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Ethics Questionnaire - Wesleyan University - work ethic test questions


Ethics Questionnaire - Wesleyan University-work ethic test questions

Ethics Questionnaire
Cognizant of the diversity, fluidity, and unpredictability of anthropological research situations,
the AAA Code of Ethics (2009) states:
"No code or set of guidelines can anticipate unique circumstances or direct actions in specific
situations. The individual anthropologist must be willing to make carefully considered ethical
choices and be prepared to make clear the assumptions, facts and issues on which those choices
are based."
In this spirit, the questions that follow are intended as areas for reflection and decision-making as
you formulate your project and as you implement it. We ask you to begin thinking through the
possible ethical issues that might arise in the specific research situation that you envision. The
following documents convey the prevailing disciplinary consensus on ethics in anthropological
research:
AAA Code of Ethics (2009) http://www.aaanet.org/profdev/ethics/
AAA Statement on Ethics (2012) http://www.aaanet.org/coe/code_of_ethics.pdf
Committee on Ethics Briefing Papers on Common Dilemmas Faced by Anthropologists
Conducting Research in Field Situations
http://www.aaanet.org/cmtes/ethics/CoE-Fieldwork-Dilemmas.cfm
Definitions
Minimal risk: Minimal risk is the probability and magnitude of harm or discomfort ordinarily
encountered in daily life.
More than minimal risk: More than minimal risk is defined by a probability of serious harm,
including: physical harm; loss of or damage to economic livelihood; political repercussions on
vulnerable individuals in situations characterized by conflict or displacement; social
repercussions, including reinforced stigmatization of vulnerable participants, or serious and
lasting damage to reputation and standing. More than minimal risk also refers to breaches of
confidentiality that might be difficult or impossible to avoid during fieldwork or the
dissemination of information.
Informed Consent: See the AAA Statement on Ethics (2012), section 3: Anthropological
researchers working with living human communities must obtain the voluntary and informed
consent of research participants. Ordinarily such consent is given prior to the research, but it may
also be obtained retroactively if so warranted by the research context, process, and relations. The
consent process should be a part of project design and continue through implementation as an
ongoing dialogue and negotiation with research participants. Normally, the observation of
activities and events in fully public spaces is not subject to prior consent. Minimally, informed
consent includes sharing with potential participants the research goals, methods, funding sources
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or sponsors, expected outcomes, anticipated impacts of the research, and the rights and
responsibilities of research participants. It must also include establishing expectations regarding
anonymity and credit. Researchers must present to research participants the possible impacts of
participation, and make clear that despite their best efforts, confidentiality may be compromised
or outcomes may differ from those anticipated. These expectations apply to all field data,
regardless of medium. Visual media in particular, because of their nature, must be carefully used,
referenced, and contextualized.
Anthropologists working with biological communities or cultural resources have an obligation to
ensure that they have secured appropriate permissions or permits prior to the conduct of research.
Consultation with groups or communities affected by this or any other type of research should be
an important element of the design of such projects and should continue as an important element
of the design of such projects and should continue as work progresses or circumstances change.
It is explicitly understood that defining what constitutes an affected community is a dynamic and
necessary process."
Vulnerable populations: These include children, prisoners, refugees, illegal immigrants,
homeless people, or other displaced populations, the seriously ill, mentally or cognitively
compromised adults. Other categories of persons would also be considered vulnerable in their
own local contexts, for example, uninitiated men and low-caste individuals within caste systems.
Sensitive materials: Theses include issues and practices that individuals view as sensitive and
that are likely to be subject to special restrictions in everyday discourse; illegal conduct would
constitute sensitive material, as would information that could reasonably place the subject at risk
of criminal or civil liability, incur political sanctions, or be damaging to the subject's financial
standing, employability, or reputation; substance abuse, sexuality, and other practices of the
body are often considered sensitive topics. As with vulnerability, the definition of sensitive
materials is to some extent dependent upon local contexts, and researchers need to be alert and
responsive to the moral codes operative in particular situations.
PLEASE COMPLETE AND SUBMIT THE MATERIAL REQUESTED ON THE
FOLLOWING PAGES
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Brief Description of the Project
Responsibilities to People and Non-human Animals
1. Risks and Vulnerable Populations:
a. Please check the appropriate boxes:
I believe that my project will involve:
Minimal risk
More than minimal risk
No contact with vulnerable populations
Contact with vulnerable populations
b. Please describe the primary locations where you expect to conduct your research.
Indicate any pertinent information, such as geographical location, institutional or
organizational setting, and/or type of community (cultural, political, online, etc.)
c. For each site, describe the primary methods you will use: participant-observation,
interviews, surveys, etc. If you expect to conduct interviews, please indicate if they
will be relatively informal and unstructured or relatively formal and structured. Please
also discuss if you will be videotaping, filming, or recording in any form social
interactions or events.
d. For each site, describe the categories of participants you anticipate to involve in your
project with attention to their relative social positions within the specific locale in
which the research is to be conducted. If you believe that any of these categories
include particularly vulnerable individuals, please explain in detail the nature of this
vulnerability.
e. For each site, discuss the participants' expectations of confidentiality. Please indicate
how you plan to ensure confidentiality of information you obtain from research
participants during fieldwork, writing process, and dissemination of research.
f. For each site, describe any potential risks that your project might pose to the research
subjects, with attention to the magnitude and probability of harm. If your project
addresses what research participants may regard as sensitive issues, this should be
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What are five words to describe your work ethic?Talk about being reliable.Talk positively about being consistent in your attitude.Do you enjoy work? Why? Because it is a personal challenge on a daily basis.Your motivation is your desire to leave the workplace satisfied that you have had a productive day.You like to feel that you have contributed to the ‘team effort.’

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