
USA, Arg & Aust; NZ minor weed; regarded as weedy on grazing lands
& fallows in British Isles, Spain, Tur &USSR”,”Noxious
Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Onopordum,acanthium, ,Scotch thistle ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately
invasive but still with a potential to spread),,Pacific Northwest Exotic
Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Onopordum,acanthium, ,Scotch cottonthisle,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Onopordum,acanthium, ,”Scotch thistle, cotton thistle,
heraldic thistle, Giant thistle”,,,,,,Weed Science List
Onopordum,acanthium, ,”Scotch thistle, cotton thistle,
heraldic thistle, Giant thistle”,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Onopordum,acaulon,,”stemless thistle, horse thistle,
stemless onopordum”,HXA,L,NSW; Vic; WA; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Onopordum,acaulon, ,Stemless Thistle,,,,”Dispersal:
animal external,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
3,4”,”Spain,S France, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Onopordum,acaulon, ,”stemless thistle, horse thistle,
stemless onopordum”,,,,”rarely eaten by stock ex when it is
wilting, reduces carrying capacity of heavily infested paddocks; seeds
survive in soil for several years - eradication
difficult”,”originated in western Medit region, has not estab.
in many parts of the world”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P
& C”
Onopordum,acaulon, ,stemless thistle,,,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Onopordum,acaulon, ,stemless thistle,,P,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Onopordum,illyricum,,Illyrian thistle,SH,LP,ACT; NSW; Vic;
Tas,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Onopordum,illyricum, ,Illyrian thistle,,,,”competetive in
pastures in better rainfall areas & not grazed by stock, favours
fertile soil & likely to be troublesome in anual clover pastures;
contribute to vegetable fault in wool & dense patches pose a physical
barrier to humans & animals”,”originates in Medit region
& Asia Minor, not widely spread; small patch in California, Aust only
country where the plant has estab.”,”Noxious Weeds of
Australia, P & C”
Onopordum,illyricum, ,Illyrian thistle,,,,,,Weed Science List
Onopordum,illyricum, ,Illyrian thistle,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Onopordum,nervosum,,cotton thistle,E,NP,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Onopordum,nervosum, Onopordum arabicum,,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Onopordum,spp, ,Onopordum Thistles ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Onopordum,tauricum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Osteospermum,calendulaceum,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Osteospermum,calendulaceum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Osteospermum,clandestinum,,Osteospermum,XX,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Osteospermum,clandestinum, ,Osteospermum,,,,Dispersal: Vegetative.
Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations
(Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,”S Af, In Victoria:
Rare or localised, small populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions
In Victoria
Osteospermum,clandestinum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Osteospermum,ecklonis,Dimorphotheca ecklonis,,,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Osteospermum,fruticosum,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Osteospermum,fruticosum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Osteospermum,muricatum,??need to check ID - no
voucher?,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Osterospermum,fruitcosum, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Afr;
Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental ?,,CRC for
Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Oxytenia,acerosa, ,copperweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Palafoxia,linearis, ,,,,,”fair germ of seeds without any
special treatment at temps of 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, &
30C”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Palafoxia,rosea,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Pallenis,spinosa,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Pallenis,spinosa, ,,,,,”P. croatica, Asteriscus
spinosus”,Southern Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Pallenis,spinosa,Compositae ,,,,,”P. croatica, Asteriscus
spinosus”,Southern Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Parthenium,argentatum, ,,,,,soaking achenes for 6hrs or more
in a 1000 ppm soln of GA germ seed covered in soil,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Parthenium,hysterophorum, ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive weeds
nominated by Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated Worst
Invasive Weeds”
Parthenium,hysterophorus, ,parthenium,,,,”, “,French
Polynesia; New Caledonia; Vanuatu ,”“Weeds of Agriculture and
Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific”, D.F
Waterhouse”
Parthenium,hysterophorus,,”parthenium weed, bitter weed,
carrot grass, congress grass, false ragweed, ragweed parthenium,
whitetop”,HH,L,NSW; Vic; Qld;SA; NT; WA; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Parthenium,hysterophorus, ,Ragweed parthenium,,,,paraquat 1989
Kenya , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Parthenium,hysterophorus, ,”parthenium weed, bitter weed,
carrot grass, congress grass, false ragweed, ragweed parthenium,
whitetop”,,,,,”native of Caribbean region, now occurs
throughout southern USA, Mex, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica,
Caribbean Is. & Venezuela, extending south to Bolivia, Brazil & N
Arg; introd to many trop & subtrop countries including S Afr, Israel,
Kenya, Va”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Parthenium,hysterophorus, ,Parthenium weed N # ,,,,”
PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be
destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not
required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the
State. c Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or
Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2)
applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section
60 applies) Mov”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Parthenium,hysterophorus, ,parthenium weed,,,, Declared spp.
under ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Parthenium,hysterophorus, ,ragweed parthenium,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Parthenium,hysterophorus, ,parthenium weed,,P,, Declared spp.
under ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Pectis,papposa, ,cinchweed fetidmarigold,,,,good germ of seed
after leaching for more than 24hrs in running water; germ at 25-30C but
not at lower temps,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Pentzia,globifera, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Pentzia,incana,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Pentzia,incana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Pentzia,suffruticosa,”Matricaria multiflora, Matricaria
suffruticosa, Tanacetum suffruticosum”,”calomba daisy,
chamomile, matricaria, mayweed, stinking weed, yellow top, yellow
weed”,H,LP,SA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Pentzia,suffruticosa,” Matricaria multiflora, Matricaria
suffruticosa, Tanacetum suffruticosum”,”calomba daisy,
chamomile, matricaria, mayweed, stinking weed, yellow top, yellow
weed”,,,,”strongly aromatic, unpalatable plant with no food
value, that competes with more valuable pasture sp. for water. light
& nutrientss; dense stands reduce grazing area & significantly
reduce yields of cereal crops”,native of S Afr is not widely
spread,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Pentzia,suffruticosa, ,Calomba daisy n ,,,,” PROCLAIMED
PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. *
Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n
Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c
Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods
etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside
control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies)
Mo”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed Plants”“
(Weed)”
Pentzia,suffruticosa, ,calomba daisy,,,,,,Weed Science List
Pentzia,suffruticosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Pentzia,suffruticosa, ,calomba daisy,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Perymenium,subsquarrosum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Perymenium,subsquarrosum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Petasites,fragrans,,winter heliotrope,XS,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Petasites,fragrans, ,Winter Heliotrope,,,,”Dispersal:
Vegetative. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
6,7”,”Introduced deliberately from: W Med and Commercially
Available, , In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Petasites,fragrans, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Petasites,japonicus, ,,,,, , Miyagi Niigata ,Weeds and Weed
Control in Asia
Phaenocoma,prolifera,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Phaenocoma,prolifera, ,,,P,,”Monotypic Genus, SW
Cape”,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Picnomon,acarna,”Carduus acarna, Cirsium
acarna”,”soldier thistle, yellow-plumed thistle”,X,LP,Vic;
SA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Picnomon,acarna,” Carduus acarna, Cirsium
acarna”,”soldier thistle, yellow-plumed
thistle”,,,,”competes with cereal crops & can choke
harvesting machinery; sharp spines injure sheep & dogs, reduces
available grazing area in infested pastures as it is avoided by stock”,”originates
in Medit region, hasn't become widely distributed throughout world;
import. weed in Lebanon & of lesser import. elsewhere in its native
range”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Picnomon,acarna, ,Soldier thistle * ,,,,” PROCLAIMED
PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. *
Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n
Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c
Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods
etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2)
applies)”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Picnomon,acarna, ,soldier thistle,,,,,,Weed Science List
Picnomon,acarna, ,soldier thistle,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Picnomon,arcana, ,,,,,Cisium acarna,Southern & Eastern
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Picridium,vulgare, ,picridium,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Picris,echioides,,Ox-tongue,H,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Picris,echioides, ,Ox-tongue,,,,”Dispersal: animal
external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Annual/Biennial. RISK: Serious threat to
one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,4,8,9,12”,”Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Picris,echioides, ,Bristly Ox tounge,,,,Helmintia
echioides,”Central & Southern Europe, UK & Eire, less in
Northen areas”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Picris,echioides, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Picris,echioides, ,bristly oxtongue,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Picris,hieracioides,,Hawkweed Picris,X,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Picris,hieracioides, ,Hawkweed Picris,,,,Dispersal: Wind. Life
Form: Biennial. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations
(Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 15,”Eur, In Victoria:
Limited distribution, medium to large populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Picris,hieracioides, ,Hawkweed ox tongue,,,,seeds germ at once
or soon after collection; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps
similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ; 93% germ,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Picris,hieracioides, ,Hawkweed Ox tounge,,,,,”All Europe,
W Asia, N Amer, Aust & NZ”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Picris,hieracioides, , ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES
OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,,Pacific Northwest
Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Picris,hieracioides, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Picris,hieracioides, ,,,,,annual dominant weed barley &
wheat crops , Okayama ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Picris,hieracioides, ,hawkweed oxtongue,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Pluchea,dioscoridis,syn Baccharis dioscoridis; Conyza
dioscoridis; Baccharis aegyptiaca,Ploughman's spikenard,,,,”Nile and
canal banks, moist and waste groundPlant used in popular medicine for
rheumatic pains”,”E & S Afr, W Asia”,”The Weed
Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Pluchea,lanceolata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Pluchea,lanceolata, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Pluchea,odorata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Pluchea,odorata, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Pluchea,sagittalis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Pluchea,sagittalis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Pluchea,sericea, ,Arrow wood,,,,”62% germ immediately
after harvest, & 44% after 1 yr storage, on moist filter
paper”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Pluchea,sericea, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Pluchea,sericea, ,arrowwood,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Pluchea,sericea, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Pluchea,symphytifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Pluchea,symphytifolia, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Podospermum,resedifolium,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Podospermum,resedifolium, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Porophyllum,ruderale,syn Porophyllum
ellipticum,,,,,”pasture land, humid soil, sunny or slightly shaded
locations; prefers fertile soils; lowland ruderal; upland rice fields,
very common in dry agricultural lands; might become a serious weed,
“,”C & S Amer, S & C Amer; in 1945 found near Bogor (W
Java); since then has been rapidly spreading”,”Weeds of Rice in
Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Praxelis,clematidea,,praxelis,XS,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Praxelis,clematidea, ,,,,,”Region of origin - S Brazil,
Bolivia, Paraguay, N Argentina; Extent of spread - locally common; Means
of spread - seed contaminant”,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Pseudelephantopus,spicatus, ,false elephant's foot,,,,”,
plantations, lawn”,Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; New
Caledonia; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu
,”“Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern
and Western Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Pseudelephantopus,spicatus,,,,P,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Pseudelephantopus,spicatus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Pseudelephantopus,spicatus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Pseudognaphalium,luteoalbum,,,H,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Psiadia,arabica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Psiadia,arabica, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Psilothonna,speciosa, ,,,,,”seed soaked in water
overnight, swollen seeds only used; germ on moist filter paper in petri
dishes at 26C, 51% in dark & 46% in light”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Pterocaulon,rugosum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Pterocaulon,rugosum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Pulchea,indica, ,”Indian pulchea, Indian
fleabane”,,,,”, low saline areas”,French Polynesia; Guam;
American Samoa; Western Samoa; Tuvalu ,”“Weeds of Agriculture
and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific”, D.F
Waterhouse”
Pulicaria,arabica ,syn Inula arabica,,,,,”canal banks,
moist ground”,E Medit to Afghanistan,”The Weed Flora of Egypt
Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Pulicaria,crispa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Pulicaria,crispa, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Pulicaria,vulgaris, ,Lesser Fleabane,,,,P.
prostrata,”Mainland Europe, S UK & S Sweden”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Pulicaria,vulgaris,Compositae ,Lesser Fleabane,,,,P.
prostrata,”Mainland Europe, S UK & S Sweden”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Pyrrhopappus,carolinianus, ,Carolina
falsedandelion,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ratibida,columnaris, Lepachys columnifera,,,,,”seed kept
in moist sand outdoors germ 72%, seed planted in greenhouse germ 26%
within 16days; 30% germ on moist sand in dark at
68-70F”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Ratibida,columnifera, ,prairie coneflower,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ratibida,pinnata, ,pinnate coneflower,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Reichardia,tingitana,,False Sow-thistle,XX,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Reichardia,tingitana, ,False Sow-thistle,,,,”Dispersal:
Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Not a threat (but may have a negative visual
impact). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 3,4”,”Med, In Victoria:
Limited distribution, small populations”,Environmental Weed
Invasions In Victoria
Rhagadiolus,cathartica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Rhagadiolus,cathartica, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Roldana,petasitis,Senecio petasitis,,,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Rudbeckia,amplexicaulis, ,clasping coneflower,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Rudbeckia,hirta, ,Hairy coneflower,,,,56% germ in diffuse
light at 20-25C in 5days & 52% germ in dark in 12days,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Rudbeckia,hirta, ,hairy coneflower,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Rudbeckia,occidentalis, ,niggerhead,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Rudbeckia,serotina, ,blackeyedsusan,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Rudbeckia,triloba, ,browneyedsusan,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Rugelia,repens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Rugelia,repens, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Schkuhria,pinnata,,Dwarf Marigold,,P,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Schkuhria,pinnata, ,Dwarf Marigold,,,,,,Weed Science List
Schkuhria,pinnata, ,Dwarf Marigold,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Sclerocarpus,coffeaecola, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sclerocarpus,coffeaecola, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Scolymus,hispanicus,,”golden thistle, Spanish oyster
plant, Spanish salsify”,,LP,Vic,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Scolymus,hispanicus, ,Golden Thistle ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Scolymus,hispanicus, ,Golden Thistle,,,,,Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Scolymus,hispanicus, ,”golden thistle, Spanish oyster
plant, Spanish salsify”,,,,plant cultivated in some parts of world
as a vege; rosette leaves rarely eaten by stock & aerial growth is
never grazed because of the stout spines on the rigid leaves; dense
infestations impenetrable to grazing animals ; reduces carrying cap. of
pasture,”originates in Medit region, hasn't become widely estab.
throughout world; regarded as weedy in dryland pastures, vineyards &
orchards in parts of its native range particularly Syria, Tunisia,
Lebanon, Morocco & Spain; weed in Arg & Chile, patches in
Cal.”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Scolymus,hispanicus, ,golden thistle,,,,,,Weed Science List
Scolymus,hispanicus, ,golden thistle,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Scolymus,maculatus,,”spotted golden thistle, spotted
thistle”,,LP,NSW,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Scolymus,maculatus, ,,,,,,Southern Europe,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Scolymus,maculatus, ,”spotted golden thistle, spotted
thistle”,,,,”due to spininess, dense patches become
impenetrable to stock, reduce available grazing & harbour vermin;
root edible”,”native of Medit region, but is known to have been
grown as an ornamental in England during 17thC, not widesprd in other
countries”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Scolymus,maculatus, ,spotted golden thistle,,,,,,Weed Science
List
Scolymus,maculatus, ,spotted golden thistle,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Scorzonera,lacinata,,Scorzonera,XX,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Scorzonera,laciniata,, self salsify, Weed Status Uncertain - current information is inadequate to assess risk. Further analysis may be warranted.,,"Potential Exotic Plant Species Invading the Blackfoot Drainage, Montana, Peter M. Rice, Chris Toney and Bob Sacco, weed"
Scorzonera,lacinata,,Scorzonera,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Scorzonera,lacinata, ,,,,,”Podospermum laciniatum, P.
calcitrapifolium, P. willkommii, Scorzonera resedifolia”,Mainland
Europe except Denmark,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Scorzonera,laciniata,,Scorzonera,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Scorzonera,laciniata, ,Scorzonera,,,,”Dispersal: Wind.
Life Form: Biennial. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
4,9,11”,”S Eur,W As, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Scorzonera,laciniata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,aegyptius,syn ,,,,,”until 1960's, common on banks
of Nile & irrigation canals; since construction of Aswan High Dam,
species has become less common, except in southern areas of Upper
Egypt”,Endemic to Egypt,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L.,
& Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Senecio,angulatus,,climbing groundsel,HXS,G,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Senecio,angulatus, ,Climbing Groundsel,,,,”Dispersal:
Vegetative. Life Form: Vine. RISK: Very serious threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,4,5,11”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Af and Commercially
Available, , In Victoria: Rare or localised, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Senecio,angustifolius, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,angustifolius, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Senecio,anteuphorbium, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Senecio,aquaticus, ,,,,,seeds germ soon after harvest &
continued for several mths; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps
similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted; total germ
56%,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Senecio,articulatus,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Senecio,articulatus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Senecio,aureus, ,Golden ragwort,,,,high germ of seeds planted
in greenhouse in autumn of year of collection; seeds held in soil at low
temps outdoors for 83days also germ well after transfer to
greenhouse,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Senecio,aureus, ,golden ragwort,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Senecio,bupleuroides, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,bupleuroides, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Senecio,burchellii, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,burchellii, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Senecio,canadensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,citriformis,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Senecio,citriformis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Senecio,consanguineus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,consanguineus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Senecio,cotyledonis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Senecio,crassiflorus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Senecio,crassiflorus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,crassissimus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Senecio,decaryi, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Senecio,deltoideus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,deltoideus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Senecio,diaschides,,,H,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Senecio,elegans,,purple groundsel,HXXXX,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Senecio,elegans, ,Purple Groundsel,,,,Dispersal: Wind. Life
Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations
(Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,”Introduced
deliberately from: S Af, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Senecio,elegans, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,fulgens, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Senecio,gallicus, ,,,,,”S. alboranicus, S.
coronopifolius, S. desfontainei”,Southern Europe,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Senecio,gallicus,Compositae ,,,,,”S. alboranicus, S.
coronopifolius, S. desfontainei”,Southern Europe,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Senecio,glabellus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,glabellus, ,cressleaf groundsel,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Senecio,glabellus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Senecio,glastifolius,,waterdissel,XS,P,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Senecio,glastifolius, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Senecio,glastifolius, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,glastifolius, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Senecio,glaucus subsp. coronopifolius,syn S. coronopifolius;
S. laxiflorus; S. desfontainei; S. gallicus subsp.
coronopifolius,,,,,”fields, roadsides, canal banks; often forming
attractive yellow carpets if growing in dense, pure
stands”,”Medit, Sahara, Eur, W Asis”,”The Weed Flora
of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Senecio,globsus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Senecio,gramineus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,gramineus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Senecio,grandiflorus, ,,,,,”83% germ at 26C in dark &
82% in light; seeds soaked in water overnight before testing, only
swollen seed used”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Senecio,grantii, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Senecio,hallianus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Senecio,herreianus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Senecio,hieracifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,hieracifolia, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Senecio,inaequidens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,inaequidens, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Senecio,inornatus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,inornatus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Senecio,iosensis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Senecio,isatideus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,isatideus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Senecio,jacobaea,,”ragwort, St James wort, tansy
ragwort”,XX,NL,NSW; Vic; SA; WA; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Senecio,jacobaea,,ragwort tansy ,"CLASS B WEED: Class B weeds are non-native species that are presently limited in distribution in King County, Washington State, and pose a serious threat to our resources. Control of these weeds is mandatory in King County.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Senecio,jacobaea, ,Tansy Ragwort ,,,,”California Noxious
Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Senecio,jacobaea, ,Tansy Ragwort ,,,,”California Noxious
Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Senecio,jacobaea, ,Ragwort,,,,”Dispersal: animal
external,animal (not bird), internal,Water,Wind. Life Form: Perennial
herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria).
Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,2,4,6,7,8,9”,”Introduced
deliberately from: Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Senecio,jacobaea, ,Tansy ragwort,,,,50-86% germ of freshly
harvested seed at 15C constant with alt. light/dark,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Senecio,jacobaea, ,”ragwort, St James wort, tansy
ragwort”,,,,,”originated in Eur & now occurs from Scotland
& Norway in the north to N Afr in the south & Siberia in the
east; considered to be a weed in much of its native range; most abundant
& widesprd weed in British Isles; spread to many temp parts of the
world, be”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Senecio,jacobaea, ,Tansy ragwort ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT
SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,,Pacific Northwest Exotic
Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Senecio,jacobaea, ,Ragwort N # ,,,,” PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN
SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control
required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable
in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special
program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc.
Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside
control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies)
Mov”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Senecio,jacobaea, ,ragwort,,,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed
Science List
Senecio,jacobaea, ,tansy ragwort,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Senecio,jacobaea, ,ragwort,,P,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Senecio,jacobsenianus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Senecio,junceus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Senecio,juniperinus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,juniperinus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Senecio,kleinia, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Senecio,latifolius, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,latifolius, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Senecio,leucanthemifolius, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,leucanthemifolius, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Senecio,longiflorus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Senecio,longilobus, ,threadleaf groundsel,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Senecio,madagascariensis,,fireweed,XX,LP,NSW; Qld,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Senecio,madagascariensis, ,fireweed,,,,”1st recorded in
lower Hunter Valley in 1918, since spread all along the NSW coast, into
parts of the Northern Tablelands & Western Slopes & into SE Qld;
now inc. importance in County of Cumberland & along the south coast
of NSW; does not occur elsewhere i”,native of S Afr ,”Noxious
Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Senecio,madagascariensis, ,fireweed,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,madagascariensis, ,fireweed,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Senecio,mandraliscae, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Senecio,mikanioides, ,German Ivy ,,,,”California Noxious
Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit
effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet,
containing information on noxious weed control in California. This
information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Senecio,mikanioides, ,Cape Ivy ,,,,VINES.,,”Environmental
Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995”
Senecio,mikanioides, ,German ivy,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Senecio,moorei, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,moorei, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Senecio,mutabilis, ,,,,,no dormancy in seeds tested in dark at
18C,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Senecio,oligophyllus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,oligophyllus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Senecio,oxyriaefolius, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,oxyriaefolius, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Senecio,pauperculus, var. balsamitae ,,,,,high germ of seeds
planted in greenhouse in autumn of year of collection; seeds held in soil
at low temps outdoors for 83days also germ well after transfer to
greenhouse,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Senecio,pterophorus,,”African daisy, South African daisy,
winged groundsel”,XH,LP,Vic,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Senecio,pterophorus, ,African Daisy,,,,”Dispersal: Wind.
Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,5”,”S
Af, In Victoria: ?Limited distribution, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Senecio,pterophorus, ,”African daisy, South African
daisy, winged groundsel”,,,,” a pioneer plant which quickly
invades lands disturbed by burning or clearing; competes aggressively
with developing pastures & crops; animals rarely eat the plant,
becomes dominate & renders heavily infested lands unproductive; toxic
to animalsintrod to”,native of moderate to high rainfall
(500-1500mm) districts of S Afr,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P &
C”
Senecio,pterophorus, ,African daisy,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,pterophorus, ,African daisy,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Senecio,retrorsus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,retrorsus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Senecio,riddellii, ,Riddell groundsel,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Senecio,rowleyanus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Senecio,scandens,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Senecio,serpens, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Senecio,squalidus, ,Oxford Ragwort ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Senecio,sylvaticus, ,Woodland groundsel,,,,99% germ of seed
soon after collection; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar
to those prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Senecio,sylvaticus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,sylvaticus, ,woodland groundsel,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Senecio,sylvaticus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Senecio,tamoides,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Senecio,triangularis, ,arrowleaf groundsel,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Senecio,vernalis, ,Spring Groundsel,,,,S.
euxinus,”Eastern Europe, less to Central Europe &
Scandinavia”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Senecio,vernalis,Compositae ,Spring Groundsel,,,,S.
euxinus,”Eastern Europe, less to Central Europe &
Scandinavia”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Senecio,viscosus, ,Sticky Groundsel,,,,,”Mainland Europe,
except extreme NE Europe, less in Scandinavia, UK & Eire”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Senecio,viscosus,Compositae ,Sticky
Groundsel,,,,,”Mainland Europe, except extreme NE Europe, less in
Scandinavia, UK & Eire”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Senecio,viscosus, ,sticky groundsel,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Senecio,vulgaris,,”groundsel, sticky groundsel, stinking
groundsel, wood groundsel”,XX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Senecio,vulgaris, ,Common groundsel,,,,good germ with alt.
temp of 10-25C; prechilling or soaking 2hrs in 1% soln of
hypochlorite,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Senecio,vulgaris, ,Groundsel,,,,,All Europe,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Senecio,vulgaris, ,Common groundsel,,,,bromoxynil 1995 USA
Mint , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Senecio,vulgaris, ,Common groundsel,,,,linuron 1987
Switzerland Vegetables , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Senecio,vulgaris, ,Common groundsel,,,,atrazine 1980 Germany
Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Senecio,vulgaris, ,Common groundsel,,,,”atrazine 1988
Czech Republic Orchard, Railway”, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Senecio,vulgaris, ,Common groundsel,,,,simazine 1970 USA
Nurseries , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Senecio,vulgaris, ,Common groundsel,,,,simazine 1977 United
Kingdom Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Senecio,vulgaris, ,Common groundsel,,,,”simazine 1982
Belgium Corn, Nurseries, Fruit”, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Senecio,vulgaris, ,Common groundsel,,,,simazine 1982 The
Netherlands Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Senecio,vulgaris, ,Common groundsel,,,,simazine 1995 Chile ,
http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Senecio,vulgaris, ,Common groundsel,,,,simazine 1996 Norway
Nurseries , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Senecio,vulgaris, ,Common groundsel,,,,triazines 1982 France ,
http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Senecio,vulgaris, ,Common groundsel,,,,triazines 1982
Switzerland Vineyard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Senecio,vulgaris,syn ,Common groundsel,,,,”Nile and canal
banks, fields”“Flowering branches are used as a
vasoconstrictor, vermifuge, and mild
laxative”““,”Medit, Eur, W Asia”,”The Weed
Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Senecio,vulgaris, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Senecio,vulgaris, ,,,,,”perennial dominance,
sub-dominance “, Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Senecio,vulgaris, ,”groundsel, common groundsel,
staggerwort, stinking Willie”,,,,”Senecio vulgaris is a slender
annual herb, often called groundsel, found primarily in unstable
environments. This species is a weed of more than 40 crops in 65
countries. It behaves as a weed from Mongolia and Iceland in the north to
NZ on the far side “,”very widely distributed in all regions of
the world, except in the warmest regions.”,WORLD WEEDS Natural
Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Senecio,vulgaris, ,common groundsel,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Senecio,vulgaris,,ragwort,,,,”RANK 3. “LESSER
THREAT”Exotic plant species which seem to principally spread and
remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural areas; also
some agronomic weeds.”,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
Serratula,tinctoria, ,,,,,88% germ of seed in 1st spring after
collection; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those
prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted,,Germination & Establishment
of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Sigesbeckia,orientalis, ,St. Paulswort,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Sigesbeckia,orientalis,,Indian weed,XH,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Sigesbeckia,orientalis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sigesbeckia,pubescens, ,,,,, , ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Silphium,perfoliatum, ,cupplant,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Silybum,marianum, ,Blessed milkthistle ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Need more information on invasiveness,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Silybum,marianum,,milk thistle ,CLASS A WEED: Class A weeds are non-native species with a limited distribution in Washington. Eradication of these species is mandatory in all of Washington State.,,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Tanacetum,vulgare,,"Common Name(s): Bitter buttons, Hind-head, Parsley fern","Avail nurseries, Ornamental Potential Invasive ""Perennial, 3-9 dm high, numerous yellow disk flowers in clusters, stems erect in dense colonies, leaves alternate, 1-3 pinnately divided pinnately divided ""","Europe. Habitat: Roadsides, waste places, fields"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Silybum,marianum,Carduus marianus,”variegated thistle,
blessed milk thistle, cabbage thistle, Gundagai thistle, gundy, holy
thistle, lady's thistle, milk thistle, spotted thistle, St Mary's
thistle”,HXXAX,L,Vic; SA; WA; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Silybum,marianum, ,Variegated Thistle,,,,”Dispersal:
animal external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to
one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,4,5,8”,”Introduced deliberately from: Eur,Med,N Af, In
Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Silybum,marianum, ,St Mary's Thistle,,,,,”Mainland
Europe, less in N Europe & UK”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Silybum,marianum, Carduus marianus,”variegated thistle,
blessed milk thistle, cabbage thistle, Gundagai thistle, gundy, holy
thistle, lady's thistle, milk thistle, spotted thistle, St Mary's
thistle”,,,,”very competitive with pastures & cereal crops,
once estab. eliminates most other plants, incl. other thistle sp.;
readily eaten after being cut & dried; can be toxic to cattle when
grown on high nitrogen soils-due to high nitrate content at certain
times”,”originated in Medit region, Asia Minor & Soviet
Union; sprd to most temp areas of world & consid. imprt. weed in many
of them; common in W USA in pastures & neglected areas & on
channel banks; weed of sheep areas in NZ & regarded as weedy in S Af
& S Amer”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Silybum,marianum, ,Variegated thistle * ,,,,” PROCLAIMED
PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. *
Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n
Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c
Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods
etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside
control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies)
Move”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Silybum,marianum, ,variegated thistle,,,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Silybum,marianum, ,”bull thistle, milk thistle, Saint
Mary's thistle, spotted thistle, variegated thistle, blessed thistle,
hardon Marie, lady's thistle, Marian thistle, holy thistle”,,,,”Silybum
marianum is one of the hundreds of thistles found across the world and it
is sometimes called milk thistle. It is found on all of the continents,
but is noteworthy that it does not behave as an important problem in
three large agricultural areas”,appears on all continents,WORLD
WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Silybum,marianum, ,milk thistle,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Silybum,marianum, ,variegated thistle,,P,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Silybum,marianum,syn Carduus marianus,St. Mary's
thistle,,,,”canal banks, moist ground”“Young shoots are
eaten as a raw salad. Plant grazed by camels and donkeys & used in
folk medicine for liver disorders, gallstones, coughs &
bronchitis”““,”Medit, Eur, W Asia; introduced &
naturalised into A. Amer”,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L.,
& Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Silybum,spp., ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by
Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive
Weeds”
Simsia,amplexicaulis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Simsia,amplexicaulis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Sinacalia,tangutica, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Solidago,altissima, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Solidago,bicolor, ,,,,,intact seeds germ 8% within 26days in
light & 16% within 17days in dark; seeds with seed coat cut germ 28%
in light within 26days & 8% in dark in 12days at 20-25C,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Solidago,canadensis,S. altissima,Canada
goldenrod,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Solidago,canadensis, ,Canadian Golden Rod,,,,,”UK, Eire,
Norway & most of Mainland Europe, except Italy, Greece and Russia
“,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Solidago,canadensis, ,golden rod,,,,,,Weed Science List
Solidago,canadensis, ,Canada goldenrod,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Solidago,chilensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Solidago,chilensis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Solidago,cutleri, ,,,,,”seed planted in soil flats &
placed either directly into greenhouse germ 33% in 20-167days, those kept
outdoors exposed to winter weather in cold frame for 83days then
transferred to greenhouse germ 75% in 11-70days “,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Solidago,gigantea, ,,,,,S. serotina,”UK, Eire, Norway
& most of Mainland Europe, except Italy, Greece and Russia
“,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Solidago,gigantea,Compositae ,,,,,S. serotina,”UK, Eire,
Norway & most of Mainland Europe, except Italy, Greece and Russia
“,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Solidago,gigantea, ,giant goldenrod,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Solidago,graminifolia var. nuttallii, ,narrowleaf
goldenrod,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Solidago,marcrophylla, ,,,,,”seed planted in soil flats &
placed either directly into greenhouse germ 39% in 13-167days, those kept
outdoors exposed to winter weather in cold frame for 83days then
transferred to greenhouse germ 50% in 11-21days “,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Solidago,microglossa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Solidago,microglossa, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Solidago,missouriensis, ,Missouri goldenrod,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Solidago,nemoralis, ,Gray goldenrod,,,,intact seeds germ 64%
in light & 0% within 109days in dark; seeds with seed coat cut germ
20% in diffuse light within 26days & 8% in dark in 12days at
20-25C,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Solidago,nemoralis, ,gray goldenrod,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Solidago,occidentalis, ,western goldenrod,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Solidago,odora, ,,,,,”seed planted in soil flats &
placed either directly into greenhouse germ 4% in 20-97days, those kept
outdoors exposed to winter weather in cold frame for 83days then
transferred to greenhouse germ 25% in 21-70days “,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Solidago,rigida, ,Rigid goldenrod,,,,”seed collected in
Oct & planted 2wks later in box of sand under greenhouse bench, no
seeds germ & test conducted for extended period of
time”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Solidago,rigida, ,rigid goldenrod,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Solidago,rugosa, ,Rough goldenrod,,,,52% germ in 91days in
light at 20-25C & no germ within 109days in dark,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Solidago,rugosa, ,rough goldenrod,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Solidago,spp., ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated
by Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive
Weeds”
Solidago,virgaurea, ,,,,,seeds germ at once after harvest
& remainder in 1st spring; seeds placed in germinator exposed to
temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted; total
germ 93%,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Soliva,anthemifolia,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Soliva,anthemifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Soliva,pterosperma,” Gymnostyles pterosperma, Soliva
sessilis”,”onehunga, jo-jo, lawn burrweed”,,,,”is a
weed of lawns & playing fields, but also occurs sporadically in
moister pastures; rarely eaten by stock because of its spines but is a
nuisance in recreation areas for same reason”,”native of the
Americasoccurs throughout southern Aust, as high as Qld, not present in
Tas & NT”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Soliva,pterosperma, ,”onehunga, jo-jo”,,,,,,Weed
Science List
Soliva,pterosperma, ,”onehunga, jo-jo”,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Soliva,sessilis,”S. pterosperma, Gymnostyles
pterosperma”,”onehunga, jo-jo, lawn
burrweed”,XXXX,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Soliva,sessilis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Soliva,stolonifera,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Soliva,stolonifera, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sonchus,arvensis,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Sonchus,arvensis, ,Perennial Sowthistle ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Sonchus,arvensis, ,Perennial sowthistle,,,,100% germ in alt.
20-30C with alt. light/dark & 96% in dark; seed retain viability for
no more than 5yr in dry storage,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Sonchus,arvensis, ,,,,,,Cosmopolitan,Hanf “Arable Weeds
of the World”
Sonchus,arvensis, ,ssp. arvensis Perennial sowthistle
,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of
lesser invasiveness,,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Sonchus,arvensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sonchus,arvensis, ,,,,, ,,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Sonchus,arvensis,syn ,corn sow thistle,,,,”in rather wet
climates, sunny or very shaded, rather moist sites on arable land; swampy
grassland, along watercourses, roads, ravines & terrace banks, in
plantations; usually scattered; from 50-2200m alt; upland rice fields, a
weed of minor importance, a “,”Eur, C Asia, world-wide; introd
in Indonesia long ago; has spread throughout Indonesia except the
Moluccas & Irian Jaya”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia,
Soerjani et al, 1987”
Sonchus,arvensis, ,”perennial sowthistle, corn
sowthistle, field milk thistle”,,,,Sonchus arvensis is a perennial
herbaceous plant found throughout the temperate regions of the world. The
species is adapted to a wide range of edaphic conditions and its
extensive horizontal and vertical root system make it very difficult to
control.S,”native of Eur, found throughout the temperate regions of
world”,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et.
al.
Sonchus,arvensis, ,perennial sowthistle,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Sonchus,asper,,rough or prickly sow
thistle,HXXH,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Sonchus,asper,,Rough Sow-thistle,XX,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Sonchus,asper, ,Rough Sow-thistle,,,,”Dispersal: animal
external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1-9,11,L12,13,14”,”temp N Hem, In Victoria: Widespread, medium
to large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Sonchus,asper, ,Spiny sowthistle,,,,65% germ at 10-25C alt;
optimum germ temp 35C,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Sonchus,asper, ,Prickly Sowthistle,,,,2 subspp. asper &
glaucescens,Cosmopolitan,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Sonchus,asper, ,Spiny sowthistle,,,,triazines 1980 France ,
http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Sonchus,asper,syn ,,,,,fields and waste grounds,”widespread
in the Old World, intoduced to New World”,”The Weed Flora of
Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Sonchus,asper, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sonchus,asper, ,,,,, ,,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Sonchus,asper, ,”rough sowthistle, prickly sowthistle,
sowthistle, spiny sowthistle”,,,,”Sonchus asper is a common
annual plant, found in a wide variety of habitats. It is a pioneer
species and management is difficult because seeds germinate irregularly and
over prolonged time and plants develop and mature rapidly and produce
many easily disp”,”native to Eur, but now distributed around
the world”,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm
et. al.
Sonchus,asper, ,spiny sowthistle,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Sonchus,cornutus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sonchus,cornutus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Sonchus,exauriculatus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sonchus,exauriculatus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Sonchus,macrocarpus,syn ,,,,,fields and waste
grounds,,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi,
M”
Sonchus,oleraceus, ,sow thistle,,,,”, vegetables, field
crops”,Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Kiribati; New
Caledonia; Papua New Guinea; Western Samoa; Tonga; Vanuatu
,”“Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern
and Western Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Sonchus,oleraceus,,milk thistle,HXXXXXH,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Sonchus,oleraceus, ,Milk Thistle,,,,”Dispersal: animal
external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1-9,11,12,13”,”Eur,SW As, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to
large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Sonchus,oleraceus, ,Annual sowthistle,,,,”78% germ at
10-25C alt. with alt. light/dark; seed germ in soil surface, 77% with 3
temp alt. of 20C:8hrs to 30C:8hrs to 8C:6hrs”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Sonchus,oleraceus, ,Smooth Sowthislte,,,,,Cosmopolitan,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Sonchus,oleraceus, ,Sowthistle ,,,,chlorsulfuron 1990
Australia Wheat , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Sonchus,oleraceus,syn ,Sow-thistle,,,,”fields, gardens,
roadsides, waste groundFresh plants eaten as a
salad”,”cosmopolitan weed, less abundant in the trop. than in
cool & temp. regions; originally native to Old World, introduced into
New World”,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil
el-Hadidi, M”
Sonchus,oleraceus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sonchus,oleraceus, ,,,,, , Upland Japan Kagawa ,Weeds and Weed
Control in Asia
Sonchus,oleraceus, ,annual sowthistle,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Sonchus,tenerrimus,,sow thistle,H,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Sonchus,tenerrimus, ,,,,,S. dianae,Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Sonchus,tenerrimus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sonchus,uliginosus,” Sonchus arvensis var. glabrescens,
Sonchus arvensis var. uliginosus”,,,,,”91% germ at alt. 68-90F
in 4-7days, germ at constant 90F was more rapid but only 50% germ
obtained; 2yr old seed germ at alt. 15C:16hrs to 30C:8hrs germ 55% within
13days; vegetative propagation by cuttings of roots”,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Sphaeranthus,africanus,syn Sphaeranthus
microcephalus,,,,,”in areas with a weakly to strongly pronounced dry
season; on heavy & lighter soils, margins of ditches, dried-out pools
& dtiches; locally often gregarious; from 0-700m alt (Java); flowers
Mar-Oct (Java); rainfed, upland & lebak rice fields, a weed of
min”,”Afr, throughout Indonesia, except
Kalimantan”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al,
1987”
Sphaeranthus,bullatus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sphaeranthus,bullatus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Sphaeranthus,indicus, ,,,,, ,,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Sphaeranthus,indicus,syn Sphaeranthus hirtus,East Indian globe
thistle,,,,”usually on heavy soils; from0-1200m alt. Flowering
May-Feb (Java); rainfed & upland rice fields , a weed of minor
importance, the herb is a tonic & a laxative”,”India,
tropical Asia; throughout Indonesia, except Kalimantan, the Moluccas
& Irian Jaya”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al,
1987”
Spilanthes,iabadicensis,syn Spilanthes acmella,,,,,”on
humid or dry sites; on shallow ditches, on sand & gravel bars in
rivers, in moist gardens, in marshy meadows; scattered or gregarious,
never vegetation-forming; up to 3100m alt.; rainfed & upland rice
fields, a weed of minor importance, “,”unknown, througout
Indonesia, except Irian Jaya”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia,
Soerjani et al, 1987”
Spilanthes,paniculata,”syn Spilanthes ocimicolia,
Spilanthes pseudo-acmella”,,,,,”grows in drier places than does
S. iabadicnesis; in fields & meadows, waste places, road & water
sides, between stones, badly-drained pastures, swamp edges; up to 2200m
alt; upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, the heads are
pungent-tasting & r”,”tropical Amer, SE Asia, also in the
Pacific; throughout Indonesia, but not very common in Irian
Jaya”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Steirodiscus,chrysanthemoides,,,S,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Stevia,eupatoria,,”stevia, Kempton's
weed”,,P,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Stevia,eupatoria, ,”stevia, Kempton's
weed”,,,,”unpalatable, useless as feed & rarely grazed by
stock ex by accident; dense infestations limit grazing & pasture
production”,native of Mexico & is not well known outside the
Americas,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Stevia,eupatoria, ,stevia,,,,,,Weed Science List
Stevia,eupatoria, ,stevia,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Stoebe,plumosa, Stoebe cinera,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Syncarpha,vestita,” Xeranthemum vestitum, Helichrysum
vestitum”““,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Synedrella,nodiflora, ,”syndrella, node
weed”,,,,”, plantations, lawns”,Cook Islands; Fiji; French
Polynesia; Guam; Kiribati; New Caledonia; Niue; Papua New Guinea;
American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands ;Tokelau; Tonga; Tuvalu;
Vanuatu ,”“Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the
Southern and Western Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Synedrella,nodiflora,,nodeweed,w,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Synedrella,nodiflora, ,Synedrella,,,,27% germ of seeds planted
in moist sand a few wks after collection,,Germination & Establishment
of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Synedrella,nodiflora,syn ,,,,,”lightly shaded, or more
rarely, sunny, not inundated land; in open forest, in village groves,
hedges, plantations (coffee, coconut), along roads & dikes, on
wastelands, in gardens, on meadows; often gregarious; from 0-1200m alt;
upland rice fields, a weed”,”tropical Amer, found in Java for
the first time in 1888 & since then has spread throughout
Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al,
1987”
Synedrella,nodiflora, ,”porter bush, fatten barrow,
synedrella”,,,,”Synedrella nodiflora is an annual herb; which
has an interesting characteristic in that it has dimorphic seed
production, being produced in the ray and disc florets. Each seed type is
so distinct that they appear to represent separate species. This weed
i”,”native to tropical America; now widely distributed in
nearly 50 countries. It occurs not only in the Americas where it
originated, but also in China, Aust, the Caribbean, India, Indonesia and
the Philippines, and in several African countries.”,WORLD WEEDS
Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Synedrella,nodiflora, ,synedrella,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Synedrellopsis,grisebachii,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Tagetes,minuta,,”wild marigold, stinking roger, Mexican
marigold, muster John Henry”,XXXX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Tagetes,minuta, ,Wild Marigold ,,,,”California Noxious
Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Tagetes,minuta, ,Wild marigold,,,,”63% germ of 1-12wk old
seed planted on surface of soil in greenhouse, pretreated seed sown in
soil poor germ; light required for germ”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Tagetes,minuta, ,stinking Roger,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tagetes,minuta, ,”stinking Roger, Mexican marigold, wild
marigold, stinkweed”,,,,”Tagetes minuta is a herbaceous weed
prevalent in over 35 countries and is well known for the strong odor that
arises from oil glands on its leaves. The oil has been studied for its
pharmaceutical, nematicidal and insecticidal properties. It is found in
m”,”native to S Amer, tropical and subtropical”,WORLD
WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Tagetes,minuta, ,wild marigold,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Tanacetum,boreale,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Tanacetum,boreale, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tanacetum,haradjanii, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Tanacetum,huronense, ,,,,,”seeds planted in soil flats
& exposed to winter weather for 71days, germ 59% within 7-42days
after transfer to greenhouse; 12% within 64-92days of those directly
planted in greenhouse”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Tanacetum,parthenium,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Tanacetum,parthenium, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tanacetum,vulgare,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Tanacetum,vulgare,,tansy common ,"WEED OF CONCERN: Control and containment of existing populations of these noxious weeds is strongly encouraged in King County, Washington State.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Tanacetum,vulgare, ,Tansy ,,,,”California Noxious Weed
Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Tanacetum,vulgare, ,Tansy,,,,80% germ in dark at 20-30C alt.
& 48% in alt. light/dark; at 20-25C 96% germ in light in 3-23days
& 68% in 5-8days in dark; germ markedly affected by
light,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Tanacetum,vulgare, ,Tansy,,,,”Crysanthemum vulgare,
Chrysanthemum tanacetum”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Tanacetum,vulgare, ,Common tansy ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT
SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately
invasive but still with a potential to spread),,Pacific Northwest Exotic
Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Tanacetum,vulgare, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tanacetum,vulgare, ,tansy,,,,”Source: “USA Composite
List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Taraxacum,erythrospermum, ,Smooth dandelion,,,,”92% germ
or more with 4 conditions tested; 15C alt. light/dark, 20C in dark &
20-30C alt. in either dark or in alt. light/dark”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Taraxacum,erythrospermum, ,dandelion,,,,,,Weed Science List
Taraxacum,erythrospermum, ,smooth dandelion,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Taraxacum,kok-saghyz,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Taraxacum,kok-saghyz, ,,,,,”soaking seed for 3days in 1
molar soln of dextrose, KNO3 or KH2PO4, rinsing, drying & planting in
soil; untreated seed germ 48% in 8days, treated 76, 70 & 60%
respectively for dextrose, KNO3 or KH2PO4; 88% germ of untreated seed at
20-30C alt. in dark “,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Taraxacum,magalorhizon, ,,,,,15-20C optimum for seed germ;
recently harvested seed did not germ to any extent if held at 30C or at
0-1C & failed to germ when transferred to optimum temps,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Taraxacum,officinale,,English dandelion,XXXXX,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Taraxacum,officinale, Taraxacum vulgare,Danelion,,,,”95%
germ at 18C in dark within 7days; inc. germ with inc. length of storage;
light beneficial at low temps, at 15C germ 4% in dark & 96% in light,
at 20-30C alt. 72% in dark & 92% in alt.
light/dark”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Taraxacum,officinale, ,Dandelion,,,,,”All Europe, N Asia
& N Amer”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Taraxacum,officinale, ,dandelion,,,,,,Weed Science List
Taraxacum,officinale, ,,,,, , Hokkaido ,Weeds and Weed Control
in Asia
Taraxacum,officinale, ,dandelion,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Taraxacum,platycarpum, ,,,,,prechilling dec. germ % of seeds
& inc. time required for completion of germ,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Taraxacum,pseudocalocephalum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Taraxacum,vulgare, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Taraxacum,vulgare, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Taraxacum ,officinale, ,”dandelion, common
dandelion”,,,,”Taraxacum officinale is an almost stemless,
lactiferous, deeply rooted perennial herb, which is especially adapted to
pastures, lawns, orchards, hay fields, roadsides and other areas of
permanent vegetation with occasional disturbance.T. officinale is
“,originated in Eur; now widely distributed in almost every
temperate and subtropical region of the world.,WORLD WEEDS Natural
Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Taraxacum ,Sects Hamata &
Vulgaria,,Dandelion,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Taraxacum ,Sects Hamata & Vulgaria,
,Dandelion,,,,”Dispersal: animal external,Water,Wind. Life Form:
Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations
(Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
2,4,5,6,7,8,9,15”,”Introduced deliberately from: Euras, In
Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Taraxacum Sect.,Erythrosperma,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Taraxacum Sect.,Hamata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Taraxacum Sect.,Ruderalia,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Tarchonanthus,camphoratus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tarchonanthus,camphoratus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Telekia,speciosa, Buphthalmum speciosum,,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Tetradymia,canescens, ,spineless horsebrush,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Tetradymia,glabrata, ,littleleaf horsebrush,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Thymophylla,tenuiloba,” syn. Dyssodia tenuiloba,
Hymenatherum tenuilobum”,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Tithonia,diversifolia,,Japanese sunflower,XX,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Tithonia,diversifolia, ,Mexican sunflower,,,,”Woody
SpeciesInvades: savanna, grassland, roadsides, riverbanks, at low
altitudesCultivated for: ornament”,Origin: C. Amer,Plant Invaders of
Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Tithonia,diversifolia, ,Mexican sunflower,,,,”Woody
SpeciesInvades: savanna, grassland, roadsides, riverbanks, at low
altitudesCultivated for: ornament”,Origin: C. Amer,Plant Invaders of
Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Tithonia,diversifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tithonia,diversifolia, ,tree marigold,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Tithonia,rotundifolia,,Mexican sunflower,X,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Tithonia,rotundifolia, ,red sunflower,,,,”Woody
SpeciesInvades: wasteland, roadsides, at moderate altitudes (+/-
600-1400m)Cultivated for: ornament”,Origin: C. Amer,Plant Invaders
of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Tithonia,rotundifolia, ,red sunflower,,,,”Woody
SpeciesInvades: wasteland, roadsides, at moderate altitudes (+/-
600-1400m)Cultivated for: ornament”,Origin: C. Amer,Plant Invaders
of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Tithonia,rotundifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tolpis,barbata,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Tolpis,barbata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tolpis,umbellata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tragopogan,pratensis, ,Meadow salsify ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,,Pacific Northwest
Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Tragopogon,dubius,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Tragopogon,dubius, ,Western salsify ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately
invasive but still with a potential to spread),,Pacific Northwest Exotic
Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Tragopogon,dubius, ,yellow salsify,,,,From lists and sources
by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Tragopogon,dubius, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tragopogon,dubius,,yellow goats-beard,,,,”RANK 3.
“LESSER THREAT”Exotic plant species which seem to principally
spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural
areas; also some agronomic weeds.”,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in
Tennessee
Tragopogon,hybridus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Tragopogon,hybridus, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Eur; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Tragopogon,hybridus, ,,,,,,Medit Region,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Tragopogon,hybridus,Compositae ,,,,,,Medit Region,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Tragopogon,major, Tragopogon dubius,Western salsify,,,,seeds
planted in field in late autumn of year of collection 30% germ in
following season,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Tragopogon,major, ,western salsify,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Tragopogon,porrifolius,,salsify,XXXXX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Tragopogon,porrifolius, ,Salsify,,,,”Dispersal:
Water,Wind. Life Form: Annual/Biennial. RISK: Potential threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
4,5,8,11,12”,”Introduced deliberately from: Med and
Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Tragopogon,porrifolius, ,Common salsify,,,,96% germ in alt
light/dark at alt. 20-30C & 76% in dark; at 20C in dark 72% & 15C
in alt. light/dark 56%,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Tragopogon,porrifolius, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tragopogon,porrifolius, ,common salsify,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Tragopogon,pratensis, ,Meadow salsify,,,,seeds germ in 1st
spring after harvest; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar
to those prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted; total germ100%; 92%
germ at 20-25C within 7days in light & 88% in 8days in
dark,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Tragopogon,pratensis, ,Goat's Beard,,,,,All Europe & W
Asia,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Tragopogon,pratensis,Compositae ,Goat's Beard,,,,,All Europe
& W Asia,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Tragopogon,pratensis, ,meadow salsify,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Tridax,procumbens, ,”tridax, coat
buttons”,,,,”, vegetables, roadsides”,Fiji; French
Polynesia; Guam; Kiribati; New Caledonia; Papua New Guinea; American
Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Tuvalu; Vanuatu ,”“Weeds
of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western
Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Tridax,procumbens,,tridax daisy,XH,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Tridax,procumbens, ,Tridax daisy,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tridax,procumbens,syn ,,,,,”Especially in drier areas;
sunny or lightly shaded, dry or slightly wet substrata; along roads,
dikes, railroads, riverbanks, cultivated land, meadows, dunes; often
gregarious; from 0-1500m alt; rainfed & upland rice fields, a weed of
minor importance, so”,”tropical Amer, India & SE Asia;
found in Java for the first time in 1875 & since then has spread
throughout Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et
al, 1987”
Tridax,procumbens,,,terrestrial,,"Federal Noxious Weeds List, USA"
Tridax,procumbens, ,,,,,”Tridax procumbens is generally
considered a perennial but some refer to it as an annual or short-lived
perennial. It adapts to many environments and is frequently foun in
annual crops, roadsides, pastures, fallow land and waste areas, and
occaasionally in”,native to the tropical Americas but now found in
nearly 60 countries.,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution -
Holm et. al.
Tripleurospermum,inodorum,T. maritimum ssp. inodorum,scentless
mayweed,H,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Tripleurospermum,maritimum,= Matricaria
maritima,mayweed,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tripleurospermum,maritimum,= Matricaria
maritima,mayweed,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Tussilago,farfara,,"Common Name(s): Cough-wort, Ginger-root, Clay-weed, Dove-dock, Horse-hoof","Avail nurseries, Ornamental Potential Invasive ""Habitat : Moist clay banks, ditches, pastures and fields Description : Perennial, many disk and ray flowers, 2-3 cm, yellow, stems woolly, leaves basal, simple, palmately veined yellow, stems woolly, l",Europe. Habitat: ," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Tussilago,farfara, ,Coltsfoot,,,,”75% germ of seed placed
in germinator after harvest & exposed to temps similar to those
prevailing outdoors; 94% germ immediately after harvest, 57%, 41% &
3% after 1, 2, & 4mths of air-dry storage at
18-23C”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Tussilago,farfara, ,Coltsfoot,,,,,All Europe,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Tussilago,farfara,Compositae ,Coltsfoot,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Tussilago,farfara, ,coltsfoot,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Tussilago,farfara,,coltsfoot,,,,”RANK 2.
“SIGNIFICANT THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some
invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant communities;
may have the capacity to invade natural communities along disturbance
corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive Exotic Pest
Plants in Tennessee
Urospermum,dalechampii,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Urospermum,picroides,,,H,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Urospermum,picroides, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Urospermum,picroides,syn Tragopogon
picroides,,,,,”fields, gardens, roadsides, waste
ground”,”Medit, S Eur, W Asia”,”The Weed Flora of
Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Ursinia,anethoides, ,,,,,”seeds soaked in water
overnight, only swollen seeds tested at 26C, 63% in 15days in dark &
59% in 70days in light”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Ursinia,anthemoides,,,H,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Ursinia,anthemoides, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ursinia,chrysanthemoides,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Ursinia,chrysanthemoides, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ursinia,speciosa,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Ursinia,speciosa, ,,,,,”seeds soaked in water overnight,
only swollen seeds tested at 26C, 67% in 15days in dark & 36% in
70days in light”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Ursinia,speciosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Vellereophyton,dealbatum,,White Cudweed,HH,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Vellereophyton,dealbatum, ,White Cudweed,,,,”Dispersal:
animal external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to
one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,29,11”,”S Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Vellereophyton,dealbatum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Vemonia,cinerea, ,”vemonia, iron weed”,,,,”,
sweet potato, banana”,Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam;
Kiribati; Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon
Islands; Tonga; Tuvalu; Vanuatu ,”“Weeds of Agriculture and
Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific”, D.F
Waterhouse”
Verbesina,encelioides,Ximenesia exauriculata,”crown
beard, American dogweed, golden crownbeard, gold
weed”,XXX,P,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Verbesina,encelioides, Ximenesia exauriculata,”crown
beard, American dogweed, golden crownbeard, gold weed, South African
daisy, wild sunflower”,,,,”introd to NSW in 1st decade of this
century, & 1st recorded at Wisemans Ferry in 1908; since sprd over
the whole of C & N Coast areas & into the N & C Western
Slopes & Western Plains; occurs in S & C Qld, at Waikerie in SA
& a few patches have been found “,”native of Mexico &
southern USA, where it is a common weed of field borders from Cal. to
Kansas; introd to several other countries, inc. SW Arabian Peninsula,
Arg, Pacific Is., & Aust”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P
& C”
Verbesina,encelioides, ,crown beard,,,,,,Weed Science List
Verbesina,encelioides, ,crown beard,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Verbesina,encelioides var. exauriculata,
,crownbeard,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Verbesina,persicifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Verbesina,persicifolia, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Vernonia,altissima, ,tall ironweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Vernonia,baldwini, ,western ironweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Vernonia,baldwinii, ,Western ironweed,,,,seeds germ in lab
conditions readily; rhizomes with buds vegetative
reproduction,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Vernonia,cinerea,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Vernonia,cinerea,”syn Vernonia abbreviata, Vernonia
laxiflora, Vernonia leptophylla, Vernonia linifolia, Vernonia parviflora,
Vernonia zollingeriana”,,,,,”sunny or lightly shaded, not wet,
often grassy sites (alang-alang & other grasses), along roadsides, in
rubber & tea plantations, dunes; often gregarious; from 0-1400m alt
(java); flowers all year round; upland rice fields, a weed of minor
importance, Ver”,”unknown, tropical; throughout
Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al,
1987”
Vernonia,cinerea, ,”vernonia, little ironweed,
ironweed”,,,,”Vernonia cinerea is an annual, erect herb, which
is prevalent in tropical and subtropical regions and occurs in nearly 50
countries and is common in gardens, field and plantation crops, pastures,
roadsides and waste areas.V. cinerea is a reported weed o”,widely
distributed in tropical and subtropical regions.,WORLD WEEDS Natural
Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Vernonia,cinerea, ,little ironweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Vernonia,noveboracensis, ,,,,,”seed planted in soil
flats, exposed to winter weather outdoors for 83days 78% germ within
11-21days after transfer to greenhouse; 57% within 34-90days of seed
immediately planted in greenhouse”,,Germination & Establishment
of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Vernonia,patula, ,,,,,45% germ of seed planted in moist sand
2wks after collection,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Vernonia,polyanthes, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Vernonia,polyanthes, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Viguiera,annua, ,annual goldeneye,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Viguiera,dentata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Viguiera,dentata, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Viguiera,stenoloba, ,shrubby goldeneye,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Wedelia,glauca,,Pascalia weed,,P,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Wedelia,glauca, ,Pascalia weed,,,,,,Weed Science List
Wedelia,glauca, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Wedelia,glauca, ,Pascalia weed,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Wedelia,trilobata, ,wedelia,,,,”, vegetables”,French
Polynesia; American Samoa; Vanuatu ,”“Weeds of Agriculture and
Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific”, D.F
Waterhouse”
Wedelia,trilobata,Silphum trilobatum,Singapore
daisy,Xw,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Wedelia,trilobata, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Amer; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Wedelia,trilobata,,wedelia,,,,”Catergory II - Species
that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These species
may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated
disruption of natural Florida communities. “,,List of Florida's Most
Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Wyethia,amplexicaulis, ,mulesears,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Xanthium,ambrosioides,,,,L,NT,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Xanthium,californicum,Part of X. strumarium,noogoora burr
complex,,L,SA; NT; Vic,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Xanthium,californicum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Xanthium,canavillesii,Part of X. strumarium,noogoora burr
complex,,LP,SA; NT; Vic,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Xanthium,cavanillesii,= X. strumarium,S. American burr,,,,
Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Xanthium,cavanillesii, ,”S. American burr, X.
strumarium”,,P,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Xanthium,chinense, ,oriental cocklebur,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Xanthium,echinatum, ,beach cocklebur,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Xanthium,italicum,Part of X. strumarium,noogoora burr
complex,,LP,SA; NT; Vic,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Xanthium,italicum,= X. strumarium,Hunter burr,,,, Declared
spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Xanthium,italicum, ,Italian cocklebur,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Xanthium,italicum, ,”Hunter burr, X.
strumarium”,,P,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Xanthium,occidentale,”Part of X. strumarium, Xanthium
pungens, Xanthium strumarium, Xanthium chinense”,”noogoora
burr, beach cocklebur, burweed, clotbur, cocklebur, European cockle bur.
Italian cockle bur, rough cockle bur, sheepbur, noogoora burr
complex”,XAHH,L,NSW; Vic; Qld; NT; WA; SA,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Xanthium,occidentale,= X. strumarium,Noogoora burr,,,,
Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Xanthium,occidentale, ,”Noogoora burr, X.
strumarium”,,P,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Xanthium,orientale,”Part of X. strumarium, Xanthium
californicum”,”Californian burr, beach cocklebur, burweed,
clotbur, cocklebur, European cockle bur. Italian cockle bur, rough cockle
bur, sheepbur”“ noogoora burr complex”,,L,NSW; Vic; SA;
NT; WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Xanthium,orientale, Xanthium californicum,”Californian
burr, beach cocklebur, burweed, clotbur, cocklebur, European cockle bur.
Italian cockle bur, rough cockle bur, sheepbur”,,,,,”originates
in N Amer, & only occurs in California & Aust”,”Noxious
Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Xanthium,orientale,= X. strumarium,Californian burr,,,,
Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Xanthium,orientale, ,”Californian burr, X.
strumarium”,,P,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Xanthium,pensylvanicum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Xanthium,pensylvanicum, ,common cocklebur,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Xanthium,pensylvanicum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Xanthium,pungens, ,noogoora burr,,,,”, vegetables, pasture”,Cook
Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Papua New Guinea ,”“Weeds of
Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western
Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Xanthium,speciosum, ,showy cocklebur,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Xanthium,spinosum,,”Bathust burr, burweed, prickly
burrweed, spiny cocklebur, spiny clotbur “,HXXXHH,L,ACT; NSW; Vic;
Qld; SA; NT; WA; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Xanthium,spinosum, ,Bathhurst Burr,,,,”Dispersal: animal
external,Water. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
4,8,9,12”,”trop Am, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Xanthium,spinosum, ,Spiny Cockleburr,,,,,”Mainland
Europe, except Denmark”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Xanthium,spinosum, ,”Bathust burr, burweed, prickly
burrweed, spiny cocklebur, spiny clotbur “,,,,”; listed as a
weed in 39 countries & is a serious competitor with such crops as
cotton, maize, peas, potatoes, sorghum, sugarcane & grapes”,;
Tas-Nox & Prohib (as Xanthium spp.),”Noxious Weeds of Australia,
P & C”
Xanthium,spinosum, ,Spiny cocklebur ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Need more information on invasiveness,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Xanthium,spinosum, ,spiny cocklebur,,,,”Declared
WeedHerbaceous SpeciesInvades: ploughed lands, old lands,
riverbanks”,Origin: uncertain probably S Amer,Plant Invaders of
Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Xanthium,spinosum, ,spiny cocklebur,,,,”Declared
WeedHerbaceous SpeciesInvades: ploughed lands, old lands,
riverbanks”,Origin: uncertain probably S Amer,Plant Invaders of
Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Xanthium,spinosum, ,Bathurst burr ,,,,” PROCLAIMED PLANTS
IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control
required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable
in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special
program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc.
Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside
control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies)
Mo”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed Plants”“
(Weed)”
Xanthium,spinosum,syn ,,,,,”roadsides, fields, moist
ground; naturalised”,native of S Amer; introduced into many regions
of the Old World,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil
el-Hadidi, M”
Xanthium,spinosum, ,Bathurst burr,,,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Xanthium,spinosum, ,spiny cocklebur,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Xanthium,spinosum, ,Bathurst burr,,P,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Xanthium,spinosum,,spiny cocklebur,,,,”RANK 3.
“LESSER THREAT”Exotic plant species which seem to principally
spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural
areas; also some agronomic weeds.”,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in
Tennessee
Xanthium,spp., ,Cocklebur,,,,burr contains 2 types of seed
differing in time of germ; upper burr germ at 32-34C with seed coat
removed or increased oxygen pressure that breaks down metabolic
inhibitors,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Xanthium,spp., ,,,P,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Xanthium,strumarium, ,,,,,Lots,”Mainland Europe, except
Denmark”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Xanthium,strumarium, ,Common cocklebur,,,,MSMA/DSMA 1985 USA
Cotton , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Xanthium,strumarium, ,Common cocklebur,,,,imidazolinones 1989
USA Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Xanthium,strumarium, ,large cocklebur,,,,”Declared
WeedHerbaceous SpeciesInvades: ploughed lands, old lands,
riverbanks”,Origin: uncertain probably C & S Amer,Plant Invaders
of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Xanthium,strumarium, ,large cocklebur,,,,”Declared
WeedHerbaceous SpeciesInvades: ploughed lands, old lands,
riverbanks”,Origin: uncertain probably C & S Amer,Plant Invaders
of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Xanthium,strumarium,syn X. brasilicum,,,,,”fields, Nile and
canal banks, moist ground”,naturalised in many regions of the Old
World,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi,
M”
Xanthium,strumarium, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Xanthium,strumarium,,common cocklebur,,,,”RANK 3.
“LESSER THREAT”Exotic plant species which seem to principally
spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural
areas; also some agronomic weeds.”,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in
Tennessee
Xanthium,strumarium spp. agg., ,Noogoora burr complex N
,,,,” PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must
be destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not
required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the
State. c Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or
Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2)
applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section
60 applies) Move”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Xanthium ,occidentale,” Xanthium pungens, Xanthium
strumarium, Xanthium chinense”,”Noogoora burr, beach cocklebur,
burweed, clotbur, cocklebur, European cockle bur. Italian cockle bur,
rough cockle bur, sheepbur”,,,,,”originate in N Amer & is
now sprd throughout the temp & subtrop regions of the world 7
considered imprt. weed in 28 countries inc. India, Thai, Philip, China,
Japan, Korea, Taiwan, S Afr, W Asia, several Medit countries & the
USA (inc. Hawaii)”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Youngia,japonica, ,Asiatic hawksbeard,,,,paraquat 1980 Japan
Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Youngia,japonica, ,,,,, Weeds of sown grassland , Shizuoka
Upland Japan Miyasaki Okayama Kagawa ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Youngia,japonica, ,oriental hawkbeard,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Zinnia,elegans,,wild zinnia,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Zinnia,oligantha, ,,,,,100% germ of seeds with intact coats
(but removed from fruit walls) within 3days at 26-27C with 12hrs
light:12hrs dark,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Zinnia,peruviana,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Zinnia,peruviana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Erigeron,sumatrensis,”syn Erigeron linifolius, Conyza
ambigua”,fleabane,,,,”sunny to lightly shaded dry or moist (but
not marshy) regions with weak or pronounced dry season; on steep
embarkments, alang-alang & othe rgrass vegetation, along dikes &
roads, wastelands & agricultuaral land; in young secondary scrub, in
rubber & tea p”,”tropical Amer, pantropical; found for the
first time in Java before 1860 & spread throughout
Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al,
1987”
Athyriaceae
Diplazium,esculentus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Azollaceae
Azolla,caroliniana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Azolla,caroliniana, ,Atlantic azolla,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Azolla,caroliniana, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Azolla,filiculoides, ,Pacific azolla,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Azolla,filliculoides, ,red water fern,,,,”Proposed
Declared WeedHerbaceous Species Invades: dams, rivers, vleis, mainly in
temperate regions.Cultivated for: ornamental”,”Origin: N, C
& S Amer”,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Azolla,filliculoides, ,red water fern,,,,”Proposed
Declared WeedHerbaceous Species Invades: dams, rivers, vleis, mainly in
temperate regions.Cultivated for: ornamental”,”Origin: N, C
& S Amer”,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Azolla,imbricata, ,Azolla,,,,” Aquatic weed,
free-floating “, Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Azolla,japonica, ,,,,, , Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Azolla,pinnata,,,aquatic,,"Federal Noxious Weeds List, USA"
Azolla,pinnata,syn ,azolla,,,,”borders of stagnant or
slow moving water; due to its rapid growth it may cover the entire water
sufrace (in combination with Lemna spp.); sometimes stranded on mud
banks; from 0-2200m; lowland, lebak & tidal rice fields, it is either
considered an undersi”,”tropical Asia, Pantropical; throughout
Indonesia, except the Lesser Sunda Islands, the Moluccas & Irian
Jaya”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Azolla,pinnata, ,”ferny azolla, mosquito fern, water
velvet”,,,,”It is found in tropical regions and in lakes,
marshes, ponds, paddy fields, ditches and rivers of warm temperature.
Azolla pinnata is a weed in 30 countries including Aust, Bangladesh,
China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. It is a
seri”,”Found in nearly all the Asian countries, in most of
tropical Afr, NZ, and Aust.”,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories &
Distribution - Holm et. al.
Balsaminaceae
Impatiens,balsamina, ,Garden balsm,,,,”fresh seed
dormant; 4-6mths dry storage at room temp, then germ at 25C; fresh seed
prechill at 5C for 2wks; 90% germ after 6yrs lab
storage”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Impatiens,balsamina, ,garden balsam,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Impatiens,capensis, ,spotted snapweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Impatiens,glandulifera,,Common Name(s): Himalayan balsam,"Avail nurseries, Ornamental Potential Invasive ""1-2 m high, flowers in clusters, red-pink to white with yellow spots, 3-4 cm long, stem hairless, leaves 6-20 cm long, toothed, opposite or whorled, lanceolate, fruit club shaped, 3 cm long long, tooth","Europe. Habitat: Bushy places, grazing grounds"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Impatiens,nolitangere, ,,,,,”some seed germ immediately
after harvest, remainder in 1st spring; seeds placed in water unheated
germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors;
84% germ”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Impatiens,pallida, ,pale snapweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Impatiens,parviflora, ,,,,,seeds placed in water unheated
germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors
98% germ; needs prechilling at 5C or less for 2wks,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Impatiens,spp., ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive weeds
nominated by Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated Worst
Invasive Weeds”
Impatiens,spp., ,Balsams
,,,,GROUNDCOVERS.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John
Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995”
Impatiens,walleriana,Impatiens balsamina,”busy lizzie,
balsam”,XXS,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Impatiens,walleriana, ,Balsam ,,,,Ground
Covers.,,”Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia,
1995”
Impatiens,walleriana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Basellaceae
Anredera,baselloides, ,”bridal wreath, Madeira
vine”,,,,”Succulent SpeciesInvades: woodland, urban open
spaceCultivated for: ornament, and its edible tubers”,Origin: S
Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Anredera,baselloides, ,”bridal wreath, Madeira
vine”,,,,”Succulent SpeciesInvades: woodland, urban open
spaceCultivated for: ornament, and its edible tubers”,Origin: S
Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Anredera,cordifolia,,Maderia Vine,HXHXXSX,NL,NSW,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Anredera,cordifolia, ,Maderia Vine,,,,”Dispersal:
Vegetative. Life Form: Vine. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,6,8,12”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Am, In Victoria:
Rare or localised, small populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions
In Victoria
Anredera,cordifolia, ,Madeira Vine ,,,,Major
WeedVINES.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,
Greening Australia, 1995”
Anredera,cordifolia, ,Madeira Vine ,,,,Major Threat
Vines.,,”Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia,
1995”
Anredera,cordifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Basella,alba,,,S,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Basella,alba, ,,,,,”Region of origin - Afr, SE Asia;
Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - agriculture -
edible”,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Berberidaceae
Berberis,aristata,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Berberis,aristata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Berberis,canadensis, ,American barberry,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Berberis,darwinii,,berberis,XS,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Berberis,darwinii, ,Berberis,,,,”Dispersal: Bird,
internal. Life Form: Small to medium shrub. RISK: Potential threat to one
or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
6”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Am and Commercially
Available, , In Victoria: Rare or localised, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Berberis,darwinii, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Berberis,fendleri, ,Colorado barberry,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Berberis,thunbergii, ,Japanese
barberry,,,,”alternating temps 10-22C, 5-22C, 5-15C & 15-32C all
effective; germ at constant temp (10, 15,18C) improved if seeds held at
5C on moist blotters for 32 days before”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Berberis,thunbergii,,Japanese barberry,"Avail nurseries, Ornamental Potential Invasive , Additional Comments : Spread by birds, introduced 1806 ""4-6 feet high, flowers yellow in drooping clusters, many stemmed, green or red leaves, 2 inches long, fruits oblong and bright red""",Asia. Habitat: Areas prone to browsing by deer," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Berberis,thunbergii, ,Japanese barberry,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Berberis,thunbergii, ,Japanese barberry,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Berberis,thunbergii,,Japanese barberry,,,,”RANK 2.
“SIGNIFICANT THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some
invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant
communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along
disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive
Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
Berberis,vulgaris,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Berberis,vulgaris, ,,,,,”Region of origin - Eur, Asia;
Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental”,,CRC for
Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Berberis,vulgaris, ,European barberry,,,,”alternating
temps 10-22C, 5-22C, 5-15C & 15-32C all effective; germ at constant
temp (10, 15,18C) improved if seeds held at 5C on moist blotters for 32
days before”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Berberis,vulgaris, ,European barberry,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Bongardia,chrysogonum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Bongardia,chrysogonum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Leontice,leontopetalum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Leontice,leontopetalum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Mahonia,aquifolium,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Mahonia,aquifolium, ,oregongrape,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Mahonia,haematocarpa, ,red mahonia,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Mahonia,leschenaultii,,mahonia,S,G,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Mahonia,leschenaultii, ,,,,,”Region of origin - India,
E Asia; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread -
ornamental”,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Mahonia,leschenaultii, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Mahonia,pinnata,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Mahonia,trifoliolata, ,agarito,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Nandina,domestica,,,,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Nandina,domestica, ,,,,,Region of origin -
India to Japan; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread -
ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Nandina,domestica, ,”heavenly bamboo,
nandina, sacred bamboo”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell
and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US
National Parks, weed”
Nandina,domestica,,”nadina, heavenly
bamboo”,,,,”Catergory I - Species that are invading and
disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not
rely on the economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but
on the documented ecological damage caused.”,,List of Florida's Most
Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Betulaceae
Alnus,cordata,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Alnus,crispa, ,American green alder,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Alnus,glutinosa,,”alder, common alder, European
alder”,SH,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Alnus,glutinosa,,"European alder, Black alder","Avail nurseries, Ornamental Potential Invasive , Additional Comments : Spread by river, spreads vegetatively ""20 m high, flowers as pollen producing catkins, leaves obovate, rounded, broadly pyramidal with several trunks, hanging cones, 1-2 cm long ","Europe. Habitat: Creek valleys, wetlands"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Alnus,glutinosa, ,,,,,Region of origin - NW Eur to W Asia;
Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for
Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Alnus,glutinosa, ,European alder,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Alnus,glutinosa,,sticky alder,,,,WATCH LISTMay be a problem
elsewhere; more information needed.,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in
Tennessee
Alnus,rhombifolia, ,white alder,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Alnus,rubra,,red alder,E,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Alnus,rubra, ,red alder,,,,”Source: “USA Composite
List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Alnus,rugosa, ,speckled alder,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Alnus,serrulata, ,hazel alder,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Alnus,sinuata, ,Sitka alder,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Betula,nigra,,red birch,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Betula,nigra, ,,,,,Region of origin - N Amer; Extent of spread
- localised; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series
Report # 3
Betula,pendula,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Betula,pendula,,"Silver birch, European white birch","Avail nurseries, Landscaping, Ornamental Low Level Invasive , Additional Comments : Displaces native flora, overshades ""15 m high, flowers in long slender catkins, leaves 3-7 cm long, triangular or ovate, hairless, double-toothed, cones 2-4 cm long ","Europe. Habitat: Disturbed quarries and bogs, wetlands"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Betula,pubescens,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Betula,pubescens, ,,,,,Region of origin - Eur to Siberia;
Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds
Tech Series Report # 3
Bignoniaceae
Adenocalymna,alliaceum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Adenocalymna,alliaceum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Bignonia,capreolata,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Bignonia,capreolata, ,crossvine,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Bignonia,capreolata, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Campsis,radicans,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Campsis,radicans, ,,,,,Region of origin - E USA; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Campsis,radicans, ,trumpetcreeper,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Catalpa,bignonioides, ,southern catalpa,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Catalpa,speciosa, ,northern catalpa,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Clytostoma,binatum,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Clytostoma,binatum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Crescentia,cujete, ,calabash tree,,,,From lists and sources
by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Jacaranda,mimosifolia,,”jacaranda tree, black poui”,XX,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Jacaranda,mimosifolia, ,Jacaranda
,,,,TREES.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,
Greening Australia, 1995”
Jacaranda,mimosifolia, ,jacaranda,,,,” Proposed Declared
Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: savanna, wooded kloofs,
riverbanksCultivated for: ornament, shade, timber”,Origin: S
Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Jacaranda,mimosifolia, ,jacaranda,,,,” Proposed
Declared Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: savanna, wooded kloofs,
riverbanksCultivated for: ornament, shade, timber”,Origin: S
Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Macfadyena,unguis-cati,,Cat's claw
creeper,XXS,NL,NSW,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Macfadyena,unguis-cati, ,Cat's-Claw Creeper ,,,,Major
WeedVINES.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,
Greening Australia, 1995”
Macfadyena,unguis-cati, ,catclaw vine,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Macfadyena,unguis-cati, ,cat's claw creeper,,,,”Woody
SpeciesInvades: woodland, plantations, roadsides, urban open
spaceCultivated for: ornament”,Origin: C & S Amer,Plant Invaders
of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Macfadyena,unguis-cati, ,cat's claw creeper,,,,”Woody
SpeciesInvades: woodland, plantations, roadsides, urban open
spaceCultivated for: ornament”,Origin: C & S Amer,Plant Invaders
of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Macfadyena,unguis-cati, ,Cat's-claw Vine ,,,, Major Threat
Vines.,,”Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia,
1995”
Macfadyena,unguis-cati, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Macfadyena,unguis-cati,,claw vine,,,,”Catergory I -
Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in
Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or
geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological
damage caused.”,,List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida
Exotic Pest Plant Council
Parmentiera,aculeata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Parmentiera,cerifera,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Parmentiera,edulis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Pithecoctenium,cyanchoides,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Pithecoctenium,cyanchoides, ,,,,,Region of origin - Brazil
to Argentina; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread -
ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Pyrostegia,ignea, ,Golden Shower Vine
,,,,VINES.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,
Greening Australia, 1995”
Pyrostegia,venusta,,”flame vine, flame
thrower”,w,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Pyrostegia,venusta, ,Golden Shower
Vine,,,,Vines.,,”Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia,
1995”
Pyrostegia,venusta, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Saritaea,magnifica,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Spathodea,campanulata, ,African tulip tree,,,,”,
pastures, roadsides”,Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; American Samoa;
Western Samoa; Tonga ,”“Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation
Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Spathodea,campanulata,,”African tulip tree, flame
tree”,XXw,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Spathodea,campanulata, ,,,,,Region of origin - trop Afr;
Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for
Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Spathodea,campanulata, ssp. rotundata,African Tulip
Tree,,,,TREES.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,
Greening Australia, 1995”
Tanaecium,exitiosum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tanaecium,exitiosum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Tecoma,alata,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Tecoma,capensis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Tecoma,capensis, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Tecoma,capensis,syn. Tecomeria,Fire Flower
,,,,SHRUBS.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,
Greening Australia, 1995”
Tecoma,stans, ,yellow elder,,,,”, “,Cook Islands;
Fiji; French Polynesia; New Caledonia; American Samoa; Solomon Islands;
Tonga ,”“Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the
Southern and Western Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Tecoma,stans,Tecomaria stans,yellow bells,XE,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Tecoma,stans, ,yellow bells,,,,”Proposed Declared
Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: roadsides, urban open spacesCultivated
for: ornament”,Origin: tropical Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern
Africa. (Weeds)
Tecoma,stans, ,yellow bells,,,,”Proposed Declared
Invader. Woody SpeciesInvades: roadsides, urban open spacesCultivated
for: ornament”,Origin: tropical Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern
Africa. (Weeds)
Tecoma,stans, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tecoma,stans, ,trumpetflower,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Bixaceae
Bixa,orellana,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Bixa,orellana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Boraginaceae
Amsinckia,calycina,,Hairy Fiddle-neck,XX,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Amsinckia,calycina, ,Hairy Fiddle-neck,,,,Dispersal: animal
external. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Not a threat (but may have a negative
visual impact). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,”S Am, sthern N Am,
In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Amsinckia,calycina, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Amsinckia,douglasiana, ,Douglas fiddleneck,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Amsinckia,intermedia,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Amsinckia,intermedia, ,Coast fiddleneck,,,,100% germ at 20C
in darkness on moist filter paper in petri dishes,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Amsinckia,intermedia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Amsinckia,intermedia, ,coast fiddleneck,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Amsinckia,lycopsoides,,Bugloss Fiddle-neck,X,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Amsinckia,lycopsoides, ,Bugloss Fiddle-neck,,,,Dispersal:
animal external. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Not a threat (but may have a
negative visual impact). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 41,”eastern
N Am, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Amsinckia,lycopsoides, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Amsinckia,lycopsoides, ,tarweed fiddleneck,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Amsinckia,menziesii,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Amsinckia,menziesii, ,,,,,Region of origin - W USA; Extent
of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Amsinckia,spp.,,”yellow burrweed, amsinckia, buckthorn,
fiddleneck, tar weed, yellow gromwell”,,L,WA; SA; Vic,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Amsinckia,spp., ,”yellow burrweed, amsinckia,
buckthorn, fiddleneck, tar weed, yellow
gromwell”,,,,,”important weed generally throughout the cereal
belt of NSW; it infests Vic cereal crops in Wimmera, southern Mallee
& Ballart area; many outbreaks in SA cereal areas particularly in
upper south east & Mallee with smaller infestations in northern areas
& i”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Amsinckia,spp., ,Yellow burrweed * n ,,,,” PROCLAIMED PLANTS
IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control
required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable
in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special
program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc.
Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside
control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies)
Mo”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed Plants”“
(Weed)”
Amsinckia,spp., ,”yellow burrweed, amsinckia”,,,,
Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Amsinckia,spp., ,”yellow burrweed, amsinckia”,,P,,
Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Amsinckia,tessellata, ,western fiddleneck,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Anchusa,arvensis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Anchusa,arvensis, ,Bugloss,,,,Lycopsis arvensis,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Anchusa,arvensis, ,Small bugloss ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Need more information on invasiveness,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Anchusa,arvensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Anchusa,arvensis,, small bugloss,"Possible Weed of Agriculture, grassland and Forest: High Weed Potential in Disturbed areas",,"Potential Exotic Plant Species Invading the Blackfoot Drainage, Montana, Peter M. Rice, Chris Toney and Bob Sacco, weed"
Anchusa,arvensis,,bugloss annual ,"CLASS B WEED: Class B weeds are non-native species that are presently limited in distribution in King County, Washington State, and pose a serious threat to our resources. Control of these weeds is mandatory in King County.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Anchusa,azurea,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Anchusa,azurea, ,Large Blue Alkanet,,,,A.
italica,”Mainland Europe except: Northern Germany , less in Germany
and France.”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Anchusa,azurea, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Anchusa,capensis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Anchusa,capensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Anchusa,italica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Anchusa,italica, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Anchusa,officinalis, ,Alkanet,,,,,”All Europe except:
Spain, Portugal, UK”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Anchusa,officinalis, ,Common bugloss ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Need more information on invasiveness,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Anchusa,officinalis,, common bugloss,"Possible Weed of Agriculture, grassland and Forest: High Weed Potential in Disturbed areas",,"Potential Exotic Plant Species Invading the Blackfoot Drainage, Montana, Peter M. Rice, Chris Toney and Bob Sacco, weed"
Anchusa,officinalis,,bugloss common ,"CLASS B WEED: Class B weeds are non-native species that are presently limited in distribution in King County, Washington State, and pose a serious threat to our resources. Control of these weeds is mandatory in King County.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Echium,vulgare,, blueweed,"Possible Weed of Agriculture, grassland and Forest: High Weed Potential in Disturbed areas",,"Potential Exotic Plant Species Invading the Blackfoot Drainage, Montana, Peter M. Rice, Chris Toney and Bob Sacco, weed"
Anchusa,officinalis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Anchusa,officinalis, ,common bugloss,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Asperugo,procumbens, ,Madwort,,,,,”Mainland Europe,
Scandinavia (less in West)”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Borago,officinalis,,borage,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Borago,officinalis, ,Borage,,,,,”Mainland Europe, UK,
Sweden (Less in Northern Europe)”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Borago,officinalis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Bothriospermum,tenellum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Bothriospermum,tenellum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Bothriospermum,tenellum, ,,,,,biennial sub-dominance ,
Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Bothriospermum,tenellum, ,,,,, ,,Weeds and Weed Control in
Asia
Bourreria,acimoides, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Bourreria,acimoides, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Buglossoides,arvensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Buglossoides,arvensis,,corn gromwell,,,,”RANK 3.
“LESSER THREAT”Exotic plant species which seem to principally
spread and remain in disturbed corridors, not readily invading natural
areas; also some agronomic weeds.”,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in
Tennessee
Buglossoides,arvensis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Buglossoides,arvensis,syn Lithospermum arvense,”Field
Gromwell, Corn gromwell”,,,,Lithospermum arvense ,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Cerinthe,major, ,,,,,,”S West Europe, inc Italy and
Greece”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Cerinthe,major, ,,,,,,”S West Europe, inc Italy and
Greece”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Cerinthe,minor, ,,,,,,Central to S East Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Cerinthe,minor, ,,,,,,Central to S East Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Cordia,boissieri, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cordia,boissieri, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cordia,curassavica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cordia,curassavica, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cordia,cylindristachya, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cordia,cylindristachya, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Cordia,sebestena, ,geiger tree,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Cordia,subcordata, ,cordia,,,,”tropical America, forest
thickets, sandy shores”,French Polynesia; Kiribati; Marshall
Islands; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Tuvalu; Wallis &
Futuna,”“Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the
Southern and Western Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Cryptantha,torreyana, ,,,,,”prechilling of moist seed
at 3C for 4wks, then alt. temp 20-30C with alt.
light/dark”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Cynoglossum,clandestinum, ,,,,,,W Medit Region,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Cynoglossum,clandestinum, ,,,,,,W Medit Region,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Cynoglossum,coeruleum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cynoglossum,coeruleum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cynoglossum,creticum, ,,,,,,Medit Region,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Cynoglossum,creticum, ,,,,,,Medit Region,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Cynoglossum,lanceolatum, ,,,,,”seeds planted 1-12wks
after harvest in greenhouse; 8% germ with prechilling & conc.
sulfuric acid treatment, no germ untreated seeds “,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cynoglossum,officinale, ,Hounds tounge,,,,”4% germ at
20C in dark, & at alt. 20-30C with alt. ligth/dark”,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cynoglossum,officinale, ,Hound's Tounge,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Cynoglossum,officinale, ,Hound's Tounge,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Cynoglossum,officinale, ,Houndstongue ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST
OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser
invasiveness,,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Cynoglossum,officinale, ,houndstongue,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Cynoglossum,officinale, ,houndstongue,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cynoglossum,virginianum, ,,,,,planted seeds in greenhouse
approx. 3wks after harvest no germ,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cynoglosum,creticum,,,E,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cynoglosum,creticum, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Eur; Extent
of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Echium,brevirame, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Echium,candicans,,,,NL,NSW,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Echium,fastuosum,,”pride of Madeira,
beeshead”,X,NL,NSW,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Echium,italicum,,,,LP,NSW,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Echium,italicum, ,Italian bugloss,,,,,,Weed Science List
Echium,italicum, ,Italian bugloss,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Echium,lycopsis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Echium,pininana, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Echium,plantagineum,Echium lycopsis,”Paterson's curse,
salvation Jane, blue weed, Lady Campbell weed, purple bugloss, purple
echium, purple viper's bugloss, Riverina bluebell, viper's
bugloss”,HXXXXAXXH,L,ACT; NSW; Vic; SA; NT; WA; Tas,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Echium,plantagineum, ,Patersons Curse,,,,”Dispersal:
animal external,Water,animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Annual.
RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria).
Vegetation Formations Invaded: 3,4,5,8”,”Introduced
deliberately from: Med, Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Echium,plantagineum, ,Paterson's Curse,,,,”E. lycopsis,
E. violaceum, E. maritimum”,”Southern and Western Europe,
Uk”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Echium,plantagineum, Echium lycopsis,”Paterson's curse,
salvation Jane, blue weed, Lady Campbell weed, purple bugloss, purple
echium, purple viper's bugloss, Riverina bluebell, viper's
bugloss”,,,,”prolific seeder & over 30 000 seeds/sq.m in
dense patches; emergence & estab. favoured by early break in season, its
high early growth rate allows it to out-compete other seedlings &
better equips it to survive moisture stress after a false break;
seedlin”,”originated in Medit region & W Eur; now spread to
most temp areas of the world, but imprt. weed in Aust only; common &
widesprd in S Afr, S Amer & occurs but not common in N Amer & NZ;
occasionally weedy on arable land in parts of its native range ie.
Spa”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Echium,plantagineum, ,Patterson's curse,,,,”Herbaceous
SpeciesInvades: cultivated lands, pastures, roadsidesCultivated for:
ornament”,Origin: Europe & Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern
Africa. (Weeds)
Echium,plantagineum, ,Patterson's curse,,,,”Herbaceous
SpeciesInvades: cultivated lands, pastures, roadsidesCultivated for: ornament”,Origin:
Europe & Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Echium,plantagineum, ,Salvation Jane * n ,,,,”
PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be
destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not
required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the
State. c Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or
Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2)
applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section
60 applies) Mov”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Echium,plantagineum, ,”Paterson's curse, salvation
Jane”,,,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Echium,plantagineum, ,”Paterson's curse, salvation
Jane”,,P,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Echium,rauwolfii,syn ,,,,,”waste ground, roadsides,
especially in Upper Egypt; also encountered in some desert
regions.”,”Arid Saharan belt of Afr, Arabia”,”The
Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Echium,simplex,,,,L,NSW,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Echium,simplex, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Echium,vulgare,,”viper's bugloss, blue thistle,
blueweed”,XAH,NLP,NSW; Vic; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Echium,vulgare,,blueweed ,"CLASS B WEED: Class B weeds are non-native species that are presently limited in distribution in King County, Washington State, and pose a serious threat to our resources. Control of these weeds is mandatory in King County.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Echium,vulgare, ,Vipers Bugloss,,,,”Dispersal: animal
external,Water,animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Annual. RISK:
Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation
Formations Invaded: 4,5”,”Introduced deliberately from: Eur,C
As, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Echium,vulgare, ,Blue thistle,,,,”91% germ within 7
days in diffuse light at 20-25C, no germ within 158days in
dark”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Echium,vulgare, ,Viper's Bugloss,,,,”E. argenteum, E.
granatense, E. hispanicum”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Echium,vulgare, ,”viper's bugloss, blue thistle,
blueweed”,,,,less palatable & competitive than E.
plantagineum,”originated from Eur & Asia Minor; now spread
through the temp areas of the world & is a weed of some imprt. in the
USA, particularly in pastures in the States of Washington & Virginia,
& also imprt. in cereal crops in the British Isles; occurs in Canada,
“,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Echium,vulgare, ,Blueweed ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES
OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately invasive but
still with a potential to spread),,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant
Council (Weed)
Echium,vulgare, ,blue echium,,,,”Herbaceous
SpeciesInvades: cultivated lands, pastures, roadsidesCultivated for:
ornament”,Origin: Europe & Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern
Africa. (Weeds)
Echium,vulgare, ,blue echium,,,,”Herbaceous
SpeciesInvades: cultivated lands, pastures, roadsidesCultivated for:
ornament”,Origin: Europe & Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern
Africa. (Weeds)
Echium,vulgare, ,viper's bugloss,,,,,,Weed Science List
Echium,vulgare, ,blue thistle,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Echium,vulgare, ,viper's bugloss,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Echium,vulgare,,viper's bugloss,,,,WATCH LISTMay be a
problem elsewhere; more information needed.,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants
in Tennessee
Hackelia,floribunda, ,western stickseed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hackelia,floribunda, ,manyflower
stickseed,,P,,http://issfw.palomar.edu/Wayne/plmay98.htm,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Harpagonella,palmeri, var. palmeri Gray ,Palmer's
grapplinghook,,P,,”Palmer's grapplinghookOne of the
““super hitchhikers”“ of southern California, Baja
California Norte, and the offshore California islands is alow-growing
annual called ““stick-tight”“ (Harpagonella palmeri).
In the official WAYNE'S WORD Top 17 Hitchhikers, “,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Heliotropium,amplexicaule,”Cochranea anchusaefolia,
Heliotropium anchusaefolium, Tournefortia
heliotropioides”,”blue heliotrope, clasping heliotrope,
purpletop, turnsole, wild heliotrope, wild verbena, verveine
sauvage”,XX,NLP,NSW,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Heliotropium,amplexicaule,” Cochranea anchusaefolia,
Heliotropium anchusaefolium, Tournefortia
heliotropioides”,”blue heliotrope, clasping heliotrope,
purpletop, turnsole, wild heliotrope, wild verbena, verveine
sauvage”,,,,”coloniser of roadsides, old cultivation areas
& pastures where, because of its gregarius nature & the ground
cover provided by its many prostrate stems, its commonly found in clumps
free of other sp., reducing pasture productivity; aggressive on deep red
“,native of S Amer,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Heliotropium,amplexicaule, ,blue heliotrope,,,,,,Weed
Science List
Heliotropium,amplexicaule, ,clasping
heliotrope,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Heliotropium,amplexicaule, ,blue heliotrope,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Heliotropium,anomalum, ,silvery heliotrope,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Heliotropium,bovei, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Heliotropium,bovei, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Heliotropium,curassavicum,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Heliotropium,curassavicum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Heliotropium,curassavicum, ,seaside
heliotrope,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Heliotropium,europaeum,,”common heliotrope, Barooga
weed, caterpillar weed, European heliotrope, potato weed, Wanderie
curse”,XXX,L,WA; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Heliotropium,europaeum, ,Common
Heliotrope,,,,”Dispersal: ?. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential
threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 4,9,11”,”Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Heliotropium,europaeum, ,Heliotrope,,,,,South and Central
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Heliotropium,europaeum, ,”common heliotrope, Barooga
weed, caterpillar weed, European heliotrope, potato weed, Wanderie
curse”,,,,”most prominent in areas of abundant winter rainfall,
300-500mm isohytes, depends on summer rains for development; once estab.
acts as an ephemeral plant ripening seed about 6-8wks after germ &
producing several generations in the one season; not an
aggres”,”native to S & C Eur, W Asia & N
Afr”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Heliotropium,europaeum, ,common heliotrope,,,, Declared spp.
under ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Heliotropium,europaeum, ,common heliotrope,,P,, Declared
spp. under ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Heliotropium,indicum,,,XX,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Heliotropium,indicum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Heliotropium,indicum,”syn Heliophytum indicum,
Tiaridium indicum”,heliotrope,,,,”on sunny, periodically moist,
or marshy & desiccating sites; waste places, ditch borders, dried up
pools & ditches, on spread mud, along roads; often very common; in
Java from 0-800m alt. esp. above 400m; flowering season extended, the
first-formed seeds “,”Asia, throughout Indonesia, except Irian
Jaya & the Moluccas”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani
et al, 1987”
Heliotropium,indicum, ,Indian heliotrope,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Heliotropium,sudanicum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Heliotropium,sudanicum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Heliotropium,supinum,,Creeping Heliotrope,X,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Heliotropium,supinum, ,Creeping Heliotrope,,,,”Dispersal:
Water. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
4,9”,”Med, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Heliotropium,supinum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Heliotropium ,lasiocarpum,syn H. europaeum var. tenuiflorum;
H. ellipticum var. lasiocarpum ,,,,,”Fields, roadsides, especially
in sandy and loamy soils.”,”E Medit, SW and C
Asia”,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil
el-Hadidi, M”
Heliotropium ,supinum,syn ,,,,,Nile and canal
banks,”Medit, C Eur, W Asia extending eastward to India, N & E
Afr.”,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil
el-Hadidi, M”
Lappula,echinata, ,European sticktight,,,,seeds dormant at
harvest; soaking seeds for 24hrs in 500/1000 ppm soln of the K salts of
GA & germ seed on soln moistened filter paper at 21C in dark inc.
germ of fresh & 6mth stored seed,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Lappula,echinata, ,European sticktight,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lappula,occidentalis, ,western sticktight,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lappula,squarrosa, ,,,,,L. echinata,”Mainland Europe,
Scandinavia (less in North)”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Lithospermum,arvense, ,Corn gromwell,,,,18% germ with alt.
temps of 20-30C in dark & 16% in light; best germ with alt. temps of
10-18C,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Lithospermum,arvense, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lithospermum,arvense, ,corn gromwell,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lithospermum,officinale,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Lithospermum,officinale, ,gromwell,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lithospermum,ruderale, ,Western gormwell,,,,”36% germ
of seed prechilled on moist blotters at 3C for 4wks, with constant 20C in
dark”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Lithospermum,ruderale, ,western gromwell,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lycopsis,arvensis, ,small bugloss,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Mertensia,fusiformis, ,,,,,”5% germ of cold stratified
seed at 8C for 11mths, at 18C in dark; germ not improved after 18mths
cold stratification or by special treatments including nicking seed coat,
embryo excision or sulfuric acid treatment”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Mertensia,maritima, ,,,,,60-100% germ of cold stratified (2C
for 33days) seed on moist filter paper in petri dishes in daylight at
room temps fluctuating about a mean of 17C,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Myosotis,alpestris, ,,,,,50% germ of seed sown in autumn
& spring in warm glasshouse in3wks after sowing,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Myosotis,arvensis,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Myosotis,arvensis, ,,,,,100& germ immediately or soon
after harvest; seed placed in warm germinator exposed to temps similar to
those prevailing outdoors; germ favoured by light & alt. temp of
10-30C,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Myosotis,arvensis, ,Field forget me not,,,,M. intermedia,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Myosotis,caespitosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Myosotis,discolor,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Myosotis,discolor, ,Changing forget me not,,,,”M.
versicolor, M. collina”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Myosotis,discolor, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Myosotis,laxa,,Water Forget-me-not,H,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Myosotis,laxa, ,Water Forget-me-not,,,,”Dispersal:
?animal external,Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat
to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 8,9,14”,”Introduced deliberately from: Euras,N Af, In
Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Myosotis,laxa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Myosotis,ramosissima, ,Early forget me not,,,,”M.
hispida, M. collina, M. gracillima”,,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Myosotis,ramosissima, ,Early forget me not,,,,”M.
hispida, M. collina, M. gracillima”,,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Myosotis,scorpioides,,common forget-me-not,Can dominate forest understories.,,Noxious Invasive Vegetation of the Willamette Valley: Native Plant Society of Oregon. weed
Myosotis,scorpioides,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Myosotis,stricta, ,,,,,”only 4% germ at 15C with alt.
light/dark; no germ at 20C in dark, 20-30C in dark or 20-30C with alt.
light/dark”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Myosotis,stricta, ,Upright forget me not,,,,M. micrantha,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Myosotis,stricta, ,Upright forget me not,,,,M. micrantha,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Myosotis,sylvatica,,wood forget-me-not,HXs,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Myosotis,sylvatica, ,Wood Forget-me-not,,,,”Dispersal:
animal external,?Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat
to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 6,7,8”,”Introduced deliberately from: Eur,N As and
Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Limited distribution, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Myosotis,sylvatica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Neatostema,apulum,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Neatostema,apulum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Nonea,lutea,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Nonea,pulla, ,,,,,N. rossica,”Eastern Europe, less
France, Finland”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Nonea,pulla, ,,,,,N. rossica,”Eastern Europe, less
France, Finland”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Nonea,vesicaria, ,,,,,,SW Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of
the World”
Nonea,vesicaria, ,,,,,,SW Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of
the World”
Pentaglottis,sempervirens,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Plagiobothrys,canescens,,Valley popcorn
flower,,P,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Symphytum,asperum, ,Rough Comfrey ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Symphytum,asperum, ,prickly comfrey,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Symphytum,bulbosum, ,,,,,S. zeyheri,”S East Europe, inc
Italy”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Symphytum,bulbosum, ,,,,,S. zeyheri,”S East Europe, inc
Italy”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Symphytum,officinale,,”common comfrey,
blackwort”,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Symphytum,officinale, ,Common comfrey,,,,”seeds capable
of germ in water, even though species is not considered
aquatic”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Symphytum,officinale, ,Comfrey,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Symphytum,officinale, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Symphytum,officinale, ,common comfrey,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Symphytum,X uplandicum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Tournefortia (=Messerschmidia),argentea, ,tree
heliotrope,,,,”, coconut, pandanus”,Cook Islands; Fiji; French
Polynesia; Guam; Kiribati; New Caledonia; American Samoa; Western Samoa;
Solomon Islands; Tokelau; Tuvalu; Wallis & Futuna,”“Weeds
of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western
Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Trachystemon,orientalis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Trachystemon,orientalis, ,,,,,Region of origin - E Eur;
Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for
Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Trichodesma,zeylanicum, ,,,,,”only 2% germ of seed
treated with conc. sulfuric acid for 30min, held on wet filter paper
& alt. daily from 32C:9hrs to 4C:5hrs for 15days, before planting in
5-10mm of soil; 1yr old seed no germ under any conditions
tried”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Trigonotis,peduncularis, ,,,,,biennial dominant weed barley
& wheat crops , Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Brassicaceae
Alliaria,officinalis, ,garlic mustard,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Alliaria,petiolaris,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Alliaria,petiolaris, ,,,,,Region of origin - Eur; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series
Report # 3
Alliaria,petiolata,,"Common Name(s): Garlic mustard, Hedge garlic","Avail nurseries, Weed Highly Invasive , Additional Comments : Out competes native species, introduced 1879 ""Biennial, 1 m high, flowering stalk with terminal cluster of white flowers, ""","Europe. Habitat: Roadsides, open woods, near habitations"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Alliaria,petiolata,,,Mountain and Valleys Coastal & Peidmont in Virginia,,"Alien Invasive plants in Virginia: Virginia Native Plant Society, Weed"
Alliaria,petiolata, ,garlic mustard,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Alliaria,petiolata,,garlic mustard,,,,RANK 1. “SEVERE
THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess characteristics of
invasive species and spread easily into native plant communities and
displace native vegetation; includes species which are or could become
widespread in Tennessee.,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
Alyssum,alyssoides,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Alyssum,alyssoides, ,Samll Alison,,,,”A. calycinum, A.
conglobatum”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Alyssum,alyssoides,Cruciferae ,Samll Alison,,,,”A.
calycinum, A. conglobatum”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Alyssum,linifolium,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Alyssum,linifolium, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Arabidopsis,thaliana,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Arabidopsis,thaliana, ,Mouse ear cress,,,,”freshly
harvested seed induce germ by keeping moist for 2 days at 5C, then germ
at alternating temps 10hrs at 22C & 14hrs at 5C for 6-8 days; or on
filter paper saturated with 0.0001% soln of GA”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Arabidopsis,thaliana, ,Thale Cress,,,,Sisymbrium
thalianum,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Arabidopsis,thaliana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Arabidopsis,thaliana, ,mouseearcress,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Arabis,glabra, ,,,,,”fresh seeds require 1-2wks
prechilling at 5C, then 20C for 16hrs & 30C for 8hrs (light could be
benefical), for 14 days”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Arabis,hirsuta, ,,,,,fresh seed can germ almost immediately
at room temp,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Arabis,holboellii, ,,,,,dry stored seed 44% germ at 15C in
darkness on filter paper in Petri dishes,,Germination & Establishment
of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Arabis,stricta, ,,,,,”1 yr old dry stored seed sown in
soil gave 60-90% germ at room temp, as did freshly harvested seed, but
4-7mth old seed not as good. “,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Armoracia,rusticana, ,Horse Radish,,,,”A. lapathifolia,
Cochlearia armorica”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Barbarea,intermedia,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Barbarea,intermedia, ,,,,,,”Western Europe, less in
North, UK & Eire”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Barbarea,intermedia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Barbarea,orthoceras, ,,,,,”70% germ with prechilling
moist seed at 3C for 2-4wks, then constant darkness with alternating
temps of 20-30C”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Barbarea,spp., ,field mustard,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Barbarea,verna,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Barbarea,verna, ,Early wintercress,,,,”germ on paper
towelling moisten with 0.2% soln of potassium nitrate, then alternating
20-35C in constant darkness”,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Barbarea,verna, ,,,,,,”Western Europe, less in North,
UK & Eire”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Barbarea,verna, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Barbarea,verna, ,early wintercress,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Barbarea,vulgaris, ,Yellow rocket,,,,”alternating temp
20-30C, in constant light”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Barbarea,vulgaris, ,Winter Cress,,,,”B. iberica, B.
lyrata”,”All Europe, Asia”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Barbarea,vulgaris,Cruciferae ,Winter Cress,,,,”B.
iberica, B. lyrata”,”All Europe, Asia”,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Barbarea,vulgaris, ,yellow rocket,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Berteroa,incana, ,Hoary alyssum,,,,constant temp 20C with
seeds in Petri dishes on blotter moistened with 0.2% potassium nitrate
soln,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Berteroa,incana, ,Hoary Alison,,,,”B. stricta, A.
incanum, Farsetia incarna”,”All Europe except Eire, Spain
Portugal & SW France, less in Western Europe &
Scandinavia”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Berteroa,incana,,Common Name(s): Hoary-alyssum,"Avail nurseries, Usage : Low Level Invasive ""Perennial, 3-7 dm high, white flowers with notched petals, pods with star-shaped hairs, leaves pale green, alternate, simple, lanceolate simple, lanceolate ""","Eurasia. Habitat: Fields, waste places, pastures, meadows"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Berteroa,incana,Cruciferae ,Hoary Alison,,,,”B.
stricta, A. incanum, Farsetia incarna”,”All Europe except Eire,
Spain Portugal & SW France, less in Western Europe &
Scandinavia”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Berteroa,incana, ,hoary alyssum,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Biscutella,auriculata, ,,,,,Jondraba auriculata,SW Europe
inc Italy,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Biscutella,auriculata,Cruciferae ,,,,,Jondraba auriculata,SW
Europe inc Italy,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Biscutella,didyma,var. columnae,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Biscutella,didyma, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Biscutella,laevigata, ,,,,,,Central Europe,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Biscutella,laevigata,Cruciferae ,,,,,,Central Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Brassica,barrelieri,B. oxyrrhina,,,G,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Brassica,barrelieri, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Brassica,campestris, ,”bird rape, wild
turnip”,,,,Brassica campestris is a weed of many crops in both
northern and southern temperate regions.,northern temperate zone and also
in southwestern and central Asia.,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories &
Distribution - Holm et. al.
Brassica,campestris, ,Wild turnip,,,,”dormancy about
1mth, germ on blotters moistened with 0.2% soln potassium nitrate &
temp alternation 20-30C in constant dark”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Brassica,campestris, ,Birdsrape Mustard,,,,atrazine 1977
Canada Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Brassica,campestris, ,wild turnip,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Brassica,chinensis,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Brassica,elongata,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Brassica,elongata, ,,,,,,”Eastern Europe, less Central
and Italy”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Brassica,elongata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Brassica,fruticulosa,,twiggy turnip,X,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Brassica,fruticulosa, ,Twiggy Turnip,,,,”Dispersal: ?.
Life Form: Biennial/Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
4,8,12”,”S Eur, N Af, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium
to large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Brassica,fruticulosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Brassica,hirta, ,white mustard,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Brassica,incana, ,shortpod mustard,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Brassica,juncea,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Brassica,juncea, ,Indian mustard,,,,no special
treatment,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Brassica,juncea, ,Indian Mustard,,,,,”Northern Mainland
Europe, scattered”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Brassica,juncea, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Brassica,juncea, ,Indian mustard,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Brassica,kaber,” var. pinnatifida Brassica arvensis,
Brassica sinapistrum, Sinapis arvensis”,Wild
mustard,,,,”dormant seed prechilled 5 days at 2-10C, then
alternating temps of 15-30C; or treat with conc. sulphuric acid for
2-4min, to break seed coat”,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Brassica,kaber,syn var. pinnatifida,”charlock, wild
mustard”,,,,”Brassica kaber is reported as a weed of 30 crops
in 52 countries and is frequently reported as a serious weed of cereal,
sugar beets and maize. It is a serious or principal weed of cereals in
Argentina, Australia, England, Germany, Hungary, Jordan,
Norway”,”originated in Eurasia, but now prevalent in temperate
regions of Eur, N Amer, and the former Soviet Union.”,WORLD WEEDS
Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Brassica,kaber var. pinnatifida, ,wild
mustard,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Brassica,napus,,rape,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Brassica,napus, ,Rape,,,,,Cosmopolitan,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Brassica,napus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Brassica,nigra,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Brassica,nigra, ,Black Mustard ,,,,”California Noxious
Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Brassica,nigra, ,Black mustard,,,,”dormancy of 6-9mths
after harvest; germ on moistened blotters with 0.2% potassium nitrate
soln, temp alternation of 20-30C “,,Germination & Establishment
of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Brassica,nigra, ,Black Mustard,,,,,Cosmopolitan,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Brassica,nigra, ,black mustard,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Brassica,nigra,syn Sinapis nigra,Black nustard,,,,winter
weed in fieldsPlant often used as cut green in flower shops. Mustard
produced from the seeds. Folk medicine uses plant as a stomach diuretic
& stimulant.,”Medit, Eur; also naturalised in many regions of
the world”,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil
el-Hadidi, M”
Brassica,nigra, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Brassica,nigra, ,black mustard,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Brassica,oleracea,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Brassica,oleracea, ,Wild Cabbage,,,,,Numerous horticultural
varieties,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Brassica,oleracea, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Brassica,rapa,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Brassica,rapa,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Brassica,rapa,,Chinese mustard,X,G,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Brassica,rapa, ,,,,,”B. campestris, B.
asperifolia”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Brassica,rapa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Brassica,rapa, ,birdsrape mustard,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Brassica,tournefortii,,”Mediterranean turnip, wild
turnip”,HHHH,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Brassica,tournefortii, ,Moroccan Mustard
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A
combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,
accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed
control in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious
Weed
Brassica,tournefortii, ,Mediterranean
Turnip,,,,”Dispersal: ?Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Very serious
threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 3,4”,”As , In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Brassica,tournefortii, ,Wild turnip,,,,chlorsulfuron 1992
Australia Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Brassica,tournefortii, ,”wild turnip, Asian mustard,
Moroccan mustard”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and
John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US
National Parks, weed”
Brassica,tournefortii,syn ,,,,,”sandy and loamy fields,
gardens, orchards”,”Medit, W Asia”,”The Weed Flora of
Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Brassica,tournefortii, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Brassica,x juncea,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Brassica,x napus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Bunias,erucago, ,Crested Bunias,,,,,”Central &
Western Europe & UK, less in NE areas”,Hanf “Arable Weeds
of the World”
Bunias,erucago,Cruciferae ,Crested Bunias,,,,,”Central
& Western Europe & UK, less in NE areas”,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Bunias,orientalis, ,Warty Cabbage,,,,,”Central &
Northern Europe, UK & Scandinavia, less in Western areas, UK &
Scandinavia”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Bunias,orientalis,Cruciferae ,Warty
Cabbage,,,,,”Central & Northern Europe, UK & Scandinavia,
less in Western areas, UK & Scandinavia”,Hanf “Arable Weeds
of the World”
Cakile,edentula,,American sea rocket,XXXX,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cakile,edentula, ,American Sea Rocket,,,,”Dispersal:
Water,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Not a threat (but may have a
negative visual impact). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1”,”N
Am, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Cakile,edentula, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cakile,maritima,,sea rocket,XXH,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cakile,maritima, ,Sea Rocket,,,,”Dispersal: Water,Wind.
Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Not a threat (but may have a negative
visual impact). Vegetation Formations Invaded: “,”Eur, In
Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Cakile,maritima, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Calepina,irregularis,”C. corvini, Myagrum
irregulare”,white ball mustard,w,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Calepina,irregularis, ,,,,,Region of origin - Eur; Extent of
spread - ~1500 ha; Means of spread - contaminant probably,,CRC for Weeds
Tech Series Report # 3
Calepina,irregularis, ,White Ball Mustard,,,,C.
corvini,”Southern Europe, sometimes as far North as UK, Belgium
& Holland “,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Camelina,alyssum,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Camelina,alyssum, ,,,,,”C. dentata, C. foetida, C.
linicola, C. pinnatifida”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Camelina,alyssum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Camelina,dentata, ,Flatseed false flax,,,,95% of seed
planted in field in autumn of year of collection germinated early the
next spring,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Camelina,dentata, ,flatseed falseflax,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Camelina,macrocarpa, ,,,,,,All Europe,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Camelina,macrocarpa,Cruciferae ,,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Camelina,microcarpa, ,,,,,,All Europe,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Camelina,microcarpa,Cruciferae ,,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Camelina,microcarpa, ,smallseed falseflax,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Camelina,rumelica, ,,,,,,”Spain, Portugal, Italy &
Eastern Europe”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Camelina,rumelica,Cruciferae ,,,,,,”Spain, Portugal,
Italy & Eastern Europe”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Camelina,sativa,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Camelina,sativa, ,Large seed false flax,,,,”95% seed
planted in field in autumn of year of collection, germ early next
spring”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Camelina,sativa, ,Gold of Pleasure,,,,”C. glabrata, C.
pilosa”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Camelina,sativa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Camelina,sativa, ,largeseed falseflax,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Camelina ,microcarpa, ,Small seed false flax,,,,92% germ at
15C in constant darkness with alternating temps of 20-30C; light inhibits
germ; ,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Capsella,bursa pastoris, ,,,,, Weed in rich site annual
sub-dominance , Upland Korea Upland Japan Hokkaido Okayama ,Weeds and
Weed Control in Asia
Capsella,bursa-pastoris,,shepherds
purse,XXXXXX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Capsella,bursa-pastoris, ,Shepherd's purse,,,,”freshly
harvested seed germ poor; 2yr storage germ good on blotters moisten with
0.2% soln of potassium nitrate, alternating temp 20-30C in darkness;
rupturing seed coat increases germ to 100%; prechilling 2wks at 5C in
KNO3 soln”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Capsella,bursa-pastoris, ,Shepherd's
Purse,,,,,Cosmopolitan,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Capsella,bursa-pastoris, ,Shepherd's-purse ,,,,simazine 1984
Poland Orchard , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Capsella,bursa-pastoris,syn Thlaspi
bursa-pastoris,Shepherd's purse,,,,”widespread winter weed, in
gardens, fields, orchards, lawns, waste ground, roadsides,
etc.”“Plant used in folk medicine as an astringent, hemostatic,
& vasoconstrictor”““,”cosmopolitan, especially in
temp. regions”,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil
el-Hadidi, M”
Capsella,bursa-pastoris, ,shepherds purse,,,,,,Weed Science
List
Capsella,bursa-pastoris, ,,,,, ,,Weeds and Weed Control in
Asia
Capsella,bursa-pastoris, ,shepherdspurse,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Capsella,bursapastoris, ,Shepherds Purse,,,,”Dispersal:
animal external,?Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Not a threat (but may
have a negative visual impact). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
4”,”N Hem, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Capsella,rubella, ,Pink Shepherd's Purse,,,,,”Southern
Europe, sometimes further North”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Capsella,rubella,Cruciferae ,Pink Shepherd's
Purse,,,,,”Southern Europe, sometimes further North”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Cardamine,corymbosa,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cardamine,flexuosa,,common bittercress,X,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cardamine,flexuosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cardamine,flexuosa, ,,,,, , Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed
Control in Asia
Cardamine,hirsuta,,common bitter-cress,XXX,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cardamine,hirsuta, ,Common Bitter-cress,,,,”Dispersal:
animal external,?Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one
or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
6,13,14”,”N Hem and Commercially Available, , In Victoria:
Widespread, small populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In
Victoria
Cardamine,hirsuta, ,Hairy Bitter Cress,,,,C. multicaulis,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Cardamine,hirsuta, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cardamine,hirsuta, ,hairy bittercress,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cardamine,paucijuga, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cardamine,pensylvanica, ,Pennsylvania
bittercress,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cardamine,pratensis, ,cuckoo bittercress,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cardaminopsis,arenosa, ,Sand Rock Cress,,,,Arabis
arenosa,”All Europe except UK, Eire, Spain & Portugal”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Cardaminopsis,arenosa,Cruciferae ,Sand Rock Cress,,,,Arabis
arenosa,”All Europe except UK, Eire, Spain & Portugal”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Cardaria,alliodora, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cardaria,chalapense, ,Lens-podded White-top
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A
combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,
accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed
control in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious
Weed
Cardaria,chalepensis, ,Lens-podded Hoarycress
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A
combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Cardaria,draba,”Cochlearia draba, Lepidium draba,
Nasturtium draba”,”hoary cress, white weed, heart-podded hoary
cress, hoary cardaria, hoary pepperwort, thanet cress, white top, whitlow
pepperwort”,Xw,NL,NSW; Vic; SA; WA; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Cardaria,draba, ,Heart-podded Hoarycress
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A
combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,
accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed
control in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious
Weed
Cardaria,draba, ,”White-top, Hoary Cress
“,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory
(CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a
database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious
weed control in California. This information will f”,,Californian
Noxious Weed
Cardaria,draba, Lepidium draba,Hoary cress,,,,”temps of
20-35C favourable for germ, exposure to light increased germ %; 0.005%
soln GA stimulated germ, by soaking seeds 24hrs in soln or germ on soln
moistened filter paper “,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Cardaria,draba, ,Hoary Cress,,,,Lepidium draba,”All
Europe, less in NW areas”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Cardaria,draba,” Cochlearia draba, Lepidium draba,
Nasturtium draba”,”hoary cress, white weed, heart-podded hoary
cress, hoary cardaria, hoary pepperwort, thanet cress, white top, whitlow
pepperwort”,,,,”considered one of the worst weeds of arable
areas in several parts of the world because of its serious effect on crop
yields; it is essentially a weed of dryland crops grown in monoculture;
as well as competing with cereal crops, it interfers with
harves”,”originated in the area from the E Medit through Asia
Minor to S & C Asia; now has spread to all continents &
particularly common in many parats of N Amer, occurring as a weed in
cereal crops, lucerne & veges; considered most imprt. weed of grain
crops in “,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Cardaria,draba, ,Hoary cress ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT
SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,,Pacific Northwest Exotic
Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Cardaria,draba, ,”white top, hoary cress”,,,,From
lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant
Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Cardaria,draba, ,Hoary cress N ,,,,” PROCLAIMED PLANTS
IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. * Control
required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable
in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special
program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc.
Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside
control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies)
Mo”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed Plants”“
(Weed)”
Cardaria,draba, ,”hoary cress, white weed”,,,,
Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Cardaria,draba, ,”hoary cress, hoary pepperwort, thanet
cress, whiteweed, lepidium, perennial peppergrass,
whitetop”,,,,,”temperate regions with sparse distribution in
the warm regions of C Amer, N Afr, the Arabian Peninsula, and C
India.”,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et.
al.
Cardaria,draba, ,hoary cress,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cardaria,draba, ,”hoary cress, white weed”,,P,,
Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cardaria,pubescens, ,Globe-podded Hoarycress
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A
combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,
accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed
control in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious
Weed
Cardaria,pubescens, ,Hairy whitetop,,,,91% germ alternating
temp of 20-30C & light/dark,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Cardaria,pubescens, ,Hairy whitetop ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Need more information on invasiveness,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Cardaria,pubescens var. elongata, ,hairy
whitetop,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cardaria,spp., ,cardaria,,,,From lists and sources by Faith
Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural
Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Carrichtera,annua,,Wards weed,HXXXH,G,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Carrichtera,annua, ,Wards Weed,,,,”Dispersal: ?Wind.
Life Form: Annual. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
3,4”,”Med, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Carrichtera,annua, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cheiranthus,cheiri,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cheiranthus,cheiri, ,,,,,Region of origin - C & S Eur;
Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for
Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Chorispora,tenella,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Chorispora,tenella, ,Purple Mustard ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Chorispora,tenella, ,Blue mustard,,,,”28% germ at 20C
in darkness, 24% at 15C with alt. light/dark, 12% with temp alt. of
20-30C & alt. light/dark; no germ with 20-30C in
dark”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Chorispora,tenella, ,Blue mustard ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately
invasive but still with a potential to spread),,Pacific Northwest Exotic
Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Chorispora,tenella, ,blue mustard,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cochlearia,danica, ,,,,,97% germ soon after harvest; seeds
placed in germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing
outdoors,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Conringia,orientalis,,Treacle mustard,,GP,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Conringia,orientalis, ,Haresear mustard,,,,germ at 13C
constant or alt. temp of 10-25C,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Conringia,orientalis, ,Hare's Ear Cabbage,,,,,”All
Europe except Eire & Norway, less in Western & Northern
regions”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Conringia,orientalis, ,Treacle mustard,,,,,,Weed Science
List
Conringia,orientalis, ,haresear mustard,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Conringia,orientalis, ,Treacle mustard,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Coronopus,didymus,,,XX,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Coronopus,didymus, ,Lesser Swine Cress,,,,Senebiera
didyma,”Central & Western Europe, UK & Eire,
scattered”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Coronopus,didymus,syn Lepidium didymum; Senebiera
didyma,,,,,”fields, lawns, gardens, roadsides”,probably S Amer;
naturalised in many temp. & trop. regions of the world,”The Weed
Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Coronopus,didymus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Coronopus,didymus, ,”bittercress, carrot weed, hog's
cress, land cress, lesser swinecress, twin cress”,,,,”Coronopus
didymus is a foul-smelling plant with creeping shoots radiating from the
crown of a tap root to form a round mat. It is a spoiler of milk and is
now present in many dairying countries. It imparts a strong, tainted off
flavour which is intensifie”,on all continents and tends to be
concentrated in the temperate zone and subtropics.,WORLD WEEDS Natural
Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Coronopus,didymus, ,swinecress,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Coronopus,integrifolius,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Coronopus,integrifolius, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Coronopus,niloticus,syn ,,,,,”confined to the silty
Nile and canal banks. Since construction of Aswan High Dam, natural
habitat been destroyed & species has become increasingly less
common”,E Afr,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil
el-Hadidi, M”
Coronopus,procumbens, ,creeping watercress,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Coronopus,squamatus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Coronopus,squamatus, ,Swinecress ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Coronopus,squamatus, ,Swine Cress,,,,”C. procumbens, C.
ruelli, Senebiera coronopus”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of
the World”
Coronopus,squamatus,syn Lepidium squamatum; Senebiera
coronopus,Water cress,,,,”moist ground, along canalsLeaves are eaten
as green salad & roots are cooked & eaten”,”Medit, W
& C Eur, W Asia; introduced into Aust, N & S Amer”,”The
Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Coronopus,squamatus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Crambe,abyssinica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Descurainia,longipedicellata, ,slimstem
tansymustard,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Descurainia,pinnata, ,Tansy mustard,,,,”80% germ in
dark at 15C, or alt. 20-30C”,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Descurainia,pinnata, ,tansymustard,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Descurainia,richardsoni, ,Richardson
tansymustard,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Descurainia,sophia,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Descurainia,sophia, Sophia multifida,Flix
weed,,,,”seeds germ better shortly after harvest than stored for
1yr; germ with alt. temps of 23C inlight & 30C in dark, seed switched
to these temps every 2nd day”,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Descurainia,sophia, ,Flixweed,,,,Sisymbrium sophia,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Descurainia,sophia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Descurainia,sophia, ,flixweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Descurainia,sophia, ,”Flixweed, Tansy Mustard
“,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory
(CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a
database, accessible through the Internet, containing information on
noxious weed control in California. This information will
f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Descurainia,sophia, ,Flixweed ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT
SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Descurainia,var. brachycarpa, ,green
tansymustard,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Diplotaxis,catholica, ,,,,,,Iberian Peninsula,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Diplotaxis,catholica,Cruciferae ,,,,,,Iberian Peninsula,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Diplotaxis,erucoides, ,White Rocket,,,,D. valentina,”SE
Europe, inc Italy”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Diplotaxis,erucoides, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Diplotaxis,erucoides, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Diplotaxis,muralis,, sand rocket, Weed Status Uncertain - current information is inadequate to assess risk. Further analysis may be warranted.,,"Potential Exotic Plant Species Invading the Blackfoot Drainage, Montana, Peter M. Rice, Chris Toney and Bob Sacco, weed"
Diplotaxis,muralis,,”stinking wallrocket, stinking
wallrocket, stinkweed, wallmustard, sandrocket”,XX,G,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Diplotaxis,muralis, ,Annual Wall Rocket,,,,,”Central
& Southern Europe, less in Northern areas”,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Diplotaxis,muralis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Diplotaxis,muralis, ,stinking wallrocket,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Diplotaxis,tenuifolia,”Brassica tenuifolia, Sisymbrium
tenuifolia”,”sand rocket, sand mustard, Lincoln weed, large
sandrocket, perennial rocket, perennial wall rocket, slimleaf wall
rocket, wall rocket”,XX,GLP,SA; Vic,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Diplotaxis,tenuifolia, ,Wall Rocket,,,,”Dispersal:
animal external,Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat
to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 1,4,8,12”,”WS&C Eur, In Victoria: Widespread,
medium to large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In
Victoria
Diplotaxis,tenuifolia, ,Perennial Wall Rocket,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Diplotaxis,tenuifolia,” Brassica tenuifolia, Sisymbrium
tenuifolia”,”sand rocket, sand mustard, Lincoln weed, large
sandrocket, perennial rocket, perennial wall rocket, slimleaf wall
rocket, wall rocket”,,,,”introd to Aust between 1890-1900,
possibly in ship's ballast; well estab. in the Bacchus Marsh, Geelong
& Warrnambool areas in Vic, occurring mainly on roadsides, along
railway easements & occasionally in pastures; common on the Eyre &
York Peninsula, the”,”native of S & C Eur & Asia Minor;
spread to many temp parts of the world & considered to be a weed of
some imprt. throughout Eur inc. the British Isles, W USA, Arg, NZ &
Aust”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Diplotaxis,tenuifolia, ,Lincoln weed * ,,,,” PROCLAIMED
PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. *
Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n
Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c
Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods
etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside
control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies)
Mov”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed Plants”“
(Weed)”
Diplotaxis,tenuifolia, ,”sand rocket, sand mustard,
Lincoln weed”,,,,,,Weed Science List
Diplotaxis,tenuifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Diplotaxis,tenuifolia, ,slimleaf wallrocket,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Diplotaxis,tenuifolia, ,”sand rocket, sand mustard,
Lincoln weed”,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Diplotaxis,viminea, ,,,,,,”Central & Southern
Europe, less in Northern areas”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Diplotaxis,viminea,Cruciferae ,,,,,,”Central &
Southern Europe, less in Northern areas”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of
the World”
Diplotaxis,virgata, ,,,,,,Iberian Peninsula,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Diplotaxis,virgata,Cruciferae ,,,,,,Iberian Peninsula,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Draba,muralis, ,,,,,95% germ after 2mths dry storage at
temps of 15-25C in light,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Draba,nemorosa,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Draba,nemorosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Draba,verna, ,whitlowwort,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Enarthrocarpus,lyratus,syn Raphanus lyratus,,,,,”edges
of cultivations, waste ground”,”E Medit, Arabia”,”The
Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Erophila,verna,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Erophila,verna,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Erophila,verna, ,Whitlow Grass,,,,”E. vulgaris, Draba
verna”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Erophila,verna, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Eruca,sativa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Eruca,sativa, ,garden rocket,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Eruca,vesicalia, ,ssp. salvia Garden rocket ,,,,PRELIMINARY
LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Need more information on
invasiveness,,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Eruca,vesicaria,E. sativa,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Eruca,vesicaria, ,,,,,E. sativa,”All Europe except
Eire, Sweden & Finland, Less in Central North and UK”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Eruca,vesicaria,Cruciferae ,,,,,E. sativa,”All Europe
except Eire, Sweden & Finland, Less in Central North and
UK”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Erucaria,aleppica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Erucaria,aleppica, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Erucaria,hispanica, ,,,,,”E. myagroides, E. tenuifolia,
E. aleppica”,”Greece, less in Italy, Spain &
Portugal”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Erucaria,hispanica,Cruciferae ,,,,,”E. myagroides, E.
tenuifolia, E. aleppica”,”Greece, less in Italy, Spain &
Portugal”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Erucastrum,gallicum, ,Dog mustard,,,,seeds planted in field
in autumn of year collected germ in following spring,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Erucastrum,gallicum, ,Hairy Rocket,,,,,”Central &
Western Europe, UK, Sweden & Norway, less in North &
East”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Erucastrum,gallicum,Cruciferae ,Hairy
Rocket,,,,,”Central & Western Europe, UK, Sweden & Norway,
less in North & East”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Erucastrum,gallicum, ,dog mustard,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Erucastrum,nasturtiifolium, ,,,,,,”Central &
Southern Europe & UK, less in North & UK”,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Erucastrum,nasturtiifolium,Cruciferae ,,,,,,”Central
& Southern Europe & UK, less in North & UK”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Erysimum,asperum, ,Western wallflower,,,,40% germ of 5yr old
seed on moist sand in dark at 68 -70F,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Erysimum,asperum, ,western wallflower,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Erysimum,capitatum, ,,,,,62% germ alt. temp 20-30C &
alt. light/dark,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Erysimum,cheiranthoides,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Erysimum,cheiranthoides, ,Wormseed mustard,,,,47% germ with
constant temp of 35C; moistening substratum with 0.2% KNO3 inc. germ;
needs low light & brief exposure enough,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Erysimum,cheiranthoides, ,Treacle Mustard,,,,,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Erysimum,cheiranthoides, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Erysimum,cheiranthoides, ,wormseed mustard,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Erysimum,cheiranthoides, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Erysimum,repandrum, ,,,,,E. patens,Central East and Southern
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Erysimum,repandum,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Erysimum,repandum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Euclidium,syriacum,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Euclidium,syriacum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Eugena,(=Syzygium), ,jambos,,,,Initial list of Invasive
weeds nominated by Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated
Worst Invasive Weeds”
Farsetia,stenoptera, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Farsetia,stenoptera, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Heliophila,pusilla,,heliophila,H,G,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Heliophila,pusilla, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Hesperis,matronalis, ,Dames violet,,,,”prechilling
with0.2% KNO3 soln for 1-2wks, then germ on soln moistened filter paper
in petri dishes with alt. temps (20C:16hrs, 30C:8hr)”,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Hesperis,matronalis, ,Dame's Violet,,,,,”All Europe
except Eire, less in Northern Half”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Hesperis,matronalis,Cruciferae ,Dame's Violet,,,,,”All
Europe except Eire, less in Northern Half”,Hanf “Arable Weeds
of the World”
Hesperis,matronalis, ,Dame's rocket,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Hesperis,matronalis, ,damesviolet,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Hesperis,matronalis,,"Common Name(s): Dame's rocket, Dame's violet","Avail nurseries, Ornamental Low Level Invasive , Additional Comments : Frequently added to wildflower mixes ""Perennial, 40-90 cm high, flowers violet or white, stem hairy, leaves simple, oblong, ovate, hairy ""","Eurasia. Habitat: Roadsides, thickets, open woods"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Hesperis,matronalis,,dame's rocket,,,,”RANK 2.
“SIGNIFICANT THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some
invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant
communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along
disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive
Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
Hirschfeldia,incana,”Brassica adpressa, Brassica
geniculata, Brassica incana, Hirschfeldia adpressa”,”Buchan
weed, hairy brassica, hairy mustard, hoary mustard, shortpod
mustard”,,LP,SA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Hirschfeldia,incana, ,Mediterranean Mustard
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A
combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,
accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed
control in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious
Weed
Hirschfeldia,incana, ,Hoary Mustard,,,,”Sinapis incana,
Brassica adpressa, H. adpressa”,”Central & Southern Europe
& UK, less in North & UK”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Hirschfeldia,incana,” Brassica adpressa, Brassica
geniculata, Brassica incana, Hirschfeldia adpressa”,”Buchan
weed, hairy brassica, hairy mustard, hoary mustard, shortpod
mustard”,,,,”nat. at Bathurst in 1903; since spread throughout
the Tablelands,Western Slopes & Plains & along the C & S
Coasts; in Vic it occurs mainly in the eastern districts, the NE,
Gippsland & central regions; in SA it is common in the SE extending
northwards to “,”native of Medit region & the Channel Is.;
introd to N Amer, particularly Califorina & Mexico, S Afr, NZ &
Aust”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Hirschfeldia,incana, ,Buchan weed * ,,,,” PROCLAIMED
PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. *
Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n
Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c
Special program in south-ea”, Roadside control cost to be met by
adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies),”South Australian
““Proclaimed Plants”“ (Weed)”
Hirschfeldia,incana, ,Buchan weed,,,,,,Weed Science List
Hirschfeldia,incana, ,hairy mustard,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hirschfeldia,incana, ,Buchan weed,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Hornungia,petraea, ,”Hutchinsia, rock
hutchinsia”,,,,100% germ of 2-3mth dry stored seed at 15-20C in
light in 10days,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Hymenolobus,procumbens,Hutchinsia procumbens,oval
purse,H,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Hymenolobus,procumbens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Iberis,amara, ,Wild Candytuft,,,,I. pinetorum,”Western
Europe & UK, less in Eastern Europe”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of
the World”
Iberis,amara,Cruciferae ,Wild Candytuft,,,,I. pinetorum,”Western
Europe & UK, less in Eastern Europe”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of
the World”
Iberis,crenata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Iberis,crenata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Iberis,pinnata, ,,,,,,”Southern Europe, sometimes
further North”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Iberis,pinnata,Cruciferae ,,,,,,”Southern Europe,
sometimes further North”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Iberis,semperflorens, ,,,,,,”Often found in rockeries,
cultivated.”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Iberis,semperflorens,Cruciferae ,,,,,,”Often found in
rockeries, cultivated.”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Iberis,sempervivens, ,,,,,,”Often found in rockeries,
cultivated.”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Iberis,sempervivens,Cruciferae ,,,,,,”Often found in
rockeries, cultivated.”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Iondraba,auriculata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Iondraba,auriculata, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Isatis,tinctoria, ,Dyer's Woad ,,,,”California Noxious
Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Isatis,tinctoria, ,Dyers Woad ,,,,”California Noxious
Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Isatis,tinctoria, ,Woad,,,,”I. canescens, I. litoralis,
I. taurica”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Isatis,tinctoria, ,Dyer's woad ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT
SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately
invasive but still with a potential to spread),,Pacific Northwest Exotic
Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Isatis,tinctoria, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Isatis,tinctoria, ,dyers woad,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Isatis,tinctoria, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Lepidium,africanum,,common pepper-cress,XX,G,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Lepidium,africanum, ,Common Pepper-cress,,,,”Dispersal:
animal external. Life Form: Annual/Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat
to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 1,4,5,8,9,12”,”S Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium
to large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Lepidium,africanum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lepidium,bipinnatifidum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lepidium,bipinnatifidum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Lepidium,bonariense,,Argentine
pepperweed,XXX,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Lepidium,bonariense, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lepidium,campestre,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Lepidium,campestre, ,Field pepperweed,,,,”fresh seed
dormant; 11 wk dry storage, then germ on filter paper moistened with 0.2%
soln of KNO3, at constant temp of 15C or alt. temp of 15-30C with light
exposure”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Lepidium,campestre, ,Field Pepperwort,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Lepidium,campestre, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lepidium,campestre, ,field pepperweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lepidium,chalepense, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lepidium,chalepense, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Lepidium,densiflorum, Lepidium apetalum,Greenflower
pepperweed,,,,seed stored at 4C for 4mths after harvest germ 50% at 15C
in dark; dry storage at 14C maintains viability throughout winter &
spring,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Lepidium,densiflorum, ,,,,,,”Scattered throughout
Europe, except Eire, SW & SE Europe”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of
the World”
Lepidium,densiflorum,Cruciferae ,,,,,,”Scattered
throughout Europe, except Eire, SW & SE Europe”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Lepidium,densiflorum, ,greenflower
pepperweed,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lepidium,graminifolium, ,,,,,,”All Europe, except Eire,
Scandinavia & NW Europe, less in UK, Denmark, Holland &
Belgium”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Lepidium,graminifolium,Cruciferae ,,,,,,”All Europe,
except Eire, Scandinavia & NW Europe, less in UK, Denmark, Holland
& Belgium”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Lepidium,heterophyllum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Lepidium,heterophyllum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lepidium,lasiocarpum, ,,,,,fresh seed germ with alt. temp
10C:16hrs to 30C:8hrs; dry stored seed germ at 25C constant,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Lepidium,latifolium,,,,GP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Lepidium,latifolium, ,Perennial Peppercress
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A
combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,
accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed
control in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious
Weed
Lepidium,latifolium, ,Perennial Pepperweed
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A
combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,
accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed
control in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious
Weed
Lepidium,latifolium, ,Perennial pepperweed ,,,,PRELIMINARY
LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to
spread,,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Lepidium,latifolium, ,perennial pepperweed,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Lepidium,latifolium,, perennial pepperweed," Possible Weed of Grassland, Forest and Wetlands: High Weed Potential in Agriculture, Riparian and Disturbed areas",,"Potential Exotic Plant Species Invading the Blackfoot Drainage, Montana, Peter M. Rice, Chris Toney and Bob Sacco, weed"
Lepidium,latifolium,,pepperweed perennial ,"CLASS B WEED: Class B weeds are non-native species that are presently limited in distribution in King County, Washington State, and pose a serious threat to our resources. Control of these weeds is mandatory in King County.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Lepidium,latifolium, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lepidium,latifolium, ,perennial pepperweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lepidium,latifolium, ,,,P,,”Nevada's waterways are
being destroyed by tall whitetop, aka perennial pepperweed. We think TWT
came over from Europe in the 1930's. It has a wide range across the US,
but it has invaded Northern Nevada at a rate that is similar to that of
California'“,” Substantial comments on this spp. from Dr. Sue
Donaldson below email to sdonalds@fs.scs.unr.edu Nevada Cooperative ExtensionPO
Box 11130Reno, NV 89520 “,Western Australian Prohibited List
Lepidium,neglectum, ,,,,,,Scattered throughout Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Lepidium,neglectum,Cruciferae ,,,,,,Scattered throughout
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Lepidium,nitidum, ,tongue pepperweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lepidium,perfoliatum,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Lepidium,perfoliatum, ,Yellowflower pepperweed,,,,”92%
germ of seed at 15C in dark, 90% at 20C in dark, 52% at 20-30C in dark
& 52% at 20-30C with alt. exposure to light”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Lepidium,perfoliatum, ,,,,,,”All Europe except Finland
& Eire, less in W half & Scandinavia”,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Lepidium,perfoliatum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lepidium,perfoliatum, ,yellowflower pepperweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lepidium,pubescens,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Lepidium,pubescens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lepidium,repens, ,lens pepperweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lepidium,ruderale, ,,,,,”germ stimulated by diurnal
alt. in temps, at constant temp, germ at 21C; seeds begin to germ at once
or soon after harvest, placed in unheated germinator exposed to temps
similar to those prevailing outdoors; 100% germ “,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Lepidium,ruderale, ,Narrow Leaved Pepperwort,,,,,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Lepidium,ruderale,Cruciferae ,Narrow Leaved
Pepperwort,,,,,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Lepidium,sativum,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Lepidium,sativum, ,Garden Cress,,,,,”All Europe,
scattered”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Lepidium,sativum,syn ,Garden cress,,,,”fields,
roadsides; naturalised”“Seedlings eatenas green salad, &
plant is grazed by animals. Folk medicine uses seeds as an active
expectorant & pulmonary stimulant & also as a tonic &
aphrodisiac”““,E Medit to India; cultivated &
naturalised in many temp. regions of the world,”The Weed Flora of
Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Lepidium,sativum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lepidium,schinzii, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lepidium,schinzii, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Lepidium,virginicum,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Lepidium,virginicum, ,Virginia pepperweed,,,,germ on
blotters moistened with 0.2% soln of KNO3 at alt. temp of 20-30C in
light,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Lepidium,virginicum, ,,,,,,”All Europe,
scattered”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Lepidium,virginicum, ,Virginia Pepperweed,,,,paraquat 1993
Canada Peach , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Lepidium,virginicum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lepidium,virginicum, ,Virginia pepperweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lesquerella,gordoni, ,Gordon bladderpod,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lesquerella,gordonii, ,Gordon bladderpod,,,,8% germ only
under various conditions & various periods of dry storage; seed coat
may prevent germ,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Lobularia,maritima,,sweet alyssum,XX,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Lobularia,maritima, ,Sweet Alison,,,,,”Central &
Western Europe, UK & Norway, less in Northern half”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Lobularia,maritima, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lunaria,annua,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Lunaria,annua, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lunaria,annua,,"Common Name(s): Silver dollar, Honesty","Avail nurseries, Ornamental Potential Invasive ""Biennial, 30-100 cm high, flowers 3 cm, reddish-purple, scentless, stiff hairy stems, leaves cordate, coarsely toothed, many fruits, oblong to circular coarsely toothed, many fruits, oblong to circular",Europe. Habitat: Moist shady woods," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Malcolmia,africana,, malcolm stock, Possible Weed of Agriculture and Grassland: High Weed Potential in Disturbed areas,,"Potential Exotic Plant Species Invading the Blackfoot Drainage, Montana, Peter M. Rice, Chris Toney and Bob Sacco, weed"
Malcolmia,africana,,,,P,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Malcolmia,africana, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Eur; Extent of
spread - 1 ha; Means of spread - unknown,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series
Report # 3
Malcolmia,africana, ,,,,,,”SW & SE Europe, inc
Italy”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Malcolmia,africana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Malcolmia,africana, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Matthiola,incana,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Matthiola,incana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Matthiola,longipetala,,nightstock,,L,SA,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Matthiola,longipetala, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Moricandia,arvensis, ,,,,,,”Spain, Portugal, Italy
& Greece”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Moricandia,arvensis,Cruciferae ,,,,,,”Spain, Portugal,
Italy & Greece”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Myagrum,perfoliatum,,”musk weed,
mitre-cress”,,GLP,Vic; SA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Myagrum,perfoliatum, ,”musk weed,
mitre-cress”,,,,”in early days of estab. musk weed was so
competitive with cereal crops of the Vic, Wimmera region that by 1930s a
Musk Weed Area was declared north of Horsham from which movement of wheat
was Controled to prevent further spread; in addition to its
compet”,”native of Eur & W Asia, is regarded a weed only in
Aust, Italy, Lebanon, Turkey & parts of USA-Oregon &
Texas”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Myagrum,perfoliatum, ,,,,,,”All Europe, except Eire
& NW mainland Europe, less in Central and Northern areas”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Myagrum,perfoliatum, ,musk weed,,,,,,Weed Science List
Myagrum,perfoliatum, ,musk weed,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Nasturtium,aquaticum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Nasturtium,indicum, ,,,,, , Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed
Control in Asia
Nasturtium,microphyllum, ,,,,,92-100% germ of seed when sown
on moist filter paper 3-4wks after harvest in light,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Nasturtium,officinale, Nasturtium aquaticum,Water
cress,,,,vegetative reproduction by creeping stems; seeds germ 67% within
7days sown immediately after harvest on moist filter paper at room
temp;seeds remain viable for 5yrs when dry stored in lab,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Nasturtium,officinale, ,watercress,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Nasturtium,officinale,,watercress,,,,”RANK 2.
“SIGNIFICANT THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some
invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant
communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along
disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive
Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
Nasturtium,palustre, ,,,,, , Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed
Control in Asia
Neslia,paniculata, ,Ball mustard,,,,”no germ of freshly
harvested seeds; 8% after 6mths dry storage at 3C, then 21C in dark on
moist filter paper; 67% germ after 1yr at 2-5C in dark on moist filter
paper; GA treatments failed to inc. germ”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Neslia,paniculata, ,Ball Mustard,,,,Vogelia
paniculata,”All Europe except Eire, less in NW Europe”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Neslia,paniculata, ,Ball mustard,,,,,,Weed Science List
Neslia,paniculata, ,ball mustard,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Neslia,paniculata, ,Ball mustard,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Neslia,paniculuta,,Ball mustard,,P,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Pachyphragma,macrophyllum, ,,,,,”no germ on filter
paper in petri dishes at 20-25C in dark with/without GA treatment, rarely
naturalised as a garden escape “,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Pilosella,aurantiaca, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Raphanus,maritimus,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Raphanus,maritimus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Raphanus,raphanistrum, ,wild radish,,,,,,Weed Science List
Raphanus,raphanistrum,,wild radish,XX,NL,NSW,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Raphanus,raphanistrum, ,,,,,Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web
Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,,”Florida
Weeds, FAIRS.”
Raphanus,raphanistrum, ,Wild radish,,,,germ on blotters
moistened with 0.2% soln KNO3 at alt. temp of 20C:16hrs to 30C:8hrs;
prechilling on 0.2% KNO3 moistened blotters at 2-5C for 1-2wks inc.
germ,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Raphanus,raphanistrum, ,”wild radish, jointed charlock,
runch, charlock”,,,,”Raphanus raphanistrum, widely known as
wild radish, is a close relative of the common vegetable radish, Raphanus
sativus. The weed does not have the thickened root of the garden radish, and
may behave as an annual, winter annual ro bieannial. It is a
weed”,,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et.
al.
Raphanus,raphanistrum, ,”wild radish, jointed charlock,
runch, white charlock, wild charlock, wild kale, wild
turnip”,,,,”serious competitor for space, water &
nutrients, reducing crop & pasture yield & contaminating
harvested grain & pasture seed; it taints meat & dairy products
& sometimes results in stock poisoning; prolific seeder, ripening up
to 17 000 seed/sq. m, even “,”native of Medit region, spread
northwards through Eur in the pre-Christian era as a companion sp. in the
cultivation of cereal rye & was introd to the British Isles during
the Roman occupation; introd to most of the temp world & now is a
common of cultiva”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Raphanus,raphanistrum, ,Wild Radish,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Raphanus,raphanistrum, ,Wild Radish,,,,ssp.
microcarpa,Iberian Peninsula,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Raphanus,raphanistrum, ,wild radish,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Raphanus,raphanistrum , ,Wild Radish,,,,ssp. landra,Medit
Region,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Raphanus,sativus,,”jointed charlock, runch, white
charlock, wild charlock, wild kale, wild turnip”,,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Raphanus,sativus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Rapistrum,rugosum,Myagrum rugosum,”turnip weed, wild
turnip”,,NL,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Rapistrum,rugosum, Myagrum rugosum,”turnip weed, wild
turnip”,,,,principally a weed of winter cereals & over grazed
winter pastures in Aust; taints dairy products & meat & can
reduce crop yield significantly; readily Controled by regular cultivation
before seeding or chemically before flowering commences,present in all
States ex NT,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Rapistrum,rugosum, ,Barstard Cabbage,,,,”R. orientale,
R. hispanicum”,”Mainland Europe & UK, less in Northern
half”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Rapistrum,rugosum, ,”Rapistrum, turnip
weed”,,,,,,Weed Science List
Rhynchosinapis,cheiranthos, ,Wall Flower Cabbage,,,,”Brassicella
erucastrum, B. cheiranthos, R. erucastrum”,”Central &
Western Europe, Eire & UK, less in NE, Eire & UK”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Rhynchosinapis,cheiranthos,Cruciferae ,Wall Flower
Cabbage,,,,”Brassicella erucastrum, B. cheiranthos, R.
erucastrum”,”Central & Western Europe, Eire & UK, less
in NE, Eire & UK”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Rorippa,amphibia(islandica),,"Common Name(s): Marsh cress, Yellow water cress"," Wetland Potential Invasive ""Perennial, 1 m high, small golden yellow flowers, branched stem, variable leaf shape ""","Eurasia. Habitat: Wetlands, poorly drained fields, meadows and pastures"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Rorippa,amphibia, Nasturtium amphibium,,,,,seeds germ in 1st
& 2nd spring after harvest; seeds placed in germinator exposed to
temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; total germ 98%,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Rorippa,austriaca, ,Austrian Fieldcress ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Rorippa,austriaca, ,Australian fieldcress ,,,,PRELIMINARY
LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to
moderately invasive but still with a potential to spread),,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Rorippa,austriaca, ,Austrian field cress,,,,,,Weed Science
List
Rorippa,austriaca, ,Austrian fieldcress,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Rorippa,austriaca, ,Austrian field cress,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Rorippa,indica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Rorippa,indica,”syn Rorippa atrovirens, Rorippa
sinapsis, Nasturtium indicum”,,,,,”on moist arable land; along
water & roadsides; usually scattered; from 0-2000m alt; flowers all
year round; rainfed & upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance,
as the plants are superficially rooted & are thinly scattered,
differs from the common Ro”,”Asia, Asia, Afr; throughout
Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al,
1987”
Rorippa,indica, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Rorippa,islandica, ,Marsh cress,,,,”30% germ in diffuse
light at 20-25C within 8-76days, no germ in dark within
233days”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Rorippa,islandica, ,Marsh Yellow Cress,,,,”Rorippa
palustris, Nasturtium palustre, R. terrestris”,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Rorippa,islandica,Cruciferae ,Marsh Yellow
Cress,,,,”Rorippa palustris, Nasturtium palustre, R.
terrestris”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Rorippa,islandica, ,marshcress,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Rorippa,microphylla,,one-row watercress,X,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Rorippa,nasturtium-aquaticum,,two-row
watercress,HXXH,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Rorippa,nasturtium-aquaticum, ,watercress,,,,”Herbaceous
SpeciesInvades: rivers, riverbanks, wetlandsCultivated for: food i.e
salads and garnishing”,Origin: Europe,Plant Invaders of Southern
Africa. (Weeds)
Rorippa,nasturtium-aquaticum,
,watercress,,,,”Herbaceous SpeciesInvades: rivers, riverbanks,
wetlandsCultivated for: food i.e salads and garnishing”,Origin:
Europe,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Rorippa,nasturtiumaquaticam, ,Two-row
Watercress,,,,”Dispersal: ?animal external,Water. Life Form:
Emergent aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK: Serious threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
8,9,10,13,14”,”Introduced deliberately from: Eur,N Af,W As and
Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Rorippa,palustris,,marsh cress,H,G,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Rorippa,palustris, ,Marsh Cress,,,,”Dispersal: ?animal
external,Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
8,9,10,13,14”,”Eur,N Am, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to
large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Rorippa,sylvestris,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Rorippa,sylvestris, ,Creeping Yellow Cress,,,,,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Rorippa,sylvestris,Cruciferae ,Creeping Yellow Cress,,,,,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Rorippa,sylvestris, ,Yellow fieldcress ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST
OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Need more information on
invasiveness,,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Rorippa,sylvestris, ,yellow fieldcress,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Rorripa,microphylla, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Rorripa,nasturium-aquaticum, , ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT
SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,,Pacific Northwest Exotic
Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Rorripa,nasturtiumaquaticum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Rorripa,palustris, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sibara,virginica, ,sibara,,,,”Source: “USA Composite
List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Sinapis,alba,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Sinapis,alba, ,White Mustard,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Sinapis,alba, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sinapis,allionii,syn Raphanus turgidus,,,,,”cultiveated
ground, especially flax fields”,endemic to Egypt,”The Weed
Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Sinapis,arvensis,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Sinapis,arvensis,syn ,”Charlock, Wild mustard, Corn
mustard”,,,,”fields, gardens, roadsides”,”Medit, Eur,
Caucasus to C Asia; naturalised in other temp. regions”,”The
Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Sinapis,arvensis, ,Charlock,,,,,All Europe,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Sinapis,arvensis, ,Wild Mustard,,,,chlorsulfuron 1992 Canada
Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Sinapis,arvensis, ,Wild Mustard,,,,”dicamba/2,4-D/ 1991
Canada Cropland “, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds.
Ian Heap
Sinapis,arvensis, ,Wild Mustard,,,,metribuzin 1994 Canada
Lentils , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Sinapis,arvensis, ,Charlock,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sisymbrium,altissimum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Sisymbrium,altissimum, ,Tumble mustard,,,,100% germ at both
20C & 20-30C alt. in dark; prechilling treatments & moistening
substratum with 0.2% KNO soln inc. germ in freshly harvested
seed,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Sisymbrium,altissimum, ,Tall Rocket,,,,”S. pannonicum,
S. sinapistrum”,”All Europe except Eire, SW France, Spain &
Portugal. Less in Western & Northen areas “,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Sisymbrium,altissimum, ,Tumble mustard ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST
OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Sisymbrium,altissimum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sisymbrium,altissimum, ,tumble mustard,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Sisymbrium,erysimoides,,smooth mustard,XHX,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Sisymbrium,erysimoides, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sisymbrium,irio,,London rocket,XXXHX,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Sisymbrium,irio,syn ,London rocket,,,,”fields, gardens,
orchards, irrigation canals, roadsides, waste ground”,”Medit,
Eur, W Asia to Afghanistan; introduced into trop. Afr, A Amer &
Aust”,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil
el-Hadidi, M”
Sisymbrium,irio, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sisymbrium,irio, ,London rocket,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Sisymbrium,loeselii, ,Tall hedge mustard,,,,seeds germ soon
after harvest & continued for several mths; seeds placed in
germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until
germ or rotted-total germ100%,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Sisymbrium,loeselii, ,tall hedge mustard,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Sisymbrium,officinale,,hedge mustard,XXX,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Sisymbrium,officinale, ,Hedge mustard,,,,”2mth old seed
germ best at alt. temp 15-30C with exposure to light, germ on blotters
moistened with 0.2% KNO3 soln, fresh & old seed prechilling; dormancy
upto 28wks, 75% germ at 15C in dark, 20C in dark, 20-30C in dark & alt.
exp. to light”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Sisymbrium,officinale, ,Hedge Mustard,,,,,”All Europe,
Asia, NW Africa”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Sisymbrium,officinale, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sisymbrium,officinale, ,hedge mustard,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Sisymbrium,orientale,,Indian hedge
mustard,XXXH,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Sisymbrium,orientale, ,Eastern Rocket,,,,S.
columnae,”All Europe, less in Northern Half”,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Sisymbrium,orientale, ,Indian Hedge Mustard ,,,,triasulfuron
1990 Australia Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Sisymbrium,orientale, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sisymbrium,polyceratium, ,,,,,,SW Europe,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Sisymbrium,polyceratium,Cruciferae ,,,,,,SW Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Sisymbrium,runcinatum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Sisymbrium,runcinatum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sisymbrium,thellungii,,African turnip weed,,P,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Sisymbrium,thellungii, ,African turnip weed,,,,,,Weed
Science List
Sisymbrium,thellungii, ,African turnip weed,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Stanleya,pinnata, ,desert princesplume,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Streptanthus,arizonicus, ,,,,,”seeds planted in
greenhouse after 0, 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, & 26 of air dry storage
germwas respectively 0, 2, 3, 37, 47, 0, 33, & 51%, no apparent
reason for germ failure after 12mths”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Subularia,aquatica, ,,,,,”no vegetative means of
propagation, but seed germ is readily brought about”,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Succowia,balaerica,,,HS,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Succowia,balaerica, ,,,,,Region of origin - Medit; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - botancical gardens,,CRC for Weeds
Tech Series Report # 3
Teesdalia,nudicaulis, ,,,,,”13 wk old seed 60-80% germ
on filter paper in petri dishes in dark at 10-15C; at 5C or 6-15C alt.
germ above 60%, but in 14days; seed placed in germinator, exposed to
temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted; total
germ 65%”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Teesdalia,nudicaulis,,”shepherd's cress, barestem
teesdalia”,H,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Teesdalia,nudicaulis, ,,,,,Region of origin - Eur; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series
Report # 3
Teesdalia,nudicaulis, ,Shepherd's Cress,,,,,”Central
& W Europe, UK, Eire, Sweden & Norway”,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Teesdalia,nudicaulis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Thlaspi,alliaceum, ,,,,,,Central and SW Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Thlaspi,alliaceum,Cruciferae ,,,,,,Central and SW
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Thlaspi,arvense,,pennycress,X,NL,WA,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Thlaspi,arvense, ,Field pennycress,,,,”94% on blotters
moistened with 0.2% KNO3 & 96% on soil at alt. 20-30C in light;
scarification to break seed coat & GA inc. germ; 97, 74, 11, & 6%
germ after 1, 2, 3, 4 & 5yrs storage”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Thlaspi,arvense, ,”bastardcress, fanweed, field
pennycress, stinkweed”,,,,”Thlaspi arvense is a very old
companion of humankind's food-gathering efforts, having been found at
sites of human habitation reaching back to the time of the Stone Age more
than one million years ago. It is a very strong competitor because of its
prolifi”,temperate regions of the world,WORLD WEEDS Natural
Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Thlaspi,arvense, ,Field Penny Cress,,,,,All Europe,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Thlaspi,arvense, ,Penny cress,,,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Thlaspi,arvense, ,field pennycress,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Thlaspi,arvense, ,Penny cress,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Thlaspi,perfoliatum, ,Perfoliate Penny
Cress,,,,,”Mainland Europe, S Sweden & UK”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Thlaspi,perfoliatum,Cruciferae ,Perfoliate Penny
Cress,,,,,”Mainland Europe, S Sweden & UK”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Thlaspi,perfoliatum, ,thoroughwort
pennycress,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Turritis,glabra,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Turritis,glabra, ,,,,,seeds germ soon after harvest &
continue for several mths; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps
similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted; total germ
99%,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Turritis,glabra, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Bromeliaceae
Ananas,comosus,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Ananas,microstachys, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ananas,microstachys, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Puya,alpestris,syn Pitcairnia coerulea,,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Puya,chilensis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Puya,coerulea,” Pitcairnia coerulea, Puya
alpestris”,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Puya,venusta, Pitcairnia venusta,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Buddlejaceae
Buddleja,asiatica,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Buddleja,asiatica, ,,,,,Region of origin - E Indies; Extent
of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Buddleja,australis,,,,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Buddleja,davidii, ,Butterfly bush ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - regional (highly to moderately
invasive but still with a potential to spread),,Pacific Northwest Exotic
Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Buddleja,davidii,,”butterfly bush, summer
lilac”,HXw,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Buddleja,davidii, ,Butterfly Bush,,,,”Dispersal:
?Water,Wind. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Serious
threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 10”,”Introduced deliberately from: Ch and Commercially
Available, , In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Buddleja,davidii, ,butterfly bush,,,,From lists and sources
by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Buddleja,dysophylla,Chilianthus dysophyllus,,,G,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Buddleja,dysophylla, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Afr; Extent
of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Buddleja,lindleyana,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Buddleja,madagascariensis,,smokebush,XXXX,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Buddleja,madagascariensis, ,Buddleja Bush
,,,,SHRUBS.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,
Greening Australia, 1995”
Buddleja,madagascariensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Butomaceae
Butomus,umbellatus, ,,,,,”seed stored in tap water in
darkness at 1-3C for 7mths, 64% germ within 15 days at room temp in
greenhouse (18-21C day, 13-16C night)”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Butomus,umbellatus,, flowering rush,"Possible Weed of Agriculture: High Weed Potential in Riparian, Wetland and Disturbed areas",,"Potential Exotic Plant Species Invading the Blackfoot Drainage, Montana, Peter M. Rice, Chris Toney and Bob Sacco, weed"
Butomus,umbellatus,,Common Name(s): Flowering Rush,"Avail nurseries, Wetland Low Level Invasive , Additional Comments : Reproduces by seed production and vegetative, no control methods spread, introduced 1897 ""Perennial, flowers reddish, white or pink, at top of stalk, short rhizome, leaves 1 m long, ","Eurasia. Habitat: Shores, inlands, waterways, ditches"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Buxaceae
Pachysandra,terminalis, ,”Japanese pachysandra,
spurge”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John
Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National
Parks, weed”
Cabombaceae
Cabomba,australis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cabomba,carolianiana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cabomba,caroliniana,,fanwort ,"CLASS B WEED: Class B weeds are non-native species that are presently limited in distribution in King County, Washington State, and pose a serious threat to our resources. Control of these weeds is mandatory in King County.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Cabomba,caroliniana,,”cabomba, fanwort, Carolina
watershield, fish grass, Washington grass, watershield”,XXXX,NL,Qld;
WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cabomba,caroliniana, ,,,,,Region of origin - Amer; Extent of
spread - widespread in rivers; Means of spread - aquaria,,CRC for Weeds
Tech Series Report # 3
Cabomba,caroliniana, ,Fanwort,,,,Dispersal: Water. Life Form:
Small to medium shruba(Perennial herb). RISK: Potential threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,”Am and Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Rare or localised,
medium to large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In
Victoria
Cabomba,caroliniana, ,”cabomba, fanwort, Carolina
watershield, fish grass, Washington grass,
watershield”,,,,”popular & decorative aquarium plant which
provides fish with food & oxygen; however in N Amer it clogs channels
& drains, seriously restricting water flow & recreational
activies & gives indication of causing similar problems in Qld,
particularly in nutri”,”native of the USA, extending from Texas
to Florida & north to Virginia & Illinois; common aquarium plant
both in N Amer & overseas but does not seem to have become widely
naturaliedit is estab. in Aust it is estab. in farm dams of N NSW &
in coastal rive”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Cabomba,caroliniana, , ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES
OF CONCERN: Need more information on invasiveness,,Pacific Northwest
Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Cabomba,caroliniana, ,”cabomba, fanwort”,,,,,,Weed
Science List
Cabomba,caroliniana, ,cabomba,,,,”Source: “USA Composite
List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Cabomba,caroliniana, ,”cabomba, fanwort”,,P,,
Height 30-80 cm Width 5-8 cm Light requirements very high Temperature
18-26oCHardness tolerance average-hard pH tolerance neutral-basic
Easiness average Cabomba caroliniana is one of the oldest and most
popular aquarium plants. The plant has the ,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Cabomba,gigantea, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cabomba,spp.,,cabomba,,NL,Qld,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cactaceae
Acanthocereus,pentagonus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Acanthocereus,pentagonus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Acanthocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Acanthocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Anisocereus,spp., ,syn. Escontria spp.,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Anisocereus,x Aporoheliocereus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Anisocereus,, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Aporoselenicereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Aporoselenicereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Armatocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Armatocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Austrocylindropuntia,, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Austrocylindropuntia,, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Bergerocactus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Bergerocactus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Binghamia,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Binghamia,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Bolivicereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Bolivicereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Borzicactella,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Borzicactella,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Borzicactus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Borzicactus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Brachycereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Brachycerus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Brasiliopuntia,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Brasiliopuntia,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cactodendron,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Calymmanthium,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Calymmanthium,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Castellanosia,caineana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Castellanosia,caineana, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cephalocereus,spp.,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cephalocereus,spp.,”syn. Numerous synonyms, correct spp.
name needed”,,,P,,” This Genus is a synonym of numerous other
Genera, correct Identification needed for entry. Any ID of Cephalocereus
spp. is insufficient and hence Prohibited.”,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Cephalocleistocactus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cephalocleistocactus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Cereus,hildmannianus,syn. C. peruvianus,,,P,, C. peruvianus is
misapplied to this spp.,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cereus,jamacaru, ,”queen of the night,
nagblom”,,,,”Declared Weed. Subject to herbicide registration
& biocontrol investigationSucculent SpeciesInvades: savanna, rocky
ridgesCultivated for: ornament, hedging”,Origin: S Amer,Plant
Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Cereus,jamacaru, ,”queen of the night,
nagblom”,,,,”Declared Weed. Subject to herbicide registration
& biocontrol investigationSucculent SpeciesInvades: savanna, rocky
ridgesCultivated for: ornament, hedging”,Origin: S Amer,Plant
Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Cereus,spp.,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cereus,undatus,,night-scented glorybower,,,,”Catergory II
- Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities.
These species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet
demonstrated disruption of natural Florida communities. “,,List of
Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Chaffeyopuntia,spp.,= Opuntia,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Chamaelobivia,spp.,= Echinopsis,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Cipocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cipocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cleistocactus,spp.,Winteria,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Cleistocactus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cleistocactus,spp.,syn Winteria,,,P,, Note Exception: C.
strausii,Note import conditions exceptions,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Clistanthocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Clistanthocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Coleocephalocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Coleocephalocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Consolea,spp.,see Opuntia,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Consolea,spp., ,see Opuntia,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Corryocactus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Corryocactus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Corynopuntia,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Corynopuntia,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Coryphantha,spp., ,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Coryphantha,spp., ,,,P,,, Exceptions Noted in Comments on Taxa
section,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cylindropuntia,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cylindropuntia,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Deamia,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Deamia,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Demnosa,spp.,= Cleistocactus,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Dendrocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Dendrocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Diploperianthium,spp.,= Calymmanthium,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Disocactus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Disocactus,x Heliochia, ,,,P,, Suspect Genera in the cross no
valid listing of name x Heliochia,,”Prohibited List, Query
name”
Disocactus,x Helioselenius, ,,,P,, Suspect Genera in the cross no
valid listing of name x Helioselenius,,”Prohibited List, Query
name”
Disocactus,x Heliphyllum, ,,,P,, Suspect Genera in the cross no
valid listing of name x Heliphyllum,,”Prohibited List, Query
name”
Echinocactus,texensis,syn Homalocephala texensis,horse
crippler,,P,,(..) & (.) refer to Cites Appendix I Taxa species in the
Cites checklist. Argentina AR Galapagos Is. EC-GAL Panama PABahamas BS El
Salvador SV ,”US, MX”,Western Australian Prohibited List
Echinopsis,spachiana, ,torch cactus,,,,”Proposed Declared
Weed. Succulent SpeciesInvades: dry savanna, karooCultivated for:
ornament, hedging”,Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa.
(Weeds)
Echinopsis,spachiana, ,torch cactus,,,,”Proposed Declared
Weed. Succulent SpeciesInvades: dry savanna, karooCultivated for:
ornament, hedging”,Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa.
(Weeds)
Encephalocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Encephalocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Epiphyllum,phyllanthus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Epiphyllum,phyllanthus, var. hookeri,,,,,”Region of origin
- S Mexico, Guatemala to Panama; Extent of spread - localised; Means of
spread - ornamental”,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Epiphyllum,phyllanthus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Eradisia,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Eradisia,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Eriocereus,martinii,” Cereus martinii, Harrisia
martinii”,”Harrisia cactus, moonlight cactus, snake
cactus”,,,,” a typical arid land succulent, major infestations
of this shade tolerant plant are largely confined to fertile crackling
clays under brigalow scrub in areas with ann. rainfall of at least 500mm;
has the ability to form dense tangled thickets 1-2m high,
i”,”native of S Amer, mainly Arg &
Paraguay”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Eriocereus,martinii, ,Harrisia cactus,,,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Eriocereus,martinii,= Harrisia martinii,Harrisia cactus,,P,,
Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Eriocereus,spp.,,harrisia cactus,,L,Qld,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Eriocereus,spp., ,,,,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science
List
Eriocereus,tortuosus,,”Harrisia cactus, moonlight cactus,
snake cactus”,,L,NSW; Qld,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Eriocereus,tortuosus, ,”Harrisia cactus, moonlight cactus,
snake cactus”,,,,” a typical arid land succulent, major
infestations of this shade tolerant plant are largely confined to fertile
crackling clays under brigalow scrub in areas with ann. rainfall of at
least 500mm; has the ability to form dense tangled thickets 1-2m high,
i”,”native of S Amer, mainly Arg &
Paraguay”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Eriocereus,tortuosus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Escontria,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Escontria,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Espostoa,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Espostoopsis,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Espostoopsis,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Eulychnia,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Eulychnia,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Facheiroa,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Facheriroa,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ficindica,spp.,= Opuntia,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Floresia,spp.,= Haageocereus,Florestina?,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Grusonia,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Grusonia,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Gymnanthocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Gymnanthocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Gymnocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Gymnocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Haageocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Haageocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Haagocactus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Harrisia,bonplandii,Eriocereus bonplandii,,,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Harrisia,martinii,Eriocereus martinii,,,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Harrisia,martinii, ,moon cactus,,,,Declared Weed. Subject of
biocontrol investigationSucculent SpeciesInvades: savannaCultivated for:
ornament,Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Harrisia,martinii, ,moon cactus,,,,Declared Weed. Subject of
biocontrol investigationSucculent SpeciesInvades: savannaCultivated for:
ornament,Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Harrisia,spp.,Eriocereus,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Harrisia,spp.,see Eriocereus,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Harrisia,spp., ,Eriocereus,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Harrisia,tortuosus,Eriocereus tortuosus,,,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Harrisia ,martinii,”Cereus martinii, Eriocereus
martinii”,”Harrisia cactus, moonlight cactus, snake
cactus”,X,L,NSW; Qld; NT; WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Heliabravoa,sp.,x Heliaporus,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Heliabravoa,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Heliabravoa,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Heliabravoa,spp. x Heliaporus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Heliocactus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Heliocereus,sp.,X Heliochia,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Heliocereus,sp.,X Helioselenius,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Heliocereus,sp.,X Heliphyllum,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Heliocereus,spp.,Nopalxochia,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Heliocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Heliocereus,spp.,syn Nopalxochia,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Heliocereus,x Heliochia, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Heliocereus,x Helioselenius, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Heliocereus,x Heliphyllum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Helioselenius X ,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Hertrichocereus,spp.,= Stenocereus ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Hildewintera,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Hildewintera,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Hylocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Hylocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,Note import conditions
exceptions,Western Australian Prohibited List
Hylocereus,undatus,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Hylocereus,undatus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Hylocereus,undatus, ,Night Flowering Cactus
,,,,VINES.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,
Greening Australia, 1995”
Hylocereus,undatus, ,Night Flowering Cactus,,,,Vines.,,”Rainforest
Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995”
Isolatocereus,spp.,= Stenocereus,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Jasminocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Jasminocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Lasiocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lasiocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Lemaireocereus,spp.,= Pachycereus,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Leocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Leocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Leptocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Leptocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Lermaireocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lermaireocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Leuchtenbergia,spp.,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Leuchtenbergia,spp., ,,,P,,”Monotypic Genus, supposedly.
Any others spp. in these Genus treat with care”,Note import
conditions exceptions,Western Australian Prohibited List
Lohocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lohocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Lophocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Lophophora,williamsii, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lophophora,williamsii, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Loxanthocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Loxanthocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Machaeocereus,spp.,syn. ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Machaeocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Maihuenia,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Maihuenia,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Maihuenopsis,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Maihuenopsis,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Mammillaria,vivipara, ,purple mamillaria,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Marenopuntia,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Marenopuntia,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Marginatocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Marginatocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Maritimocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Maritimocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Marshallocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Marshallocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Mediocactus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Mediocactus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Micropuntia,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Micropuntia,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Monvillea,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Monvillea,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Morangaya,spp.,see Echinocereus,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Morangaya,spp., ,Echinocereus,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Morawetzia,spp.,see Oreocereus,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Morawetzia,spp., ,Oreocereus,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Murtillo,cactus,spp. ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Murtillo,cactus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Myrtillocactus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Myrtillocactus,x Heliaporus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Neoabbottia,syn., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Neoabbottia,syn., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Neoevansia,spp.,= Peneocereus,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Neohickenia,spp.,= Parodia,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Neoporteria,, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Nopalea,syn., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Nopalea,syn., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Normanbokea,spp.,= Neolloydia,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Nyctocereus,serpentinus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Nyctocereus,syn., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Nyctocereus,syn., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Opuntia,aurantiaca,,”tiger pear, jointed cactus”,HX,GLP,NSW;
Qld,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,aurantiaca, ,Tiger Pear,,,,”Dispersal: Vegetative.
Life Form: Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Serious threat to one
or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
4”,”Introduced deliberately from: Uruguay, In Victoria: Limited
distribution, small populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In
Victoria
Opuntia,aurantiaca,,,terrestrial,,"Federal Noxious Weeds List, USA"
Opuntia,aurantiaca, ,”tiger pear, jointed
cactus”,,,,”Opuntia spp. are drought resistant, are not usually
grazed by stock, & grow densely forming an impenetrable barrier,
hence their use as live fences in some areas; hosts for fruit fly &
harbour for pest animals”,”native of Arg & Uruguay; introd
to S Afr, & now considered one of the country's worst weeds,
spreading rapidly 0.9million ha covered in 1978; grows in areas with
rainfall as low as 150mm to 800mm, broad rainfall band
“,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Opuntia,aurantiaca, ,jointed cactus,,,,”Declared Weed.
Subject of herbicide registration. Biocontrol: effective agents
availableSucculent SpeciesInvades: savanna, karoo, pastoral
landCultivated for: ornament”,Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of
Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Opuntia,aurantiaca, ,jointed cactus,,,,”Declared Weed.
Subject of herbicide registration. Biocontrol: effective agents
availableSucculent SpeciesInvades: savanna, karoo, pastoral
landCultivated for: ornament”,Origin: S Amer,Plant Invaders of
Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Opuntia,aurantiaca, ,tiger pear,,,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Opuntia,aurantiaca, ,tiger pear,,P,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Opuntia,bergeriana,,prickly pear,,L,NSW; Qld; SA; NT;
WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,bergeriana, ,,,,,Region of origin - Americas; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Opuntia,bigelovii, ,jumping cholla ,,P,,”Certainly one of
the most painful hitchhiking plants in the southwestern United States is
jumping cholla (Opuntia bigelovii). The spines are exceedingly difficult
to pull out of rubber soles and elastic human skin. Like other kinds of
cholla cactus, the c”,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Opuntia,brasiliensis, ,Brazilian pricklypear,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Opuntia,compressa,Opuntia humifusa,prickly pear,,L,NSW; Qld;
SA; NT; WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,cylindrica,Austrocylindropuntia cylindrica,prickly
pear,,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Opuntia,cylindrica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Opuntia,dejecta, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Opuntia,dillenii, ,,,,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science
List
Opuntia,dillenii, ,,,P,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Opuntia,elatior,,prickly pear,Xw,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT;
WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,elatior, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Opuntia,engelmannii, ,Engelmann pricklypear,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Opuntia,erinacea,,prickly pear,,L,NSW; Qld; SA; NT;
WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,erinacea, ,,,,,Region of origin - SW USA; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Opuntia,erinacea, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Opuntia,exaltata, ,,,,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science
List
Opuntia,exaltata, ,,,P,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Opuntia,ficus-indica,,Indian fig,X,NL,NSW; SA; NT;
WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,ficus-indica, ,Prickly-pear,,,,”Dispersal:
Vegetative. Life Form: Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Potential
threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 5”,”Introduced deliberately from: ?Mex, In Victoria:
Limited distribution, small populations”,Environmental Weed
Invasions In Victoria
Opuntia,ficus-indica, ,tuna cactus,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Opuntia,ficus-indica, ,sweet prickly pear,,,,”Declared
Weed. Subject of herbicide registration. Biocontrol: effective agents
availableSucculent SpeciesInvades: many habitats but mainly dry and rocky
places in savanna & karooCultivated for: edible fruits, animal
fodder, security hedging”,Origin: C Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern
Africa. (Weeds)
Opuntia,ficus-indica, ,sweet prickly pear,,,,”Declared
Weed. Subject of herbicide registration. Biocontrol: effective agents
availableSucculent SpeciesInvades: many habitats but mainly dry and rocky
places in savanna & karooCultivated for: edible fruits, animal
fodder, security hedging”,Origin: C Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern
Africa. (Weeds)
Opuntia,ficus-indica, ,Indian fig,,,,,,Weed Science List
Opuntia,ficus-indica, ,Indian fig,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Opuntia,fulgida, ,jumping cholla,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Opuntia,humifusa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Opuntia,humifusa, ,spreading pricklypear,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Opuntia,imbricata,Cylindropuntia imbricata,Devils
Rope,XXXw,L,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Opuntia,imbricata, ,Devils Rope,,,,”Dispersal: ?Bird,
internal,?animal (not bird), internal,Vegetative. Life Form: Succulent
herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4”,”Introduced
deliberately from: S USA,Mex, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Opuntia,imbricata, ,imbricate prickly pear,,,,Declared Weed.
Subject of herbicide registration. Biocontrol: effective agents
availableSucculent SpeciesInvades: dry savanna & karooCultivated for:
ornament,Origin: N & C Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa.
(Weeds)
Opuntia,imbricata, ,imbricate prickly pear,,,,Declared Weed.
Subject of herbicide registration. Biocontrol: effective agents
availableSucculent SpeciesInvades: dry savanna & karooCultivated for:
ornament,Origin: N & C Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa.
(Weeds)
Opuntia,imbricata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Opuntia,imbricata, ,Devil's rope cactus,,,,,,Weed Science List
Opuntia,imbricata, ,walkingstick cholla,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Opuntia,imbricata, ,Devil's rope cactus,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Opuntia,leptocaulis,,prickly pear,,L,NSW; Qld; SA; NT;
WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,leptocaulis, ,tasajillo,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966Pictured in White Sands National Park, USA”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Opuntia,leucotricha,,prickly pear,,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT;
WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,leucotricha, ,,,,,Region of origin - Mexico; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Opuntia,leucotricha, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Opuntia,lindheimeri,,prickly pear,E,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT;
WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,lindheimeri,,prickly pear,E,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT;
WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,lindheimeri, ,,,,,Region of origin - NE Mexico &
adjacent USA; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC
for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Opuntia,lindheimeri, ,small round-leaved prickly
pear,,,,Declared Weed. Biocontrol: effective agents availableSucculent
SpeciesInvades: savanna Cultivated for: ornament,Origin: N & C
Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Opuntia,lindheimeri, ,small round-leaved prickly
pear,,,,Declared Weed. Biocontrol: effective agents availableSucculent
SpeciesInvades: savanna Cultivated for: ornament,Origin: N & C
Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Opuntia,lindheimeri, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Opuntia,lindheimeri, ,Lindheimer pricklypear,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Opuntia,lubrica,,prickly pear,,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT;
WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,megacantha, ,mission pricklypear,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Opuntia,microdasys,,prickly pear,,L,NSW; Qld; SA; NT;
WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,microdasys, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Opuntia,pachypus, ,,,,,Region of origin - Peru; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Opuntia,pachypus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Opuntia,paraguayensis,,prickly pear,,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT;
WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,paraguayensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Opuntia,phaeacantha,,prickly pear,,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT;
WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,phaeacantha, ,,,,,”Region of origin - Mexico, SW
USA; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread -
ornamental”,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Opuntia,phaeacantha, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Opuntia,polyacantha, ,plains pricklypear,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Opuntia,puberula,O. tenuispina in Harden 1990,prickly
pear,,L,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,robusta,,”wheel cactus, wheel
pear”,HX,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA; Vic,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,robusta, ,Wheel Pear,,,,”Dispersal: Bird,
internal,Vegetative. Life Form: Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK:
Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation
Formations Invaded: 4”,”Introduced deliberately from: C Am, In
Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Opuntia,robusta, ,”wheel cactus, wheel
pear”,,,,”Opuntia spp. are drought resistant, are not usually
grazed by stock, & grow densely forming an impenetrable barrier,
hence their use as live fences in some areas; hosts for fruit fly &
harbour for pest animals”,”originated in Mexico & although
introd as an ornamental or botanical curiosity to many places, it appears
to have become a weed only in Victoria”,”Noxious Weeds of
Australia, P & C”
Opuntia,robusta, ,wheel cactus,,,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Opuntia,robusta, ,wheel cactus,,P,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Opuntia,rosea, ,rosea cactus,,,,Declared Weed. Subject of
herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationSucculent
SpeciesInvades: dry savanna Cultivated for: ornament,Origin: C Amer,Plant
Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Opuntia,rosea, ,rosea cactus,,,,Declared Weed. Subject of
herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationSucculent
SpeciesInvades: dry savanna Cultivated for: ornament,Origin: C Amer,Plant
Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Opuntia,rosea, ,,,,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science
List
Opuntia,rosea, ,,,P,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Opuntia,schickendantzii,,prickly pear,,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT;
WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,schickendantzii, ,,,,,Region of origin - N Argentina;
Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for
Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Opuntia,schumannii, ,,,,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science
List
Opuntia,schumannii, ,,,P,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Opuntia,spinosior, ,spiny cholla,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Opuntia,spinulifera, ,,,,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed
Science List
Opuntia,spinulifera, ,,,P,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Opuntia,spp., ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive weeds nominated by
Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated Worst Invasive
Weeds”
Opuntia,spp.,Tephrocactus spp. & Cumulopuntia spp.,prickly
pear,XXXXXX,NP,Qld; WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,spp., ,,,,,”seeds germ most readily when fresh,
dried seed require stratification”,,Germination & Establishment
of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Opuntia,spp., ,prickly pears,,,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Opuntia,spp., syn. Tephrocactus spp. & Cumulopuntiaspp.,
prickly pears,,P,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Opuntia,spp. except O. ficus-indica, ,Prickly pear ,,,,”
PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be
destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not
required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the
State. c Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or
Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies)
Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60
applies) Mov”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Opuntia,streptacantha,,prickly pear,,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT;
WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,streptacantha, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Opuntia,stricta,,”erect prickly pear, common prickly pear,
Araluen pear, common pest pear, Gayndah pear, spiny pest
pear”,,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA; Vic,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,stricta,,”erect prickly pear, common prickly pear,
Araluen pear, common pest pear, Gayndah pear, spiny pest
pear”,,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA; Vic,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,stricta,,”erect prickly pear, common prickly pear,
Araluen pear, common pest pear, Gayndah pear, spiny pest
pear”,,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA; Vic,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,stricta,”Cactus strictus, Opuntia inermis, Opuntia
stricta var. stricta”,”erect prickly pear, common prickly pear,
Araluen pear, common pest pear, Gayndah pear, spiny pest
pear”,HXXX,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA; Vic,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,stricta, ,Common Prickly-pear,,,,”Dispersal: Bird,
internal,animal (not bird), internal,Vegetative. Life Form: Succulent
herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
4,5,”,”Introduced deliberately from: E N Am,C Am, In Victoria:
Limited distribution, small populations”,Environmental Weed
Invasions In Victoria
Opuntia,stricta,” Cactus stricta, Opuntia inermis, Opuntia
stricta var. stricta”,”erect prickly pear, common prickly pear,
Araluen pear, common pest pear, Gayndah pear, spiny pest pear”,,,,”Opuntia
spp. are drought resistant, are not usually grazed by stock, & grow
densely forming an impenetrable barrier, hence their use as live fences
in some areas; hosts for fruit fly & harbour for pest
animals”,”originating in southern N Amer, Central & trop
Amer, erect prickly pear now occurs in several parts of the world but it
became more imprt. as a weed in Aust than elsewhere”,”Noxious
Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Opuntia,stricta, ,Australian pest pear,,,,Declared Weed.
Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationSucculent
SpeciesInvades: dry savanna Cultivated for: ornament,Origin: N & C
Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Opuntia,stricta, ,Australian pest pear,,,,Declared Weed.
Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationSucculent
SpeciesInvades: dry savanna Cultivated for: ornament,Origin: N & C
Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Opuntia,stricta, ,”erect prickly pear, common prickly
pear”,,,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Opuntia,stricta, ,”erect prickly pear, common prickly
pear”,,P,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Opuntia,subulata,,prickly pear,,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT;
WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,subulata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Opuntia,sulphurea,,prickly pear,,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT;
WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,sulphurea, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Opuntia,tomentosa,,prickly pear,XX,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT;
WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,tomentosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Opuntia,tunicata,,prickly pear,,GL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT;
WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,tunicata, ,,,,,Region of origin - Ecuador to Chile;
Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for
Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Opuntia,tunicata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Opuntia,versicolor, ,staghorn cholla,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Opuntia,vulgaris,”Cactus monacanthos, Opuntia
monacantha”,”drooping prickly pear, barbary fig, drooping tree
pear, smooth tree pear, spiny prickly pear, spreading prickly pear,
tuna”,HX,NL,NSW; Qld; SA; NT; WA; Vic,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Opuntia,vulgaris, ,Drooping Prickly-pear,,,,”Dispersal:
Bird, internal,animal (not bird), internal,Vegetative. Life Form:
Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Serious threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
4,12”,”Introduced deliberately from: E S Am, In Victoria:
Limited distribution, small populations”,Environmental Weed
Invasions In Victoria
Opuntia,vulgaris,” Cactus monacanthus, Opuntia
monacanthus”,”drooping prickly pear, barbary fig, drooping tree
pear, smooth tree pear, spiny prickly pear, spreading prickly pear,
tuna”,,,,”All Opuntia spp. (in some cases with the ex. of O.
ficus-indica) are proclaimed in NSW, Qld, SA, NT & WA. O. vulgaris is
proclaimed as a separate species for the whole of Vic ex the Melb. metro
area”,”originated in S Amer centred mainly on Arg, Brazil,
Paraguay & Uruguay; it has spread to many parts of the world & is
now considered a weed in Aust, S Afr, India, Sri Lanka, NZ & several
Pacific Is.”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Opuntia,vulgaris, ,drooping prickly pear,,,, Declared spp.
under ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Opuntia,vulgaris, ,drooping prickly pear,,P,, Declared spp.
under ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Pachycereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Parviopuntia,spp.,= Opuntia,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Peniocereus,serpentinus,Nyctocereus
serpentinus,,,P,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Peniocereus,spp.,,,,P,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Peniocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Peniocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Pereskia,aculeata,Pereskia pereskia,”Barbados gooseberry,
Barbados shrub”,E,P,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Pereskia,aculeata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Pereskia,aculeata, ,Barbados gooseberry,,,,”Declared Weed.
Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationSucculent
SpeciesInvades: forest margins and gaps, plantationsCultivated for:
ornament, security hedging”,Origin: S & C Amer,Plant Invaders of
Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Pereskia,aculeata, ,Barbados gooseberry,,,,”Declared Weed.
Subject of herbicide registration & biocontrol investigationSucculent
SpeciesInvades: forest margins and gaps, plantationsCultivated for:
ornament, security hedging”,Origin: S & C Amer,Plant Invaders of
Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Pereskia,aculeata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Pereskia,aculeata, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Pereskia,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Pereskia,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Pereskiopsis,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Pereskiopsis,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Peruvocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Peruvocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Philippicereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Philippicereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Phyllocereus,spp.,= Epiphyllum,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Pilosocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Pilosocereus,spp., ,syn. Pilocereus,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Piptanthocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Platyopuntia,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Platyopuntia,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Polaskia,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Polaskia,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Pseudocanthocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Pseudocanthocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Pseudoechinocereus,spp.,= Cleistocactus,,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Pseudopilocereus,spp.,= Pilosocereus,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Pseudotephrocactus,spp.,= Opuntia,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Pterocactus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Pterocactus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Quiabentia,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Quiabentia,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Rathbunia,syn., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Rathbunia,syn., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Rauhocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Rauhocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Rhipsalidopsius,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Rhipsalidopsius,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Rhodocactus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Rhodocactus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Rittereocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Rittereocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Roseocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Roseocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Salmiopuntia,spp.,= Opuntia,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Samaipaticereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Selenicereus,macdonaldiae,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Selenicereus,spp.,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Selenicereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Selenicereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Seleniphyllum,sp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Seleniphyllum,sp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Seticereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Seticereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Seticleistocactus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Seticleistocactus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Soehrensia,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Stenocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Stenocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Stetsonia,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Stetsonia,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Subpilocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Subpilocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Tacinga,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tacinga,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Tephrocactus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Thelocactus,spp.,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Thelocactus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Thelocactus,spp., ,,,P,,” Some spp. in this Genus are
synonyms of other spp. in prohibited Genera, Correct Identification is
essential”,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Trichocereus,spp.,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Trichocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Trichocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Trichoechinopsis X ,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Tunas,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Weberbauerocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Weberbauerocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Weberocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Weberocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Winteria,spp.,= Cleistocactus,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Winteria,spp.,= Cleistocactus,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Winterocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Winterocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Worckleocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
X Heliochia,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
X Heliphyllum,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Yungasocereus,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Yungasocereus,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Zehntnerella,spp., ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Zehntnerella,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Caesalpiniaceae
Caesalpinia,bonduc, ,yellow nickers,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Caesalpinia,decapetala,,”wait-a-while,
whoa-back”,XX,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Caesalpinia,decapetala, ,Mauritius
thorn,,,,”Declared Weed. Subject of herbicide registration.Woody
SpeciesInvades: forest margins and gaps, plantations, roadsides,
watercoursesCultivated for: security hedging, ornament”,Origin:
Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Caesalpinia,decapetala, ,Mauritius thorn,,,,”Declared
Weed. Subject of herbicide registration.Woody SpeciesInvades: forest
margins and gaps, plantations, roadsides, watercoursesCultivated for:
security hedging, ornament”,Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern
Africa. (Weeds)
Caesalpinia,decapetala, ,Thorny Poinciana
,,,,Vines.,,”Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia,
1995”
Caesalpinia,decapetala, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Caesalpinia,decapetala, ,Thorny Poinciana
,,,,VINES.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,
Greening Australia, 1995”
Caesalpinia,gilliesii,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Caesalpinia,gilliesii, ,bird-of-paradise shrub,,,,From
lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant
Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Caesalpinia,gilliesii, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Caesalpinia,gilliesii, ,bird-of-paradise,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Caesalpinia,pulcherrima, ,flowerfence,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Caesalpinia,sepiaria, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Caesalpinia,sepiaria, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Cassia,alata,bas Senna alata,”candle bush, ringworm
shrub, yellowtop weed”,,,,”develops readily on disturbed
pastures, the shrubby growth forming dense thickets, reducing available
grazing area & sometimes, access to water; it is particularly
aggressive in areas of very high rainfall where the water table comes
close to the surface,”,”native of tropical Amer was introd to
Eur as a stove ornamental in the late 17thC; subsquently carried to the
Old World tropics during the period of colonial expansion, in now occurs
as a weed in Afr, India, Malaysia, Indonesia, PNG, & several Pacific
isl”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Cassia,alata,bas Senna alata,candle bush,,,,,,Weed
Science List
Cassia,auriculata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cassia,auriculata, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cassia,barclayana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cassia,bauhinioides, ,twoleaf desert
senna,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds” published
by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cassia,coluteoides, ,Winter Senna ,,,,Major
WeedSHRUBS.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,
Greening Australia, 1995”
Cassia,coluteoides,,”climbing cassia, Christmas
cassia, Christmas senna”,,,,”Catergory I - Species that are
invading and disrupting native plant communities in Florida. This
definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical range
of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage
caused.”,,List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic
Pest Plant Council
Cassia,didymobotrya, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cassia,fasciculata, ,,,,,Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web
Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,,”Florida
Weeds, FAIRS.”
Cassia,fasciculata, Cassia chamaecrista,Partridge
pea,,,,18% germ in 15-148 days from seeds planted in greenhouse in autumn
after collection; exposing to cold outdoor temps for 71 days no
difference,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Cassia,fasciculata, ,partridgepea,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cassia,fistula,,”golden shower, Indian
laburnum”,XX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cassia,fistula, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cassia,floribunda, ,Smooth Cassia
,,,,SHRUBS.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,
Greening Australia, 1995”
Cassia,grandis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Cassia,leptocarpa, ,slimpod senna,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cassia,marilandica, ,Wild senna,,,,”breaking seed
coat increases germ, temp 20-25C on moist filter paper”,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cassia,marilandica, ,wild senna,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cassia,nictitans, ,sensitive
partridgepea,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cassia,obtusifolia, ,,,,,Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web
Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,,”Florida
Weeds, FAIRS.”
Cassia,obtusifolia, Cassia tora,Sicklepod,,,,freshly
harvested seed need seed coat made permeable to water; treat for 15 min
in conc. sulphuric acid imbibed water; germ in light; use mechanical
scarification,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Cassia,obtusifolia, Senna obtusifolia,”sicklepod,
Java bean”,,,,,”native of the Caribbean region, has become
widespread throughout the tropics; it is a troublesome weed of row crops
in the southern US & causes problems in India, Malaysia, Java, the
Philippines & some Pacific islands, yet is an imprt. dietary aid in
part”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Cassia,obtusifolia, ,sicklepod,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cassia,obtusifolia, ,sicklepod,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cassia,obtusifolia, ,sicklepod,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Cassia,occidentalis, ,,,,,Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web
Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,,”Florida
Weeds, FAIRS.”
Cassia,occidentalis, ,Coffee senna,,,,mechanical
scarification needed,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Cassia,occidentalis, Senna occidentalis,”coffee
senna, ant bush”,,,,”can be a serious competitor in crops &
pastures; in Aust competition in pastures & its potential toxicity,
appear to be the major problems, although rarely eaten it is regarded as
toxic to cattle in the US”,”native of trop & subtrop Amer,
is now widespread throughout the tropics; a serious weed of cotton &
soybeans in the southern US”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P
& C”
Cassia,occidentalis, ,”coffee senna, stinking weed,
wild senna, wild coffee”,,,,Cassia occidentalis is a weed of 23
crops in 66 countries and frequents pastures and plantation
crops.,”Native to tropical S Amer, but know common throughout
tropical and subtropical regions of the world”,WORLD WEEDS Natural
Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Cassia,occidentalis, ,coffee senna,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cassia,occidentalis, ,coffee senna,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Cassia,siamea,,cassod tree,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Cassia,surattensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cassia,tora,syn ,”Java bean, foetid cassia,
sicklepod”,,,,”Cassia tora is a weed of 26 crops in 67
countries and is more prevalent in soybeans, pastures, peanuts, cotton
and sugarcane.”,”Native to tropical S Amer, but know common
throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world”,WORLD
WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Cassia,tora, ,,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List
of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Ceratonia,siliqua, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Piliostigma,thonningii, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Piliostigma,thonningii, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Callitrichaceae
Callitriche,fallax, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Callitriche,fallax, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Callitriche,hamulata,,Water Starwort,X,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Callitriche,hamulata, ,Water Starwort,,,,”Dispersal:
?animal external,Water. Life Form: Annual/Perennial herb. RISK: Potential
threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 9,10”,”Eur, Greenland, In Victoria: Widespread, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Callitriche,stagnalis,,Water Starwort,XHw,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Callitriche,stagnalis, ,Water
Starwort,,,,”Dispersal: ?animal external,Bird, internal,?animal (not
bird), internal,W. Life Form: Emergent aquatic(Perennial herb). RISK:
Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation
Formations Invaded: 8,9,10,13,14,”,”Eur, N Af, In Victoria:
Widespread, medium to large populations”,Environmental Weed
Invasions In Victoria
Callitriche,stagnalis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Callitriche,verna, ,waterstarwort,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Campanulaceae
Campanula,rapunculoides,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Campanula,rapunculoides, ,Creeping bellflower,,,,optimum
temp for germ 2-5C,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Campanula,rapunculoides,,Common Name(s): Creeping bellflower,"Avail nurseries, Ornamental Potential Invasive ""Perennial, 5-10 dm high, blue flowers, 5 lobed, bell-shaped, 2-3 cm long, stems erect, slender, leaves alternate, simple, unevenly toothed, fruit a 3-celled capsule simple, unevenly toothed, fru","Eurasia. Habitat: Meadows, old fields, roadsides"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Campanula,rapunculoides, ,Creeping Bellflower,,,,,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Campanula,rapunculoides, ,creeping
bellflower,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Campanula,rotundifolia, ,,,,,”seeds germ immediately
after harvest at temps of those prevailing outdoors; older seed exposed
to outdoor conditions for 71 days, then transferred to greenhouse &
germ within 14-21 days”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Hippobroma,longiflora,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Isotoma,longiflora,Laurentia longiflora,,,NP,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Isotoma,longiflora, ,shrubharebell,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Isotoma,longiflora, Laurentia longiflora,,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Jasione,montana, ,,,,,”some seed germ immediately
after harvest, remainder in 1st spring; seeds placed in water unheated
germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors;
93% germ”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Jasione,montana, ,Sheep's Bit,,,,J. adpressifolia,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Jasione,montana, ,Sheep's Bit,,,,J. adpressifolia,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Legousia,hybrida, ,Venus's looking Glass,,,,Specularia
hybrida,”Central and Southern Europe, UK”,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Legousia,hybrida, ,Venus's looking Glass,,,,Specularia
hybrida,”Central and Southern Europe, UK”,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Legousia,speculum-veneris, ,Greater Venus's Looking
Glass,,,,Specularia speculum-veneris,Central and Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Legousia,speculum-veneris, ,Greater Venus's Looking
Glass,,,,Specularia speculum-veneris,Central and Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Lobelia,cardinalis, ,Cardinal flower,,,,95% germ in 12days
in diffuse light at 20-25C,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Lobelia,cardinalis, ,cardinalflower,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lobelia,chinensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lobelia,chinensis, ,,,,,perennial sub-dominance ,
Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Lobelia,chinensis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Lobelia,cliffortiana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lobelia,cliffortiana, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Lobelia,dortmanna, ,,,,,seeds stored in tap water at 1-3C
for 2-7mths in difffuse light in greenhouse inc. germ%,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Lobelia,erinus,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Lobelia,erinus, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Lobelia,erinus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lobelia,inflata, ,Indian tobacco,,,,seeds require light for
germ; germ on moist soil in clay pots or in water; dry stored seed viable
for at least 5yrs,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Lobelia,inflata, ,indiantobacco,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lobelia,laxiflora,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Lobelia,radicans, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Lobelia,siphilitica, ,Great lobelia,,,,seed collected in
autumn & sown 1mth after collection no germ; 2% germ of seed sown
6wks after collection; seeds need light to germ,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Lobelia,siphilitica, ,great lobelia,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Specularia,perfoliata, ,Venus lookingglass,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Specularia,speculum-veneris, Legouzia
speculum-veneris,,,,,”high germ % at optimum temp of 7C constant
& alt. 5-15C, 10-18C & 10-25C”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Trachelium,caeruleum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Triodanis,biflora, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Triodanis,biflora, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Triodanis,perfoliata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Triodanis,perfoliata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Wahlenbergia,capensis,,,H,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Wahlenbergia,capensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cannabaceae
Cannabis,ruderalis, ,,,,,34% germ of seeds on filter paper
moistened with 0.03% soln of GA at 20-25C in constant
darkness,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Cannabis,sativa,,”Indian Hemp, marijuana, dacha, grass,
pot, redroot, Russian hemp, Mary-Jane, marry-joanna”,H,GLP,ACT;
Vic,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cannabis,sativa, ,Hemp,,,,”90% or more germ, 2mths after
harvest, temp alternation of 20-30C with seeds between blotters or on top
of sand”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Cannabis,sativa, ,”Indian Hemp, marijuana, dacha, grass,
pot, redroot, Russian Hemp”,,,,”tolerates a wide temp range
& once estab, survives on very little water; not usually competetive
with crops, but in India, sometimes significantly reduces maize
yield”,”native of C Asia, has been cultivated in Asia & Eur
as a food, fibre & medicinal crop for thousands of years; introd to S
& N Amer; occurs as a weed in the north central & eastern coastal
areas of the USA; still grown in Eur for cordage, esp. in the
Sovie”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Cannabis,sativa, ,”Indian hemp,
marijuana”,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cannabis,sativa, ,”Indian hemp,
marijuana”,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cannabis,sativa, ,hemp,,,,”Source: “USA Composite
List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Cannabis,sativas, ,Hemp,,,,C. ruderalis,Mainland Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Cannabis,spp.,,,,GP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Cannabis,spp., ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Humulus,japonica, ,Japanese hop,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Humulus,lupulus,,hops,H,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Humulus,lupulus, ,Hop,,,,”Dispersal: Water,Vegetative.
Life Form: Vine. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation formations
(Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6,7,8”,”Introduced
deliberately from: Eur and Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Rare or
localised, small populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In
Victoria
Humulus,lupulus, ,hops,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cannaceae
Canna,incana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Canna,indica,,”canna, Indian shot”,HX,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Canna,indica, ,Canna Lily ,,,,SHRUBS.,,”Environmental
Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995”
Canna,indica, ,Canna Lily ,,,,Trees/Shrubs.,,”Rainforest
Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995”
Canna,indica, ,Indian canna,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Canna,sp.,X generalis,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Canna,sp.,X orchiodes,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Canna,x generalis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Canna,x orchiodes,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Capparidaceae
Cleome,aculeata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Cleome,aculeata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cleome,burmanni, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cleome,burmanni, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cleome,gynandra,,,,P,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Cleome,gynandra, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cleome,gynandra, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cleome,hassleriana,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cleome,hassleriana,syn C. spinosa,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cleome,monophylla,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cleome,monophylla, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cleome,rutidosperma, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cleome,rutidosperma, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cleome,rutidosperma,,spiderflower,"crops including vegetables, bananas, maize, tobacco, watermelons, cocoa, pineapples and coconuts; weed of disturbed ground and immature plantations",,"Northern Australian Quarantine Service, Target Weeds"
Cleome,serrulata, Peritoma serrulata,Rocky Mountain bee
plant,,,,seeds sown in late autumn of year of collection germ in
following spring & 2nd spring,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cleome,serrulata, ,Rocky Mountain beeplant,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cleome,spinosa,= C. hassleriana,spiny
spiderflower,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cleome,viscosa, ,,,,,rupturing seed coat improves
germ,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Capparis,sandwichiana, ,smooth caperbush,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cleome,chelidonii,”syn Polanisia angulata, Polanisia
chelidonii”,,,,,”in dry ditches & on spread mud, in
sugarcane fields, on heavy clays & marls, on soils that become
desiccated periodically during the pronounced dry season; of ten so abundant
that the area looks red-purple; below 100m alt (Java); flowers throughout
the ye”,”India, Burma, perhaps also Java, India, Burma, C &
E Java”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Cleome,gynandra, ,spider flower,,,,”Cleome gynandra is
a tropical and subtropical species and is often found in cultivated or
fallowed fields, along roadsides, in fence rows, and along irrigation
canals and ditches. It is a weed of 19 crops in over 40
countries.”,”native to Afr; occurs in Asia, Latin Amer, and
Aust. “,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et.
al.
Cleome,rutidosperma,syn Cleome ciliata,,,,,”lowland
ruderal; rainfed & upland rice fields, so far only a weed of minor
importance, but might become troublesome, “,”W. trop Afr from
Guinea to Angola, introd in the Caribean area; first recorded in 1920
near Medan ( N Sumatra); Singapore in 1946; Java (near Jakarta in harbour
yard) in 1958; in 1946 found in Thailand, Burma in 1948; spreading
quickly throughout Indonesi”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia,
Soerjani et al, 1987”
Cleome,viscosa,”syn Cleome icosandra, Polanisia
icosandra, Polanisia viscosa”,,,,,”a tolerant ruderal plant on
arable land; along roadsides, refuse heaps, coconut grooves; often in
great quantities; prefers sunny, lighter soil, both under seasonally dry
& under ever wet sonditions; sometimes on sandy or calcareous soils;
in E Java it is”,”Old World, from trop Afr & S Arabia to
trop Aust; throughout Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani
et al, 1987”
Gynandropsis,gynandra, ,African
spiderflower,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Polanisia,graveolens, ,clammyweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Polanisia,trachysperma, ,Western clammy weed,,,,”seeds
sown 2mths after collection & dry storage into greenhouse germ 2% in
9days, 6mths after only 6% germ in 13days; seeds exposed to freezing
& thawing outdoors over winter failed to germ “,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Polanisia,trachysperma, ,western
clammyweed,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Wislizenia,refracta, ,jackassclover,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Caprifoliaceae
Diervilla,lonicera, ,bush honeysuckle,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Leycesteria,formosa,,Himalayan
honeysuckle,HXXAS,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Leycesteria,formosa, ,Himalayan
Honeysuckle,,,,”Dispersal: Bird, internal. Life Form: Large Small to
medium shrubhrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
6,7,8”,”Introduced deliberately from: Himalaya and Commercially
Available, , In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Leycesteria,formosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lonicera,fragrantissima,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Lonicera,fragrantissima, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lonicera,fragrantissima,,January jasmine,,,,”RANK 2.
“SIGNIFICANT THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some
invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant
communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along
disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive
Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
Lonicera,hirsuta, ,hairy honeysuckle,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lonicera,japonica,,Japanese
honeysuckle,HXXwH,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Lonicera,japonica, ,Japanese Honeysuckle,,,,”Dispersal:
Bird, internal,Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Vine. RISK: Very serious
threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 2,6,7,8,13”,”Introduced deliberately from: E As and
Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to
large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Lonicera,japonica, ,Japanese Honeysuckle
,,,,VINES.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,
Greening Australia, 1995”
Lonicera,japonica, ,Japanese honeysuckles,,,,From lists
and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of
Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Lonicera,japonica, ,Honeysuckle Vine
,,,,Vines.,,”Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia,
1995”
Lonicera,japonica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lonicera,japonica, ,,,,,annual sub-dominance , Miyasaki
,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Lonicera,japonica, ,Japanese honeysuckle,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lonicera,japonica,,Japanese honeysuckle,,,,”Catergory
I - Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in
Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or
geographical range of the problem, but on the documented ecological
damage caused.”,,List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida
Exotic Pest Plant Council
Lonicera,japonica,,Japanese honeysuckle,,,,RANK 1.
“SEVERE THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess
characteristics of invasive species and spread easily into native plant
communities and displace native vegetation; includes species which are or
could become widespread in Tennessee.,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in
Tennessee
Lonicera,japonica,,,Mountain and Valleys Coastal & Peidmont in Virginia,,"Alien Invasive plants in Virginia: Virginia Native Plant Society, Weed"
Lonicera,japonica,,Japanese honeysuckle,"Avail nurseries, Ornamental , Additional Comments : Leaves remain in winter Low Level Invasive ""3 m high, flowers in pairs, yellow or white, tubular, leaves hairy, opposite, simple, entire, purplish-black berries Invasive Potential : L ""","Asia. Habitat: Open woods, thickets, roadsides, old gardens"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Lonicera,japonica,,Japanese honeysuckle,"Nature: Shade-tolerant, climbing and trailing semiwoody vine with evergreenleaves that spreads by stolons and seeds. This is the only exotic of 7species of Lonicera in SE. Uses: Valued as deer browse in Piedmont and erosion control.Herbicide control: Foli",Origin: Introduced from Japan.Range: Eastern U.S.,"EXOTIC INVASIVE PLANTS IN SOUTHEASTERN FORESTS, James H. Miller, Southern Research Station USDA Forest Service Auburn University, AL, weed"
Lonicera,maackii,,Amur bush honeysuckle,,,,RANK 1.
“SEVERE THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess
characteristics of invasive species and spread easily into native plant
communities and displace native vegetation; includes species which are or
could become widespread in Tennessee.,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in
Tennessee
Lonicera,morrowii,,, Coastal and Peidmont in Virginia,,"Alien Invasive plants in Virginia: Virginia Native Plant Society, Weed"
Lonicera,morrowii,,Morrow's bush honeysuckle,,,,RANK 1.
“SEVERE THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess
characteristics of invasive species and spread easily into native plant
communities and displace native vegetation; includes species which are or
could become widespread in Tennessee.,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in
Tennessee
Lonicera,periclymenum,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Lonicera,periclymenum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lonicera,sempervirens, ,trumpet
honeysuckle,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lonicera,spp., ,exotic bush honeysuckles,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Lonicera,standishii,,, Coastal and Peidmont in Virginia,,"Alien Invasive plants in Virginia: Virginia Native Plant Society, Weed"
Lonicera,tatarica,,Tartarian honeysuckle,"Avail nurseries, Ornamental Low Level Invasive , Additional Comments : Displaces native understorey and ground flora ""3 m high, numerous flowers, pink or white on stalks, leaves opposite, simple, deciduous, blades 2-6 cm long, thin, fruits in","Asia. Habitat: Open woods, thickets, lake shores, roadsides, wasteland"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Lonicera,subspicata, ,moronel honeysuckle,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lonicera,tatarica, ,Tatarian honeysuckle,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lonicera,x americana,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Symphoricarpos,albus, Symphoricarpos racemosus,Common
snowberry,,,,”seeds soaked in conc. sulfuric acid for 75min, then stored
in moist peat moss at 25C for several wks, then stored at 5C for
6mths”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Symphoricarpos,albus, ,common snowberry,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Symphoricarpos,occidentalis, ,western
snowberry,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Symphoricarpos,orbiculatus, ,Buck
brush,,,,”disintegrate seed coat & after ripen embryo to induce
germ; soak seed in conc. sulfuric acid for 30-40min, hold seed in moist
peat moss at 25C for 2-4wks, plant in soil flats & hold for 5mths at
10C, transfer flats to greenhouse & allow to germ”,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Symphoricarpos,orbiculatus, ,buckbrush,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Viburnum,acerifolium, ,mapleleaf viburnum,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Viburnum,alnifolium, ,hobblebush viburnum,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Viburnum,dentatum, ,arrowwood viburnum,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Viburnum,lantana,,Common Name(s): Wayfaring tree,"Avail nurseries, Ornamental Potential Invasive ""2 m high, 13 cm flowers, umbrella-shaped, white, leaves olive green, opposite, simple, deciduous in pairs, clusters of black fruit """,Europe. Habitat: Moist forests," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Viburnum,lentago, ,sweet viburnum,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Viburnum,opulus,,"Guelder rose, European highbush cranberry","Avail nurseries, Ornamental , Additional Comments : Shunned by wildlife, unpleasant taste Low Level Invasive ""5 m high, yellow or white flowers, leaves opposite, 3 lobed, bright red berries""","Eurasia. Habitat: Swamps and bogs, along streams, open woods, thickets"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Viburnum,opulus, var. opulus,”guelder rose, cranberry
bush, viburnum”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John
Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National
Parks, weed”
Viburnum,prunifolium, ,blackhaw,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Viburnum,rafinesquianum, ,Rafinesque
viburnum,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Viburnum,rufidulum, ,rusty blackhaw,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Viburnum,suspensum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Viburnum,tinus,,laurustinus,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Viburnum,tinus, ,Laurustinus,,,,”Dispersal: Bird,
internal. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Potential
threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 5,6,7”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Eur and
Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Rare or localised, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Viburnum,tinus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Weigela,hortensis, ,,,,, , Niigata ,Weeds and Weed Control
in Asia
Caricaceae
Carica,papaya, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Carica,papaya,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Carica,papaya, ,papaya,,,,From lists and sources by Faith
Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural
Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Caryophyllaceae
Agrostemma,githago,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Agrostemma,githago, ,Corn cockle,,,,”seeds germ
immediately or soon after harvest; min temp 2-5C, max greater than 30C,
germ well in all ranges”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Agrostemma,githago, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Agrostemma,githago, ,corn cockle,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Agrostemma,githargo, ,Corn Cockle,,,,Lychnis githago,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Arenaria,groenlandica, ,,,,,”prechilling 2-7C for 71
days, then autumn sowing in glasshouse; germs in 14-35
days”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Arenaria,leptoclados,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Arenaria,serpyllifolia,,thyme-leaved
sandwort,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Arenaria,serpyllifolia, ,Thymeleaf sandwort,,,,92% germ
at 15C in alternating light ,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Arenaria,serpyllifolia, ,Thyme leaved Sandwort,,,,,,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Arenaria,serpyllifolia, ,Thymeleaf Sandwort,,,,triazines
1980 France , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Arenaria,serpyllifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Arenaria,serpyllifolia, ,thymeleaf
sandwort,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cerastium,arvense,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cerastium,arvense, ,Field Mouse ear,,,,,”Mainland
Europe, UK, Eire, N Scandinavia”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Cerastium,arvense, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cerastium,arvense, ,field chickweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cerastium,arvense, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cerastium,balearicum,C. semidecandrum
misapplied,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cerastium,brachypetalum, ,Grey Mouse
ear,,,,,”Mainland Europe, Norway, Sweden”,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Cerastium,brachypetalum, ,Grey Mouse
ear,,,,,”Mainland Europe, Norway, Sweden”,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Cerastium,brachypetalum, ,Grey Mouse
ear,,P,,,”Mainland Europe, Norway, Sweden”,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Cerastium,comatum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cerastium,diffusum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cerastium,diffusum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cerastium,fontanum,,Mouse-ear Chickweed,X,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cerastium,fontanum, ,Mouse-ear
Chickweed,,,,”Dispersal: ?animal external,?Water,animal (not bird),
internal,?Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one
or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,12,14,15”,”Eur,
In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Cerastium,fontanum, ,Common Mouse ear,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Cerastium,fontanum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cerastium,glomeratum,,mouse-ear
chickweed,HXX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cerastium,glomeratum, ,Mouse-ear
Chickweed,,,,”Dispersal: ?animal external,?Water,animal (not bird),
internal,?Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,2,4-6,8,9,12-15”,”Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to
large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Cerastium,glomeratum, ,,,,,”seeds germ at once or
soon after harvest, seeds placed in unheated germinator & exposed to
temps similar to those prevailing outdoors”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cerastium,glomeratum, ,Sticky Mouse ear,,,,C.
viscosum,”Mainland Europe, Norway, Sweden”,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Cerastium,glomeratum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cerastium,glomeratum, ,,,,,annual sub-dominance , Upland
Japan Miyagi Miyasaki ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Cerastium,indicum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cerastium,indicum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cerastium,pumilum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cerastium,semidecandrum,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Cerastium,semidecandrum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cerastium,siculum, ,,,,,40% germ at 20C in
darkness,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Cerastium,strigosum, ,,,,,”seeds germ at once or
soon after harvest, seeds placed in unheated germinator & exposed to
temps similar to those prevailing outdoors”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cerastium,viscosum, ,sticky chickweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cerastium,vulgare,C. fontanum ssp.
trivalve,,x,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cerastium,vulgatum, ,Mouse ear
chickweed,,,,”prechilling of fresh seed at 5C & moistened with
KNO3 soln for 1 wk, then germ on blotters moistened with 0.2% KNO3 soln
with temp alt of 20-30C; 10 mth old seed 90% germ with alt. temp, or KNO3
soln”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Cerastium,vulgatum, ,,,,, ,Shimane Shizuoka ,Weeds and
Weed Control in Asia
Cerastium,vulgatum, ,mouseear chickweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Corrigiola,litoralis,,strapwort,X,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Corrigiola,litoralis, ,,,,,”all, or most seed germ
in 1st spring; seeds placed in unheated germinator & exposed to temps
prevailing outdoors until germ; germ at temp 3-20C takes up to 6wks;
testa exposed100% in 14 days-seed coat impermeable”,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Corrigiola,litoralis, ,Strapwort,,,,,”Mainland
Europe except NE , UK”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Corrigola,litoralis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Dianthus,armeria,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Dianthus,armeria, ,Deptford pink,,,,germ at 20-25C in
light,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Dianthus,armeria, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Dianthus,armeria, ,Deptford pink,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Dianthus,barbatus, ,Sweet William,,,,,,Weed Science List
Dianthus,plumarius,,”feathered pink, wild pink,
cottage pink”,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Dianthus,plumarius, ,,,,,Region of origin - C Eur; Extent
of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental ,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Dianthus,superbus, ,,,,,seed begins to germ almost
immediately after harvest; seeds placed in unheated germinator &
exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors 100%
germ,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Drymaria,arenarioides,,,terrestrial,,"Federal Noxious Weeds List, USA"
Drymaria,arenarioides, ,”sandwort drymary, Lightning
weed”,,P,,”Another potential rangeland weed problem is
Lightning weed(Drymaria arenarioides). Lightning weed is a
short-livedperennial rangeland weed that is extremely toxic to
cattle,sheep, and goats. It invades rangeland areas that may bestressed
from drough”,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Drymaria,cordata, ,”tropical chickweed, chickweed,
West Indian chickweed”,,,,”Drymaria cordata is seldom a weed of
cultivated areas, it invades plantation crops such as tea and coffee, as
well as pastures, lawns, gardens, riverbanks, ditches, and even sandbars
in rivers. It is a weed of 31 crops in more than 45 countries and is
fre”,”native of tropical Amer, and occurs in many tropical and
subtropical countries.”,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories &
Distribution - Holm et. al.
Drymaria,cordata, ,heartleaf drymary,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Drymaria,pachyphylla, ,inkweed drymary,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Drymaria,villosa,syn Drymaria hirsuta,dew
herb,,,,”along rivers in rather moist climates in tea, cinchona, coffee
& higher sugarcane plantations; arable land, road & watersides,
road banks, gardens; can withstand deep shade; often found gregarious in
association with Drymaria cordata; from 10/300-1600m al”,”S
Amer, pantropical; introd to Java before 1910; has spread to the rest of
Indonesia except Kalimantan & the Moluccas as far as
known”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Gypsophila,muralis, ,Wall Gypsophila,,,,,”Mainland
Europe, S Denmark, Finland”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Gypsophila,muralis, ,Wall Gypsophila,,,,,”Mainland
Europe, S Denmark, Finland”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Gypsophila,paniculata, ,Baby's Breath
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A
combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,
accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed
control in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious
Weed
Gypsophila,paniculata,, babys- breath," Possible Weed of Agriculture, Grassland, Forest and Riparian habitats: High Weed Potential in Disturbed areas",,"Potential Exotic Plant Species Invading the Blackfoot Drainage, Montana, Peter M. Rice, Chris Toney and Bob Sacco, weed"
Gypsophila,paniculata, ,Baby's breath ,,,,PRELIMINARY
LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to
spread,,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Gypsophila,paniculata, ,baby's breath,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Gypsophila,tubulosa,”G. paniculata misapplied?, G.
australis”,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Gypsophila,tubulosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Gypsophila,vaccaria, ,,,,,”some seed germ
immediately after harvest, remainder in 1st spring; seeds placed in
unheated germinator & exposed to temps similar to those prevailing
outdoors; 48% germ”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Heerniaria,hirsuta,,Herniaria,X,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Heerniaria,hirsuta, ,Herniaria,,,,Dispersal: ?. Life
Form: Annual. RISK: Not a threat (but may have a negative visual impact).
Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,”Eur, In Victoria: Limited
distribution, small populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In
Victoria
Herniaria,cinerea,H. hirsuta,,X,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Herniaria,glabra, ,Smooth Rupture wort,,,,,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Herniaria,glabra, ,Smooth Rupture wort,,,,,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Herniaria,hirsuta, ,,,,,,”Central & Southern Europe,
less UK”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Herniaria,hirsuta, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Holosteum,umbellatum, ,Jagged
Chickweed,,,,,”Mainland Europe, UK, S Denmark”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Holosteum,umbellatum, ,Jagged
Chickweed,,,,,”Mainland Europe, UK, S Denmark”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Illecebrum,verticillatum, ,Coral
Necklace,,,,,”Central & Western Europe, UK”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Illecebrum,verticillatum, ,Coral
Necklace,,,,,”Central & Western Europe, UK”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Lepyrodiclis,holstedoides, , ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to spread,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Lychnis,alba, Melandrium album,White cockle,,,,germ on
blotters moistened by 0.2% soln of KNO3 at alt. temp of 20-30C; good germ
at 20C constant without soln; high germ after 10mths dry
storage,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Lychnis,alba, ,white cockle,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lychnis,chalcedonica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lychnis,coronaria,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Lychnis,coronaria, ,,,,,”80% germ at 20C in dark, at
alt. 20-30C in dark, & at alt. 20-30C with alt.
light/dark”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Lychnis,coronaria, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Lychnis,dioica, ,red campion,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lychnis,floscuculi, ,Meadow campion,,,,seeds germ at once
after harvested remainder in following spring; seeds placed in germinator
exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ; 100%
germ,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Lychnis,floscuculi, ,meadow campion,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lychnis,viscaria, Viscaria viscosa,,,,,seeds germ at once
after harvested remainder in following spring; seeds placed in germinator
exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ; 100%
germ; seeds dry stored viability up to 8yrs,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Lynchis,chalcedonica,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Minuartia,hybrida, ,Fine leaved sand
wort,,,,,”Central and Western Europe, UK, Eire”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Minuartia,hybrida, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Minuartia,mediterranea,M. hybrida,,XX,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Moenchia,erecta,,Erect Chickweed,XXX,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Moenchia,erecta, ,Erect Chickweed,,,,Dispersal: ?. Life
Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations
(Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,”Eur, In Victoria:
Widespread, medium to large populations”,Environmental Weed
Invasions In Victoria
Moenchia,erecta, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Myosoton,aquaticum, ,Water Chickweed,,,,”Malachium
aquaticum, Stellaria aquaticum, Cerastium aquaticum”,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Myosoton,aquaticum, ,Water Chickweed,,,,”Malachium
aquaticum, Stellaria aquaticum, Cerastium aquaticum”,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Paronychia,argentea,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Paronychia,argentea, ,,,,,,Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Paronychia,argentea, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Paronychia,brasiliana,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Paronychia,brasiliana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Paronychia,echinulata, ,,,,,,Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Paronychia,echinulata, ,,,,,,Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Paronychia,franciscana,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Paronychia,franciscana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Petrorhagia,nanteuilii, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Petrorhagia,nanteuilli,P. prolifera,proliterous
pink,H,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Petrorhagia,prolifera, ,Proliterous
Pink,,,,”Dispersal: ?animal external,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK:
Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation
Formations Invaded: 4,5”,”Med, In Victoria: Widespread, medium
to large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Petrorhagia,prolifera, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Petrorhagia,velutina,,velvet or hairy
pink,XX,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Petrorhagia,velutina, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Polycarpon,indicum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Polycarpon,indicum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Polycarpon,tetraphyllum,,Four-leafed Allseed,XXX,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Polycarpon,tetraphyllum, ,Four-leafed
Allseed,,,,”Dispersal: Windind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential
threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 1,4,8,11,12”,”Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to
large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Polycarpon,tetraphyllum, ,Four leaved
allseed,,,,,”South and West Europe, S West UK”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Polycarpon,tetraphyllum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sagina,apetala,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Sagina,apetala, ,Dwarf pearl wort,,,,seeds germ at once
after harvest or following spring; seeds placed in germinator exposed to
temps similar to those prevailing outdoors; total germ82%,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Sagina,apetala, ,Annual Pearlwort,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Sagina,apetala, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sagina,apetala, ,dwarf pearlwort,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Sagina,japonica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sagina,japonica, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Sagina,maritima,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Sagina,maritima, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sagina,maxima, ,,,,, , Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed
Control in Asia
Sagina,nodosa, ,Knotted Pearlwort,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Sagina,nodosa, ,Knotted Pearlwort,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Sagina,procumbens,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Sagina,procumbens, ,Procumbent Pearlwort,,,,,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Sagina,procumbens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sagina,procumbens, ,birdseye pearlwort,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Sagina,subulata, ,Heath Pearlwort,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Sagina,subulata, ,Heath Pearlwort,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Saponaria,calabrica,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Saponaria,calabrica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Saponaria,officinalis,,”soapwort,
bouncingbet”,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Saponaria,officinalis, ,Bouncing bet,,,,”prechilling
with 0.2% soln of KNO3 as moistening agent at 5C for 1wk, then germ at
20C:16hrs to 30C:8hrs germ 99% for 7days, 97% for 300days & 82% for
1095days”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Saponaria,officinalis, ,Soapwort,,,,,”All Europe,
less in UK, Eire & Scandinavia”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Saponaria,officinalis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Saponaria,officinalis, ,bouncingbet,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Saponaria,vaccaria, ,Cow cockle,,,,68% germ in dark at
both 15C & 20C,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Saponaria,vaccaria, ,cow cockle,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Scleranthus,annuus,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Scleranthus,annuus, ,Annual Knawel,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Scleranthus,annuus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Scleranthus,annuus, ,knawel,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Scleranthus ,annuus, ,Knawel,,,,”seed germ not
exceeding 30% at various constant or alt. temps from 2-5 to 35C; at
20-30C alt. 32% in dark & 24% with alt. light/dark; 77% germ of seed
stored after 1 winter's storage in lab, germ 18% after 5yrs dry storage
in lab”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Silene,acaulis, ,,,,,95% germ & 99% germ with
prechilling on moist filter paper in lab; seeds sown outdoors 28% germ in
the autumn of year collected & 49% the following spring,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Silene,alba, ,White Campion,,,,Melandrium album,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Silene,alba, ,White Campion,,,,Melandrium album,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Silene,antirrhina, ,sleepy catchfly,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Silene,apetala,,Sand Catchfly,X,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Silene,apetala, ,Sand Catchfly,,,,”Dispersal: Wind.
Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations
(Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 3,4”,”S Eur, In
Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Silene,apetala, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Silene,armeria,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Silene,atocioides,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Silene,caroliniana, var. pensylvanica Silene
pensylvanica,,,,,”seeds planted directly into greenhouse failed to
germ; seeds planted in soil flats & kept outdoors for 71days, 28%
germ within 14-21days on transferral to greenhouse”,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Silene,conica,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Silene,conica, ,Sand Catchfly,,,,,”Mainland Europe,
except Scandinavia & Russia”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Silene,conica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Silene,conoidea, ,,,,,seeds germ soon after harvest &
remainder following spring; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps
similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted-total germ84%;
92% in dark with alt. 20-30C after 1yr storage,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Silene,conoidea, ,,,,,,Limited Dist in Western Medit
region,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Silene,conoidea, ,,,,,,Limited Dist in Western Medit
region,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Silene,conoidea,syn ,Conoid catchfly,,,,”cultivated
land, mainly in fields”,”Medit, W Asia to W
Himalayas”,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil
el-Hadidi, M”
Silene,cretica, ,,,,,,”Southern Europe, less in
Central E”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Silene,cretica, ,,,,,,”Southern Europe, less in
Central E”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Silene,cserei, ,Biennial campion,,,,100% germ at 15C constant
with light; 92% germ 1yr after collection at 20-30C alt. with alt.
light/dark,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Silene,cserei, ,biennial campion,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Silene,cucubalus,” Silene inflata, Silene latifolia,
Silene vulgaris”,Bladder campion,,,,92% germ at 20-25C in diffuse
light & 88% in dark; viable for up to 14yrs,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Silene,cucubalus, ,bladder campion,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Silene,dichotoma,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Silene,dichotoma, ,Hairy catchfly,,,,99% germ of seeds
immediately after harvest,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Silene,dichotoma, ,Forked Catchfly,,,,,”Eastern
Europe, less in Central E”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Silene,dichotoma, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Silene,dichotoma, ,hairy catchfly,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Silene,diocia, ,,,,,”Region of origin - Eur, Medit;
Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental”,,CRC
for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Silene,dioica,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Silene,dioica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Silene,gallica,,French Catchfly,XXXXX,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Silene,gallica,,French Catchfly,HXXXX,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Silene,gallica, ,Small Flowered Catchfly,,,,”S.
liophila, S. anglica”,”All Europe, except Scandinavia &
Russia”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Silene,gallica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Silene,gallica, ,English catchfly,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Silene,gallica var. gallica, ,French
Catchfly,,,,”Dispersal: Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential
threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 4,5,12”,”Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Silene,gallica var. quinquevulnera, ,French
Catchfly,,,,Dispersal: Wind. Life Form: Annual/Biennial. RISK: Serious
threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 4,”Eur, In Victoria: ?”,Environmental Weed Invasions
In Victoria
Silene,latifolia,”S. pratensis, S.
alba”,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Silene,latifolius, ,ssp. alba White campion
,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of
lesser invasiveness,,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Silene,linicola, ,,,,,,From Belgium through to Italy,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Silene,linicola, ,,,,,,From Belgium through to Italy,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Silene,longicaulis,,Portuguese Catchfly,X,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Silene,longicaulis, ,Portuguese
Catchfly,,,,”Dispersal: Wind. Life Form: Annual/Biennial. RISK: Not
a threat (but may have a negative visual impact). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 3,4”,”Spain,Portugal, In Victoria: Limited
distribution, small populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In
Victoria
Silene,longicaulis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Silene,maritima, ,,,,,seeds germ soon after harvest &
remainder following spring; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps
similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted-total germ
98%,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Silene,muscipula, ,,,,,S. arvensis,,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Silene,muscipula, ,,,,,S. arvensis,,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Silene,noctiflora, Melandrium noctiflorum,Night flowering
catchfly,,,,90% germ alt. temp 20C:16hrs to 30C:8hrs in light; germ inc.
with dry storage 100% germ after 12wks storage,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Silene,noctiflora, ,Night Flowering
Catchfly,,,,Melandrium noctiflorum,”All Europe, except Greece &
Finland”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Silene,noctiflora, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Silene,noctiflora, ,nightflowering
catchfly,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Silene,nocturna,,Mediterranean Catchfly,XX,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Silene,nocturna, ,Mediterranean
Catchfly,,,,”Dispersal: Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential
threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 1,4,5”,”Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Silene,nocturna,syn ,Night-flowering
catchfly,,,,”cultivated land, mainly fields”,Mainly Medit;
introduced elsewhere,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., &
Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Silene,nutans, ,,,,,90% germ of 1mth old seed on moist
blotters in light; vegetative propagation by using cuttings of stems
which root at nodes if covered in soil,,Germination & Establishment
of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Silene,pendula,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Silene,pratensis,?should be S.
latifolia?,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Silene,pratensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Silene,pseudoatocion,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Silene,rubella,syn ,,,,,”fields, irrigation canals,
gardens”,”Medit, extending eastward to Iraq”,”The
Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Silene,rubella, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Silene,rubella, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Silene,schafta, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Silene,tridentata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Silene,tridentata, ,,,,,Region of origin - Algeria;
Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for
Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Silene,uniflora,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Silene,vulgaria, ,Bladder Campion,,,,”S. cucubalus,
S. inflata, S. latifolia”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Silene,vulgaris,”Behen vulgaris, Cucubalus behen, Cucubalus
inflatus, Silene cucubalus, Silene inflata, Silene
latifolia”,”bladder campion, blue root,
rattlebox”,XXX,NL,SA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Silene,vulgaris,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Silene,vulgaris,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Silene,vulgaris, ,Bladder Campion,,,,Dispersal: Wind.
Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 1,”Eur,Med.W
As, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Silene,vulgaris,” Behen vulgaris, Cucubalus behen,
Cucubalus inflatus, Silene cucubalus, Silene inflata, Silene
latifolia”,”bladder campion, blue root,
rattlebox”,,,,”pioneer plant, invades open spaces in pastures
& fallowed arable land, forms dense patches which reduce available
grazing area & pasture yield & can interfere with cultivation;
contaminates pasture seed; obligate long day plant, growing continuously
& flo”,”Euro-Asian origin, found from Medit region
northwards through Scandinavia to 70º N lat & eastwards through
Siberia to Japan; introd to N Amer, Afr, Indonesia, NZ, & Aust,
growing at all levels to 2500m”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P
& C”
Silene,vulgaris, ,Bladder campion ,,,,” PROCLAIMED
PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. *
Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n Notifiable
in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c Special
program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc.
Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside
control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies)
Mo”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed Plants”“
(Weed)”
Silene,vulgaris, ,bladdercampion,,,,,,Weed Science List
Spergula,arvensis,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Spergula,arvensis, ,Corn spurry,,,,germ at constant
20-25C in dark or alt. light/dark; soaking seeds in 1-2% soln of thiourea
for 24hrs to break dormancy,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Spergula,arvensis, ,Corn Spurrey,,,,”S. vulgaris, S.
sativa, S. maxima, S. linicola”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds
of the World”
Spergula,arvensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Spergula,arvensis, ,corn spurry,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Spergula,pentandra,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Spergula,pentandra, ,,,,,,Central and Southern
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Spergula,pentandra, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Spergularia,bocconii,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Spergularia,diandra,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Spergularia,diandra, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Spergularia,levis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Spergularia,levis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Spergularia,marina,,salt sand-spurrey,X,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Spergularia,marina, ,Salt
Sand-spurrey,,,,”Dispersal: Water,?Wind. Life Form: Annual/Perennial
herb. RISK: Not a threat (but may have a negative visual impact).
Vegetation Formations Invaded: 11”,”temp N Hem, In Victoria: Widespread,
small populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Spergularia,marina,syn Arenaria rubra var. marina; A
marina; Spergularia salina,Sand spurrey,,,,muddy and moist saline
soils,”Widespread in temp. coastal regions of the Northern
Hemisphere, also in Australasia where it might be
introduced”,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil
el-Hadidi, M”
Spergularia,marina, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Spergularia,media,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Spergularia,media, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Spergularia,purpurea, ,,,,,S. longipes,Iberian
Peninsula,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Spergularia,purpurea, ,,,,,S. longipes,Iberian
Peninsula,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Spergularia,rubra,,Red Sand-spurrey,XH,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Spergularia,rubra, ,Red Sand-spurrey,,,,”Dispersal:
Water,?Wind. Life Form: Annual/Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat to
one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,4,8,9,12”,”Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Spergularia,rubra, Lepigonum rubrum,Red sandspurry,,,,52%
germ at alt. 20-30C with alt. light/dark & 4% in dark,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Spergularia,rubra, ,Sand Spurrey,,,,S. campestris,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Spergularia,rubra, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Spergularia,rubra, ,red sandspurry,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Spergularia,segetalis, ,,,,,”Delia segetalis, Alsine
segetalis”,Western and Northern Mainland Europe,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Spergularia,segetalis, ,,,,,”Delia segetalis, Alsine
segetalis”,Western and Northern Mainland Europe,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Spergularia,sp. 2,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Stellaria,alsine, Stellaria uliginosa,,,,,seeds germ soon
after harvest & continued for several mths; seeds placed in
germinator exposed to temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until
germ or rotted; total germ 100%,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Stellaria,alsion, ,,,,,biennial dominant weed barley
& wheat crops , Shizuoka Upland Korea ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Stellaria,aquatica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Stellaria,aquatica, ,,,,, , Shizuoka Upland Japan ,Weeds
and Weed Control in Asia
Stellaria,aquatica, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Stellaria,graminea,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Stellaria,graminea, ,Little starwort,,,,alt. light/dark
& alt. 10-30C temp best germ %; viability remains high during more
than 3 yrs dry indoor storage,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Stellaria,graminea, ,Lesser Stitchwort,,,,,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Stellaria,graminea, ,”stitchwort, grasslike
stitchwort”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John
Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National
Parks, weed”
Stellaria,graminea, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Stellaria,graminea, ,little starwort,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Stellaria,holostea, ,,,,,seeds germ soon after harvest
& continued for several mths; seeds placed in germinator exposed to
temps similar to those prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted; total
germ 90%,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Stellaria,media,,chickweed,HXXXX,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Stellaria,media, ,Chickweed,,,,”Dispersal: animal
external. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1-5,6,8,12,13”,”Eur,As, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to
large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Stellaria,media, ,Common chickweed,,,,94% germ of 1mth
old seed at alt. 20-30C in petri dishes on blotters moistened with 0.2%
KNO3 & 93% germ of 10mth old seed,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Stellaria,media, ,Chickweed,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Stellaria,media, ,Common Chickweed,,,,chlorsulfuron 1991
Denmark Barley , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Stellaria,media, ,Common Chickweed,,,,chlorsulfuron 1992
Canada , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Stellaria,media, ,Common Chickweed,,,,chlorsulfuron 1995
New Zealand , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Stellaria,media, ,Common Chickweed,,,,mecoprop 1985
United Kingdom Cereals , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Stellaria,media, ,Common Chickweed,,,,atrazine 1978
Germany Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Stellaria,media, ,chickweed,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Stellaria,media, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Stellaria,media, ,,,,,biennial dominant weed barley &
wheat crops Weed in rich site , Upland Korea Upland Japan Hokkaido Miyagi
Okayama Kagawa ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Stellaria,media, ,chickweed,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Stellaria,pallida,,,H,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Stellaria,pallida,syn Alsine pallida
,Chickweed,,,,”shaded, moist, cultivated ground, especially in
gardens and orchards”,”Medit, Eur, NW Asia”,”The Weed
Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Stellaria,pallida, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Stellaria,palustris,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Stellaria,uliginosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Stellaria,uliginosa, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Vaccaria,hispanica,V. pyramidata,,,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Vaccaria,hispanica,syn Saponaria hispanica; Vaccaria
pyramidata; Saponaria vaccaria; Vaccaria parviflora; V.
segetalis,Cow-herb,,,,”cultivated fields, especially with winter
cropsUsed as a cut green in flower shops and as a medicinal herb. Root is
vulnerary and galactogogue (increasess the secretion of
milk)”,”Widespread in Medit, C Eur, Asia; introduced into other
warm temp. regions of N Amer, Aust. and NZ”,”The Weed Flora of
Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Vaccaria,hispanica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Vaccaria,pyramidata, Vaccaria vulgaris,,,,,”5000
seed sown in field in lated autumn, 45% produced seedlings in following
spring, a few seeds from original planting produced seedlings in 2nd
season; 1 seedling in 3rd season out of original 5000”,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Vaccaria,pyramidata, ,,,,,”V. vulgaris, V.
segetalis, V. perfola, V. parviflora, Saponaria
vaccaria”,”Mainland Europe, except Italy &
Denmark”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Vaccaria,pyramidata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Casuarinaceae
Casuarina,cunninghamiana,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Casuarina,cunninghamiana, ,beefwood,,,,”Woody
SpeciesInvades: coastal dunes, sandy sea-shores, riverbedsCultivated for:
ornament, dune stabilization, shelter”,Origin: Australia ,Plant
Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Casuarina,cunninghamiana, ,beefwood,,,,”Woody
SpeciesInvades: coastal dunes, sandy sea-shores, riverbedsCultivated for:
ornament, dune stabilization, shelter”,Origin: Australia ,Plant
Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Casuarina,cunninghamiana*,,”melanga, elephant
ear”,,,,”Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to
disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as
Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida
communities. *P =Prohibited by Florida Department “,,List of
Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Casuarina,equisetifolia, ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive
weeds nominated by Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated
Worst Invasive Weeds”
Casuarina,equisetifolia,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Casuarina,equisetifolia, ,”Australian pine,
casuarina”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John
Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks,
weed”
Casuarina,equisetifolia, ,horsetail tree,,,,”Woody
SpeciesInvades: coastal dunes, sandy sea-shores, riverbedsCultivated for:
ornament, dune stabilization, shelter”,Origin: pantropical ,Plant
Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Casuarina,equisetifolia, ,horsetail tree,,,,”Woody
SpeciesInvades: coastal dunes, sandy sea-shores, riverbedsCultivated for:
ornament, dune stabilization, shelter”,Origin: pantropical ,Plant
Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Casuarina,equisetifolia*,,Australian
pine,,,,”Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting
native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the
economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the
documented ecological damage caused.*P =Prohibited by Flo”,,List of
Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Casuarina,glauca,,swamp oak,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Casuarina,glauca, ,”Australian pine, suckering
casuarina”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John
Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National
Parks, weed”
Casuarina,glauca*,,suckering Australian
pine,,,,”Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting
native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the
economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the
documented ecological damage caused.*P =Prohibited by Flo”,,List of
Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Celastraceae
Celastrus,orbiculatus, ,”oriental bittersweet, Asian
bittersweet”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John
Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National
Parks, weed”
Celastrus,orbiculatus,,"Asiatic bittersweet, Oriental bittersweet","Avail nurseries, Ornamental Highly Invasive , Additional Comments : Spread by birds 7 m high, flowers in small greenish yellow clusters, leaves alternate, simple, deciduous, rounded, fruits small orange-yellow ""","Eurasia. Habitat: Woods, thickets, roadsides, fence rows"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Celastrus,orbiculatus,,,Mountain and Valleys Coastal & Peidmont in Virginia,,"Alien Invasive plants in Virginia: Virginia Native Plant Society, Weed"
Celastrus,orbiculatus,,Asian bittersweet,,,,”RANK 2.
“SIGNIFICANT THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some
invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant
communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along
disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive
Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
Euonymus,alata, ,”winged euonymus, burning
bush”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John
Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National
Parks, weed”
Euonymus,atropurpureus, ,eastern wahoo,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Euonymus,sp.,,spindle tree,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Euonymus,sp., ,,,,,Region of origin - Japan?; Extent of
spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Euonymus,sp., ,Spindle Tree,,,,”Dispersal: Bird,
internal. Life Form: Large Small to medium shrubhrub. RISK: Potential
threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 9”,”Introduced deliberately from: ?Japan and
Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Evonymus,alata,,burning bush,,,,”RANK 2.
“SIGNIFICANT THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some
invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant
communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along
disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive
Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
Evonymus,fortunei,,wintercreeper,,,,RANK 1. “SEVERE
THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess characteristics of
invasive species and spread easily into native plant communities and
displace native vegetation; includes species which are or could become
widespread in Tennessee.,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
Cephalotaxaceae
Torreya,californica, ,California nutmeg
yew,,,,”Torreya californica is listed in the USA as X - present as
weed (the species is present & behaves as a aweed, but its rank of
importance is unknown)”,California,Holm et al. 'A Geographical Atlas
of World Weeds'
Ceratophyllaceae
Ceratophyllum,demersum,,”hornwort, common coontail,
hornweed”,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Ceratophyllum,demersum, ,Common coontail,,,,”seed
germ well after 5-7mth storage in water at 1-3C, good germ if stored in
water for 3 mths at 1-3C if a slit was cut in the pericarp before
testing; vegetative propagation also “,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Ceratophyllum,demersum, ,”hornwort, common
coontail, hornweed”,,,,”native to Aust, occurring in all States
ex Tas; it grows but is not common, all along the east coast,
occassionally reaching pest proportions in parts of SE Qld; in inland NSW
it is recorded at several locatities along the Murray River & in the
Lachlan Ri”,”cosmopolitan, having existed in ponds since the
Pilocene epoch; occurs in many oceanic islands, as well as on all
continents of the world other than Antarctica”,”Noxious Weeds
of Australia, P & C”
Ceratophyllum,demersum, ,hornwort,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ceratophyllum,demersum, ,common
coontail,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ceratophyllum,echinatum, ,prickly
coontail,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ceratophyllum,spp.,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Ceratophyllum,spp., ,,,P,,,Note import conditions
exceptions,Western Australian Prohibited List
Ceratopteridaceae
Ceratopteris,pteridoides,
,floatingfern,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Characeae
Chara,braunii, ,,,,, , Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Chara,globularis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Chara,globularis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Chara,spp. (aquatic), ,chara,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chara,zeylanica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Chara,zeylanica, ,chara,,,, , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control
in Asia
Chara,zeylanica, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Nitella,hyalina, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Nitella,hyalina, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Chenopodiaceae
Atriplex,argentea, ,silverscale saltbush,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Atriplex,canescens, ,fourwing saltbush,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Atriplex,confertifolia, ,shadscale,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Atriplex,eadleyae,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Atriplex,elegans, ,wheelscale saltbush,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Atriplex,hastata, ,Spear leaved Orache,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Atriplex,hastata, ,Spear leaved Orache,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Atriplex,heterosperma,, weedy orache, Weed Status Uncertain - current information is inadequate to assess risk. Further analysis may be warranted.,,"Potential Exotic Plant Species Invading the Blackfoot Drainage, Montana, Peter M. Rice, Chris Toney and Bob Sacco, weed"
Atriplex,holocarpa,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Atriplex,hortensis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Atriplex,hortensis, ,Garden orach,,,,58% germ of seed in
constant darkness at 20C; could have two distinct seed types,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Atriplex,hortensis, ,Garden Orache,,,,,”Mainland
Europe, except Denmark”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Atriplex,hortensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Atriplex,hortensis, ,garden orach,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Atriplex,leptocarpa,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Atriplex,leptocarpa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Atriplex,lindleyi , ssp. inflata,sponge-fuit
saltbush,,,,”Herbaceous Species Invades: roadsides, degraded land,
sandy riverbeds, coastal dunes, pans, low-lying areas, mainly in
semi-arid regions.”,Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern
Africa. (Weeds)
Atriplex,lindleyi , ssp. inflata,sponge-fuit
saltbush,,,,”Herbaceous Species Invades: roadsides, degraded land,
sandy riverbeds, coastal dunes, pans, low-lying areas, mainly in
semi-arid regions.”,Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern
Africa. (Weeds)
Atriplex,nummularia, ssp. nummularia,old man
saltbush,,,,”Woody SpeciesInvades: sandy riverbeds, coastal dunes,
edges of pans, roadsides, in semi-arid regions.Cultivated for:
fodder”,Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Atriplex,nummularia, ssp. nummularia,old man
saltbush,,,,”Woody SpeciesInvades: sandy riverbeds, coastal dunes,
edges of pans, roadsides, in semi-arid regions.Cultivated for:
fodder”,Origin: Australia,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Atriplex,patula,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Atriplex,patula, var. hastata Atriplex hastata,Halberdleaf
orach,,,,”two distinct seed types; one type no dormancy, the other
strongly dormant; dormancy can be broken by 15 min treatment with conc.
H2SO4 “,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Atriplex,patula, ,Common Orache,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Atriplex,patula, ,Spreading Orach,,,,atrazine 1980 Germany
Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Atriplex,patula, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Atriplex,patula, ,spreading orach,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Atriplex,prostrata,,hastate orache,HX,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Atriplex,prostrata, ,Hastate Orache,,,,”Dispersal:
Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,8,9,11”,”Eur, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Atriplex,pseudocampanulata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Atriplex,pumilio,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Atriplex,rosea, ,Red orach,,,,”two distinct seed
types; one no dormancy germ at 20C with light, the other strongly
dormant, needs light at 20C”,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Atriplex,rosea, ,red orach,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Atriplex,semibaccata, ,Austtallian Saltbush
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Atriplex,semibaccata, ,Australian
saltbush,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Atriplex,spinibractea,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Atriplex,tatarica, ,,,,,”A. laciniata, A.
tornabenii”,”Central Europe, inc Italy Greece”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Atriplex,tatarica, ,,,,,”A. laciniata, A.
tornabenii”,”Central Europe, inc Italy Greece”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Atriplex,var. hastata, ,halberdleaf orach,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Atriplex,wrightii, ,Wright saltbush,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Axyris,amaranthoides, ,Russian pigweed,,,,”two
distinct seed types, one germs immediately at 18-22C; the other needs to
have seed coat broken, germ high 100% in 3 days”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Axyris,amaranthoides, ,Russian pigweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Bassia,hyssopifolia,Salsola hyssopifolia,,,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Bassia,hyssopifolia, ,Bassia ,,,,”California Noxious
Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Bassia,hyssopifolia, ,Firehook bassia ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST
OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Bassia,hyssopifolia, ,five hook bassia,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Bassia,hyssopifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Bassia,hyssopifolia, ,fivehook bassia,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Bassia,indica,syn. Kochia,,,,,germ rapidly in shallow
water; seed dry stored over calcium chloride in desiccators at room temp
remain viable for more than 6yrs,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Bassia,laniflora,syn. Kochia,,,,,K. arenaria,Mainland
Europe except Denmark,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Bassia,laniflora,syn. Kochia,,,,,K. arenaria,Mainland
Europe except Denmark,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Bassia,scoparia,Kochia scoparia,kochia,HXE,L,Qld; WA; SA;
NSW,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Bassia,scoparia,Kochia scoparia,kochiaornamental
form,,NL,Qld; WA; NSW,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Bassia,scoparia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Bassia,scoparia,syn Kochia scoparia,,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Bassia,scoparia,syn. Kochia,Kochia,,,,94% germ at 20C in
dark on top of sand or blotters in petri dishes; germ inc. with GA
treatment,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Bassia,scoparia,syn. Kochia,Mock
Cypress,,,,,”Mainland Europe, except Greece, more in
Russia”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Bassia,scoparia,syn. Kochia,Kochia ,,,,chlorsulfuron 1988
Canada Industrial , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Bassia,scoparia,syn. Kochia,Kochia ,,,,chlorsulfuron/met
1987 USA Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Bassia,scoparia,syn. Kochia,Kochia ,,,,atrazine 1982 USA
Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Bassia,scoparia,syn. Kochia,Kochia ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,,Pacific Northwest
Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Bassia,scoparia,syn. Kochia,summer cypress,,,,From lists
and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of
Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Bassia,scoparia,syn. Kochia,Kochia,,,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Bassia,scoparia,syn. Kochia,kochia,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Bassia,scoparia,syn. Kochia,Kochia,,P,,Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Bassia,scoparia,syn. Kochia,Kochia + ,,,,” PROCLAIMED
PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. *
Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n
Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c
Special program in south-ea”,” *** Note: Does not apply to var.
trichophylla Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South
Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Movement prohibited on roads
(Secti”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Bassia,scoparia var. scoparia,syn. Kochia,,,,,Region of
origin - Eurasia; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - soil
conservation,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Beta,vulgaris,,Silver Beet,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Beta,vulgaris, ,Silver Beet,,,,”Dispersal: Water.
Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Not a threat (but may have a negative
visual impact). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,8,11”,”Introduced deliberately from: Eur, In Victoria:
Limited distribution, medium to large populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Beta,vulgaris, ,Sea Beet,,,,,”Southern Europe, S
Sweden, UK, Eire and NW Europe”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Beta,vulgaris, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Beta ,vulgaris,syn B. maritima; B. vulgaris var.
maritima,Sea beet,,,,”fields, roadsides”“Beta vulgaris is
the origin of some cultivated varieties of beetroot, sugar beet, and
mangold”““,”Medit, Eur, W Asia”,”The Weed
Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Chenopodium,album,,”fat hen, common lambsquarters,
lambsquarters”,XXX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Chenopodium,album, ,,,,,Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web
Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,,”Florida
Weeds, FAIRS.”
Chenopodium,album, ,Fat Hen,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Chenopodium,album, ,Lambsquarters ,,,,atrazine 1973 Canada
Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,album, ,Lambsquarters ,,,,atrazine 1979 New
Zealand Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,album, ,Lambsquarters ,,,,atrazine 1979 USA
Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,album, ,Lambsquarters ,,,,”atrazine 1980
Belgium Corn, Roadsides “, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,album, ,Lambsquarters ,,,,atrazine 1980
Germany Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,album, ,Lambsquarters ,,,,atrazine 1980 The
NetherlandsCorn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,album, ,Lambsquarters ,,,,”atrazine 1986
Czech Republic Corn, Sugarbeet”, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,album, ,Lambsquarters ,,,,atrazine 1987 Spain
Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,album, ,Lambsquarters ,,,,atrazine 1991 Poland
Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,album, ,Lambsquarters ,,,,atrazine 1995 Chile
, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,album, ,Lambsquarters ,,,,atrazine 1995 Italy
, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,album, ,Lambsquarters ,,,,atrazine 1996
Slovenia Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,album, ,Lambsquarters ,,,,metribuzin 1994
Norway Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,album, ,Lambsquarters ,,,,metribuzin 1989
Bulgaria Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,album, ,Lambsquarters ,,,,simazine 1989 United
Kingdom , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,album, ,Lambsquarters ,,,,triazines 1977
Switzerland Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,album, ,Lambsquarters ,,,,triazines 1978
France , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,album, ,lambsquaters,,,,From lists and sources
by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Chenopodium,album,syn ,”White goosefoot, Common
lambsquarters”,,,,”fields, gardens, roadsides, waste placesThis
species was formerly cultivated as a bread plant because of its highly
nutritive seeds. High vit. C content & used as a salad plant & in
medicine”,Widespread weed of the Old World; introduced and
naturalised into the New World,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L.,
& Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Chenopodium,album, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Chenopodium,album, ,,,,,annual dominant weed barley &
wheat crops Weed in rich site , Upland Korea Upland Japan Hokkaido
Okayama ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Chenopodium,album, ,common lambsquarters,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chenopodium,ambrosioides,var. ambrosiodes to var.
anthelminicum (& intermediates),,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Chenopodium,ambrosioides, ,,,,,Weed of aquatic ecosystems
Web Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,,”Florida
Weeds, FAIRS.”
Chenopodium,ambrosioides,syn ,Wormseed,,,,”Nile and
canal banks, moist ground”“Used medicinally as a vermifuge,
antiasthmatic, diuretic, etc. Leaves are also used as a
condiment.”““,Naturalised from S Amer,”The Weed Flora
of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Chenopodium,ambrosioides, ,wormseed,,,,,,Weed Science List
Chenopodium,ambrosioides, ,”Mexican tea, Indian
goosefoot, bitterweed, wormseed”,,,,Chenopodium ambrosioides is a
common annual (occasionally perennial) weed and infests 25 crops in over
65 countries.,originated in C & S Amer and is now found in over 60
temperate and tropical countries,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories &
Distribution - Holm et. al.
Chenopodium,ambrosioides, ,mexicantea,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chenopodium,berlandieri, ,,,,,”fresh seed dormant;
storage 3-5mths at 3C in moist sand/peat, or dry at room temp increased
germ; germ at 30C “,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Chenopodium,bontei, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Chenopodium,bontei, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Chenopodium,bonus-henricus, ,Perennial goosefoot,,,,17% of
fresh seed; storing 3-5mths at 3C in moist peat gives high germ %; germ
at 30C,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Chenopodium,bonus-henricus, ,perennial
goosefoot,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chenopodium,botrys, ,Jerusalemoak goosefoot,,,,poor germ
of fresh seed; storage 3-5mths in moist peat/sand at 3C gives high germ
%; dry storage only good germ % if stored over 2yrs; germ at constant 30C
with long photoperiods,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Chenopodium,botrys, ,Jerusalem Goosefoot,,,,,”Mainland
Europe, except, Denmark & Greece”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Chenopodium,botrys, ,Jerusalem
Goosefoot,,,,,”Mainland Europe, except, Denmark &
Greece”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Chenopodium,botrys, ,jerusalemoak
goosefoot,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chenopodium,capitatum, ,blite goosefoot,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chenopodium,cristatum,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Chenopodium,detestans,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Chenopodium,detestans, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Chenopodium,fasciculosum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Chenopodium,fasciculosum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Chenopodium,ficifolium, ,,,,,”require high temps to
germ, 35-40C”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Chenopodium,ficifolium, ,Fig leaved Goosefoot,,,,C.
serotinum,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Chenopodium,ficifolium, ,Figleaved goosefoot,,,,atrazine
1980 Germany Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,ficifolium, ,Figleaved goosefoot,,,,triazines
1986 Switzerland Vegetables , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,ficifolium,syn ,,,,,”cultivated fields,
waste ground”,”Eur, Asia”,”The Weed Flora of Egypt
Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Chenopodium,ficifolium, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Chenopodium,ficifolium, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Chenopodium,gigantospermum, ,,,,,35% germ alt. exposure to
light & alt. temp of 15-25C; seed stored on moist blotters at 3C for
1wk & germ in constant darkness at alt. temps of 20-30C gave 31%
germ,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Chenopodium,glaucum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Chenopodium,glaucum, ,Oak leaf goosefoot,,,,75% of freshly
harvested seed; germ remained high in seed stored dry for 3-5mths at room
temp or 3C; germ at 30C,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Chenopodium,glaucum, ,Oak leaved goosefoot,,,,,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Chenopodium,glaucum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Chenopodium,glaucum, ,oakleaf goosefoot,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chenopodium,hircinum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Chenopodium,hircinum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Chenopodium,hybridum, ,Maple leaf goosefoot,,,,”poor
germ of fresh seed; 41% germ at 30C, when stored in moist peat/sand for
3-5mths at 3C for 1wk “,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Chenopodium,hybridum, ,Maple leaved Goosefoot,,,,,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Chenopodium,hybridum, ,Maple leaved Goosefoot,,,,,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Chenopodium,hybridum, ,mapleleaf
goosefoot,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chenopodium,leptophyllum, ,slimleaf
lambsquarters,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chenopodium,macrospermum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Chenopodium,macrospermum, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Amer;
Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,,CRC for Weeds
Tech Series Report # 3
Chenopodium,macrospermum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Chenopodium,melanocarpum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Chenopodium,multifidum,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Chenopodium,multifidum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Chenopodium,murale,,”sowbane, nettle-leaf goosefoot,
green fat hen”,XX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Chenopodium,murale, ,Nettle leaf goosefoot,,,,19% germ of
fresh seed; seed stored dry for 5mths-2yrs increases germ the longer
stored,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Chenopodium,murale, ,Nettle leaved Goosefoot,,,,,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Chenopodium,murale,syn ,Nettle-leaved
goosefoot,,,,”fields, gardens, orchards, roadsides, irrigation
canals, waste ground.Plant leaves used as salad herb”,Widespread
cosmopolitan weed,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil
el-Hadidi, M”
Chenopodium,murale, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Chenopodium,murale, ,”nettleleaf goosefoot, nettle
leaved fathen “,,,,Chenopodium murale is a common annual herbaceous
weed of 25 crops in 57 countries and is frequently reported a principal
weed in wheat. It occurs over a wide range of latitudes (NZ to Sweden)
and altitudes (the coast of Lebanon to the Bolivian Andes). I,originated
in Eurasia ,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et.
al.
Chenopodium,murale, ,nettleleaf goosefoot,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chenopodium,nitrariaceum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Chenopodium,opulifolium,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Chenopodium,opulifolium, ,Grey Goosefoot,,,,,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Chenopodium,paganum, ,Pigweed goosefoot,,,,fresh seed
dormant; storage 3-5mths in moist sand/peat at 3C; or dry storage for
over 2yrs high germ %; germ at 30C,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Chenopodium,paganum, ,pigweed goosefoot,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chenopodium,paniculatum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Chenopodium,paniculatum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Chenopodium,polyspermum, ,Many seeded goosefoot,,,,fresh
seed dormant; storage 3-5mths in moist sand/peat at 3C or dry storage for
over 2yrs increased germ % at 30C,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Chenopodium,polyspermum, ,Many seeded Goosefoot,,,,,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Chenopodium,polyspermum, ,Many seeded Goosefoot,,,,,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Chenopodium,polyspermum, ,Manyseeded goosefoot,,,,atrazine
1988 Germany Corn , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,polyspermum, ,Manyseeded
goosefoot,,,,triazines 1980 France , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,polyspermum, ,Manyseeded
goosefoot,,,,triazines 1982 Switzerland Corn ,
http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,polyspermum, ,manyseeded goosefoot,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chenopodium,pratericola, ,narrowleaf
goosefoot,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chenopodium,pumilio,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Chenopodium,rubrum, ,Red goosefoot,,,,”29% germ of
fresh seed; dry storage at room temp for 5mth 100% germ, at 30C
“,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Chenopodium,rubrum, ,Red Goosefoot,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Chenopodium,rubrum, ,Red Goosefoot,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Chenopodium,rubrum, ,red goosefoot,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chenopodium,schraderanum, Chenopodium foetidum,,,,,light
exposure increases germ %; germ % increased as proportion of red light
increased,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Chenopodium,strictum, ,,,,,28% germ of fresh seed; dry
storage for 5mths at 3C or room temp increases germ %; but higher germ %
in seed stored in moist peat at 3C for 3-5mths; dry stored for over 2yrs
high germ %; germ at 30C,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Chenopodium,strictum, ,Late Flowering Goosefoot
,,,,glaucophyllum , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,strictum, ,Late Flowering Goosefoot
,,,,atrazine 1976 Canada Cropland , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,strictum, ,Late Flowering Goosefoot
,,,,”atrazine 1989 Czech Republic Corn, Sugarbeet”,
http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International
Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Chenopodium,suecicum, ,,,,,C. viride,”North &
Eastern Europe inc Scandinavia, UK, Eire”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of
the World”
Chenopodium,suecicum, ,,,,,C. viride,”North &
Eastern Europe inc Scandinavia, UK, Eire”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of
the World”
Chenopodium,urbicum, ,City goosefoot,,,,33% germ of fresh
seed; dry stored seed at room temp for 2yrs germ 97% at 30C,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Chenopodium,urbicum, ,Upright Goosefoot,,,,,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Chenopodium,urbicum, ,Upright Goosefoot,,,,,All
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Chenopodium,urbicum, ,city goosefoot,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chenopodium,vulvaria,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Chenopodium,vulvaria, ,Stinking Goosefoot,,,,,”All
Europe, except, Eire, Norway & Northern Sweden”,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Chenopodium,vulvaria, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Chenopodium ,album, ,Common lambs quarters,,,,”very
long dormancy period- more than 3yrs; broken by KNO3 treatment, washing,
sulphuric acid treatment, or breaking seed coat; will germ under wide
range of conditions once dormancy broken”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Chenopodium ,ambrosioides, ,Mexican tea,,,,”storing
seed in moist sand/peat at 3C for 3,4,or 5 mths increases germ; dry
storage at room temp for 5mths -2yrs, longer the higher the
germ”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Chenopodium ,aristatum, ,,,,,92% germ of seed in darkness
at 24.5C with 8hr light,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Cnenopodium,mruale, ,Sowbane,,,,”Dispersal: ?animal
external,?animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential
threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 1,4,8,9,12”,”Eur, Am, In Victoria: Widespread, medium
to large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Corispermum,hyssopifolium, ,Hyssop leaf
tickseed,,,,”prechilling of moist seed at 3C for 1-3wks, then alt.
temp 20-30C in dark”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Corispermum,hyssopifolium, ,hyssopleaf
tickseed,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Corispermum,marginale, ,,,,,”seeds, planted in field
in late autumn of year collected, germ from mid-spring”,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Corispermum,marschallii, ,,,,,,Eastern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Corispermum,marschallii, ,,,,,,Eastern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Corispermum,nitidum, ,,,,,,Eastern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Corispermum,nitidum, ,,,,,,Eastern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Corispermum,villosum, ,,,,,germ % increased by exposing
moist seeds to winter temps,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Cycloloma,atriplicifolium,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Cycloloma,atriplicifolium, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cycloloma,atriplicifolium, ,winged
pigweed,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Grayia,spinosa, ,,,,,58% germ with alt. temp of 20-30C in
dark,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Halogeton,glomeratus, ,Halogeton ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Halogeton,glomeratus, ,Halogeton ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Halogeton,glomeratus, ,Halogeton,,,,”2 kinds of seed;
brown seed produced 1st, black seed; 95-99% germ of black seed on moist
filter paper, within 9-10hrs; brown seed dormant, but excised embryos
germ”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Halogeton,glomeratus, ,Halogeton ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,,Pacific Northwest
Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Halogeton,glomeratus, ,halogeton,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Halogeton,glomeratus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Kochia,scoparia,,kochia ,"CLASS B WEED: Class B weeds are non-native species that are presently limited in distribution in King County, Washington State, and pose a serious threat to our resources. Control of these weeds is mandatory in King County.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Monolepis,nuttalliana, ,Monolepis,,,,”seeds planted
in field in the autumn of year of collection; 4% germ in following
season, most germ by spring, but some germ occurred throughout the
growing season; seeds of original planting continued to germ throughout
the 5yrs of study”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Monolepis,nuttalliana, ,monolepis,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Monolepis,spathulata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Monolepis,spathulata, ,,,,,Region of origin - N Amer;
Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - unknown,,CRC for Weeds
Tech Series Report # 3
Monolepis,spathulata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Polycnemum,arvense, ,,,,,,”Mainland Europe, except
Denmark”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Polycnemum,arvense, ,,,,,,”Mainland Europe, except
Denmark”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Polycnemum,majus, ,,,,,,”Mainland Europe, except
Denmark”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Polycnemum,majus, ,,,,,,”Mainland Europe, except
Denmark”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Rhagodia,spinescens,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Salsola,australis, ,Common Russianthistle
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A
combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,
accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed
control in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious
Weed
Salsola,collina, ,spineless Russian thistle ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Salsola,iberica, ,Russian Thistle,,,,chlorsulfuron 1987
USA Wheat , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Salsola,iberica, ,Russian thistle ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Salsola,iberica, ,Russian thistle,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Salsola,kali,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Salsola,kali,” var. tenuifolia Salsola kali, Salsola
pestifer”,Russian thistle,,,,”seed tested within 1yr of harvest
44% germ with alt. light/dark at alt. 20-30C & 34% in dark, 15C with
alt. light/dark gern 12%, 20C in dark 10% germ; no germ of fresh seed but
with embryo excised, germ within 3days”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Salsola,kali, ,Prickly Saltwort,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Salsola,kali, ,Russian tumbleweed,,,,”Herbaceous
SpeciesInvades: roadsides, disturbed sites, riverbanks, riverbeds, in dry
or somewhat saline areas”,Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern
Africa. (Weeds)
Salsola,kali, ,Russian tumbleweed,,,,”Herbaceous
SpeciesInvades: roadsides, disturbed sites, riverbanks, riverbeds, in dry
or somewhat saline areas”,Origin: Asia,Plant Invaders of Southern
Africa. (Weeds)
Salsola,kali, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Salsola,kali, ,”buckbush, prickly saltwort, soft
roly-poly, Russian thistle, Russian tumbleweed, saltwort, Russian cactus,
tartor thistle”,,,,”Salsola kali, with the oft-used name
tumbleweed, or Russian thistle, is one of our most interesting weeds.
When mature, it may roll and tumble for hours as it spreads seeds in its
path over flat or hilly country. It is a weed of more than 30 crops in 40
“,”Eur, Mediterranean Sea, C Asia, N & C Amer, Canada,
Soviet Union, Australia, Afghanistan, Argentina, S Afr,
Mexico”,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et.
al.
Salsola,kali, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Salsola,kali var. tenuifolia, ,Russian
thistle,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Salsola,paulsenii, ,Barbwire Russianthistle
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A
combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,
accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed
control in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious
Weed
Salsola,soda, ,Glasswort ,,,,”California Noxious Weed
Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in California.
This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Salsola,soda, ,,,,,,Southern & Eastern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Salsola,soda, ,,,,,,Southern & Eastern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Salsola,vermiculata,,,terrestrial,,"Federal Noxious Weeds List, USA"
Salsola,vermiculata, ,Wormleaf Salsola
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A
combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,
accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed
control in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious
Weed
Sarcobatus,vermiculatus, ,greasewood,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Sclerolaena,bicornis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Sclerolaena,birchii,”Anisacantha birchii, Bassia
birchii”,”galvanised burr, blue burr, galvanised roly poly,
Hermidale lucerne, Woolerino burr”,,LP,NSW; SA,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Sclerolaena,birchii,” Anisacantha birchii, Bassia
birchii”,”galvanised burr, blue burr, galvanised roly poly,
Hermidale lucerne, Woolerino burr”,,,,”competes with useful
pasture species & because of its spines, discourages grazing &
hinders stock movement; as a pioneer plant it performs a useful function,
preventing complete denudation & soil erosion of over grazed areas,
acts as a colonising agent, t”,”native of semi-arid poplar box
& cypress pine, shrub woodlands of Qld & NSW, fluctuate widely
under the influence of seasonal conditions & land
use”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Sclerolaena,birchii, ,Galvanised burr + N ,,,,”
PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed.
* Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n
Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c
Special program in south-ea”,,”South Australian
““Proclaimed Plants”“ (Weed)”
Sclerolaena,birchii, ,galvanised burr,,,,,,Weed Science
List
Sclerolaena,birchii, ,galvanised burr,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Sclerolaena,calcarata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Sclerolaena,muricata,”Anisacantha muricata, Bassia
quinquecuspis”,”five-spined saltbush, black roly poly, electric
burr, five-spined bassia, prickly roly poly, spiny roly
poly”,,LP,Vic,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Sclerolaena,muricata,” Anisacantha muricata, Bassia
quinquecuspis”,”five-spined saltbush, black roly poly, electric
burr, five-spined bassia, prickly roly poly, spiny roly poly”,,,,has
spread rapidly forming dense patches due to overgrazing of the semi-arid
areas of Aust; its now considered a weed because it occupies pasture
space & is grazed by sheep only when plants are very young; may be
toxic to grazing animals due to high level,”native to semi-arid
eastern Aust, it replaces more palatable plants when areas are overgrazed
or weakened by drought, flooding or trampling”,”Noxious Weeds
of Australia, P & C”
Sclerolaena,muricata, ,five-spined saltbush,,,,,,Weed
Science List
Sclerolaena,muricata, ,five-spined saltbush,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Spinacia,oleracea, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Suaeda,aegyptiaca, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Suaeda,aegyptyaca,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Suaeda,baccifera,,Annual Seablite,X,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Suaeda,baccifera, ,Annual Seablite,,,,”Dispersal:
Water,Wind. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
11”,”Euras, In Victoria: Limited distribution, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Suaeda,baccifera, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Suaeda,fruticosa, ,Alkali seepweed,,,,”vegetative
propagation by branches covered with shingle; low germ of seed, after
1mth 25% germ in water & 8% in 0.5% NaCl soln”,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Suaeda,fruticosa, ,alkali seepweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Suaeda,linifolia,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Suaeda,maritima,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Suaeda,maritima, Chenopodina maritima,,,,,viability is low
& dec. with high conc. of NaCl; after 1mth only 8% germ in tap water
& 0% in higher salinities; no germ of seeds even with testa broken
after 12wks in water; 87% germ when placed in germinator & exposed to
temps prevailing outdoors,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Suckleya,suckleyana, ,poison suckleya,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chlorophyceae-Caulerpaceae
Caulerpa,taxifolia,,algae,,,,Initial list of
Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,,”Aliens List,
Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds”
Caulerpa,taxifolia,,algae,,P,,”Lower
PlantThis invasive clone was apparently introduced into the Mediterranean
Seafrom the Monaco Aquarium in 1984. It covered roughly one square yard
in1984, spread to over 2 acres by 1989, and now covers over 10,000
acresextending from the shore to”, Exceptions Noted in Comments on
Taxa sectionMediterranean Sea,Western Australian Prohibited List
Chlorophyceae-Cladophoraceae
Cladophora,spp.,,algae,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Cladophora,spp. ,algae,cladophora,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of
Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS
14: 1966
Pithophora ,pithophora,
,algae,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds” published
by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Chlorophyceae-Hydrodictyaceae
Hydrodictyon,reticulatum,,algae,,,, ,
Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Hydrodictyon,spp.
,algae,hydrodictyon,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of
Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS
14: 1966
Chlorophyceae-Palmellaceae
Aphanocapsa,spp. , ,a blue green
algae,,,,vegetative propagation of terminal sections,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Chroococaceae
Microcystis,toxica,,,,P,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Microcystis,toxica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Microcystis,toxica, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cichoriaceae
Arnoseris,minima, ,Lamb's Succory,,,,,”All Europe, N
Amer, Aust & NZ”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Arnoseris,minima,Compositae ,Lamb's Succory,,,,,”All
Europe, N Amer, Aust & NZ”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Cichorium,endivia, ,Endive,,,,,Medit Region,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Lapsana,communis, ,Nipplewort,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Reichardia,intermedia, ,,,,,Picridium intermedium,Southern
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Reichardia,intermedia,Compositae ,,,,,Picridium
intermedium,Southern Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Reichardia,picroides, ,,,,,”Picridium vulgare, R.
macrophylla”,Southern Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Reichardia,picroides,Compositae ,,,,,”Picridium
vulgare, R. macrophylla”,Southern Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of
the World”
Reichardia,tingitana, ,,,,,Picridium tingitanum,”Spain,
Portugal, Italy & Greece”,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Rhagadiolus,stellatus, ,,,,,R. edulis,Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Rhagadiolus,stellatus,Compositae ,,,,,R. edulis,Southern
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Urospermum,dalechampii, ,,,,,,Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Urospermum,dalechampii,Compositae ,,,,,,Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Urospermum,picroides, ,,,,,,Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Cistaceae
Cistus,ladanifer, ,Gum Citrus ,,,,”California Noxious Weed
Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Cistus,psilosepalus,,Rock Rose,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Cistus,psilosepalus, ,Rock Rose,,,,”Dispersal: Water. Life
Form: Small to medium shrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
4,8”,”Introduced deliberately from: SW Eur and Commercially
Available, , In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Cistus,psilosepalus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cistus,sp.,,Rock Rose,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cistus,sp., ,Rock Rose,,,,Dispersal: ?. Life Form: Small to
medium shrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation formations
(Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,”Introduced
deliberately from: Med and Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Rare or
localised, medium to large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions
In Victoria
Tuberaria,guttata,Helianthemum guttatum,,,,,”seed germ on
moist sand in closed dishes in lab, some germ within few days of sowing
& other hard seeds germ long after sowing; hard seeds scarified with
fine sandpaper germ inc. after sowing”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cleomaceae
Gyandropsis,gynandra,syn Cleome gynandra; Gyandropsis
pentaphylla,Spider flower,,,,”fields, orchards, gardens, waste
groundLeaves are edible as a green vegetable”,”Afr, Asia;
introduced into New World”,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L.,
& Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Harungana,madagascariensis,,harungana,XS,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Clusiaceae
Hypericum,androsaemum,,”tutsan, sweet
amber”,HAX,NLP,Vic,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Hypericum,androsaemum, ,Tutsan,,,,”Dispersal: Bird,
internal,animal external,.Water. Life Form: Small to medium shrub. RISK:
Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria).
Vegetation Formations Invaded: 6,7,8,13,14”,”Introduced
deliberately from: Eur,N Af,W As, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to
large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Hypericum,androsaemum, ,”tutsan, sweet
amber”,,,,”introd as an ornamental sp. because of its
attractive reddish foliage & bright yellow flowers; in Vic it grows
densely in the Otway Ranges, the South Gippsland Hills, Dandenong Ranges
& in the NE, particularly near Mansfield; in Tas, there are odd
patches”,”native to W & E Eur, Asia Minor, & N Afr, not
widely estab. throughout the world & is considered weedy only in Vic,
NSW, & in NZ it grows on both islands & is viewed as a weed on
relatively poor pasture country in several areas”,”Noxious
Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Hypericum,androsaemum, ,Tutsan,,,,,,Weed Science List
Hypericum,androsaemum,
,Tutsan,,P,,”IDENTIFICATIONEvergreen/semi-evergreen shrub or
subshrub to 1.5 m tall. Oval leaves, usually opposite, without a stalk,
to 10 cm. Terminalflower bunches, pale yellow, Nov-Feb. Round fruit, to 1
cm, red becoming black. IMPACT TO BIOTA AND
ECOSYSTEMSCap”,”HABITATSRocky and open streams, coastal areas
and inshore islands, shrublands, rocklands, gumlands, steepland forest
and mobileslopes, coastal forest in light gaps, roadsides, gravel pits,
exotic plantations, rough pasture. Fairly common on
roadsides,b”,Western Australian Prohibited List
Hypericum,calycinum,,Large-fl. St Johns Wort,H,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Hypericum,calycinum, ,Large-fl. St Johns
Wort,,,,”Dispersal: ?animal external,?Water,?Wind. Life Form: Small
to medium shrub. RISK: Very serious threat to one or vegetation formations
(Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: ?”,”Introduced
deliberately from: SE Eur,W As and Commercially Available, , In Victoria:
Widespread, medium to large populations”,Environmental Weed
Invasions In Victoria
Hypericum,erectum, ,,,,,46% germ at 23C with 18 reps of 10 000
lux . lmin irradiations at 6hr intervals but a single irradiation of more
than 2days required to obtain same germ,,Germination & Establishment
of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Hypericum,grandifolium,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Hypericum,grandifolium, ,,,,,”Region of origin - Madeira,
Canary Is.; Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread -
ornamental”,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Hypericum,humifusum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Hypericum,humifusum, ,,,,,,”UK, Eire, S Sweden, Central
& Western Europe “,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Hypericum,humifusum,Guttiferae ,,,,,,”UK, Eire, S Sweden,
Central & Western Europe “,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Hypericum,japonicum,”syn Hypericum chinense, Hypericum
mutilum, Sarothra japonica”,,,,,”wet or marshy sites; ditches,
stream banks to dry places, roadsides & roadbanks, terrace banks,
sunny places; 0-3400m alt; sometimes abundant; upland rice fields, a weed
of minor importance, as the plants are very weak & have superficial
roots, “,”Asia, from Japan, S Korea & SE China to Ceylon;
Aust, NZ, Hawaii; throughout Malesia & Indonesia, except the Moluccas
& Lesser Sunda Islands, as far as known”,”Weeds of Rice in
Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Hypericum,linarifolium, ,,,,,seeds germ readily in lab in
6-8days; under lab conditions remain viable for 2yrs,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Hypericum,perforatum, ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive weeds
nominated by Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated Worst
Invasive Weeds”
Hypericum,perforatum,,"Common Name(s): St. John's Wort, Rosin rose, Tipton-weed","Avail nurseries, Usage : Low Level Invasive , Additional Comments : May poison livestock, introduced 1793 ""Perennial, 3-8 dm high, flowers numerous, yellow with black dots on margin, very leafy, opposite, simple, broad, less than 1 cm long leaves, r","Europe. Habitat: Meadows, forest openings, agricultural areas"," INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997, weed"
Hypericum,perforatum,,St. Johnswort common ,CLASS C WEED: Class C weeds are noxious weeds that are common throughout most of Washington. The following Class C weeds have been selected by the County Weed Board as priority weeds in King County and control is mandatory.,,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Hypericum,perforatum,var. angustifolium and probably other
varieties,”St John's wort, goatweed, klamath weed, perfoliate St
John's wort”,HXAXH,NL,WA; Vic; ACT; Tas; NSW,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Hypericum,perforatum, ,Klamathweed ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Hypericum,perforatum, ,St Johns Wort,,,,”Dispersal:
animal external,Water,Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious
threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 4,5,6,8”,”Introduced deliberately from: Eur,W As, In
Victoria: Widespread, medium to large populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Hypericum,perforatum, ,St. John's wort,,,,92% at 18-20C or
alt. 20-30C in light on distilled water moistened filter paper after
7days,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Hypericum,perforatum, ,Perforate St. John's Wort,,,,”H.
noeanum, H. veronense”,All Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the
World”
Hypericum,perforatum, ,”St John's wort, goatweed, Klamath
weed, perfoliate St John's wort”,,,,,”has been recorded in all
States except NT, only occurrence in Qld, on the E Darling Downs is
believed to have been eradicated; most heavily infested areas now are on
the C & S Tablelands & Slopes of NSW & in NE Vic; it is
estimated to infest over 188 000h”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia,
P & C”
Hypericum,perforatum, ,St. John's wort ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Most invasive - widespread ,,Pacific Northwest
Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Hypericum,perforatum, ,common St. John's wort,,,,From lists
and sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of
Parks and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Hypericum,perforatum, ,St John's wort,,,,”Declared Weed.
Biocontrol: effective agents available Woody SpeciesInvades: mountain and
lowland fynbos, old lands, orchardsCultivated for: “,”Origin:
Europe, Asia & N Afr”,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Hypericum,perforatum, ,St John's wort,,,,”Declared Weed.
Biocontrol: effective agents available Woody SpeciesInvades: mountain and
lowland fynbos, old lands, orchardsCultivated for: “,”Origin:
Europe, Asia & N Afr”,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Hypericum,perforatum, ,St John's wort,,,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Hypericum,perforatum, ,St. Johnswort,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hypericum,perforatum, ,”St John's wort, Klamathweed,
goatweed”,,P,,”Declared spp. under ARRPAUses for
taxon:Materials: essential oils, lipids (for cosmetics fide Ency CNatIn)
Medicines: folklore, potential as antiviral or antidepressive
(fidePhytomedicine 2:67-71. 1995; Ency CNatIn) Vertebrate poisons:
mamm”,”Algeria [north]; Tunisia; Morocco; widely introd. &
natzd.; Spain [incl.Baleares, Canary Islands]; Portugal [incl. Azores,
Madeira]; Greece[incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; France
[incl. Corsica]; Switzerland; Austria; Hungary; Yugoslavia;
N”,Western Australian Prohibited List
Hypericum,punctatum, ,spotted St. Johnswort,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Hypericum,quadrangulum, ,,,,,seeds placed in germinator soon
after harvest exposed to temps similiar to those prevailing outdoors; 00%
germ ,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Hypericum,tetrapterum,,”St Peter's wort, square stemmed
hypericum, square stemmed St John's wort, winged St John's
wort”,X,LP,Vic,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Hypericum,tetrapterum, ,Sq.-stem St Johns Wort,,,,Dispersal:
animal external.Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Potential threat
to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 8,”Eur,W As,N Af, In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to
large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Hypericum,tetrapterum, ,”St Peter's wort, square stemmed
hypericum, square stemmed St John's wort, winged St John's
wort”,,,,”1st recorded in Vic in 1920, but its potential as a
weed was not recognised until 1965; it occured along the Woori Yallock
Creek in the Dandenong Ranges to the E of Melbourne, but in now known to
exist along several other creeks in the area; generally
con”,”native of Eur, W Asia, & N Afr, does not occur as a
weed anywhere ex Vic & NZ, in both cases it is restricted to swampy
areas & low-lying pastures”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P
& C”
Hypericum,tetrapterum, ,St Peter's wort,,,,,,Weed Science List
Hypericum,tetrapterum, ,St Peter's wort,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Hypericum,triquetrifolium,Hypericum crispum,”tangled
hypericum, curled-leafed St John's wort, wavyleaf St John's wort”,X,LP,Vic,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Hypericum,triquetrifolium, Hypericum crispum,”tangled
hypericum, curled-leafed St John's wort, wavyleaf St John's
wort”,,,,possibly poisonous to stock & may cause
photosensitisation similar to St. John's wort; very competitive &
where estab. in Vic it has eliminated most other
vegetation,”originated in E Eur & the Medit region & is
considered a weed of orchards, vineyards & field crops in part of
this range, in Tunisia, Lebanon, Turkey & Greece; apart from these
countries it is regarded as weedy only in Vicoccurs as a single patch of
abou”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Hypericum,triquetrifolium, ,tangled hypericum,,,,,,Weed
Science List
Hypericum,triquetrifolium, ,tangled hypericum,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Hypericum,x inodorum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Hypericum,x inodorum,= H. androsaemum x H.
hircinum,Tutsan,,P,,”Upright bushy shrub, deciduous or evergreen”,North
west Spain to North west Italy and Corsicawidely naturalised including
North Island New Zealand,Western Australian Prohibited List
Hypericum,X moserianum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Hypericum ,perforatum,,”goatweed, St John's
wort”,,,,WATCH LISTMay be a problem elsewhere; more information
needed.,,Invasive Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
Cobaeaceae
Cobaea,scandens,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Colchicaceae
Baeometra,uniflora,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Baeometra,uniflora, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Gloriosa,superba,,”glory lily, climbing
lily”,HXw,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Gloriosa,superba, ,,,,,”Region of origin - Afr, Asia;
Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental”,,CRC for
Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Gloriosa,superba, ,Glory Lily ,,,,Major
WeedVINES.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,
Greening Australia, 1995”
Gloriosa,superba, ,Glory Lily ,,,,Major WeedGround
Covers.,,”Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia,
1995”
Combretaceae
Combretum,apiculatum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Combretum,apiculatum, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Combretum,hereroense, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Combretum,hereroense, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Combretum,paniculatum,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Quisqualis,indica,,Rangoon creeper,S,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Quisqualis,indica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Terminalia,catappa, ,India almond,,,,From lists and sources
by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Terminalia,catappa,,tropical almond,,,,”Catergory II -
Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These
species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated
disruption of natural Florida communities. “,,List of Florida's Most
Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Commelinaceae
Aneilema,japonica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Aneilema,japonica, ,,,,,annual dominance ,,Weeds and Weed
Control in Asia
Aneilema,japonica, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Aneilema,keisak, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Aneilema,keisak, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Callisia,fragrans,,fragrant inch plant,S,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Callisia,fragrans, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Callisia,fragrans,,”inch plant,
spironema”,,,,”Catergory II - Species that shown a potential to
disrupt native plant communities. These species may become ranked as
Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated disruption of natural Florida
communities. “,,List of Florida's Most Invasive Species - Florida
Exotic Pest Plant Council
Callisia,repens,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Commelina,africana,,,,P,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Commelina,africana, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Afr; Extent
of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Commelina,africana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Commelina,africana, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Commelina,benghalensis,,,terrestrial,,"Federal Noxious Weeds List, USA"
Commelina,benghalensis, ,”dayflower, hairy wandering
jew”,,,,”Malaysia-Indonesia, vegetables, field crops”,
Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; New Caledonia; Papua New Guinea; American
Samoa Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga ,”“Weeds of
Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western
Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Commelina,benghalensis,,”dayflower, hairy wandering
jew, jio”,X,P,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Commelina,benghalensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Commelina,benghalensis,syn ,,,,,”in places less moist
than those preferred by Commelina diffusa, in sunny or lightly shaded
waste places, roadsides, between stones, always in fertile soils rich in
humus; it can persist also in sandy or rocky soils & will grow
rapidly when the rains start”,”trop Asia, pantropical &
subtropical”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al,
1987”
Commelina,benghalensis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Commelina,coelestis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Commelina,communis, ,Day flower,,,,increased germ % with
low temp treatment,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Commelina,communis, ,,,,,annual sub-dominance ,Shimane
Upland Korea Upland Japan Miyagi ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Commelina,communis, ,,,,, ,,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Commelina,communis, ,dayflower,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Commelina,diffusa, ,”spreading dayflower,
commelina”,,,,”tropical America, vegetables, fruit
trees”,Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Niue; Papua New
Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga,”“Weeds
of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western
Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Commelina,diffusa, ,Spreading Dayflower,,,,”2,4-D 1957
USA Sugarcane “, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds.
Ian Heap
Commelina,diffusa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Commelina,diffusa,syn Commelina nudiflora,,,,,”is more
common than Commelina benghalensis; humic or clayey soils, continuously
damp for at least part of the year; principal weed in banana plantations
in C Amer; there seems to be a relationship between soil pH &
distribution; in sunny or lightly shade”,”Asia, pantropical,
also subtropical”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al,
1987”
Commelina,diffusa, ,spreading dayflower,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Commelina,diffusa, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Commelina,elegans, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Commelina,elegans, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Commelina,gerrardii, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Commelina,gerrardii, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Commelina,kotschyi, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Commelina,kotschyi, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Commelina,latifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Commelina,latifolia, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Commelina,longicaulis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Commelina,longicaulis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Commelina,salicifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Commelina,salicifolia, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Commelina,subulata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Commelina,subulata, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cyanotis,axillaris, ,,,,, , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed
Control in Asia
Cyanotis,axillaris,syn ,,,,,”humid meadows, shallow
ditches & borders, humid parts of teak forest, old brickwalls; more
common in areas with a longer dry season; occurs from 10-250m alt;
flowers from Jul-Dec in Java; flowers open only once for a few hours; gogo
rancah rice fields, a “,”Asia, pantropical”,”Weeds of
Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Cyanotis,cristata,syn ,,,,,”prefers a long dry spell,
but occurs also in areas with a weak dry season; usually on stony or
hard, rather shaded places, like roadsides, old walls, rocks, terrace
walls, lawns, gardens & tree boles; occurs from 10-250m alt. but in
Java from 0-1000m alt;”,”Asia, pantropical”,”Weeds of
Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Cyanotis,papilionaceae, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cyanotis,papilionaceae, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Cyanotis,villosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cyanotis,villosa, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Dichorisandra,thyrsiflora,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Dichorisandra,thyrsiflora, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Floscopa,palustris, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Murdannia,blumei,”syn Aneilema blumei, Aneilema
hamiltonianum”,,,,,”humid & marshy sites, in ditches &
shallow pools; from 0-750m alt; flowers open only for a few hours, then
wilt; rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance,
Commelinaceae”,”SE Asia, Java”,”Weeds of Rice in
Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Murdannia,keisak,,, Peidmont and mountains & valleys in Virginia,,"Alien Invasive plants in Virginia: Virginia Native Plant Society, Weed"
Murdannia,keisak,,Asian spiderwort,,,,”RANK 2.
“SIGNIFICANT THREAT”Exotic plant species which possess some
invasive characteristics, but have less impact on native plant
communities; may have the capacity to invade natural communities along
disturbance corridors, or to spread from stands in d”,,Invasive
Exotic Pest Plants in Tennessee
Murdannia,nudiflora,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Murdannia,nudiflora, ,,,,, , ,Weeds and Weed Control in
Asia
Murdannia,spirata,syn Aneilema spiratum,,,,,”along
water edges, along & in shallow drains, lawns & other wet sunny
sites; locally abundant; in W & C Java 15-1370m alt; flowers open
during late forenoon & early afternoon; rainfed & upland rice
fields, a weed of minor importance, inW Java consumed as “,”SE
Asia, India, W Malesia, Java”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia,
Soerjani et al, 1987”
Rhoeo,spathacea,= Tradescantia spathacea,”boat lily,
oyster plant”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John
Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National
Parks, weed”
Rhoeo,spathacea, = Tradescantia spathacea,oyster
plant,,,,”Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting
native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the
economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the
documented ecological damage caused.”,,List of Florida's Most
Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Tradescantia,albiflora,T. fluminensis,wandering
jew,HXHXXXX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Tradescantia,albiflora, ,Wandering Jew,,,,”Dispersal:
Vegetative/Water. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Very serious threat to
one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
5,6,7,8,13,14”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Am and
Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Widespread, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Tradescantia,albiflora, ,Wandering Creeper ,,,,Major
WeedGROUNDCOVERS.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John
Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995”
Tradescantia,albiflora, ,Wandering Creeper ,,,,Major
WeedGround Covers.,,”Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening
Australia, 1995”
Tradescantia,albiflora, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tradescantia,crassifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Tradescantia,crassifolia, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Tradescantia,fluminensis, ,white flowered wandering
jew,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and John
Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US National
Parks, weed”
Tradescantia,fluminensis,,white-flowered wandering
jew,,,,”Catergory I - Species that are invading and disrupting
native plant communities in Florida. This definition does not rely on the
economic severity or geographical range of the problem, but on the
documented ecological damage caused.”,,List of Florida's Most
Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Tradescantia,spathacea,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Tradescantia,spp., ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive weeds
nominated by Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated Worst
Invasive Weeds”
Tradescantia,zebrina,Zebrina pendula,”inch plant,
wandering jew”,w,G,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Tradescantia,zebrina, ,Striped Wandering Creeper,,,,Ground
Covers.,,”Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia,
1995”
Zebrina,pendula, ,Striped Wandering Creeper
,,,,GROUNDCOVERS.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John
Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995”
Zebrina,pendula, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Convalliaraceae
Polygonatum,biflorum, ,,,,,32% germ in dark at 20-25C
during period of 9-14days & 13% in diffuse light during 9-146
days,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Convolvulaceae
Argyreia,nervosa,,elephant creeper,E,P,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Argyreia,nervosa, ,elephant creeper,,P,,”dispersed by
bower birds, pers comm, Waterhouse, B”,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Calonyction,muricatum, ,small moonflower,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Calystegia,hederacea, ,,,,, , Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed
Control in Asia
Calystegia,japonica, ,,,,,perennial sub-dominance , Upland
Korea Upland Japan ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Calystegia,sepium, ,Hedge Bindweed,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Calystegia,silvatica,,greater bindweed,H,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Calystegia,silvatica, ,Greater
Bindweed,,,,”Dispersal: Water,Vegetative. Life Form: Vine. RISK:
Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation
Formations Invaded: 6,8,9,”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Eur,
In Victoria: Limited distribution, small populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Calystegia,silvatica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Convolvulus,aegyptius, ,hairy
morningglory,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Convolvulus,althaeoides, ,Mallow Leaved
Bindweed,,,,,Southern Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Convolvulus,althaeoides, ,Mallow Leaved Bindweed,,,,,Southern
Europe,Hanf “Arable Weeds of the World”
Convolvulus,althaeoides,syn ,,,,,”widespread weed
within coastal Medit. region in barley fields, olive & fig orchards,
& along roadsides.”,Medit.,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos,
L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Convolvulus,arvensis,,bindweed field ,"WEED OF CONCERN: Control and containment of existing populations of these noxious weeds is strongly encouraged in King County, Washington State.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Convolvulus,arvense, ,Field bindweed ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST
OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser
invasiveness,,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Convolvulus,arvensis,,”field bindweed, bindweed,
cornbine, European bindweed, field morning glory, lesser bindweed,
morning glory, small-flowered morning glory, wild morning
glory”,XXXX,NL,Vic; SA; WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Convolvulus,arvensis, ,Field Bindweed ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Convolvulus,arvensis, ,Field bindweed,,,,”germ on
moistened filter paper in petri dishes at 20 (16hrs)-30C(8hrs); seeds
hard at end of 5 day period, placed in conc. sulfuric acid 1 hr, rinsed
30min in running water then return to filter paper at 20-30C for
7days”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Convolvulus,arvensis, ,Field Bindweed,,,,,All Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Convolvulus,arvensis, ,Field bindweed,,,,”2,4-D 1964
USA “, http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Convolvulus,arvensis, ,”field bindweed, bindweed,
cornbine, European bindweed, field morning glory, lesser bindweed,
morning glory, small-flowered morning glory, wild morning
glory”,,,,”occurs in all Aust States except the NT; it is well
estab. throughout NSW, causing problems in summer crops on the C & N
Western Slopes; it is of very local imprt in Vic & in SA occurs
mainly in town areas, vineyards, orchards & horticultural crops;
wides”,”native of Eur, Asia & N Afr, has spread to most
temp areas & is regarded as one of the most imprt weeds of the world;
considered a significant weed of 32 crops in 44 countries, including some
within its native range; introd to N Amer, now a major weed of
“,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Convolvulus,arvensis, ,bindweed,,,,From lists and sources
by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Convolvulus,arvensis, ,Field bindweed * ,,,,”
PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be
destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not
required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the
State. c Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or
Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2)
applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section
60 applies) Mov”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Convolvulus,arvensis,syn ,Lesser bindweed,,,,”one of
the most widespread and persistent weeds in fields, gardens, roadsides,
hedges, orchards, waste grounds etc.In folk medicine the plant is used as
a febrifuge & is one of the best purgatives. Leaves used externally
as a vulnerary”,”cosmopolitan, especially in subtrop. to temp.
regions”,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil
el-Hadidi, M”
Convolvulus,arvensis, ,”field bindweed,
bindweed”,,,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Convolvulus,arvensis, ,field bindweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Convolvulus,arvensis, ,”field bindweed,
bindweed”,,P,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Convolvulus,sepium, ,Hedge bindweed,,,,”germ on
moistened filter paper in petri dishes at 20 (16hrs)-30C(8hrs); seeds
hard at end of 5 day period, placed in conc. sulfuric acid 1 hr, rinsed
30min in running water then return to filter paper at 20-30C for
7days”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Convolvulus,sepium, ,hedge bindweed,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Convolvulus,spp., ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive weeds
nominated by Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated Worst
Invasive Weeds”
Convolvulus,tricolor,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Convolvulus,tricolor, ,,,,,,Southern Europe,Hanf
“Arable Weeds of the World”
Convolvulus,tricolor, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Convolvulus,tricolor, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Cuscuta,americana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cuscuta,americana, ,,,P,,All Cuscuta spp. are banned by
AQIS except C. campestris and C. australis,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cuscuta,approximata, var. ureolata ,,,,,”prechilling
of moist seed at 3C for 2-3wks, then treat with conc. sulfuric acid
5-15min; germ at 60F”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Cuscuta,approximata, ,Clustered dodder ,,,,PRELIMINARY
LIST OF PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser
invasiveness,,Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Cuscuta,approximata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cuscuta,approximata, ,,,P,,All Cuscuta spp. are banned by
AQIS except C. campestris and C. australis,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cuscuta,campestris, ,Golden Dodder,,,,Dispersal: Water.
Life Form: Perennial herba(Annual). RISK: Serious threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
8,”Am, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Cuscuta,campestris,,golden dodder,XX,L,WA;
NSW,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cuscuta,campestris, ,Field dodder,,,,”65% within 4
days with treat of conc. sulfuric acid 80min, then germ at 60
F”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cuscuta,campestris, ,Field dodder,,,,sulfonylureas 1994
Israel Forest , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Cuscuta,campestris, ,common dodder,,,,”Declared
WeedHerbaceous SpeciesInvades: a wide range of habitats, particularly
riverbanks and other moist sites.”,Origin: N & S Amer,Plant
Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Cuscuta,campestris, ,common dodder,,,,”Declared
WeedHerbaceous SpeciesInvades: a wide range of habitats, particularly
riverbanks and other moist sites.”,Origin: N & S Amer,Plant
Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Cuscuta,campestris, ,Golden dodder N ,,,,” PROCLAIMED
PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. *
Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n
Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c
Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods
etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside
control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies)
Mo”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed Plants”“
(Weed)”
Cuscuta,campestris, ,Golden dodder,,,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Weed Science List
Cuscuta,campestris, ,”dodder, field dodder, angel's
hair, common dodder, strangle vine”,,,,Cuscuta campestris is one of
the most widely distributed in man's crops and is one of the most
troublesome. ,Chile and Argentina to Canada in the Americas and from the
Cape of Good Hope almost to the Arctic in the Old World.,WORLD WEEDS
Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Cuscuta,campestris, ,field dodder,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cuscuta,campestris, ,Golden dodder,,P,, Declared spp.
under ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cuscuta,cephalanthi, ,,,,,seed dry stored 3-4mths or
13mths treated with conc. sulfuric acid 15-75min good germ,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cuscuta,coryli, ,hazel dodder,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cuscuta,epilinum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cuscuta,epilinum, ,flax dodder,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cuscuta,epilinum, ,,,P,,All Cuscuta spp. are banned by
AQIS except C. campestris and C. australis,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cuscuta,epithymum,,,H,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cuscuta,epithymum, ,Clover dodder ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF
PLANT SPECIES OF CONCERN: Wildland weeds of lesser invasiveness,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Cuscuta,epithymum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cuscuta,epithymum, ,”cuscuta, European dodder, clover
dodder, “,,,,Cuscuta epithymum is one of the most widely distributed
weeds in man's crops.,Chile and Argentina to Canada in the Americas and
from the Cape of Good Hope almost to the Arctic in the Old World.,WORLD
WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Cuscuta,epithymum, ,,,,,,,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories
& Distribution - Holm et. al.
Cuscuta,epithymum, ,clover dodder,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cuscuta,europaea, ,,,,,seeds germ readily at 27C after
being stored immediately after harvest for 3mths in moist peat at
0C,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cuscuta,glomerata, ,composite dodder,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cuscuta,gronovii, ,Swamp dodder,,,,”good germ of seed
dry stored at room temp for 2-4yrs, then treated with conc. sulfuric acid
for 30min”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Cuscuta,gronovii, ,swamp dodder,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cuscuta,indecora, ,Large seed dodder,,,,”treat 30min
with conc. sulfuric acid, then germ at 60F, untreated seed no
germ”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Cuscuta,indecora, ,Large seeded dodder N # ,,,,”
PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be
destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not
required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the
State. c Special program in south-ea”, Roadside control cost to be
met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies) Movement prohibited on
roads (Section 52(2) applies) Entry into South Australia prohibited
(Sectio,”South Australian ““Proclaimed Plants”“
(Weed)”
Cuscuta,indecora, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cuscuta,indecora, ,largeseed dodder,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cuscuta,indecora, ,,,P,,All Cuscuta spp. are banned by
AQIS except C. campestris and C. australis,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cuscuta,lupuliformis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cuscuta,lupuliformis, ,,,P,,All Cuscuta spp. are banned by
AQIS except C. campestris and C. australis,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cuscuta,maroccana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cuscuta,maroccana, ,,,P,,All Cuscuta spp. are banned by
AQIS except C. campestris and C. australis,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cuscuta,monogyna, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cuscuta,monogyna, ,,,P,,All Cuscuta spp. are banned by
AQIS except C. campestris and C. australis,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cuscuta,occidentalis, Cuscuta californica,,,,,60% germ of
49 yr old seed after treating for 10min with conc. sulfuric acid
,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cuscuta,palaestina, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cuscuta,palaestina, ,,,P,,All Cuscuta spp. are banned by
AQIS except C. campestris and C. australis,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cuscuta,pedicellata,syn C. arabica,Clover
dodder,,,,”fields, roadsides; a well-known parasite on clover &
other spontaneous plants”,”Medit, Eur, W Asia”,”The
Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Cuscuta,pentagona, Cuscuta arvensis,,,,,20% germ of 51 yr
old seed after treating with conc. sulfuric acid for 50min; light has
benefical effect on germ,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Cuscuta,pentagona, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cuscuta,pentagona, ,,,P,,All Cuscuta spp. are banned by
AQIS except C. campestris and C. australis,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cuscuta,planiflora,,Dodder,Xw,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Cuscuta,planiflora, ,,,,,Region of origin - Medit; Extent
of spread - localised ; Means of spread - seed contaminant probably,,CRC
for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Cuscuta,planiflora, ,Dodder,,,,”Dispersal: ?. Life
Form: Perennial herba(Annual). RISK: Potential threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
4,9,11”,”Med, In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Cuscuta,planiflora, ,Red dodder N ,,,,” PROCLAIMED
PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be destroyed. *
Control required in part of the State only. + Control not required. n
Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the State. c
Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or Produce, Goods
etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2) applies) Roadside
control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section 60 applies)
Mov”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Cuscuta,planiflora, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cuscuta,planiflora, ,smallseed dodder,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cuscuta,polygonorum, ,polygonum dodder,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cuscuta,racemosa,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Cuscuta,racemosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cuscuta,racemosa var. chiliana, ,Chilean
dodder,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds” published
by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cuscuta,reflexa, ,Giant Dodder ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Cuscuta,reflexa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cuscuta,reflexa, ,,,P,,All Cuscuta spp. are banned by AQIS
except C. campestris and C. australis,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cuscuta,sandwichiana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cuscuta,sandwichiana, ,Sandwich dodder,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cuscuta,sandwichiana, ,,,P,,All Cuscuta spp. are banned by
AQIS except C. campestris and C. australis,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cuscuta,spp, ,Dodder ,,,,”California Noxious Weed
Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined government/private/non-profit
effort to establish a database, accessible through the Internet,
containing information on noxious weed control in California. This
information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Cuscuta,spp.,,”dodder, beggar vine, love vine,
strangleweed”,,L,Vic; SA; WA; Tas,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cuscuta,spp., ,”dodder, beggar vine, love vine,
strangleweed”,,,,”dodders have a wide range of host plants
including a number of weeds; in Aust C.campestris has been recorded on
more than 80 hosts, the most common of which are smartweeds, Polygonum
sp, & burrs, Xanthium spp; of commerical crops it has been noted on
luce”,”although some species of dodder are native to Afr, Aust,
NZ, Asia & Eur most originate in the Americas from Canada to Arg; C.
campestris is native of both the E & W coasts of the USA, the West
Indies & S Amer; of all dodders, C. campestris is probably
the”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Cuscuta,spp., ,,,P,,All Cuscuta spp. are banned by AQIS
except C. campestris and C. australis,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cuscuta,suaveolens,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cuscuta,suaveolens, ,,,,,30yr old seed germ by treating
with conc. sulfuric acid for 60-100min,,Germination & Establishment
of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cuscuta,suaveolens, ,lucerne dodder,,,,”Proposed
Declared WeedHerbaceous SpeciesInvades: a wide range of habitats,
particularly riverbanks and other moist sites.”,Origin: N & S
Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Cuscuta,suaveolens, ,lucerne dodder,,,,”Proposed
Declared WeedHerbaceous SpeciesInvades: a wide range of habitats,
particularly riverbanks and other moist sites.”,Origin: N & S
Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Cuscuta,suaveolens, ,Chilean dodder N ,,,,”
PROCLAIMED PLANTS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AUGUST 1996 # Plant must be
destroyed. * Control required in part of the State only. + Control not
required. n Notifiable in part of the State. N Notifiable throughout the
State. c Special program in south-ea”,” Sale of Plant, or
Produce, Goods etc. Prohibited in South Australia (Section 54(1) (2)
applies) Roadside control cost to be met by adjoining Landholder (Section
60 applies) Mov”,”South Australian ““Proclaimed
Plants”“ (Weed)”
Cuscuta,suaveolens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cuscuta,umbellata, ,umbrella dodder,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cuscuta,spp.,,,parasitic other than native or widely distributed species,,"Federal Noxious Weeds List, USA"
Dichondra,micrantha,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Dichondra,repens var. carolinensis,
,dichondra,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Evolvulus,nummularis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Ipomoea,alba,,moon flower,Xw,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Ipomoea,alba, ,,,,,Region of origin - trop Amer; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Ipomoea,alba, ,Moon Flower ,,,,VINES.,,”Environmental
Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995”
Ipomoea,alba, ,moonflower,,,,”Woody SpeciesInvades:
forest, woodland, wasteland, riverbanks, wetlands, coastal
dunesCultivated for: ornament”,Origin: tropical Amer,Plant Invaders
of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Ipomoea,alba, ,moonflower,,,,”Woody SpeciesInvades:
forest, woodland, wasteland, riverbanks, wetlands, coastal
dunesCultivated for: ornament”,Origin: tropical Amer,Plant Invaders
of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Ipomoea,alba, ,White Morning
Glory,,,,Vines.,,”Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia,
1995”
Ipomoea,alba, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ipomoea,aquatica,,,aquatic,,"Federal Noxious Weeds List, USA"
Ipomoea,aquatica, ,”swamp morning glory, water
spinach, kangkong”,,,,From lists and sources by Faith Campbell and
John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and Natural Areas, US
National Parks, weed”
Ipomoea,aquatica, ,swamp morning glory,,,, , Thailand
,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Ipomoea,aquatica, ,”pink convolvulus, potato-vine,
creeping swamp, morningglory, swamp morningglory”,,,,”Ipomoea
aquatica is a marginal, creeping, perennial aquatic weed that may spread
over the surface of a pond or of an irrigation or drainage ditch. It
interferes with fisheries, impedes water flow and is a troublesome weed
of rice and other crops. It is “,Distribution: extends from the
tropics well into the warm temperate zone.,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories
& Distribution - Holm et. al.
Ipomoea,aquatica, ,swamp morningglory,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ipomoea,aquatica*,,water spinach,,,,”Catergory I -
Species that are invading and disrupting native plant communities in
Florida. This definition does not rely on the economic severity or geographical
range of the problem, but on the documented ecological damage caused.*P
=Prohibited by Flo”,,List of Florida's Most Invasive Species -
Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Ipomoea,barbigera, ,southern morningglory,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ipomoea,batatas,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Ipomoea,batatas, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ipomoea,blepharosepala, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ipomoea,blepharosepala, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Ipomoea,cairica,,”coastal or five leaf morning glory,
mile a minute”,XHXXX,NL,NSW,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Ipomoea,cairica, ,Five-Leaved Morning
Glory,,,,Vines.,,”Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia,
1995”
Ipomoea,cairica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ipomoea,cairica, ,Cairo morningglory,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ipomoea,calobra, ,weir vine,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Ipomoea,carica, ,Five-leaved Morning Glory ,,,,Major
WeedVINES.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,
Greening Australia, 1995”
Ipomoea,carnea,(no ssp. in SA),,,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Ipomoea,carnea, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ipomoea,coccinea, ,scarlet morningglory,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ipomoea,congesta, ,morning glory,,,,”Herbaceous
SpeciesInvades: woodland, wasteland, arable land, roadsides, riverbanks,
coastal dunesCultivated for: ornament”,Origin: tropical Amer,Plant
Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Ipomoea,congesta, ,morning glory,,,,”Herbaceous
SpeciesInvades: woodland, wasteland, arable land, roadsides, riverbanks,
coastal dunesCultivated for: ornament”,Origin: tropical Amer,Plant
Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Ipomoea,congesta, ,blue morningglory,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ipomoea,cordofana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ipomoea,cordofana, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Ipomoea,cynanchifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ipomoea,cynanchifolia, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Ipomoea,fistulosa, ,tree morningglory,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ipomoea,hardwickii, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ipomoea,hardwickii, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Ipomoea,hederacea,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Ipomoea,hederacea, ,Ivy leaf morning glory,,,,fresh seed
germs 48% in light at 23C; on a powered charcoal substrate 100% germ in
dark at 23C & 70% in light; 2yr old seed germ % high,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Ipomoea,hederacea, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ipomoea,hederacea, ,ivyleaf morningglory,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ipomoea,hederacea, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Ipomoea,hederifolia,,Red convolvulus,,P,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Ipomoea,hederifolia, ,,,,,Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web
Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,,”Florida
Weeds, FAIRS.”
Ipomoea,hederifolia, ,Red convolvulus,,,,,,Weed Science
List
Ipomoea,hederifolia, ,Red convolvulus,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Ipomoea,hirsutula, ,woolly morningglory,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ipomoea,indica,,purple or blue
morning-glory,HHXX,GL,NSW,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Ipomoea,indica, ,Purple Morning-glory,,,,”Dispersal:
Vegetative. Life Form: Vine. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,5,8,9”,”Introduced deliberately from: pantropical, In
Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Ipomoea,indica, ,Blue Morning Glory ,,,,Major
WeedVINES.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,
Greening Australia, 1995”
Ipomoea,indica, ,Blue Morning Glory,,,,Major
WeedVines.,,”Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening Australia,
1995”
Ipomoea,indica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ipomoea,lacunosa, ,,,,,Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web
Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,,”Florida
Weeds, FAIRS.”
Ipomoea,macrantha, ,,,,,”, sweet potato, coconut
seedlings”,French Polynesia; Kiribati; Marshall Islands; American
Samoa; Western Samoa Tokelau; Tuvalu,”“Weeds of Agriculture and
Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western Pacific”, D.F
Waterhouse”
Ipomoea,mauritiana,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Ipomoea,mauritiana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ipomoea,mauritiana, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Ipomoea,nil,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Ipomoea,nil, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ipomoea,obscura, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ipomoea,obscura, ,small white
morningglory,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ipomoea,ochracea,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Ipomoea,pandurata,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Ipomoea,pandurata, ,bigroot morningglory,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ipomoea,pes-caprae, ,beach morningglory,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ipomoea,pes-tigridis,,,HH,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Ipomoea,pes-tigridis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ipomoea,purpurea,,common morning
glory,XXX,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Ipomoea,purpurea, ,Common Morning Glory ,,,,Major
WeedVINES.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John Nagle,
Greening Australia, 1995”
Ipomoea,purpurea, ,morning glory,,,,”Herbaceous
SpeciesInvades: woodland, wasteland, arable land, roadsides, riverbanks,
coastal dunesCultivated for: ornament”,Origin: tropical Amer,Plant
Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Ipomoea,purpurea, ,morning glory,,,,”Herbaceous
SpeciesInvades: woodland, wasteland, arable land, roadsides, riverbanks,
coastal dunesCultivated for: ornament”,Origin: tropical Amer,Plant
Invaders of Southern Africa. (Weeds)
Ipomoea,purpurea, ,Common morning glory,,,,,,Weed Science
List
Ipomoea,purpurea, ,tall morningglory,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ipomoea,purpurea, ,Common morning glory,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Ipomoea,quamoclit,,Cupid's flower,HHw,G,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Ipomoea,quamoclit, ,,,,,Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web
Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,,”Florida
Weeds, FAIRS.”
Ipomoea,quamoclit, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ipomoea,quamoclit, ,cypressvine
morningglory,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ipomoea,sp., Ipomoea calobra (misapplied),weir
vine,,,,”is confined to a small area of red soils in S Qld, esp. in
the Maranoa Dist. between Roma & St George”,native to
Qld,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Ipomoea,sp., (I. calobra),weir vine,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ipomoea,spp.,Ipomoea calobra (misapplied),weir
vine,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Ipomoea,spp., ,,,,, Seed Impurities , Thailand ,Weeds and
Weed Control in Asia
Ipomoea,stolonifera, ,seafoam
morningglory,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds” published
by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ipomoea,trichocarpa, ,,,,,Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web
Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,,”Florida
Weeds, FAIRS.”
Ipomoea,trichocarpa var. torreyana, ,cotton
morningglory,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ipomoea,tricolor, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ipomoea,tricolor,syn I. rubro-caerulea,,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Ipomoea,trifida, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ipomoea,trifida, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Ipomoea,triloba,,pink convolvulus,HH,P,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Ipomoea,triloba, ,Three lobe morning glory,,,,52% germ of
seed planted in moist sand 2wks after collection,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Ipomoea,triloba, ,Pink convolvulus,,,,,,Weed Science List
Ipomoea,triloba, ,,,,,perennial sub-dominance , ,Weeds and
Weed Control in Asia
Ipomoea,triloba,syn ,,,,,”in sunny sites in bushes,
thickets, hedges, grasslands, waste places, occasionally on the
foreshore; from 0-1000m alt; flowers throughout the year; upland rice
fields, a weed of minor importance, the flowers close before
noon”,”tropical Amer, pantropical; throughout Indonesia, except
Kalimantan, as far as known”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia,
Soerjani et al, 1987”
Ipomoea,triloba,,,terrestrial,,"Federal Noxious Weeds List, USA"
Ipomoea,triloba, ,”pink convolvulus, potato-vine,
three-lobed morningglory”,,,,Ipomoea triloba is a fast-growing
herbaceous plant which is troublesome in a more than 40 of man's crops
and is a weed in more than 40 countries.,”native to tropical Amer,
but is now widespread in the tropical areas of the world.”,WORLD
WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Ipomoea,triloba, ,threelobe morningglory,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ipomoea,triloba, ,Pink convolvulus,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Ipomoea,violacea, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Jacquemontia,sandwicensis, ,beach jacquemontia,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Jacquemontia,tamnifolia, ,,,,,Weed of aquatic ecosystems
Web Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,,”Florida
Weeds, FAIRS.”
Jacquemontia,tamnifolia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Jacquemontia,tamnifolia, ,smallflower
morningglory,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Jacquemontia,tamnifolia, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Merremia,aegyptia,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Merremia,dissecta,,noyau vine,X,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Merremia,dissecta, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Merremia,hederacea, ,,,,, , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed
Control in Asia
Merremia,quinquefolia,,”Merremia, merremia
vine”,,P,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Merremia,quinquefolia, ,”Merremia, merremia
vine”,,,,,,Weed Science List
Merremia,quinquefolia, ,”Merremia, merremia
vine”,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Merremia,tuberosa,,wood rose,E,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Merremia,tuberosa, ,wood rose,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Merremia,tuberosa,,wood-rose,,,,”Catergory II -
Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These
species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated
disruption of natural Florida communities. “,,List of Florida's Most
Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Rivea,corymbosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Rivea,corymbosa, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Stichocardia,tiliifolia, ,,,,,”, “,French
Polynesia; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Vanuatu ,”“Weeds of
Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western
Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Turbina,corymbosa,,turbina,XS,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Calystegia,japonica, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Calystegia,japonica, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Merremia,peltata, ,,,,,”, gardens, plantations,
pasture, foresty”,Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Fed. States
of Micronesia; Guam; New Caledonia; Niue; American Samoa; Western Samoa;
Solomon Islands; Tonga; Vanuatu; Wallis & Futuna,”“Weeds of
Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern and Western
Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Cornaceae
Cornus,capitata,,evergreen dogwood,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Cornus,capitata, ,,,,,Region of origin - Himalayas; Extent of
spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Cornus,capitata, ,Evergreen Dogwood,,,,”Dispersal: Bird,
internal,?animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Potential
threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 6”,”Introduced deliberately from: Himalaya and
Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Rare or localised, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Cornus,drummondii, ,roughleaf dogwood,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cornus,florida, ,flowering dogwood,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cornus,nuttalii, ,Pacific dogwood,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cornus,racemosa, ,gray dogwood,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Cornus,rugosa, ,roundleaf dogwood,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cornus,stolonifera, ,redosier dogwood,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cornus,torreyi, ,western dogwood,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Garrya,elliptica, ,tree silktassel,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Garrya,flavescens var. buxifolia, ,boxleaf
silktassel,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Garrya,fremontii, ,Fremont silktassel,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Nyssa,aquatica, ,water tupelo,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Nyssa,sylvatica, ,blackgum,,,,”Source: “USA Composite
List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Nyssa,var. biflora, ,swamp tupelo,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Corylaceae
Betula,alleghaniensis, ,yellow birch,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Betula,lenta, ,sweet birch,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Betula,nigra, ,river birch,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Betula,occidentalis, ,water birch,,,,”Source: “USA Composite
List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Betula,papyrifera, ,paper birch,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Betula,populifolia, ,gray birch,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Carpinus,caroliniana, ,American hornbeam,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Corylus,americana, ,American hazel,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Corylus,cornuta, ,beaked hazel,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Corylus,var. californica, ,California hazel,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Ostrya,virginiana, ,eastern hophornbeam,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Corynocarpaceae
Corynocarpus,laevigatus, ,karaka nut,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Craspedophyceae-Acanthoecaceae
Corbicula,spp.,,Microplankton,,,,Initial
list of Invasive weeds nominated by Aliens list members,,”Aliens
List, Nominated Worst Invasive Weeds”
Crassulaceae
Aeonium,arboreum,,”tree aenium,
“,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Aeonium,arboreum, ,,,,,Region of origin - Canary Islands;
Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for
Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Aeonium,castello-paivae,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Aeonium,haworthii,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Aeonium,haworthii, ,,,,,Region of origin - Teneriffe; Extent
of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Bryophyllum,beauverdii,,,XX,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Bryophyllum,beauverdii, ,,,,,Region of origin - Madagascar;
Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds
Tech Series Report # 3
Bryophyllum,daigremontianum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Bryophyllum,daigremontianum,x B.
tubiflorum,,,L,NSW,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Bryophyllum,delagoense,B. tubiflorum,mother of
millions,H,L,NSW,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Bryophyllum,delagoense, ,Mother of
Millions,,,,Trees/Shrubs.,,”Rainforest Weeds, John Nagle, Greening
Australia, 1995”
Bryophyllum,diagremontianum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Bryophyllum,fedtschenkoi,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Bryophyllum,fedtschenkoi, ,,,,,Region of origin -
Madagascar; Extent of spread - localised; Means of spread -
ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Bryophyllum,pinnatum,Kalanchoe pinnatum,”live plant,
live leaf”,XX,L,NSW,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Bryophyllum,pinnatum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Bryophyllum,proliferum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Bryophyllum,proliferum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Bryophyllum,tubiflora, ,Mother of Millions
,,,,GROUNDCOVERS.,,”Environmental Weeds Of North Coast NSW, John
Nagle, Greening Australia, 1995”
Bryophyllum,tubiflorum, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cotyledon,orbiculata,,”cotyledon, pig's
ear”,HX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cotyledon,orbiculata,,”cotyledon, pig's
ear”,XX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cotyledon,orbiculata, ,Cotyledon,,,,”Dispersal:
Vegetative,Wind. Life Form: Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK:
Serious threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation
Formations Invaded: 4,5,12”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Af
and Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to
large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Cotyledon,orbiculata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Crassula,alata,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Crassula,alata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Crassula,ciliata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Crassula,ciliata, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Crassula,decumbens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Crassula,ericoides,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Crassula,ericoides, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Afr; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Crassula,glomerata,,,H,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Crassula,glomerata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Crassula,multicava,,Crassula,XS,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Crassula,multicava, ,Crassula,,,,”Dispersal:
Vegetative. Life Form: Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Potential
threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 1,5,12”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Af and
Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Widespread, small populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Crassula,multicava, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Crassula,muscosa,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Crassula,natans,,Crassula,XH,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Crassula,natans, ,Crassula,,,,”Dispersal: ?animal
external,?animal (not bird), internal,Water. Life Form: Annual. RISK:
Potential threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation
Formations Invaded: 9,11”,”S Af, In Victoria: Widespread,
medium to large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In
Victoria
Crassula,natans, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Crassula,sarmentosa,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Crassula,sarmentosa, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Afr; Extent
of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Crassula,spathulata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Crassula,spathulata, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Afr; Extent
of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Crassula,tetragona,,Crassula,XX,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Crassula,tetragons, ,Crassula,,,,”Dispersal:
Vegetative. Life Form: Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Potential
threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 1,4,5,12,”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Af and
Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Limited distribution, medium to
large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Crassula,thunbergiana,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Crassula,thunbergiana, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Graptopetalum,paraguayense,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Kalanchoe,lateritia,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Kalanchoe,longiflora,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Kalanchoe,longiflora, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Kalanchoe,pinnata, ,,,,,Initial list of Invasive weeds
nominated by Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated Worst
Invasive Weeds”
Kalanchoe,pinnata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Kalanchoe,spp., ,kalanchoe,,,,From lists and sources by
Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Penthorum,sedoides, ,ditch stonecrop,,,,52% germ of seed in
18days in diffuse light at 20-25C,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Sedum,acre,,stonecrop,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Sedum,acre, ,stonecrop,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sedum,acre, ,mossy stonecrop,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Sedum,caespitosum,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Sedum,dendroideum,,Sedum,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Sedum,dendroideum, ,Sedum,,,,”Dispersal: Vegetative.
Life Form: Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Potential threat to
one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
5,12”,”Introduced deliberately from: Mex and Commercially
Available, , In Victoria: Rare or localised, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Sedum,fosterianum,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Sedum,fosterianum, ,,,,,Region of origin - W Eur; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Sedum,praealtem,S. dendroideum ssp.
praealtum,sedum,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Sedum,praealtum, ,Sedum,,,,”Dispersal: Vegetative. Life
Form: Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,4,5,8,12”,”Introduced deliberately from: Mex and Commercially
Available, , In Victoria: Limited distribution, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Sedum,purpureum, ,liveforever,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Sedum,reflexum,,yellow stonecrop,X,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Sedum,reflexum, ,,,,,Region of origin - Eur; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental ,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Sedum,sediforme,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Sedum,sexangulare,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Sedum,sp.,,Stonecrop,XX,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Sedum,sp., ,Stonecrop,,,,”Dispersal: Water. Life Form:
Succulent herb, subshrub or shrub. RISK: Potential threat to one or
vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
8”,”Introduced deliberately from: ? and Commercially Available,
, In Victoria: Rare or localised, small populations”,Environmental
Weed Invasions In Victoria
Sedum,telephium, ,,,,,95% germ of seed in 1st spring after
collection; seeds placed in germinator exposed to temps similar to those
prevailing outdoors until germ or rotted,,Germination & Establishment
of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Sedum,telephium, ,Orphine,,,,,All Europe,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Sedum,telephium, ,Orphine,,,,,All Europe,Hanf “Arable
Weeds of the World”
Cucurbitaceae
Acanthosicyos,naudinianus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Benincasa,hispida,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Bryonia,alba, ,White bryonia ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT
SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to spread,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Bryonia,alba,, white bryony," Possible Weed of Forest, Riparian and Disturbed Habitats.",,"Potential Exotic Plant Species Invading the Blackfoot Drainage, Montana, Peter M. Rice, Chris Toney and Bob Sacco, weed"
Citrullus,lanatus, ,Wild Melon,,,,Dispersal: Wind. Life
Form: Annual. RISK: Not a threat (but may have a negative visual impact).
Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,”trop & S Af, In Victoria:
Limited distribution, small populations”,Environmental Weed
Invasions In Victoria
Citrullus,colocynthis,”Colocynthis vulgaris, Cucumis
colocynthis”,”colocynth, bitter apple, wild
watermelon”,XHX,NL,Vic,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Citrullus,colocynthis, ,Colocynth,,,,Dispersal: Wind. Life
Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Not a threat (but may have a negative visual
impact). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,”N Af. SW As, In Victoria:
Limited distribution, small populations”,Environmental Weed
Invasions In Victoria
Citrullus,colocynthis, ,,,,,removal of testa necessary;
germ at 28C in dark,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Citrullus,colocynthis,” Colocynthis vulgaris, Cucumis
colocynthis”,”colocynth, bitter apple, wild
watermelon”,,,,”it is claimed to be poisonous to stock &
deaths have been attributed to it in Aust, but not confirmed; fruit
yields a drastic purgative, probably a glycoside, colocynthis; it has
large taproots allowing it to survive long periods of drought & once
estab. “,”native of northern Afr to W Asia, it has spread to
& become weedy in India, Pakistan, the Soviet Union & Aust;occurs
in all mainland States of Aust, mainly on floodplains or disturbed soils
of the drier inland & usually occurs as scattered plants more
th”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Citrullus,colocynthis, ,colocynth,,,,,,Weed Science List
Citrullus,lanatus,”Citrullus vulgaris, Colocynthis
citrullus, Cucurbita citrullus”,”wild melon, bitter melon,
afghan melon, bastard melon, bitter apple, camel melon, mickey melon, pie
melon”,XXXX,L,Vic,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Citrullus,lanatus, ,,,,,Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web
Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,,”Florida
Weeds, FAIRS.”
Citrullus,lanatus,” Citrullus vulgaris, Colocynthis
citrullus, Cucurbita citrullus”,”wild melon, bitter melon,
afghan melon, bastard melon, bitter apple, camel melon, mickey melon, pie
melon”,,,,”grows in dense stands & would be assumed to
deplete the soil of considerable water & nutrients; in some areas it
competes strongly with pastures; the plant emits an unpleasant odour when
crushed, is rarely consumeb by stock although the fruit, in spite
of”,”native of trop & southern Afr, it has estab. in the
semi-arid areas of several countries including Asia, N & S Amer, NZ
& Aust”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Citrullus,lanatus, ,”wild melon, bitter
melon”,,,,,,Weed Science List
Coccinia,grandis,,ivy gourd,X,L,WA,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Coccinia,grandis, ,Ivy gourd,,,, Declared spp. under ARRPA,,Weed
Science List
Coccinia,grandis, ,Ivy gourd,,P,, Declared spp. under
ARRPA,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Coccinia,grandis, ,”Ivy gourd, scarlet-fruited
gourd”,,,,”tropical America, roadsides”, Fiji; Guam;
Tonga; Vanuatu ,”“Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty
in the Southern and Western Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Coccinia,grandis, ,ivy gourd,,,,Initial list of Invasive
weeds nominated by Aliens list members,,”Aliens List, Nominated
Worst Invasive Weeds”
Cucumis,anguria,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cucumis,anguria, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cucumis,dipsaceus,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cucumis,dipsaceus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cucumis,dipsaceus, ,wild spiny cucumber,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cucumis,maxima, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cucumis,melo,,”rockmelon,
melon”,X,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cucumis,melo, ,var. dudaim Dudaim Melon
,,,,”California Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A
combined government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database,
accessible through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed
control in California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious
Weed
Cucumis,melo, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cucumis,metuliferus,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cucumis,metuliferus, ,African horned cucumber,,,,Only
considered a serious weed in Australia,,Weed Science List
Cucumis,metuliferus, ,Only considered a serious weed in
Australia,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cucumis,myriocarpus,,”paddy melon, prickly paddy
melon, gooseberry cucumber”,XXXX,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cucumis,myriocarpus, ,Paddy Melon ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Cucumis,myriocarpus, ,Paddy Melon,,,,”Dispersal:
Water,?animal (not bird), internal. Life Form: Annual. RISK: Potential
threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 1,4,9”,”Sn Af, In Victoria: Widespread, medium to
large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Cucumis,myriocarpus, ,”paddy melon, prickly paddy
melon, gooseberry cucumber”,,,,”is a summer growing annual
herb; fruit is bitter & acts as an emetic, it is claimed to be
poisonous to stock but losses are rare, although reported from NSW more
frequently than elsewhere”,native of southern Afr,”Noxious
Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Cucumis,myriocarpus, ,”paddy melon, prickly paddy
melon”,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cucumis,pepo, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cucumis,zeyheri,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cucurbita,digitata, ,fingerleaf gourd,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cucurbita,foetidissima, ,buffalo gourd,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cucurbita,maxima,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cucurbita,pepo,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Ecballium,elaterium,Momordica elaterium,”squirting
cucumber, spitting cucumber”,X,NL,Tas,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Ecballium,elaterium, ,squirting cucumber,,,,,,Weed Science
List
Ecballium ,elaterium, Momordica elaterium,”squirting
cucumber, spitting cucumber”,,,,”it is not grazed by stock, but
it is suspected of blinding horses if the ejected fluid from the fruit
enters the eye; the plant, particularly the fluid within the almost ripe
fruit, contains terpene compound,. elaterin, sometimes known as
cucubitacin E, e”,”native of southern Eur, now occurs in
several temp areas of the world & is considered an imptrt weed in
Israel, Jordon, Tunisia, Lebanon & Morocco”,”Noxious Weeds
of Australia, P & C”
Echinocystis,lobata, ,Wild cucumber,,,,seed dormant when
shed; prechilling in moist peat at 5-10C inc. germ%; after-ripening &
germ varied 2wks-6mths,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Echinocystis,lobata, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Echinocystis,lobata, ,wild cucumber,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Echinocystis,lobata, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Echinocystis,oregona, ,western wild
cucumber,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Lagenaria,siceraria,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Lagenaria,siceraria, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Momordica,balsamina, ,balsamapple,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Momordica,charantia, ,”bitter gourd, balsam
pear”,,,,”, field crops, low vegetation”,Cook Islands;
Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Marshall Islands; New Caledonia; Niue;
Papua New Guinea; American Samoa; Western Samoa; Tonga; Vanuatu
,”“Weeds of Agriculture and Plantation Foresty in the Southern
and Western Pacific”, D.F Waterhouse”
Momordica,charantia,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Momordica,charantia, ,,,,,Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web
Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,,”Florida
Weeds, FAIRS.”
Momordica,charantia, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Momordica,charantia, ,”balsam pear, balsam apple”,,,,”Momordica
charantia is an annual creeping or climbing, herbaceous vine with a
strong, foul odor. It is a weed in 22 crops in over 50 countries and is
frequently reported in sugarcane, and other plantation crops.
“,”native to the old world tropics, but is now a weed in the
tropical and subtropical regions in most of Latin America, all of Asia
and parts of Afr. “,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution
- Holm et. al.
Momordica,tuberosa, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Momordica,tuberosa, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Sechium,edule,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Sechium,edule, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sicyos,angulatus, ,Burcucumber,,,,”plants grown in
greenhouse, seeds germ in sand, seedlings transferred to potting
soil”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Sicyos,angulatus, ,burcucumber,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Cupressaceae
Callistris,columellaris,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Callistris,robusta,C. gracilis,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Callitris,endlicheri,,black cypress pine,H,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Callitris,endlicheri, ,Black Cypress Pine,,,,Dispersal:
Wind. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded: 4,”Introduced
deliberately from: Vic,NSW,Qld and Commercially Available, , In Victoria:
Rare or localised, medium to large populations”,Environmental Weed
Invasions In Victoria
Callitris,glaucophylla,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Callitris,hugelii, ,blue cypress pine,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Callitris,rhomboidea,,Oyster Bay pine,X,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Callitris,rhomboidea, ,Oyster Bay Pine,,,,”Dispersal:
Wind. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
4,5”,”Introduced deliberately from: Vic,NSW,Qld,SA,Tas and
Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Rare or localised, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Callitris,verrucosa,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Chamaecyparis,lawsoniana, ,Port Orford
cedar,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds” published
by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cupressus,glabra,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cupressus,glabra, ,,,,,Region of origin - Arizona; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Cupressus,lusitanica,,Arizona cypress,XS,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cupressus,lusitanica, ,Arizona Cypress,,,,”Dispersal:
?Water,Wind. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Potential threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
8”,”Introduced deliberately from: N Am and Commercially
Available, , In Victoria: Rare or localised, medium to large
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Cupressus,macrocarpa,,Monterey cypress,HXS,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cupressus,macrocarpa, ,,,,,Region of origin - California;
Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for
Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Cupressus,macrocarpa, ,Montery Cypress,,,,”Dispersal:
Water,Wind. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Serious threat to one or vegetation
formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
1,4,12”,”Introduced deliberately from: Cal and Commercially
Available, , In Victoria: Limited distribution, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Cupressus,macrocarpa, ,Monterey cypress,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Cupressus,sempervirens,,Italian cypress,X,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cupressus,sempervirens, ,Italian Cypress,,,,”Dispersal:
Water,Wind. Life Form: Tree. RISK: Not a threat (but may have a negative
visual impact). Vegetation Formations Invaded:
4,5,”,”Introduced deliberately from: S Eur, W As and
Commercially Available, , In Victoria: Rare or localised, small
populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In Victoria
Juniperus,ashei, ,Ashe juniper,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Juniperus,communis, ,common juniper,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Juniperus,deppeana, ,alligator juniper,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Juniperus,horizontalis, ,creeping juniper,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Juniperus,monosperma, ,oneseed juniper,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Juniperus,occidentalis, ,western juniper,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Juniperus,osteosperma, ,Utah juniper,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Juniperus,pinchotii, ,redberry juniper,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Juniperus,scopulorum, ,Rocky Mountain
juniper,,,,”Source: “USA Composite List of Weeds”
published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Juniperus,silicicola, ,southern redcedar,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Juniperus,sp.,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Juniperus,spp., ,,,,,”seeds dry stored; viability tested
by soaking seeds 48hrs in several changes of water, then planting 5-10cm
deep in soil in flats in greenhouse; seedlings recorded up to 9mths after
planting; 54% for 45yr old J. osteosperma”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Juniperus,virginiana,,eastern redcedar ,Birds eat berries and spread seeds.,,Noxious Invasive Vegetation of the Willamette Valley: Native Plant Society of Oregon. weed
Juniperus,virginiana,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Juniperus,virginiana, ,,,,,Region of origin - eastern N Eur;
Extent of spread - localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for
Weeds Tech Series Report # 3
Juniperus,virginiana, ,red or pencil cedar,,,,”Woody
SpeciesInvades: grasslands, riverbanks, rocky outcropsCultivated for:
ornament, shelter, shade”,Origin: N Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern
Africa. (Weeds)
Juniperus,virginiana, ,red or pencil cedar,,,,”Woody
SpeciesInvades: grasslands, riverbanks, rocky outcropsCultivated for:
ornament, shelter, shade”,Origin: N Amer,Plant Invaders of Southern
Africa. (Weeds)
Juniperus,virginiana, ,eastern redcedar,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Libocedrus,decurrens, ,incense cedar,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Thuja,occidentalis, ,northern white cedar,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Thuja,orientalis, ,oriental arborvitae,,,,From lists and
sources by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks
and Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Thuja,plicata, ,western redcedar,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cyatheaceae
Cyathea,cooperi, ,Cooper's cyathea,,,,From lists and sources
by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Cyathea,cooperi, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Sphaeropteris,cooperi,Cyathea cooperi,,,,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cycadaceae
Cycas,spp.,,”zamia, tree zamia, zamia palm, cycads, nut
palm, dwarf sago”,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cycas,spp., ,”zamia, tree zamia, zamia palm”,,,,raw
seeds are acutely poisonous & young leaves can be quite
toxic,”Asia, the Pacific Is. PNG, & northern
Aust”“broad band through moderate rainfall belt in central
& northern Qld, NT & northern WA”““,”Noxious
Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Cyperaceae
Bulbostylis,barbata,syn ,,,,,”open,dry & sandy
palces, often near the sea, dunes, fields, savannahs, on any dry
cultivated land; from 0-1000m alt, usually below 500m; the whole plant
turns reddish on drying; upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance,
“,”unknown, pantropical, also in the southern USA; throughout
Indonesia, except Kalimantan & Sulawesi, as far as
known”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Bulbostylis,puberula, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Bulbostylis,puberula, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Bulbostylis,striatella,,,S,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Bulbostylis,striatella, ,,,,,Region of origin - S Afr; Extent
of spread - localised - spreading; Means of spread - unknown,,CRC for Weeds
Tech Series Report # 3
Bulbpstylis,puberula,”syn Fimbristylis puberula, Scirpus
puberulus, Stenophyllus puberulus”,,,,,”sandy, open places at
low altitudes, often near the sea; locally abundant; upland rice fields,
a weed of minor importance, pubescene of the stem is
variable”,”unknown, tropical Asia & afr, rarely in W
Malesia; in Indonesia: Sumatra, Java, Madura & Kalimantan, as far as
known”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Carex,albo-nigra, ,,,,,”dormant at harvest, broken by
scarification of achenes on basal end”,,Germination &
Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Carex,albula,,New Zealand hair sedge,X,NL,Tas,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Carex,aquatilis, ,water sedge,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Carex,arenaria,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Carex,arenaria, ,,,,,Region of origin - Eur; Extent of spread
- localised ; Means of spread - unknown,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report
# 3
Carex,atherodes, ,sugargrass sedge,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Carex,buchananii, ,New Zealand sedge,,,,at least 3 species
have been planted on Tasmanian roadsides & parklands & at least 1
is now naturalised in clearings of a eucalypt forest in the south
east,native of NZ occurring on both main islands from mountain areas to
coast,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Carex,buchananii, ,New Zealand sedge,,,,,,Weed Science List
Carex,buchananii, ,New Zealand sedge,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Carex,buxbaumii,,New Zealand sedge,,L,Tas,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Carex,comans,Carex albula ,New Zealand
sedge,,LP,Tas,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Carex,comans, Carex albula ,New Zealand sedge,,,,,native of NZ
occurring on both main islands from mountain areas to coastat least 3
species have been planted on Tasmanian roadsides & parklands & at
least 1 is now naturalised in clearings of a eucalypt forest in the south
east,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Carex,comans, ,New Zealand sedge,,,,,,Weed Science List
Carex,comans, ,New Zealand sedge,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Carex,demissa,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Carex,disticha,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Carex,divisa,,divided sedge,H,,,,,Australian Naturalised
and/or Noxious Taxa
Carex,divisa, ,New Zealand sedge,,,,,,Weed Science List
Carex,divulsa,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Carex,ebenea, ,,,,,dormant at harvest; fluorescent or red
light effective in breaking dormancy,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Carex,eurycarpa, ,widefruit sedge,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Carex,flacca,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Carex,flacca, ,,,,,”vegetative reproduction via rhizomes;
dormancy of 9-12 mths but remain viable for 5yrs; germ on damp filter
paper in petri dish in cool greenhouse, germ slow 6-8wks before seed coat
burst & germ occurs”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds
for Experimental Purposes
Carex,flagellifera,,New Zealand sedge,,LP,Tas,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Carex,flagellifera, ,New Zealand sedge,,,,,native of NZ
occurring on both main islands from mountain areas to coastat least 3
species have been planted on Tasmanian roadsides & parklands & at
least 1 is now naturalised in clearings of a eucalypt forest in the south
east,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Carex,flagellifera, ,New Zealand sedge,,,,,,Weed Science List
Carex,flagellifera, ,New Zealand sedge,,P,,,,Western
Australian Prohibited List
Carex,kobomugi,,, Coastal in Virginia,,"Alien Invasive plants in Virginia: Virginia Native Plant Society, Weed"
Carex,kobomugi, ,Asiatic sand sedge,,,,From lists and sources
by Faith Campbell and John Randall,,”Plant Invaders of Parks and
Natural Areas, US National Parks, weed”
Carex,lacustris, ,ripgut sedge,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Carex,lanceolata, ,,,,, , Miyagi ,Weeds and Weed Control in
Asia
Carex,lasiocarpa var. latifolia, ,bull sedge,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Carex,lepidocarpa,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Carex,lepidocarpa, ,,,,,Region of origin - Eur; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series
Report # 3
Carex,lupulina, ,hop sedge,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Carex,muricata,”syn Carex stellulata auct. non
Goodenough, Carex pairaei F.W. Schultz”,rough sedge,,P,,”Infra
specific taxa in the C. muricata group. (Source Tropicos 3)C. muricata V.
Krecz. (sensu) C. muricata var. americana L.H. Bailey, 1886C. muricata
var. angustata (J. Carey in A. Gray) Gleason, 1952 C. muricata subsp. cephalantha
(L.H. Bailey) R.”,”Origin Ecuador (see map in Flora of North
America listing)also found in Ontario, Massachusetts and Utah (see
Tropicos 3 record for map of Utah)”,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Carex,nebraskensis, ,Nebraska sedge,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Carex,nervata, ,,,,,annual sub-dominance , Miyagi Oita ,Weeds
and Weed Control in Asia
Carex,nubigera, ,,,,, , Niigata ,Weeds and Weed Control in
Asia
Carex,ovalis,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Carex,pilulifera,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Carex,pilulifera, ,,,,,Region of origin - Eur; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series
Report # 3
Carex,punctata,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Carex,punctata, ,,,,,Region of origin - Eur; Extent of spread
- localised ; Means of spread - unknown,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series Report
# 3
Carex,scoparia,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Carex,scoparia, ,,,,,Region of origin - N Amer; Extent of
spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series
Report # 3
Carex,senta, ,rough sedge,,,,”Source: “USA Composite
List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 1966”,,WSSA
WEEDS 14: 1966
Carex,spp., ,,,,,”seeds germ at once or soon after
harvest, seeds exposed to temps similar to those prevailing
outdoors”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for Experimental
Purposes
Carex,spp., ,New Zealand sedges,,,,,,Weed Science List
Carex,testacea,,New Zealand sedge,X,LP,Tas,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Carex,testacea, ,,,,,Region of origin - NZ; Extent of spread -
localised ; Means of spread - ornamental,,CRC for Weeds Tech Series
Report # 3
Carex,testacea, ,New Zealand sedge,,,,,native of NZ occurring
on both main islands from mountain areas to coastat least 3 species have
been planted on Tasmanian roadsides & parklands & at least 1 is
now naturalised in clearings of a eucalypt forest in the south
east,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Carex,testacea, ,New Zealand sedge,,,,,,Weed Science List
Carex,testacea, ,New Zealand sedge,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Cladium,jamaicense, ,sawgrass,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cladium,mariscoides, ,smooth sawgrass,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cladium,mariscus, ,,,,,vegetative propagation,,Germination
& Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cladium,procerum,,,X,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Courtoisina,cyperoides, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Courtoisina,cyperoides, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cyperus,aggregatus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cyperus,albostriatus,,,,N,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cyperus,albostriatus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cyperus,alopecuroides,syn Juncellus alopecuroides,Foxtail
sedge,,,,”Nile and canal banks, drains, swamps, ditches, rice
fields, standing water reservoirs”“Cultivated in some regions
of the Nile Delta, in Fayoun cultivated in limited areas for making mats
& chairs”““,”trop. Afr, SE Asia, West Indies”,”The
Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Cyperus,alternifolius, ,Umbrella flatsedge,,,,”97% germ
with temp & light alt. (20C in dark for 16hrs, 30-35C in light for
8hrs) 2 mths after harvest”,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cyperus,alternifolius, ,umbrella flatsedge,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cyperus,alternifolius,,umbrella plant,,,,”Catergory II -
Species that shown a potential to disrupt native plant communities. These
species may become ranked as Catergory I, but have not yet demonstrated
disruption of natural Florida communities. “,,List of Florida's Most
Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Cyperus,amabilis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cyperus,amabilis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cyperus,arenarius,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Cyperus,arenarius, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cyperus,armuricus, ,,,,,annual dominant weed in crops , Upland
Korea ,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Cyperus,aromaticus,”Cyperus melanospermus, Kyllinga
elata, Kyllinga monocephala, Kyllinga monophyllya, Kyllinga
polyphlla”,Navua sedge,,P,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Cyperus,aromaticus, ,,,,,Region of origin - trop Afr; Extent
of spread - localised ; Means of spread - unknown,,CRC for Weeds Tech
Series Report # 3
Cyperus,aromaticus,” Cyperus melanospermus, Kyllinga
elata, Kyllinga monocephala, Kyllinga monophyllya, Kyllinga
polyphlla”,Navua sedge,,,,”extremely aggressive &
unpalatable plant, capable of smothering many trop. pasture species;
usually confined to wetter low lying pastures & waste places;
produces an abundance of seed”,”native to trop Afr, Madagascar,
Mauritius & Seychelles; introd Sri Lanka, the Malay Peninsula & a
number of SW Pacific Is. includ Fiji, Vanuatu, Samoa, Solomons & Tahiti”“introd
to northern Qld, now found in several parts of Hambledon, Mulgrave &
Babinda “,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Cyperus,aromaticus, ,Navua sedge,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cyperus,aromaticus, ,Navua sedge,,P,,,,Western Australian
Prohibited List
Cyperus,articulatus,syn ,,,,,”canal banks, drains, lakes,
marshesPlant is locally used in Egypt formaking mats; rhizomes are used
as incense & retain their fragrant smell for a long
time.”,”trop. & subtrop. Afr, Asia N & S
Amer”,”The Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil
el-Hadidi, M”
Cyperus,articulatus, ,jointed flatsedge,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cyperus,babakan,”syn Cyperus babakensis; Cyperus pilosus
var. babakansis, Cyperus pilosus babakensis”,,,,,”swamps, open
forests; up to 100m alt; lowland-irrigated & lebak rice fields, a
weed of minor importance, “,”unknown, from India& Assam to
Indochina, Malesia;throughout Indonesia except the Lesser Sunda Islands
& the Moluccas, as far as known”,”Weeds of Rice in
Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Cyperus,brevifolius,,Mullumbimbi couch,H,N,,,,Australian
Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cyperus,brevifolius, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cyperus,brevifolius, ,,,,, Weeds of sown grassland ,,Weeds and
Weed Control in Asia
Cyperus,brevifolius,syn Kyllinga brevifolia,,,,,”sunny or
partly shaded wetlands, along roads, grasslands, damp forest clearings,
riverbanks, plantations, up to 1500(-3000)m alt; most troublesome from
750-2000m; rainfed, gogo rancah & rims of lebak rice fields,
sometimes troublesome, sometimes used as f”,”Asia, pantropical
& subtropical; widely distributed in Malesia; throughout Indonesia”,”Weeds
of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Cyperus,brevifolius, ,mullum bimby couch,,,,Cyperus
brevifolius is most often found in around lowland rice fields. It is a
reported weed of 17 crops in 43 countries.,tropical and subtropical
regions around the world.,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories &
Distribution - Holm et. al.
Cyperus,cephalotes,syn ,,,,,”in floating islands of
Pistia, Salvinia etc, in ponds or rivers, up to 100m alt; lebak rice
fields; the corky tissue acts as a floater, a weed of minor importance,
“,”Asia, from India to China & tropical Aust; rare in
Malesia; in Indonesia: Java, Kalimantan & Irian Jaya, as far as
known”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Cyperus,compactus,”syn Cyperus dilutus, Mariscus compactus,
Mariscus dilutus, Mariscus microcephalus”,,,,,”wet sites,
swamps, soggy grasslands, pools, coastal marshes, ditches, riverbanks; up
to 500m alt. (rarely up to 1000m); often gregarious & conspicuous
because of the reddish brown inflorescences; rainfed & tidal rice
fields, a weed of minor importance, “,”Asia, India to S China
& Taiwan, throughout Malesia, mostly common; throughout
Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al,
1987”
Cyperus,compressus,,,H,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cyperus,compressus, ,,,,,seeds dormant at harvest; prechilling
at 10C between layers of moist cotton; germ alt. temp of 20C in dark
& room temp in light; seed dry stored for over 7mths 71% germ &
95% after 26mths storage,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Cyperus,compressus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cyperus,compressus, ,,,,, ,,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Cyperus,compressus,syn ,,,,,”common weed of open
grasslands, waste places, roadsides, premises, seashores; lowlands,
rarely up to 1000m alt; rainfed & upland rice fields, a weed of minor
importance, African specimens sometimes have conspicuously purple-spotted
glumes, as in Cyperus s”,”Asia, pantropical; common in Malesia;
throughout Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et
al, 1987”
Cyperus,concinnus,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Cyperus,congestus,,,H,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cyperus,congestus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cyperus,cyperoides,”syn Cyperus sieberianus, Cyperus
umbellatus, Mariscus cyperoides, Mariscus sieberianus, Mariscus
umbellatus, Scirpus cyperoides”,,,,,”open to lightly shaded
grasslands, old clearings, secondary forests, roadsides, thickets; often
a common weed in gardens; up to 2000m alt; upland rice fields,
troublesome weed at higher altitudes, “,”old world tropics,
tropics & subtropics of Afr, Asia, Pacific & Aust; intro in the
West Indies; throughout Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia,
Soerjani et al, 1987”
Cyperus,diandrus, ,low flatsedge,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cyperus,difformis, ,Smallflower Umbrella Sedge ,,,,bensulfuron
1993 USA Rice , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/ heapian@pioneer.net
1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds. Ian Heap
Cyperus,difformis, ,Smallflower Umbrella Sedge ,,,,bensulfuron
1994 Australia Rice , http://www.pioneer.net/~heapian/
heapian@pioneer.net 1997,International Survey of Herbicide-Resistant
Weeds. Ian Heap
Cyperus,difformis,syn ,,,,,”a characteristic weed in rice
fields, also along canal banks & ditches”,”Medit, trop.
& subtrop. Afr & Asia; introduced into N Amer”,”The
Weed Flora of Egypt Boulos, L., & Nabil el-Hadidi, M”
Cyperus,difformis, ,rice flatsedge,,,,annual dominance ,
Thailand Taiwan Japan,Weeds and Weed Control in Asia
Cyperus,difformis,syn ,,,,,”flooded or very wet soils;
open soggy grasslands, pools, riverbanks, often associated with C.
halpan, C. iria & C. sanguinolentus; usually scattered, but often
becoming dominant; prefers fertile soils, but can also grow in poor,
sandy or clayey soils; can”,”tropics of the Old World, tropics
& subtropics of the Old World, from S Eur to Japan; from India to the
Pacific, Aust, & Malesia; throughout Indonesia”,”Weeds of
Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Cyperus,difformis, ,smallflower umbrellaplant,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cyperus,digitatus,syn Mariscus sieberianus var.
evolutior,,,,,”open. wet places, swamps, riverbanks; up to 800m alt;
rainfed & lebak rice fields, a weed of minor importance,
“,”Asia?, pantropical, rare in tropical Afr; Malesia;
throughout Indonesia, except the Lesser Sunda Islands”,”Weeds
of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Cyperus,distans,syn ,,,,,”moist or wet sites; swamps,
along water courses, grassy roadsides, pastures,open places in secondary
forest; up to 1800m alt; scattered or in groups; lowland-irrigated,
rainfed, & upland rice fields, a weed of minor importance, found in
the lowlands (0-30”,”unknown, pantropical & subtropical;
common in Malesia; throughout Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in
Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Cyperus,dubius,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Cyperus,dubius, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cyperus,elatus,syn ,,,,,”a weed of minor importance,
“,”Asia, India to Malesia; in Indonesia but not found in the
Moluccas & Irian Jaya as far as known”,”Weeds of Rice in
Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Cyperus,eragrostis,,”umbrella sedge, umbrella grass,
drain flat-sedge”,HXH,L,WA,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Cyperus,eragrostis, ,Drain Flat-sedge,,,,”Dispersal:
animal external,Water,?Wind. Life Form: Perennial herb. RISK: Serious
threat to one or vegetation formations (Victoria). Vegetation Formations
Invaded: 8,9,10,13”,”N&S Am, In Victoria: Widespread,
medium to large populations”,Environmental Weed Invasions In
Victoria
Cyperus,eragrostis, ,”umbrella sedge, umbrella grass,
drain flat-sedge”,,,,”it blocks channels & drains &
competes with pasture in low-lying, moist areas & with rice in some
districts; very persistent once established; stock graze it only
sparingly & its presence reduces carrying capacity”,”native
of N & S Amer & has become a widespread weed in temp. areas of
Eur, S Afr, NZ & Austintrod to Aust & is widespread throughout
all temp areas”,”Noxious Weeds of Australia, P & C”
Cyperus,eragrostis, ,”umbrella sedge, umbrella
grass”,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cyperus,eragrostis, ,tall umbrellaplant,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cyperus,eragrostis, ,”umbrella sedge, umbrella
grass”,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cyperus,erythrorhizos, ,Redroot flatsedge,,,,seed dormant at
harvest; prechilling moist seeds at 10C for periods ranging 12-32wks;
germ at alt. temp of 20C in dark & room temp in light; dry stored
seed max germ of 72% after 1 yr storage,,Germination & Establishment
of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cyperus,erythrorhizos, ,redroot flatsedge,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cyperus,esculenta, ,Yellow nutsedge ,,,,PRELIMINARY LIST OF PLANT
SPECIES OF CONCERN: Red alert - high potential to spread,,Pacific
Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council (Weed)
Cyperus,esculentus,,,,NP,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cyperus,esculentus,,nutsedge yellow ,"CLASS B WEED: Class B weeds are non-native species that are presently limited in distribution in King County, Washington State, and pose a serious threat to our resources. Control of these weeds is mandatory in King County.",,Noxious Weeds in Washington State
Fimbristylis,umbellaris,,globular fimbristylis,"rice, pastures; swamps",,"Northern Australian Quarantine Service, Target Weeds"
Cyperus,esculentus, ,,,,,Serious tropical weed,,Behrendt &
Hanf “Grass Weeds In World Agriculture”
Cyperus,esculentus, ,Yellow Nutsedge ,,,,”California
Noxious Weed Control Projects Inventory (CNWCPI) A combined
government/private/non-profit effort to establish a database, accessible
through the Internet, containing information on noxious weed control in
California. This information will f”,,Californian Noxious Weed
Cyperus,esculentus, ,,,,,Weed of aquatic ecosystems Web
Address: http://hammock.ifas.ufl.edu/text/fw/19934.htm,,”Florida
Weeds, FAIRS.”
Cyperus,esculentus, ,Yellow nutsedge,,,,”vegetative
propagation of tubers; seed dormant for up to 1mth, dry storage for
several mths or moist at 10C broke dormancy; germ 16hrs dark at 20C &
8hrs light at 35C, moistening with 0.2% soln of KNO3 or treating with
conc. sulfuric acid inc. germ”,,Germination & Establishment of
Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cyperus,esculentus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cyperus,esculentus, ,yellow nutsedge,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cyperus,esculentus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cyperus,f. humilis, ,dwarf white kyllinga,,,,”Source:
“USA Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14:
347-386, 1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cyperus,flavescens,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cyperus,flavescens, ,,,,,”freshly harvested seed dormant;
prechilling moist seed at 10C for 15wks; germ at alt. temp of 20C in dark
& room temp in light; dry stored seed for 5mths germ 31%, 80% for
27mths storage”,,Germination & Establishment of Weeds for
Experimental Purposes
Cyperus,flavescens, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cyperus,flavidus,”syn Cyperus flavescens, Cyperus
globosus, Cyperus junghuhnii, Pycreus globosus, Pycerus globosus var.
nilagiricus”,,,,,”open, wet sites; swamps, grassy lands,
watesides, etc; rare in the lowlands, goes up to 2100m (in Irian Jaya up
to 2800m); irrigated rice fields, a weed of minor importance,
“,”tropical Afr or Asia, from tropical Afr to the Medit region,
through C & S Asia to Aust; rather common in Malesia, but so far not
known from the Malay Peninusla & Kalimantan”,”Weeds of Rice
in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Cyperus,flavus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cyperus,fuscus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cyperus,fuscus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cyperus,gymnocaulos,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious
Taxa
Cyperus,hakonensis, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cyperus,hakonensis, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cyperus,halpan,syn Cyperus haspan,,,,,”open, very wet
places, lowland & up to 1900m alt; found at the top of Mount Agung,
Bali at 3150m alt; lowland-irrgated, rainfed, lebak, & tidal rice
fields, although it is common, this weed is of minor importance, a
subspecies Cyperus halpan subsp. juncoi”,”unknown, tropics
& subtropics of the whole world; throughout Indonesia”,”Weeds
of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al, 1987”
Cyperus,hamulosus,,,H,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cyperus,hamulosus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cyperus,haspan, ,sheathed cyperus,,,,Cyperus haspan is most
often found in around lowland rice fields. It is a reported weed of 12
crops in 39 countries.,tropical and subtropical regions around the
world.,WORLD WEEDS Natural Histories & Distribution - Holm et. al.
Cyperus,hermaphroditus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cyperus,hermaphroditus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited
List
Cyperus,imbricatus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cyperus,imbricatus, ,,,,, , Thailand ,Weeds and Weed Control
in Asia
Cyperus,imbricatus,syn Cyperus radiatus,,,,,”open, wet
places, swamps, river banks; at low altitudes, rarely up to 900m; lebak
rice fields, a weed of minor importance, in the Philippines the outer
stem parts are stripped off & used for making mats”,”Asia,
pantropical, widely distributed in Malesia; in Indonesia, not yet
recorded from the Moluccas”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia,
Soerjani et al, 1987”
Cyperus,imbricatus, ,,,P,,,,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cyperus,involucratus,,,XX,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or
Noxious Taxa
Cyperus,involucratus, ,,,,,,,Weed Science List
Cyperus,iria,,,,,,,,Australian Naturalised and/or Noxious Taxa
Cyperus,iria, ,Rice flatsedge,,,,”freshly harvested seed
dormant; prechilling moist seed at 10C or dry storage at room temp for
2.5mths or longer germ 38%; supplying light, moistening withKNO3 soln
& alt. temp of 20-30 inc. germ”,,Germination & Establishment
of Weeds for Experimental Purposes
Cyperus,iria, ,,,,,”annual dominance, sub-dominance
“, Upland Korea Upland Japan Thailand Japan,Weeds and Weed Control
in Asia
Cyperus,iria,syn ,grasshopper's sedge,,,,”open, wet
places; waste grounds, ditches, river banks; up to 700m alt. (rarely up
to 1200m); all kinds of rice fields, but not a problem in upland rice
fields, one of the three most important weeds of rice inCeylon, India
& the Philippines; a principal we”,”Asia, widely
distributed in tropical & subtropical Asia from Iran, Afghanistan,
China & Japan to the S Pacific & Aust, W & E Afr; introd in
the USA & W Indies; common in Malesia; throughout
Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia, Soerjani et al,
1987”
Cyperus,iria, ,rice flatsedge,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cyperus,kyllingia,”syn Cyperus monocephalus, Kyllinga
monocephalus”,,,,,”slightly shaded or not too sunny & not
too dry sites, wastelands, roadsides, grasslands, gardens, coffee estate,
secondary forest; at low & medium altitudes, rarely up to 1700m;
upland & rainfed rice fields, a weed of minor importance, a cattle
fodder in “,”Asia, tropics & subtropics of Asia, less
common in tropical Afr & Aust, rare in tropical Amer; widely distributed
in Malesia; throughout Indonesia”,”Weeds of Rice in Indonesia,
Soerjani et al, 1987”
Cyperus,kyllingia, ,white kyllinga,,,,”Source: “USA
Composite List of Weeds” published by WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386,
1966”,,WSSA WEEDS 14: 1966
Cyperus,kyllingia, ,white kyllinga,,P,,”Weed of turf, not
known to be in WAIn: “USA Composite List of Weeds” published by
WSSA WEEDS 14: 347-386, 19666 refs in CAB extracts, see file in
“Climate” folder”,Northern and the extreme SE corner of
QLD,Western Australian Prohibited List
Cyperus,laevigatus,syn Juncellus laevigatus,Tawny
sedge,,,,”canal banks, around wells & springs, moist saline
soils”,