Cash received from sales of goods or servicesThe purchase of inventory or suppliesEmployees’ wages and cash bonusesPayments to contractorsUtility bills, rent or lease paymentsInterest paid on loans and other long-term debt and interest received on loansFines or cash settlements from lawsuits
This requires an understanding of three key areas:The structure of the financial statementsThe economic characteristics of the industry in which the firm operates andThe strategies the firm pursues to differentiate itself from its competitors.
Income statement: The income statement shows a firm's financial position over a period of time. ...Balance sheet: The balance sheet shows a firm's financial position at a point in time. ...Statement of cash flows: The statement of cash flows shows the firm's cash inflows and outflows at any given point in time.
What is Financial Analysis?Types of Financial AnalysisVertical Analysis. Income Statement The Income Statement is one of a company's core financial statements that shows their profit and loss over a period of time.Horizontal Analysis. ...Leverage Analysis. ...Growth Rates. ...Profitability Analysis. ...Liquidity Analysis. ...Efficiency Analysis. ...Cash Flow. ...Rates of Return. ...More items...
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