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SECOND SESSION FORTY-SECOND LEGISLATURE - Quebec.ca - ville quebec qc ca


SECOND SESSION FORTY-SECOND LEGISLATURE - Quebec.ca-ville quebec qc ca

SECOND SESSION FORTY-SECOND LEGISLATURE
Bill 96
(2022, chapter 14)
An Act respecting French, the official
and common language of Qu?bec
Introduced 13 May 2021
Passed in principle 4 November 2021
Passed 24 May 2022
Assented to 1 June 2022
Qu?bec Official Publisher
2022
EXPLANATORY NOTES
The purpose of this Act is to affirm that the only official language
of Qu?bec is French. It also affirms that French is the common
language of the Qu?bec nation.
To that end, the Act makes several amendments to the Charter
of the French language.
The Act introduces new fundamental language rights, including
the right to French language learning services. It also recognizes the
enforceable nature of each of the fundamental language rights
provided for by the Charter of the French language.
The Act introduces various measures to reinforce French as the
language of legislation and justice.
The Act proposes several amendments with regard to French as
the language of the civil administration. It thus imposes on the civil
administration the duty to use French in an exemplary manner and
exclusively, subject to certain exceptions.
The Act also provides for the development of a language policy
of the State.
The Act specifies the rules applicable to the professional orders
and their members concerning the use of French, including by
requiring the members to maintain knowledge of French that is
appropriate to the practice of their profession.
The Act proposes several amendments with regard to French as
the language of work. For instance, it sets out the obligations
applicable to employers to ensure that the workers' right to carry on
their activities in French is respected. Every employee is granted the
right to a work environment free of discrimination or harassment
related to the use of French or to claiming a right arising from the
Charter of the French language. Employers are required to take all
reasonable means to avoid requiring a person to have knowledge of
a language other than French to obtain or keep a position.
The Act strengthens the provisions relating to the use of French
as the language of commerce and business, in particular as concerns
signs and posters and the drafting of certain documents, such as
contracts relating to certain sales of immovable property.
As regards instruction, the Act sets limits on the duration and
renewal of the exemption that allows certain children to not receive
instruction in French. It includes various provisions to provide a
framework for the development of college-level educational
institutions. The Act provides that obtaining a Diploma of College
Studies or an Attestation of College Studies is conditional on
knowledge of French and, where applicable, successful completion
of French courses or courses given in French. It also makes amendments
to the provisions relating to the policies of college- and university-
level educational institutions concerning the use and quality of the
French language.
The Act provides for Qu?bec's role in the growth of Canada's
francophone and Acadian communities as well as in promoting and
asserting the value of French in the actions of the civil administration
within Canada and abroad.
The Act introduces various measures to, among other things,
extend francization to enterprises employing 25 or more persons. It
amends the provisions relating to francization committees and
francization programs, and introduces other provisions relating to
the establishment of French language learning services within
enterprises.
The Act amends certain operating rules of the Commission de
toponymie. It establishes, within the Minist?re de l'Immigration, de
la Francisation et de l'Int?gration, Francisation Qu?bec, whose
mission is to be the sole government point of access for persons
wishing to receive French language learning services. It establishes
the Minist?re de la Langue fran?aise and sets out the functions and
powers of the Minister of the French Language.
The Act makes clarifications and adjustments to the functions
and powers of the Office qu?b?cois de la langue fran?aise, in
particular those concerning complaints, disclosures, inspections and
investigations, and grants it the power to issue orders to put an end
to certain failures to comply with the Charter of the French language.
The Act provides for the appointment of a French Language
Commissioner, whose functions include monitoring the progression
of the language situation in Qu?bec.
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